Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora
ISSN : 0215837X     EISSN : 24607606
Khazanah : Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora ISSN 0215-837X and E-ISSN 2460-7606 is peer-reviewed national journal published biannually by the State Islamic University (UIN) of Antasari Banjarmasin. The journal is published biannually in June and December.
Articles 60 Documents
Puasa Ramadhan dalam Perspektif Kesehatan: Literatur Review

Subrata, Sumarno Adi, Dewi, Merses Varia

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 15, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v15i2.1139

Abstract

ABSTRACT:Ramadan fasting is one of five Islamic pillars which had historically been obligated by Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala during the month of Sha’ban in the second year of Hijra. Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala firmly instructed to conduct Ramadan fasting in order to attain taqwa as clearly stated in Surah Al-Baqara 2:183. Furthermore, Ramadan fasting has many beneficial effects for health. This literature review will scientifically explain of these benefits, which consists of benefits for optic nerves, pregnancy, diabetic patients, renal failure patients, cholesterol impairement and obesity, level of cortisol hormone, immune system, peptic ulcer patients and cancer patients. A titanic amount of published studies (1988 - 2017) from trustworthy electronic databases such as Elsevier, PubMed, Google Scholar and SAGE has been well considered in this review. Keywords: Ramadan fasting, health, literature review ABSTRAK:Puasa ramadhan adalah salah satu bagian dari rukun islam dimana syariat ini diwajibkan pada pada bulan Sya’ban tahun kedua Hijriyah. Allah subhaanahu wa ta’ala memerintahkan  puasa ramadhan dengan tujuan untuk menggapai predikat insan yang bertaqwa sebagaimana yang telah tertulis di dalam Al Qur’an surat Al Baqarah ayat 183. Selain itu, puasa ramadhan juga memiliki banyak manfaat dari sisi kesehatan. Literature review ini akan menjelaskan secara detail pengaruh puasa ramadhan bagi kesehatan yang terdiri dari kesehatan saraf mata, ibu hamil, pasien dengan diabetes, pasien dengan gangguan fungsi ginjal, gangguan kolesterol dan obesitas, kadar hormon kortisol, sistem kekebalan subuh, pasien dengan ulkus peptikum dan pasien dengan kanker. Sejumlah artikel yang dipublikasikan mulai dari tahun 1988 - 2017 oleh database Elsevier, PubMed, Google scholar dan SAGE telah dijadikan bahan kajian dalam review ini. Kata kunci: puasa ramadhan, kesehatan, literatur review

NILAI SOSIO-RELIGIUS MASYARAKAT STUDI INTERAKSI ANTARUMAT BERAGAMA DI YOGYAKARTA

Taufik, Muhammad

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 16, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v16i1.2056

