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Asian Social Work Journal
ISSN : 01281577     EISSN : 01281577     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 53 Documents
Assessing Need for Training Postgraduate on Social Security in Vietnam Nguyễn, Hai Trung
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This paper aims to assess the Need for Training Postgraduate on Social Security in Vietnam. Base on questionnaires from 400 to staff working in the field of social security and deep interviews of 30 people which are experts, lecturers in university, the result of this study has described a general picture about need of social security training. Specifically, findings show that: for the Strengths and Opportunities: First, the State always has the right policies on social security. Ensuring social security for every people is the consistent policy in Vietnam; Second, the social security units are increasingly being developed in terms of quantity and quality; Third, human resources in this area are enthusiastic, experience and qualified but just some of them have degree related to social security; Fourth, there has been a great deal of interest from the State for improving the quality of human resources in supplementing their knowledge of Social Security through National programs and projects; Fifth, educational institutions have been paying more attention, spending more time and funds for the training and developing capacity of lecturers in social security; Sixth, numbers of educational institutions having social security subjects in their training curriculum have increased faster. Weakness and Threats: First, despite the attention of the Party and the State, Vietnam social security policy system is scattered, overlapped; Second, number of staff working in the social security sector is largely unskilled and unqualified in term of social security knowledge; Third, for educational institutions: there has been interest and investment in research, teaching and training in the social security industry but still limited; lecturers with a degree in Social Security are also very limited. Most of them switched from other specialization; most of the educational institutions do not have clear orientation to develop Social Security curriculum at postgraduate level; the syllabus for social security topics is not much. Many new curriculums are translated from foreign materials so some contents are not completely suitable with the situation of Vietnam; currently, there is no social security training code. Base on the SOWT, this paper has discussed and recommended solutions to develop social security training program at postgraduate level to meet the need of high quality human resources on social security in Vietnam.
Psychosocial Therapy Intervention Using Group Work for Women Experiencing Domestic Violence in Indonesia Subardhini, Meiti
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Issues of Violence are increasing in some recent years, especially in Indonesia, including domestic violence. Victims of this violence will experience psychosocial problems ranging from mild to severe. Therefore, the Social Work profession is relevant to this issue. Previous research had been done to study the practice of Social group work through psychosocial therapy for women experiencing domestic violence, especially at the city of Bandung in West Java, Indonesia. Six (6) study subjects were used as target research through purposive technique. This study used a qualitative approach with action research methods through twelve (12) sessions by using a psychosocial therapy intervention group. Psychosocial problems experienced by members of the group (research subjects) were as follows: behavioral conditions of anxiety, stress and trauma as a result of the violence they experienced resolved through various stages in Social Work with Groups through psychosocial therapy intervention, so the practice of various techniques / psychosocial therapy as part of this study were revealed and described. The results showed that psychosocial therapy interventions group is effective to overcome the domestic violence problem.
An Emotional Intelligence and Religious Orientation among Volunteers and Non- Volunteers in Malaysia Md Nawi, Nurul Hudani; Megat Ahmad, Puteri Hayati
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

An investigation into the characteristics of volunteers is important to understand why people volunteer. From an applied point of view, these understanding can help to better manage and retain the volunteers in voluntary organizations. The present study compared volunteers and non-volunteers in Sabah using a cross-sectional survey method. Questionnaire packet consisting of measures of religious orientation, and emotional intelligence were self-administered by the respondents. One hundred and sixty eight of them were volunteers and one hundred and eight were non-volunteers. Findings showed that there was no significant difference between volunteers and non-volunteers in term of emotional intelligence (t=-0.13 p>0.05). However, both aspects in religious orientation i.e. Intrinsic Religious Orientation (t=3.96, p<0.05) and Extrinsic-Personal Orientation (t=3.74, p< 0.05) showed that there were significant differences between volunteers and non-volunteers. Moreover, the result showed that volunteers have low mean score for both aspect in religious orientation namely Intrinsic Orientation (mean=19.19, SD: 2.32) and Extrinsic–Personal Orientation (mean=7.83, SD: 1.68) compared to non-volunteers (mean=20.29, SD: 2.06) and (mean=8.44, SD: 1.01). It showed that, mostly volunteers reported less personal gain from embracing religion. The results was also indicated that volunteers can be distinguished from non-volunteers in term of religious orientation. On a practical note, the assessment of EI in voluntary workers could possibly assist in enhancing the human resource management plan especially in training development. Excellent management of this unique group of workers can lead to the success of voluntary organizations in delivering huge benefits to the society.
Citizenship Status Influencing Self-Concept Among Teenagers Lastar, Aminuddin Ibrahim; Ahamad Shaleh, Nor Masitah; P.Maniam, M.Pusenthi; Ahmad Razil, Siti Nur Nadia
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 2 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

