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Ayup Suran Ningsih
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ayuupp@mail.unnes.ac.id
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jpcl@mail.unnes.ac.id
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INDONESIA
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW
ISSN : 25990314     EISSN : 25990306     DOI : -
Core Subject : Economy, Social,
Journal of Privat and Commercial Law (JPCL) menerima artikel hasil-hasil penelitian dan pemikiran dalam Hukum Perdata Dagang dan Hukum Bisnis. JPCL menerima tulisan dalam dua bahasa, yaitu Bahasa Indonesia dan Bahasa Inggris. JPCL terbit 2 (dua) kali dalam setahun pada bulan Mei dan Nopember. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Bagian Perdata Dagang Fakultas Hukum Universitas Negeri Semarang
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 30 Documents
PROTECTION IN RETAIL INVESTORS DISADVANTED BY FAKE TRANSACTION PRACTICE (CORNERING THE MARKET) ARGIYANTO, DESTU
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The practice of fake transaction is a stock trading practice that incurs many losses, especially for retail investors who basically do not control the market in majority on the floor of the stock. This practice may threaten the liquidity and credibility of capital market activities in Indonesia. Pseudo transaction is one of the crimes prohibited in Capital Market Law which fall into the category of market manipulation. In simple terms, market manipulation is an activity undertaken by a person either directly or indirectly creating a false or misleading image of a trading activity, market situation, or price of Securities at a Stock Exchange or giving a statement, or an improper, or misleading statement so that the price of the securities in bursa affected. Provisions on market manipulation are provided in Articles 91, 92 and 93 of Law Number 8 of 1995 concerning the Capital Market.Keywords : Concerning the market, Ritel Investors, Protection
Juridical Reviews on Branchless Banking Toward the Potential of Fraud Due to the Using of Agent winarsih, Winarsih
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Branchless banking is a new system which is implemented by banks in Indonesiawith aims to provide services to rural communities in order to access bankingservices such as lending or deposit money in the bank through an intermediaryagent. At first the rural communities are hard to obtain banking facilities such asmicro-credit whereas economic activities are largely actuated by lower-classsector therefore the Financial Services Authority or Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK)issued the regulation number. 19/POJK.03/2014 about the financial serviceswithout office in the framework of financial inclusion on November 18, 2014 toface it. In this regulation, there are several things that need to be reviewed suchassessment accountability arrangements of agent as a third party who is notclearly regulated whereas according to some research there are some risk in themechanism of implementation like as potential of fraud due to the using of agentin this system. Though basically branchless banking is one of the strategicnational strategies to provide financing to small businesses in rural areas in orderto increase the competitiveness of products to compete in the ASEAN economiccommunity. Therefore, a legal instrument that can ensure and provide legalcertainty in branchless banking system is a very important thing, more overbranchless banking is the strategic of government to develop the quality of therural economy to face the ASEAN economic community.
Legal Protection of the Right to Indication of Origin in Indonesia Masnun, Muhammad Ali
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to analyze the form of legal protection rights for indications of origin in Indonesia based on Law Number 20 of 2016 concerning Trademarks and Geographical Indications (Trademark and GI Law). Legal protection rights for indications of origin are inseparable from consideration of the economic value inherent in a property. Indications of origin are different from geographical indications, indications of origin are signs that indicate the origin of goods or services that are not identical to natural (geographical) factors. This research is a normative juridical using primary legal materials and secondary legal materials, as well as using prescriptive analysis methods.The results of the study show that legal protection can be provided in the form of preventive and repressive legal protection, however, the legal protection regulation of rights for indications of origin in Indonesia are still relatively very low. Protection of rights for indications of the origin arises with a declarative system that cannot be separated from the rights to the trademark. The right to the trademark is a prerequisite for being able to declare the right to an indication of origin. The period of protection of rights for indications of the following ten years of protection of trademark and can be extended again. Transfer of rights to indications of origin is impossible to do because it is attached to the rights to the trademark and is different from the non-transferability as a geographical indication. Violation of rights for indications of origin can be in the form of use of indications of origin by non-registered users of trademark has been registered with indication of origin. The firmness of the government to provide legal protection in the form of statutory rights for indications of origin is an absolute necessity. The government must be present to provide a regulation as a consequence of the legal state, which means that in carrying out all tasks and activities, it must be based on applicable law.
The Identification of Green Banking Concept and Bank Liability (A Study of Act Number 10 of 1998 with Extensive Interpretation and Progressive Legal Approach) Kusumadewi, Anitalia; Paripurna, Paripurna
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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The purposes of this research are to analyze the identification of Green Banking concept in the Act Number 10 of 1998 with extensive interpretation and progressive legal approach and to analyze how banks should be held liable for based on applicable law in view of the extensive interpretation and progressive legal approach. This research is a normative legal research that has analyzed Green Banking concept using Act Number 10 of 1998 concerning Banking, Bank Indonesia Regulation Number 14/15/PBI/2012 concerning Asset Quality of Commercial Banks, Act Number 32 of 2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management and the Financial Services Authority Regulation Number 51/POJK.03/2017 concerning the Application of Sustainable Finance for Financial Services Institutions, Issuer Companies and Public Companies, and then presented as prescriptive research. The result of this study is that banks are reluctant to further examine the AMDAL of financed projects and do not oversee such projects until the termination of the contract. Extensive interpretation and progressive legal approach can be used to provide bank a deep insight regarding the concept of green banking contained in the banking law and the extent to which banks (creditors) are subject to the terms of the lender liability.
