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Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis (JIPVET)
Published by Universitas Papua
ISSN : 2620939X     EISSN : 26209403     DOI : -
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Papua. Jurnal ini merupakan media komunikasi ilmiah dibidang peternakan dan veteriner yang berupa hasil penelitian atau telaah pustaka (review) yang meliputi produksi ternak, nutrisi dan makanan ternak, sosial ekonomi peternakan, dan budidaya ternak/satwa harapan, kesehatan ternak dan hewan kesayangan, serta veteriner. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dengan frekuensi dua kali setahun pada bulan Maret dan September. Redaksi menerima sumbangan artikel dengan ketentuan penulisan seperti tercantum pada halaman akhir pada isi jurnal ini.
Articles 52 Documents
UJI KUALITAS TELUR AYAM RAS DI KOTA MANOKWARI Kasmiati, .; Lumatauw, Sintje; Sumpe, Iriani
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8 No 1 (2018): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

A study was conducted to evaluate table eggs in Manokwari city. A total of 300 eggs were examined for external and internal qualities. The eggs were gathered from different places: local farmer for local eggs (1 respondent), markets for imported eggs (2 respondents)), supermarkets (4 respondents), egg distributors (1 respondent), and stalls (10 respondents)). The egg examinations were done twice, first was the time when no ship for egg transport came to Manokwari (period 1) to assume that the eggs had been kept for quite long before reached the consumers and second was the time when ship for egg transport that just arrived to Manokwari with the assumption that he eggs were still relatively fresh (periode 2). Results showed that the majority of table eggs in Manokwari had brown shells followed by spotted and light brown, all with oval shapes. Eggs gathered at period 2 were larger than those of period 1; local eggs were significantly heavier than imported eggs due to the difference of egg freshness. The local eggs of period 2 showed a very good air sac with AA quality, while the imported eggs had the air sac quality for A and B. The highest yolk score (8.88) were observed at local eggs at period 2.
PERFORMANS BOBOT BADAN AYAM LINGNAN UMUR 8 – 16 MINGGU YANG DIPELIHARA DI MANOKWARI PAPUA BARAT Lumatauw, Sintje; Iroth, Wandy Joudy; Chotimah, Siti Chusnul
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 5 No 1 (2010): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

A study was initiated to identify body weight performance of Chinese traditional Lingnan chicken at 8 to 16 weeks of age. Both male and female body weight and feed consumption were recorded. Four hundred and sixty eight Lingnan chickens (108 males and 360 females) were randomly distributed to 12 experimental cage unit of 3 x 4 m followed a Completely Randomized Design. The chickens were treated with four different ration combinations which consisted of commercial ration, yellow corn, and rice brand. Each treatment was replicated three times. Result of the study showed that the male Lingnan chicken was heavier than the females at each observation. The different body weight was 335, 498, 557, 637 and 553 grams at the age of 8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 weeks, respectively. At 16 weeks, the male Lingnan average body weight was 2927 grams while the female was 2374 grams. Four different ration combinations were not significantly affected the chicken body weight (P>0.05).
ANALISIS FUNGSI BIAYA STOCHASTIC FRONTIER USAHA PETERNAKAN AYAM PEDAGING PADA PETERNAK YANG MENGGUNAKAN OPEN HOUSE SYSTEM Pakage, Stepanus ; Hartono, Budi; Fanani, Zaenal; Nugroho, Bambang Ali; Iyai, Deny A.
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 9 No 1 (2019): JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ANIMAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCE
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Abstract

This study aims to analyze factors that influence the cost function of broiler farms using open house system. The results indicates that all factors included in the model, simultaneously, affect the production costs. Partially, input such as dayold chick (DOC) costs, feed costs, electricity costs, production positively affect the system. Labor costs on the other hand, have a negative effect on the system. The cost of drugs and fuel has no effect on broiler production costs using the open house system.
DUCK MEAT OFF-ODOR AS AFFECTED BY DIFFERENT STRAINS AND DIETARY LIPIDS Randa, S. Y.; Hardjosworo, P. S.; Apriyantono, A.; Hutagalung, R.
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 5 No 2 (2010): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
Publisher : Universitas Papua

