Asian Social Work Journal
Articles
31
Articles
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The Role of Social Worker in the Context of Refugees and Asylum Seekers Rights in Indonesia

Agus, Alamsyah, Lia, Intan Slipi, Akbar, Muhammad

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

The plight of refugees and asylum seekers has been a trending issue of critical importance for social workers in Indonesia. At the end of February 2018, the public was overwhelmed by mass media coverage of the large number of refugees living on the streets in front of the Immigration Office in Jakarta. Their existence needs to be noticed by the government in particular and all parties in general. In fact, many of the difficulties experienced by refugees and asylum seekers in Indonesia, but the most felt is due to the issue of legal status and limitations in the language of communication, they can not access public services such as health care, education, work, and others. The plight of them must necessarily be a very important concern for social workers in Indonesia, as it may create new social problem. Social workers work to uphold the dignity of all those refugees and asylum seekers including unaccompanied minors (UAM) and to work with them for successful social functioning. This paper explores available integrative literature, quantitative document analysis, and presents mixed methodology through individual interviews and an exploratory study to analyze social workers’ role to respond the various issues faced by today’s refugees and asylum seekers rights as well as potential way for being supporting document as a policy framework for Indonesian government to ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention.

Peranan dan Tanggungjawab Ibu Bapa dalam Pengasuhan Anak dan Remaja

Ibrahim, Habibie, Mustapha, Mazni, Sawai, Joki Perdani, Md Nawi, Nurul Hudani, Megat Ahmad, Puteri Hayati

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This conceptual paper emphasizes roles and responsibilities of parents towards children particularly teenagers. Currently, Malaysia shows an increasing of teenagers’ involvement in social problems. The increasing of social problem is believed due to lack of roles and responsibilities played by parents especially for dual-career families. Besides that other problem contributed to the increasing of social problems was less communication between parents and children. Therefore, this paper also emphasizes the role of communication in effort to build a good and harmoniousrelationship between parents and teenagers and outlines the roles and responsibilities of parents towards children and families.

Paradigm Changes of Pesantren: Community Based Islamic Scholar Perception About Post-Modernism Pesantren Based on Android

Aswirna, Prima, Fahmi, Reza, Sabri, Ahmad, Yusna, Darni

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Pesantren is the forerunner of education based in Indonesia. This study uses a quantitative approach. Population in this research is Padang city society (especially in District of Padang Utara). The study sample was 128 people and 30 community leaders (Alim-Ulama) people. The sample selection was done by simple random (simple random sampling). Data collection techniques using questionnaires. Data analysis technique using SPSS program version 24. Statistical analysis technique used is Pearson correlation. The results of the study found: there is no correlation between public opinion and religious figures about the development of pesantren based on android postmodernism. Recommendations: There needs to be a more in-depth study of the development of Android-based pesantren at the empirical level; curriculum, learning system, learning strategy and assessment mechanism and so on.

The Experiences of Disadvantages and Discrimination Among the Tea Garden Workers in Bangladesh: An Overview

Jalil, Md Abdul, Oakkas, Mohammad Ali

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This paper aims to understand the experiences of disadvantages and discrimination among tea garden workers in Bangladesh. Based on the interviews of 75 tea garden workers, the paper identified few domains where they experience disadvantage and discrimination. The paper recommended government intervention and NGO and INGO initiatives to ensure educational opportunities for their children, provide healthcare facilities and increase wages for the garden workers. The paper has implications for the international community to ensure equitable society and social justice for the vulnerable and minority groups all over the world.

Adaptation of Migrant Workers' Child in Cianjur Regency, Indonesia

Sundayani, Yana, Fahrudin, Adi, Nunung Nurwati, Binahayati R.

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

The study aims to examine empirically in depth the adaptation of children of migrant workers aged 13 to 17 years whose parents, fathers or mothers work abroad as domestic migrant workers. The study used a qualitative approach with data collection techniques to interview and observe informants, as well as conduct study studies from various documentation. Determination of four informants using purposive techniques. This study looks at the adaptation of four sub-aspects namely the pattern used; rules or norms applied; and changes in child behavior of migrant workers. The results of the empirical study are then analyzed so that it is known the ability and flexibility of migrant workers' children in dealing with environmental changes that occur; and known factors that support in adaptation.

Poverty Alleviation Policy in West Java Province

Anah Kunyati, Siti, Widiowati, Didiet

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 5 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Poverty and social welfare issues show an increase over time, both in the number, and the quality. On the other hand, the policy responses to social welfare issues from various parties are not sufficient to tackle those problems. This study aims to describe poverty and policy of West Java Provincial Government in poverty alleviation. The research is expected to contribute to the improvement of policy in poverty alleviation and affect the condition of West Java society to be more prosperous. The research design is Qualitative Descriptive. The informants are several Civil State Apparatuses who are capable to represent Regional Work Unit/ Organization at the provincial level. Data Collecting Techniques consist of interviews, focus group discussions, and documentation studies. Data Validation is done using triangulation between data sources and techniques. The results showed that West Java's economy grew on average above 5%, while the average poverty reduction rate was only 0.46% per year. These conditions have an impact on the increased number of people who are below the poverty threshold and also affect the index of depth and severity of poverty. The situation is similar for other social welfare issues, such as socio-economic vulnerable groups, homeless, beggars, and scavengers, neglected elderly, and children who need social protection. To overcome those problems, several policies have been prepared. The obstacle is, social welfare planning and policy are often only viewed as a complement to development planning and policy framework when they should be considered as an integrative, priority and substantive element that must be implemented. Various regulations and policies on poverty alleviation and other social welfare issues are still limited. Regulation at the central level is sufficient, but local governments have not been fully able to describe and operationalize it with various rules, either at the level of Regional Regulation, Governor Regulation, Mayor Regulation, or Regent Regulation. Legislation regulation and poverty alleviation are government’s (central and local) full responsibility, so coordination and a common commitment are needed to address poverty and increase equity. West Java Provincial Policy needs to prioritize efforts to increase funding through funding synergies with central and district / city governments in order to finance more comprehensive and broader poverty reduction programs.