THE STATE POSITION AS A PREFERENT CREDITOR OF THE TAX DEBT IN BANKRUPTCY Damayanti, Ratih
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Bankruptcy is a decision issued by the Court that resulted in a general confiscation of all the wealth owned and the wealth that will be owned by the debtor in the future. The State has the preference right to tax debt on the property of the Taxpayer. This means that the position of the state as a preferent creditor who is declared to have prior rights over the property of the Taxpayer to be auctioned in public. The state's preference by taxpayer repayment is in fact not as easy as one might imagine, there are some problems. The purpose of article writing is to know the position of the State as a preferent creditor for the tax debt of the taxpayer declared bankrupt and know the obstacles of the State as a preferent creditor to the repayment of tax debt on taxpayers declared bankrupt. Provisions on the State's prior rights include the principal taxes, administrative sanctions in the form of interest, penalties, increases, and tax collection fees. The weakness in the regulation creates an impediment to the application of the State as a preferential creditor who has the preference right, namely the formulation of the preference right itself that is unclear about the notion of the state's position as the preferent creditor, in addition to the overlapping regulation of the preference right (preferent creditor) The Civil Code, the Law on General Taxation and Bankruptcy Laws and Postponement of Debt Payment Obligations which not only the State as the Preference rights holder's creditors.
ANALISIS PUTUSAN PAILIT NOMOR: 02/PAILIT/2009/PN.NIAGA.SMG TERHADAP UNDANG-UNDANG NOMOR 37 TAHUN 2004 TENTANG KEPAILITAN DAN PENUNDAAN KEWAJIBAN PEMBAYARAN UTANG Tamba, Fransman Ricardo
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Perseroan Terbatas memiliki hak melakukan perbuatan hukum didalam pengadilan. Salah satunya adalah mengajuakn permohonan pailit terhadap dirinya sendiri kepada Pengadilan Niaga untuk masalah insolvensi dan kesulitan kondisi keuangan. Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang memberikan solusi. Terbukti dengan adanya putusan pailit nomor : 02/Pailit/2009/PN.Niaga.Smg. Peneliti membahas mengenai dasar permohonan pailit yang diajukan oleh Pemohon pailit dan pertimbangan yang diberikan oleh majelis hakim dalam memeriksa dan memutus perkara pailit nomor : 02/Pailit/2009/PN.Niaga.Smg. Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan metode yuridis normatif dan metode pendekatan analitis (analytical approach). Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan, yaitu studi dokumen dan wawancara. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Keabsahan data yang dipergunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan triangulasi data yang memanfaatkan penggunaan sumber. Hakim yang memeriksa dan mengadili perkara pailit nomor : 02/Pailit/2009/PN.Niaga.Smg menerima dan mengabulkan permohonan Pemohon Pailit berdasarkan Pasal 2 Ayat (1) dan Pasal 8 Ayat (4) Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang. Namun, Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang tidak memperinci masalah syarat perimbangan anatar aktiva dan pasiva, keadaan insolvensi dan kesulitan kondisi keuangan yang membuat dapat dimintakan permohonan pailit, serta tidak memperinci alasan dan mekanisme permohonan pailit terhadap dirinya sendiri, permohonan pailit oleh Kreditor, dan permohonan oleh Pihak ke tiga.