Abstract

This paper is the result of a field research that tries to trace the dynamics of rural communities related to interactions among religious people at Banguntapan Village, Yogyakarta. This research is appealing because village communities are still considered low and marginal class society; nevertheless in reality, they have local wisdom. The people of Banguntapan Village live in harmony, mutual cooperation –gotong royong- and are far from materialistic and luxurious life. This simple life creates their personalities that always respect each other, albeit different in religions, customs, and habits, which are apparent in the implementation of their socio-religious valuesthey have embraced so far.This research uses a qualitative method. This method is chosen because it emphasizes on the depth of value. It tries to answer how the choice of action is interpreted and given a certain meaning. The results of this study found that the religious conditions in Banguntapan village run well despite the potentials for friction. However, it can still be minimized with the spirit of togetherness. The people are so heterogeneous; almost all ethnic groups from Sabang to Merauke are living there. The original community of Banguntapan, in this case the Javanese, has an inclusive attitude towards the migrants from outside Banguntapan. The community is known to be open to migrant from any place, which is important to adapt and appreciate the Javanese tradition that is full of cultural manners. The socio-religious values in the interaction pattern among the people of Banguntapan Village community are always in the context of mutual relationship and mutual influence with other people in order to meet their needs and sustain their life. In fact, they assume that they have a meaning if there is another human being with whom they could interact. Social interaction that they understand is a form of socio-cultural dynamics that exist in the life of society.Tulisan ini merupakan hasil penelitian lapangan yang mencoba menelusuri dinamika masyarakat desa terkait dengan interaksi antar umat beragama yang lokasinya adalah Desa Banguntapan, Kecamatan Banguntapan, Kabupaten Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini menarik dilakukan karena masyarakat desa masih dianggap masyarakat kelas rendah dan marjinal. Namun kenyatannya memiliki kearifan lokal, yaitu salah satunya masyarakat Desa Banguntapan yang pada dasarnya mereka hidup rukun, gotong royong dan jauh dari kehidupan matrealistik dan mewah. Kehidupan yang sederhana ini menciptakan kepribadian mereka untuk selalu saling menghargai, meskipun berbeda agama dan kebiasaan, yang tampak dalam implementasi nilai sosio-religius yang mereka anut selama ini. Penelitian ini akan menggunakan metode kualitatif. Metode ini dipilih karena menekankan pada kedalaman nilai. Dengan metode ini akan mencoba menjawab bagaimana pilihan tindakan untuk dimaknai dan diberi arti tertentu. Hasil dari penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa kondisi keberagamaan di Desa Banguntapan berjalan dengan baik walaupun ada potensi untuk terjadinya gesekan-gesekan tapi sejauh ini masih bisa diminimalisir dengan semangat kebersamaan. Masyarakatnya memangheterogen, hampir semua suku bangsa Indonesia dari Sabang sampai Merauke ada di sini.MasyarakatasliBanguntapan yang dalamhalini orang JawamempunyaisikapinklusifterhadappendatangdariluarBanguntapan.Masyarakatnya dikenalterbukadengankaumpendatangdarimanasaja, yang pentingbisaberadaptasidanmenghargai tradisimasyarakatJawa yang penuhdenganbudayatatakrama.Nilai sosio-religius dalam pola interaksi antar umat beragama Masyarakat Desa Banguntapan senantiasa dalam konteks hubungan dan pengaruh timbal balik dengan masyarakat yang lain dalam rangka memenuhi kebutuhan dan mempertahankan kehidupannya.Abstract:This paper is the result of a field research that tries to trace the dynamics of rural communities related to interactions among religious people at Banguntapan Village, Yogyakarta. This research is appealing because village communities are still considered low and marginal class society; nevertheless in reality, they have local wisdom. The people of Banguntapan Village live in harmony, mutual cooperation –gotong royong- and are far from materialistic and luxurious life. This simple life creates their personalities that always respect each other, albeit different in religions, customs, and habits, which are apparent in the implementation of their socio-religious valuesthey have embraced so far.This research uses a qualitative method. This method is chosen because it emphasizes on the depth of value. It tries to answer how the choice of action is interpreted and given a certain meaning. The results of this study found that the religious conditions in Banguntapan village run well despite the potentials for friction. However, it can still be minimized with the spirit of togetherness. The people are so heterogeneous; almost all ethnic groups from Sabang to Merauke are living there. The original community of Banguntapan, in this case the Javanese, has an inclusive attitude towards the migrants from outside Banguntapan. The community is known to be open to migrant from any place, which is important to adapt and appreciate the Javanese tradition that is full of cultural manners. The socio-religious values in the interaction pattern among the people of Banguntapan Village community are always in the context of mutual relationship and mutual influence with other people in order to meet their needs and sustain their life. In fact, they assume that they have a meaning if there is another human being with whom they could interact. Social interaction that they understand is a form of socio-cultural dynamics that exist in the life of society.Keywords: Interaction, Social-religious, Religious people.  Abstrak: Tulisan ini merupakan hasil penelitian lapangan yang mencoba menelusuri dinamika masyarakat desa terkait dengan interaksi antar umat beragama yang lokasinya adalah Desa Banguntapan, Kecamatan Banguntapan, Kabupaten Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini menarik dilakukan karena masyarakat desa masih dianggap masyarakat kelas rendah dan marjinal. Namun kenyatannya memiliki kearifan lokal, yaitu salah satunya masyarakat Desa Banguntapan yang pada dasarnya mereka hidup rukun, gotong royong dan jauh dari kehidupan matrealistik dan mewah. Kehidupan yang sederhana ini menciptakan kepribadian mereka untuk selalu saling menghargai, meskipun berbeda agama dan kebiasaan, yang tampak dalam implementasi nilai sosio-religius yang mereka anut selama ini. Penelitian ini akan menggunakan metode kualitatif. Metode ini dipilih karena menekankan pada kedalaman nilai. Dengan metode ini akan mencoba menjawab bagaimana pilihan tindakan untuk dimaknai dan diberi arti tertentu. Hasil dari penelitian ini ditemukan bahwa kondisi keberagamaan di Desa Banguntapan berjalan dengan baik walaupun ada potensi untuk terjadinya gesekan-gesekan tapi sejauh ini masih bisa diminimalisir dengan semangat kebersamaan. Masyarakatnya memangheterogen, hampir semua suku bangsa Indonesia dari Sabang sampai Merauke ada di sini.MasyarakatasliBanguntapan yang dalamhalini orang JawamempunyaisikapinklusifterhadappendatangdariluarBanguntapan.Masyarakatnya dikenalterbukadengankaumpendatangdarimanasaja, yang pentingbisaberadaptasidanmenghargai tradisimasyarakatJawa yang penuhdenganbudayatatakrama.Nilai sosio-religius dalam pola interaksi antar umat beragama Masyarakat Desa Banguntapan senantiasa dalam konteks hubungan dan pengaruh timbal balik dengan masyarakat yang lain dalam rangka memenuhi kebutuhan dan mempertahankan kehidupannya.