The purpose of this case study is to identify the influence of citizenship status in teenagers’ self- concept who are at Kuala Lumpur Krash pad. The study is specifically conducted among those teenagers who do not hold any citizenship status and attending KL Krash pad regulary. This is a qualitative study in which the data was gatherd by conducting a face to face session using a structured interview questions. The content of the interview was divided into five sections namely; demographic, experiences, behavioural, status, and social interactions (communication). There were six participants involed in this study who were from the range of age 13-18 years old. The data was then analised for key words and gategorised under specific themes in which became the factors in contributing the influence of citizenship status on self-concept among the non Malaysian /boaderless teenagers who are attending programs at Kuala Lumpur Krash Pad.
Stress Among Working Women: Counselling Services Using the Lazarus Stress Theory and the Practice of Solution-Focused Therapy Rose, Nurul Naimah; Mustafa, Mohd Yusri
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This paper aims to understand the stress among working women and helping method that can be used by counseling practitioners through the concept of Lazarus Stress Theory and Solution-focused Therapy application. The Focused issue is the stress among working women. Stress is an issue that often occurs to women working due to factors such as work load, health problems, childcare, social relations, relationships with spouses, time management and self-care. Although there are various methods that can be used to help them reduce the level of stress, it still can not be resolved properly. In fact, it continues to effect womens emotions and their quality of life. The adverse effects of stress can be identified based on four aspects namely physical, emotional, behavior and thinking. Therefore, it is important for counseling practitioners to help women to manage their stress. The application of the concept of Lazarus Stress Theory in counseling sessions is important as a guide to counselors in understanding the factors, effects, and situations that are happening to the client. Based on Lazaruss Theory, stress can be understood through three aspects, namely the stimulus, the respond and the process. After getting a clear understanding of the issue, counselors can apply specific techniques in Solution-Focused Therapy such as scaling techniques and miracle questions to help clients. The combination of understanding theoretical concepts and application of therapeutic techniques enhances counseling services as well as demonstrating professionalism of counselors in carrying out their duties.
Psychological Effects on Family as the Main Caregiver of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Jali, Nor Amalina; Azman, Azlinda; Jamir Singh, Paramjit Singh
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Family as the main caregiver of traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient plays an important role to ensure that the treatment and healing process of the patient is well-run. Unfortunately, most of these families are not well trained in the nursing procedure including in conducting mundane tasks of taking care of the patients. Incompetency in nursing procedure becomes a challenging task especially in providing optimum aid to the patient in long-run. It is more concerning that the healing process of the TBI patients could take a lifetime period. Due to that concern, this study aimed to look in details the psychological effects on the family as the main caregiver of the TBI patient and also to bring forward all the issues related to nursing of the patient. Based on literature reviews, it is concluded that the psychological effects on the family as a main caregiver of the TBI patient includes emotional effects like feeling shocked, melancholy, disappointed and depressed. Other effects include financial problems, burdening family roles and consequently, the family faces social isolation and compromises their social function.
Emotions, Emotional Intelligence and Professional Practice in Caring Professions Ibrahim, Habibie Bte Hj; Jarimal, Norhamidah; Md Nawi, Nurul Hudani; Megat, Puteri Hayati
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This paper based on literature review relates to emotions, emotional intelligence (EI) and their contributions to working relationships and decision-making processes are explored, particularly in social work settings. Little research has been conducted regarding emotion and Emotional Intelligence in the social work context. However, other caring professions such as health and nursing placed great emphasis on the importance of EI in their practice. Illness and healing processes occur within the context of relationships, and relationships are important frameworks for conceptualizing health care. This paper therefore aims to reveal the potential contributions of EI to working relationships with clients and decision-making processes in social work. This paper may provide some useful information for individuals and organizations as to how they can benefit from such contributions in order to develop more effective social work practices.
Perceptions of Intra-Familial Child Sexual Abuse and Intimate Parent-Child Interactions Xie, Qian-Wen; Miller, Joshua
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