BUILDING DIMENSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN MANAGING COMPLETION OF FREEDOM OF RELEGIOUS AND BELEIF CONFLICT IN INDONESIA Fidiyani, Rini
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Rini FidiyaniFakultas Hukum Universitas Negeri SemarangEmail fidiyani.rini@gmail.comErni Wulandari, S.H., M.HumMahasiswa Program Doktor Ilmu HukumUniversitas Sebelas Maret – SoloEmail erniwulandari.006@gmail.com Abstrak Pendidikan tinggi hukum memiliki sejarah panjang di Indonesia dari masa colonial Hindia Belanda sampai masa sekarang. Peletakan dasar pendidikan tinggi hukum berawal  dari pendidikan menengah hukum – Rechtscholl -  bagi tenaga kerja Bumi Putera yang dijadikan pegawai ambtenaar yang dibayar murah. Tugas lulusan  Rechtscholl membantu pekerjaan aparat hukum dari golongan penduduk Eropa, khususnya Belanda. Atas tuntutan politik etis dan menggema konsep negara nasionalis merdeka dari segala bentuk kolonialisme, pemerintah Kolonial Hindia Belanda membuka pendidikan tinggi hukum yang berlanjut hingga sekarang. Sekarang kita telah memasuki pendidikan tinggi hukum yang bersinggungan dengan kompleksitas globalisasi menyangkut beraneka kebutuhan dan masyarakat serta area. Tuntutan pendidikan tinggi hukum masa sekarang bukan sekedar mencetak sarjana hukum yang mahir menyusun berdokumen hukum sebagai kemahiran hardskill bahkan meluas sampai pada softskill dalam mengelola penyelesaian konflik menyangkut  kepekaan social, rasa empati, sikap disiplin dan kesetaraan berkomunikasi dengan pihak yang berkonflik. Konflik Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan di negara Indonesia rentan terjadi sehubungan masyarakat kita merupakan heterogen dan kasus konflik sudah terbukti menyebar di Indonesia. Seperti konflik Gerakan Aceh Merdeka, Papua, Poso. Profil memiliki kemahiran berdialog merupakan kemahiran softskill yang wajib dikuasi bagi lulusan pendidikan tinggi hukum dalam mengelola penyeleaian sengketa hukum dan atau konflik yang sekarang mudah muncul dalam berbagai sector kehidupan salah satunya kebebasan beragama dan berkeyakinan. Kemahiran personal dialogonal membutuhkan modal dan latihan khusus yang terarah dan berkesinambungan dalam membangun kemahiran tersebut. Salah satunya dalam pengelolaan penyelesaian konflik kebebasan beragama berkeyakinan di Indonesia sekaligus peluang baru dalam profesi bagi lulusan pendidikan tinggi hukum.Kata Kunci: konflik, kebebasan beragama berkeyakinan, personal dialogonal 
ONLINE BUYING AND SELLING TRANSACTIONS UNDER INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW Lubis, Muhammad Ikhsan
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Development of business transactions especially buying and selling has globally impact to daily activities, and in modern era it disrupted by technology. Distance and time was no longer an obstacle in terms of getting the desired goods or services. The buying and selling transaction is then called online buying and selling transaction, a term commonly used by business actors in Indonesia and even the world. Civilizations and actions of a person change drastically in fulfilling his desire to get something what he wants. The online buying and selling transaction is even considered the 5th Industrial Revolution for the order of trade and industrial civilization in the world today. This paper will see and examine online buying and selling transactions from the perspective of the International Private Law, because it is not impossible this online buying and selling transactions cross the border of the country. It is hoped that this paper will give different insight and perspective for readers about online transaction.
Urgency of Licensing Restriction in Joint Venture Companies Related to TKDN Pratama, Toebagus Galang Windi
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 3, No 1 (2019): May 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Most companies that market their products in Indonesia in order to pass TKDN using the concept of Joint Venture agreements (PMA) often the parties working together are unbalanced in real terms the shares of foreign owners are greater than domestic shareholders. In such conditions the strong parties tend to impose their will on the weaker party. Therefore, according to the principle of freedom of contact in relation to the free market, in fully contracting is an affair of the parties, however legal protection and public interest are therefore required from government interference in the form of regulation or restrictions. The restrictions in regulating technology transfer from developed countries to developing countries aim to protect the interests of countries that divert technology because the inventor of the technology is considered to have made maximum efforts to find related technology but on the other hand the state is also obliged to protect and improve the welfare of its citizens from that, restrictions on patent licenses are needed so that the TKD is truly "real" and does not reduce the incoming FDI.Based on this, the authors formulated a number of issues namely: Why are restrictions on patent licenses needed and What are the legal consequences of limiting patent licenses . The results of the discussion show that the transfer of technology is needed for developing countries needed to advance their products in the era of globalization so that arrangements for it are needed so that in case of cooperation there is no inequality. And, the role of law in the policy of technology transfer to transform agrarian societies into industrialist societies. Here there is a dilemmatic situation on the one hand the acceleration of mastery of technology including the acceleration of development needs to be done by being open to the owners of capital and technology (which generally comes from developed countries), while on the other hand we still have to maintain national interests. Here is related to the authority of the state to regulate the process of technology transfer. In this global era, after the WTO agreement was reached, which was linked to 2 (two) technology transfer agendas, namely TRIMS and TRIPS. Foreign technology protection was very much needed in the context of foreign investment.
Indonesian Political Economic Policy and Economic Rights: An Analysis of Human Rights in the International Economic Law Arifin, Ridwan
JOURNAL OF PRIVATE AND COMMERCIAL LAW Vol 3, No 1 (2019): May 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Law, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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The national and international economic development raises new problems besides the positive side of finance. International economic recession that has global impacts including in Indonesia presents its own challenges. One of the challenges faced is a serious impact on the fulfillment of economic and social rights. Various economic austerity measures were taken to maintain the country’s economic stability. One of the most controversial is the reduction of subsidies in the health, social security, trade and education sectors. The unemployment rate also increased as a direct impact of these economic policies. This paper analyzes the rights of human rights in Indonesian political economic policy both on a national and international scale. This paper compares and analyzes various cases of Indonesian economic policy with the basic principles of human rights, especially social, economic and cultural rights. Studies in this paper cover the areas of study of International Economic and Trade Law, Human Rights Law, and International Law. This paper highlighted that economic policies in the form of reducing subsidies and austerity measures undermine a wide range of human rights human rights frameworks.

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