PENGARUH AGAMA SAMAWI TERHADAP PERUBAHAN SOSIAL-BUDAYA DI ASSOLOKOBAL LEMBAH BALIM

Heriyanto, Albertus

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 13, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v13i2.764

Abstract

Abstract: Before their encounter with the immigrants, the Balim religious lifecentered in their honai adat (traditional house). However, since the presence ofdivine religions, the center of their ritual and spiritual life is devolving to churchesor mosques, and marginalizes the role of the honai adat. The presence of divinereligions has contributed to peoples way of life, especially in broadening theperspective of the Balim about human beings. The extent of human relationsperspective has played a major role in relativizing the influence of traditionalvalues to their ways of thinking and behaving. With few exceptions, the generalcolor manifested in the relationship between the two belief systems is thedominance of the divine religions to local one. Conversion to the divine religionsand process of community building in one religion is not merely a faith event,but also part of the cultural process, part of a strategy to open an access toa better life in economy, socio-politics, or even in spiritual aspects. In this case,the divine religions are challenged to present their faces as the ways of salvationwhich is humane and civilized.

KEPEMIMPINAN PERGURUAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI INTERAKSIONISME SIMBOLIK DAN DRAMATURGI

Wahyudin, Wahyudin

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v14i2.1074

Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas tentang kepemimpinan perguruan tinggi dalam perspektif teori interaksionisme. Dramaturgi memahami bahwa dalam interaksi antara manusia ada kesepakatan    perilaku yang disetujui yang dapat mengantarkan kepada tujuan akhir dari maksud interaksi sosial tersebut. Bermain peran merupakan salah satu alat yang dapat mengacu kepada tercapainya kesepakatan tersebut. bukti nyata bahwa terjadi permainan peran dalam     kehidupan manusia dapat dilihat pada masyarakat kita sendiri. Manusia menciptakan sebuah mekanisme    tersendiri, dimana dengan permainan peran tersebut ia bisa tampil sebagai sosok-   sosok tertentu.Sebagaimana pemikiran Blumer, pemikiran Goffmanmelihat masyarakat terdiri atas kehidupan yang diliputi oleh berbagai tingkah laku. Goffman selalu memandang bahwa perilaku keseharian dan interaksi tatap muka diibaratkan sama dengan panggung teater/drama.

