JOURNAL OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS AND LITERATURE
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
ISSN : 25027816     EISSN : 2503524X
Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature (JOALL) is a peer-reviewed professional journal with the editorial board of scholars mainly in applied linguistics, literature, and English language teaching (ELT). It is published by the Postgraduate Program of English Education, Universitas Bengkulu, Indonesia with the ISSN (online):2503-524X; and ISSN (print): 2502-7816.
Articles 68 Documents
The Realization of Markedness in Grade XI Students’ Recount Texts in Binjai: Systemic Functional Perspective

Supriani, Reni, Rama, Ening Nanda, Sulhaida, Sulhaida, Aswani, Aprilza

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.5998

Abstract

This study is an attempt to report the findings of the realization of types and the dominant type of markedness in Grade XI students’ recount texts departing from textual function in systemic functional perspective. Qualitative content analysis was utilized as the research design in this study. Writing sheets were utilized as the instruments for collecting the data. The data were in the form of clauses taken from 25 recount texts written by grade XI senior high school student of SMA Negeri 1 Binjai. It was found that there were 1416 clauses appeared. Specifically, both marked theme (MT) and unmarked theme (UMT) were also discovered in the data with the occurrences of MT totaling to 210 (25.70%) and UMT had 607 occurrences (74.30%). It leads to the conclusion that there were 2 types of markedness namely marked theme (MT) and unmarked theme (UMT) found. Then, UMT was discoverd as the dominant type of markedness. 

DEVELOPING AUTHENTIC ASSESSMENT FOR MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SUBJECT OF VOCATIONAL SCHOOL STUDENTS (ESP) AT SMK N 2 OF BENGKULU

Dwisnu, Erlian

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6853

Abstract

This research was aimed to know the appropriate assessment, find out speaking’s authentic assessment material and find out the characteristics of authentic speaking assessment model for Mechanical Engineering of Vocational School. The type of research was Research and Development. This study was conducted in Mechanical Engineering subject at SMKN 2 Bengkulu City. The sample was taken from third class of Mechanical Engineering students. The data was collected by using a questionnaire. The result of the study showed that; first, the appropriate assessment for Mechanical Engineering students Section of Vocational School in SMK N 2 of Bengkulu city was Authentic Assessment. Second,  the researcher found 4 kinds of speaking’s authentic assessment for Mechanical Engineering. It can be clasified into role play, presentation, picture cued and debate. Third, the characteristics of authentic speaking assessment model for students and teachers of Mechanical Engineering at SMKN 2 of Bengkulu city were topic of assessment, social function  format, type of authentic assessment, instrument of authentic assessment, types of rating scale/rubric and times.

EVALUATION OF INDONESIAN ENGLISH TEXTBOOK FOR THE NINTH GRADERS OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL “THINK GLOBALLY ACT LOCALLY” FROM EFL TEACHERS’ PERSPECTIVES

Handayani, Sri, Suwarno, Bambang, Dharmayana, I Wayan

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6821

Abstract

The purpose of the study was  to investigate the EFL teachers’ perceptions concerning the textbook of “Think Globally Act Locally” on these criteria: (1) physical and utilitarian attributes, (2) efficient outlay of objectives and supplementary material, (3) learning- teaching content, (4) language skills and aspects. Thirty two EFL teachers of junior high school participated in this study. The instrument consisted of questionnaire and interview. Results indicated that in physical and utilitarian attributes, this textbook was perceived as ‘Good’, in efficient outlay and supplementary materials was perceived as   ‘Fair’,   in learning-teaching content was perceived as ‘Fair’,  and in language skills and aspects was perceived  as  ‘Fair’.  Overall,  this  textbook  was  perceived  as ‘Fair’.  It  still  needs improvement in several aspects. The illustrations should be more natural. The mistakes in this textbook should be corrected. Teaching aids like audio materials (cassette/CD), posters, and flashcards, need to accompany this textbook. The exercises should be varied. New word list and glossary should  be provided to support vocabulary building and reading   skill.   Finally,   authentic   audio   material   like   cassette/CD   and   phonetic transcriptions for each new word should be available for listening and pronunciation practice.