Improving the Life of Former Female Migrant Domestic Workers

Tandos, Rosita

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Some studies exploring the life of migrant domestic workers found that the main factor that push Indonesian migrant domestic workers is experiencing severe economic condition (Raharto, 2000; Silvey, 2004; Pitoyo, 2007). The poor economic condition forces women and girls to be domestic workers. Additionally, cultural value of patriarchy puts a responsibility for women at domestic area influencing the womenâ??s ability to fill the demand of the domestic workers in overseas. This paper addresses the main topic of enhancing protection and empowerment for Indonesian female migrant domestic workers by specifically exploring the issues after working in overseas. The study exploring the life of former migrant domestic workers from Bondan village of Indramayu district using qualitative method. The informants of the study were the workers who just finished their work contract, staying at the moment in the village waiting for the next call or deciding to stop working in overseas. The number of participants was 40 women (n=40), joining focus-group discussions and in-depth interviews. The theoretical frameworks used in the study consist of human capabilities approach, feminist perspective, and social work theories of empowering individual, family, and community. Then, the discussion covers three main points: first, discussion of the theories applied in the study; second, the life of transnational domestic workers of examining abusive conditions; third, developing future practices to empowering the workers; and fourth, a part of the paper provides conclusion to whole points discussed.

Implementation and Effectiveness of Drug Abuse Program (SAJADAH) Among Students at Secondary Schools in the Kota Kinabalu, Sabah

Wan Sulaiman, Wan Anor, Wan Anor, Wan Nur Fatini, Wan Othman, Wan Nazilah, Fahrudin, Adi

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This study is conducted to determine the extent to which the drug abuse programs are implemented (SEJADAH) by teachers and counselors are affected students in schools at the Kota Kinabalu, Sabah. The subjects have 150 students from form 1 to 5, and 96 regular teachers and counselor. A set of questionnaires which is divided into three sections, part A contains student biographical information, section B contains items about the effects of the program on students and section C contains items about program implementation by teachers and school staff. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the data and found that 124 students considered the program drug abuse (SAJADAH) has a good effected on them. For the implementation stage, total of 58 teachers feel that the program is very effective.

Community Preparedness Model in Landslide Disaster Risk Reduction in Tugumukti Village, Cisarua Subdistrict, West Bandung District, Indonesia

Muis, Ichwan, Anwar, Khairil

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This research is aimed to describe handling model toward disaster-prone and vulnerable condition in Tugumukti Village through community preparedness in the effort of Community-based disaster risk reduction. It is an approach to encourage local community in managing disaster risk. This approach is expected to create an independent community and have abilities in managing disaster risk. Preparedness is one important part in reducing disaster risk which demands ability and community participation especially people who live in the disaster-prone area. This research used qualitative action research where the researcher is the research instrument. The action research requires the researcher to do direct practice in the community as the subject being studied. In knowing preparedness in Tugumukti Village based on preparedness framework to disaster developed by LIPI in collaboration with Unesco/ISDR (2006) that is (1) attitude and knowledge system, (2) Policy and Manual, (3) Emergency Planning, (4) Alert System and (5) Resource Mobilization.The research about community preparedness initiated by tested the community preparedness model conducted in three-month practicum, such as (1) ground motion socialization, (2) the installation of banners about landslide (3) 1000 tree planting in landslide area, and (4) drainage channels improvement. Community preparedness model which have been tested in the research is the initial model. The result of the initial model through the interview, FGD and researcher analysis based on preparedness framework toward disaster, then generated that trialing the early models is only just at the stage of the first parameter that is the knowledge and attitudes, while for the other parameters are still said to be less. Based on that, it is necessary to improve the model. In improving the model, participatory action plan formulated by the implementation of the activities through (1) The formation of disaster management community (KMPB), (2) construction and installation evacuation route and meeting point (3) Beras perelek activation, (4) KMPB account making, (5) KMPB post construction, (6) early warning manufacture, (7) disaster equipment procurement, and (8) Training for landslide emergency response simulation.

Knowledge and Skills of Social Workers in Handling Children in Conflict with Law in Indonesia

Susilowati, Ellya

Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This study aims to examine how the knowledge and skill of Social Workers in handling Children against Law (ABH) in Indonesia. Social Worker is a profession mandated by Law No. 11 of 2012 concerning the Juvenile Criminal Justice System has some duties, among others, such as assisting the recovery process and changes in Children behavior; giving consideration to law enforcement officers for handling children social rehabilitation; accompany the delivery of Children to their parents, government agencies or community institutions; and approach the community to be willing to accept the children in their social environment. This study used a qualitative approach with descriptive methods for six social workers who carried out tasks in Cianjur regency, West Java. Data collection techniques used interviews, observation and documentation studies. The results indicated that the knowledge and skills of Social Workers in carrying out the tasks of handling ABH still had some limitations, especially in the application of working skills with ABH. The recommendations of this study are: 1) Education and Training Center in the ABH training for Social Workers needs to increase knowledge and skills about social rehabilitation; 2) Children social workers conduct regular discussions and sharing on the competence of social work related to the handling ABH.