REKONSTRUKSI ISLAM JAWA SARIDIN DALAM FILM SARIDIN; STUDI SERIAL FILM SARIDIN PRODUKSI CMC (CREATIVE MEDIA COMMUNITY) PATI, JAWA TENGAH

Salamah, Lanal Mauludah Zuhrotus

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 15, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v15i2.1552

Abstract

This article describes a typical Javanese Islamic image that is featured in the movie series "Saridin" featuring Saridin as the main play. In his time, Saridin was one of the most important figures in the propagation of Islamic preaching in Pati, his birthplace, with a distinctive religiosity which in some ways was still influenced by Hindu-Buddhist traditions, such as; semedi, selametan, nyadran, and tirakatan. It is an example of a form of Islam-acculturation, which in the macro context is familiarly called "Islam Nusantara". Islam Nusantara is often accused of being a destroyer of the basics of true Islam, which for the pro-Islamic group of acculturation means otherwise. Initially, the film was released by the director, Alman Eko Darmo, along with his friends of the Pati humanist as an expression of their anxiety about the static ketoprak art in Pati, as well as the rebirth of Saridin's classic spectacles which are regularly featured in Ketoprak and last in the Mp3 version. On June 30, 2016, CMC successfully conducted the inaugural launch of the Saridin movie series; Saridin Andum Waris, Saridin Ngerombang, and followed by Saridin Geger Palembang and Saridin Ondo Rante in September 2016. The films have received various responses from various parties, including the observers of da'wah of Islamic –acculturation. For them the presence of Saridin the movie series contains educational message that is appropriate for their da'wah media.

The Concept of Amal Jamai According to The Prophets Tradition : An Overview

Nizho bin Abdul Rahman, Mohd, Azhar, Alias

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 13, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v13i1.514

Abstract

This paper focuses on Islamic management issues as one of excel- lent legacies left by the Prophet (S.A.W). This paper will review the accomplishment of Islamic approach to management which had been practiced by the Prophet SAW and his companions. Based on archival research method, this paper will analyze the concept of Amal Jamai(team work) based on Islamic management centered onthetraditionsof theProphet(SAW).Thediscussionshowed that team work is an imperative element in Islamic management and not merely confined to the practice of dawah (inviting to Is- lam) but also in term of daily activities. In fact, the practice had been taught and shown by the Prophet (SAW). Even though the West had introduced many contemporary management theories, there is a huge difference compared to the Islamic approach to management. The concept of management in Islam does not merely based on material gained but also spiritual attainment and heavily emphasizes on the equality of the spiritual and material

Kemenangan Faksi Militan; Jejak Kelam Elit Nahdlatul Ulama’ akhir September-Oktober 1965

Anshari, Aan

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 14, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v14i1.1046

Abstract

Tulisan ini mencoba memaparkan pergumulan faksi militan dan moderat di tubuh elit Nahdlatul ‘Ulama (NU) Jakarta menjelang dan awal Peristiwa G30S. Peristiwa 65 merupakan lorong paling gelap dalam sejarah Indonesia modern yang menempatkan NU sebagai salah satu aktor dominan, terutama di Jawa. Keterlibatan NU secara institusi tidak bisa dipisahkan dari aktifnya beberapa elit NU yang berlatar belakang militer, ditambah peran akseleratif sosok seperti Subchan ZE. Dengan dukungan penuh militer saat itu, mereka membangun konsolidasi dengan partai politik maupun organisasi masyarakat sipil yang antiPKI. Di internal NU, bisa dikatakan mem-bypass kiai-kiai senior yang memang selama ini menjadi pendukung Soekarno dan moderat terhadap PKI. Kemenangan faksi militan ini menyebabkan proses penghancuran PKI di Pulau Jawa berjalan sangat massif dengan restu otoritas militer setempat