EVALUATION OF ENGLISH TEACHING MATERIALS USED AT SD IT UMMI IN KOTA BENGKULU BASED ON KTSP (KURIKULUM TINGKAT SATUAN PENDIDIKAN)

Lestari, Meri, Arono, Arono

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6854

Abstract

The objectives of this study were: (1) To find out whether textbook used by second grade students at SD IT UMMI Kota Bengkulu fulfill the criteria of a good textbook. (2) To find out whether the English textbook used by second grade students at SD IT UMMI Kota Bengkulu relevant to KTSP curriculum. This research used descriptive qualitative content analysis as its research method. The data were collected from the English student book “Let’s Make Friends with English” for second grade students. The results showed that English textbook entitled “Let’s make friends with English” used by second grade students at SD IT UMMI Kota Bengkulu have fulfilled the criteria of a good textbook by achieving the Fair fulfillment. The textbook was categorized relevance to the KTSP curriculum, but the activities in the listening can be said irrelevant because they cannot cover the learning objectives in listening. It was then recommended that the teachers need to modify the tasks and activities on the textbook which did not fulfill the criteria of good textbook, especially in the area of accompanying materials (CD, Cassettes and pictures), language skill, and teach ability aspects.

Evaluation of English Teaching Materials used at a Vocational High School Based on Cunningsworth’s Checklist

Nurhamsih, Yeli, Syahrial, Syahrial

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6830

Abstract

English teaching material is really important, that is why a teacher should be able  to select the right book to use on teaching and learning process. One of the ways is by evaluating the textbook. This study aims to evaluate the English teaching materials covering its language content, language skills, and topics, used at  a Vocational High School based on Cunningsworth’s checklist. The data were taken by distributing checklist and conducting interview to one vice- principal who is also as a teacher of English and two English teachers at a Vocational High School. The data were analyzed by getting average and percentage. The methodology of the research is descriptive qualitative content analysis. Results  showed that language content in the textbook viewed from criteria of good English teaching materials are poor. The textbook only covers little grammar and vocabulary. The language skills practiced in the textbook according to criteria of good English teaching materials are poor for they are in general content and limited activities. While, according to criteria of good English teaching materials, the topics introduced in the textbook are poor too. The topics covered in the textbook are general topics.  It can be concluded that English teaching materials covering language content, language skills, and topics in the textbook are not appropriate for hotel accomodation students.   As suggestion, the four skills should be integrated in the topics in order to give more importance to grammar and communication skills. The topics content that relate to hospitality and tourism department specially for hotel accomodation department should be provided and added so it will be meaningful for the learners espesially the learners of hotel accomodation.

THE EFFECT OF “SCHEMA DEVELOPMENT TECHNIQUE” ON STUDENTS’ READING ABILITY AT SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT

Widiarti, Deni, Suwarno, Bambang, Sofyan, Dedi

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6861

Abstract

This study aimed to find the effect of “schema development technique” on students’ reading ability at senior high school students. It is also aimed to find whether schema development technique could improve students’ reading ability on the aspect of literal comprehension, inference and vocabulary building. The population was the tenth graders of SMA Negeri Rejang Lebong, from which two classes were selected as the research sample. The instrument was a reading test. The instrument draft had been tried out. The try out was done to find the validity and item characteristics of the original draft. From 90 try out item questions, 42 of them were found to be valid and 48 were invalid. The reliabilty index was 0,898 (high). The findings of the research revealed that schema development technique was effective for improving students overall comprehension. It was also effective for improving two aspects (literal aspect and vocabulary building). However, it was not effective for improving students’ reading ability on inference aspect. It’s caused by the nature of inference which requires for background knowledge towards the reading text.

THE EFFECT OF TEACHERS’ DIRECT AND INDIRECT FEEDBACK ON STUDENT’ S WRITING ABILITY

Latifah, Yuli, Suwarno, Bambang, Diani, Irma

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6846

Abstract

This study is intended to find out any difference in effectiveness between direct and indirect feedback on students’ writing ability. The design was Quasi-Experiment. The population consisted of the students of the X class of SeniorHigh School 4, Rejang Lebong, Curup, Indonesia. The samples comprised 32 students in group 1 and 32 Students in group 2. The instrument was a writing test. In the data analysis, the researcher used the normality, homogeneity,and t-test.These were calculated and analyzed by using SPSS 20. The tests consisted of pre-test and post-test. In post-test, there was no significant difference between groups on all aspect. There were two results of this study.Firstly, in the post test there was a difference of mean score between experiment group 1 and experiment group 2. In general ability, in group 1 increased by 15.59. Meanwhile, the group 2 increased by 2.60. This indicated that there was an effect of indirect feedback on students’ writing ability. From t-test calculation, t-count was 3.274 which t-table was 1.670. It showed that t obtained was bigger than t-table (3.274 > 1.670). H0 was rejected and H1 was accepted. In other words, the indirect feedback technique was effective on students’ wri ting ability. Based on the data analysis, the indirect feedback technique was positively effective in increasing on students’ writing ability, on general writing ability. There were also significant differences between both groups in the writing ability aspects such as organization, language use and vocabulary. 