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai pengaruh perbedaan jenis galur ternak dan lemak pakan terhadap bau off-odor (menyimpang) pada daging ternak itik. Percobaan dilakukan dengan menggunakan rancangan dua faktor pada rancangan acak lengkap. Sebagi faktor pertama adalah jenis galur ternak, yakni galur alabio dan cihateup; sedangkan faktor kedua adalah jenis sumber lemak pakan, yakni lemak sapi, minyak kedelei dan minyak kelapa. Analisis sensori yang dilakukan melibatkan 10-14 orang panelis terlatih untuk menilai kualitas sensori daging dengan menggunakan metode uji ranking, skala dan uji deskriptif. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa perbedaan galur ternak dan jenis lemak berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap komposisi asam-asam lemak dan intensitas bau off-odor pada daging itik. Itik cihateup memiliki intensitas bau off-odor yang lebih tinggi daripada itik alabio. Analisis deskriptif memperlihatkan bahwa jenis bau off-odor pada daging itik adalah bau tengik, amis, bau lemak, bau jamur, langu, dan bau tanah.
KARAKTERISTIK DAN BAHAN PENYUSUN SARANG MEGAPODA ARFAK (AEPYPODIUS ARFAKIANUS) DI KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PEGUNUNGAN ARFAK Karim, Ikram; Sonbait, Lukas Y.; Pattiselanno, Freddy
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8 No 1 (2018): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the characteristics of the nesting ground of Wattled Brushturkey (Aepypodius arfakianus), in Sigim village surrounding the Arfak Mountain Nature Reserve. The method used is descriptive method with survey and observation.  Composition and characteristics of the nesting ground was analysed through observation and measurement of the studied variables.  All the observation results obtained in this study were analysed using descriptive statistics.  The results showed that nesting composition was consisted of 65% leaves, 31% twigs, 3,2% soil and 1% of small stones. The average height of the nests was 0,64 m and 1,80 m in diameter.
VALUING AND DEFINING SOCIO-ECONOMICAL FACTORS OF PIG FARMING SYSTEMS AT MANOKWARI, WEST PAPUA Iyai, Deny Anjelius
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 5 No 1 (2010): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk menilai dan mendefinisikan komponen sosial dan ekonomi peternak babi telah dilakukan di Manokwari, Papua Barat. Studi partisipasi menggunakan partisipasi situasi analisis dilakukan untuk mendapatkan base line informasi. Data kualitatif dan kuantitatif kemudian dientri dalam Excel 2003 dan dianalisis menggunakan multivariate analisis yaitu analisis komponen utama (PCA). Juga dipakai analisis gerombol (CA) untuk agglomerative hierrarchical analysis untuk melihat kecenderungan pengelompokan base line data. Hasil penelitian diperoleh tiga kelas. Varians pada aksis pertama dan kedua adalah 41,832% dan 25,297%. Pada analisis PCA diperoleh beberapa komponen yang menunjukkan nilai positif misalnya zones, breed raised, distance to market, distance to town dan land size. Sedangkan, wealth status dan litter size bernilai negatif. Pada aksis kedua korelasi yang kuat ditunjukkan pada litter size, yaitu 0.945, komponen yang lain dengan nilai rata-rata dan negative dimiliki oleh distance to market. Dinilai bahwa zone, wealth status, distances to market, distance to town adalah komponen yang memiliki asosiasi dengan pengambilan keputusan peternak dalam produktifitasnnya. Namun secara ekonomi diperlukan pembuktian selanjutnya dalam hal pendapatan bersih dari produktifitas peternak.
TINGKAH LAKU SOSIAL RUSA TIMOR (Cervus timorensis) DI PENANGKARAN BUMI MARINA, MANOKWARI Madja, Jerianto Tawala; Koibur, Johan F.; Pattiselanno, Freddy
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 8 No 2 (2018): JOURNAL OF TROPICAL ANIMAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES
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Abstract