KONSEP GURU DAN MURID MENURUT ULAMA ABAD PERTENGAHAN (KOMPARASI ANTARA AL-MAWARDI DAN AL-GHAZALI)

Rahmadi, Rahmadi

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 14, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v14i2.1561

Abstract

Artikel ini mencoba memberikan analisis komparatif mengenai perspektif al-Mâwardî dan al-Ghazâlî tentang tiga masalah yang berkaitan dengan guru dan murid yaitu: (1) hakikat guru dan hakikat murid, (2) profesionalisme guru dan strategi belajar murid, dan (3) relasi-etis guru-murid. Hasil komparasi ini menemukan bahwa keduanya memiliki gagasan tentang keseimbangan guru dan murid dalam berbagai segi. Bagi keduanya, baik guru maupun murid harus diberdayakan secara bersama-sama agar terjadi kombinasi guru-murid yang serasi baik dari segi kualitas maupun moralitas dalam belajar dan mengajar.

Dari IAIN ke UIN Pangeran Antasari: Tantangan dan Peluang di Tengah Arus Perubahan Sosial dan Budaya

Mujiburrahman, Mujiburrahman

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v12i1.302

Abstract

Abstract This paper discusses the reasons behind the need for the transformation of the Institute for Islamic Studies (IAIN) Antasari into a State Islamic University (UIN). By analyzing the history of education in Indonesia in terms of tensions between Western (general) education and Islamic education, the paper argues that the transformation is a historical necessity. The transformation should be directed (1) to integrate general knowledge and Islamic knowledge in the university education system; (2) to respond to the social changes in contemporary society, especially the high variety of job markets, which demand professionalism; (3) to be the source of moral and spiritual guidance for society, and (4) to open much more opportunity for people, especially those of the lower class, to have a tertiary education. Abstak  Makalah ini mendiskusikan alasan-alasan di balik kebutuhan tranformasi IAIN Antasari menjadi UIN. Dengan melakukan analisis sejarah tentang ketegangan antara sistem pendidikan Barat (umum) dan pendidikan Islam, makalah ini menunjukkan bahwa transformasi tersebut adalah suatu keharusan sejarah. Transformasi itu harus diarahkan untuk (1) mengintegrasikan pengetahuan umum dengan pengetahuan Islam dalam sistem pendidikan di universitas; (2) menanggapi perubahan-perubahan sosial dalam masyarakat kekinian, khususnya tingginya keragaman lapangan kerja, yang menuntut profesionalisme; (3) menjadi sumber bimbingan moral dan spiritual masyarakat; dan (4) membuka kesempatan yang lebih luas bagi masyarakat, khususnya mereka yang dari kelas bawah, untuk mendapatkan pendidikan di perguruan tinggi.

FENOMENA JILBAB DALAM MASYARAKAT KOSMOPOLITAN: INTERPRETASI TEKS DAN KONTEKS ATAS AYAT JILBAB

Hafizah, Yulia

Khazanah: Jurnal Studi Islam dan Humaniora Vol 16, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIN Antasari

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.18592/khazanah.v16i2.2336

Abstract

This paper aims to reveal the various interpretations of ulama to the meaning of the veil text. Then try to bring that understanding to the current development context. This paper is the result of literature research (library research) which is arranged in the form of papers. Data mining is carried out by exploring various sources that are relevant to this research, namely reviews from the mufassir, both classical and contemporary related to the veil verse in Alquran, namely Q.S. al-Ahzab: 59 and an-Nûr: 31, then compiled and read with a historically critical approach. This paper shows that the various ideas of classical and contemporary ulama are inseparable from the social context of their time. This social context ultimately makes the veil no longer just a symbol of identity, but more than that. The appearance of various hijab communities which later formed a new social movement has brought modern value in lifestyle and opened opportunities for the development of new sectors in the economy.