Translation Analysis of Student’s Work (Study of Poetry Translation)

Khair, Syukril, Suwarno, Bambang, Arono, Arono

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6862

Abstract

The literary translation still becomes such of debating among several experts and researchers, especially at translation studies. The aim of this study was to find out what kinds of techniques of translation were applied in translating the poems of Maya Angelou, and how the appropriateness of techniques were applied by the students. Mollina & Albir’s classification of translation techniqueswas used as the primary theory in the analysis of the translation texts.This study was descriptive qualitaive and content analysis. The data were taken from text translations of two poems which consist of 550 data from 10 students as translators. The research findings revealed that14 techniques were used by students. The result showed that there were 14 translation techniques which were used, compensation, literal translation, modulation, linguistic amplification, discursive creation, linguistic compression, reduction, amplification, adaptation, transposition, borrowing, established equivalent, particularization, and description. The next finding showed that the appropriate techniques wereapplied at 69.3%. Meanwhile, inappropriate techniques were at 30.7%. The conclusion of this study was that students used the most at compensation and the lowest was description. The students mostly successful in applying appropriate technique at delivering messages, but were flub in recreating thepoetical aspect in Target Language. In some cases, this indicated deficiency in determining the equivalent expression in the target text. The suggestion for further researchers is to explore a similar study by investigating on figurative speech and poetical aspect at poetry translation.

THE EFFECT OF USING INQUIRY BASED LEARNING STRATEGY ON STUDENTS SPEAKING ABILITY ( A Case Study at SMAN 7 Bengkulu Selatan)

Irawan, Yogi, Syahrial, Syahrial, Sofyan, Dedi

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics & Literature) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v3i2.6848

Abstract

This research is aimed at finding out to what extent IBL strategy can affect students speaking ability and to find out the significant of IBL strategy on students speaking ability. The populations of this study were all students in second grade at SMAN 7 Bengkulu. The samples of this study were 30 students on one class of second grade at SMAN 7 Bengkulu Selatan. This study used quasi-experimental study with one group design in order to test hypotheses. The study was conducted by pretest, the treatment in three meetings by using IBL strategy and posttest to the students. The instruments of this study were pretest and posttest. The result of this research showed that there were increasing scores of students speaking ability from 40,27 to 51,33, the increasing scores covered in; vocabulary aspect (13,54), grammar aspect (10,67), fluency aspect (7,33), and pronunciation aspect (12,67). The conclusions of the study were: firstly, IBL strategy affected students speaking ability with average increasing score of 11,05 covering the four aspects (vocabulary, gramar, fluency and pronunciation) of speaking. Secondly, IBL strategy affected sufficiently significant ( 0,05) on students speaking ability. This current study contributes to give the teachers an additional strategy on the effective strategy for teaching of speaking.

TYPES OF IMPLICATURE IN INFORMAL CONVERSATIONS USED BY THE ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDY PROGRAM STUDENTS

Rahayu, Endry Sri Rahayu Sri, ., Safnil

JOALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature) Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | | DOI: 10.33369/joall.v1i1.3942

Abstract

Implicature was refers to implied meaning in utterance that can be understood by indirectly expression. In informal conversation was occurred the hidden meaning of what actually said by the speakers.  This study was investigated the types of implicature in informal conversations used by the English education study program students.  The study was aimed to analyze the types of implicature and how the implicature is carried out in the informal conversations.  The method of study was a descriptive qualitative method.  The subjects of this study were 25 students of English study program who have informal conversation. The students’ conversation was transcribed and analyzed by using checklist instrument. The results was shown that 1) there were three types of implicature found in the informal conversations; conventional implicature, generalized conversational implicature and particularized conversational implicature, and 2) the implicature is carried out in the informal conversations by the used of generalized conversational implicature and particularized conversational implicature. Moreover, a conclusion is students in the informal conversation have potentially implicature that indicates that their utterance has implied meaning. The suggestions, the study about implicature should be conducted in different area such as movie, drama or others, to give enrichment information in the Pragmatics study.