Deer is a wild animal that has economi value and can be utilized by the commnity as a source of protein of animal origin so that the deer can be breed by the communty. In papua deer have been cultivated or breed in a relativery large scare. The purpose of cultivation or captivity is to know the daily behavior or deer timor (Cervus timorensis) in brooder breeding condtion with large numbers of pet populations. The time of study for ±one month is from the beginning of september to the and of september 2017. Using 10 sample from 24 deer in breeding, 3 aduit males, 2 young males, 3 adult females and 1 young females and 1 culf. Using time observation method with observation technique. Analyze data using exel to find the percen tage of social activity from each time period. Each time period was divided into I 06:00-08:00(6,48%); II 08:00-10:00(25,93%); III 10:00-12:00(19,44%); IV 12:00-14:00(7,41%); V 14:00-16:00(6,48) and VI 16:00-18:00(34,26). Our findings showed that social activity/interaction in group much more observed in the afternoon.
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI RUMPUT GAJAH (Pennisetum purpureum) PADA INTERVAL DEFOLIASI YANG BERBEDA Seseray, Daniel Y.; Saragih, Evi W.; Katiop, Yeldrik
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 7 No 1 (2012): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the effect of defoliation interval of elephant grass on the growth and production and arranged in Randomized Block Design consisted of 5 blocks and 3 treatments, so there were 15 experimental units. The treatments used were P1 (defoliation 20th day), P2 (defoliation 40th day) and P3 (defoliation 60th day). The finding showed that the responses of the interval defoliation treatments were significantly different (P< 0.05) to the average height of plants and the production of dry matter (DM), where the results of further BNJ tests showed that plant height at treatment P1 (81.78 cm) was different markedly lower than P2 treatment (103.6 cm) and P3 (129.24 cm), as well as different treatment markedly lower P2 from P3 treatment. The production of DM in treatment P1 (1.20 tons/ha) did not differ significantly with treatment P2 (1.94 tons/ha), but significantly higher than the treatment P3 (2.75 tons/ha), while the P2 treatment did not differ significantly by treatment with P1 and P3. The average number of tillers and fresh forage production in treatment P1, P2 and P3 respectively 1.75 tillers and 14.15 tons/ha; 3.44 tillers and 13.07 tons/ha; 4.25 tillers and 1707 tons/ha. Concluded that the longer the interval the higher defoliation of plant growth, additional number of tillers and the higher DM production, while the production of fresh forage is relatively the similar.
Proses Adopsi Introduksi Sistem Tiga Strata (Sts) Di Manokwari Irian Jaya Woran, Jonly ; Yoku, Onesimus
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 1 No 1 (2006): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

In Manokwari, Introduction Adoption Process of Three Strata Forage System (TSFS) is one way to improve productivity of grass along the year. The TSFS is an inovation to supply high quality grass to improve population of cattle. The relationship between cattle ownership with variables observability, compatibility and triability is significant, but with variables compiexity and relative advantage is non significant. The variables have significant value showed that the degree of relationship association is high enough. Model of TSFS can be applied by peasant based on the preference of individual peasant.
PCR-RFLP ANALYSIS Of INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR-I GENE IN BALI CATTLE Mu’in, Muhamad Affan
Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis Vol 5 No 1 (2010): JURNAL ILMU PETERNAKAN
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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap polimorfisme gen insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) pada sapi Bali menggunakan teknik PCR-RFLP. Apabila sifat polimorfik dari gen-gen ini dapat dideteksi maka efeknya terhadap pertumbuhan dapat dipelajari dan kemungkinan dapat dipergunakan sebagai marker genetik untuk seleksi pertumbuhan sapi Bali. Sampel darah diambil dari tiga populasi sapi Bali:sapi Bali di Pusat Perbibitan Sapi Bali (P3Bali) dan sapi Bali di luar wilayah P3Bali di pulau Bali maupun di luar pulau Bali (Kalimantan Selatan), berturut-turut sebanyak 111, 85 dan 46 sampel. Identifikasi polimorfisme gen IGF-I dilakukan dengan mendigesti fragmen DNA berukuran 249 bp yang berlokasi pada 5’-flanking region dari gen IGF-I menggunakan enzim SnaBI. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada ketiga populasi sapi Bali tersebut hanya ditemukan alel B, dan tidak ditemukan alel A atau alel lain. Disimpulkan bahwa gen IGF-I tidak bersifat polimorfik pada sapi Bali dan genotipe IGF-I adalah homosigot BB.