The current study aimed to explore Chinese undergraduate students’ perceptions of intimate parent-child interactions (IPCI) and intra-familial Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) as well. 354 undergraduate students from 15 universities or colleges in Beijing were recruited to participate in an online-based survey. Results indicated that IPCI such as co-bathing and co-sleeping were very common among Chinese undergraduate students during childhood. Factors including the child’s age and gender, as well as the parent’s gender involved in IPCI were found to impact respondents’ perceptions of the appropriateness of those interactions. Moreover, respondents’ perceptions of the appropriateness of parent-child intimate interactions might also be influenced by their childhood experiences of parental interactions and their perceptions of intra-familial CSA. The study suggested that distinguishing intra-familial CSA from normative IPCI will continue to be contested and culturally shaped. Comprehensive information and public education about intra-familial CSA are needed for the prevention of CSA in Chinese society.
The Volunteers Needs and Preparedness in Assisting Natural Disaster Victims Md Akhir, Nur Hafizah; Azman, Azlinda; Md Akhir, Noremy
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

This paper is discusses about volunteers’ needs in order to increase the preparedness in assisting natural disasters victims. Disasters are phenomenon that causes damage in properties and lives that limit individuals or societies’ abilities and well-being. Natural disasters such as landslides, tsunami, flood and typhoon happen almost every year. These natural disasters affect certain countries such as Japan, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia. The volunteers are the one who manage the humanitarian aids to the victims. The needs of the volunteers that been identified need to be evaluated in order to help to expedite the disaster relief management process. This is because the important aspects that need to be evaluated are planning, operational management and disaster training. Meanwhile, disaster preparedness represent as systematic planning in response to the disaster situation that needs to be done to those involved in disaster relief i.e volunteers. The concern on this aspect will help volunteer to be more active, positive and confident, in both physically and mentally when providing helps. Therefore, this concept paper will discusses volunteers’ needs in various perspectives and opinions in order to help in increasing the preparedness in assisting natural disasters victims, as well as increase the effectiveness throughout the relief process.
Ethical Challenges in Social Work Practice in Sri Lanka Jayawardana, Bhagya Hithaishi; Nanayakkara, K
Asian Social Work Journal Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Asian Social Work Journal

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Abstract

Ethical practice is fundamental to any practiced based profession including social work. The social work profession is a diverse one with a mission to promote wellbeing and quality of life for vulnerable people. Despite serving the society it’s also central to promoting social work Ethics to maintain the professional standards and lessen the ethical issues and dilemma’s faced in day today practice. Ethics are really important to any profession, yet a necessity for those rooted in and human services. In the Sri Lankan context, it is disheartening to see how social workers have lost their professional identity with the absence of a professional code of ethics in place. A qualitative research approach was followed to explore and describe the key ethical challenges faced by the social workers in Sri Lanka. Survey method, in-depth interviews and key informants interviews were utilized and analyzed based on purposive sampling method. The data were categorized based on different themes. The finding proves that there is no proper guideline to be followed for the practitioners, particularly in situations of ethical dilemmas and conflicts. Most of the Human Service Organizations have their own set of rules with lesser focus on the code of ethical conduct. The unethical practice unintentionally promotes the malpractice leading to scenarios where organizational set of rules violates the client’s self determination and confidentiality. Although most of the upcoming social work graduates are made aware of the importance of maintaining an ethical conduct, when they join the work force as social workers they face many constraints due to absence of a formal code of ethics. This has resulted most of the social workers not having any obligations to continue an ethical practice  hence their practice is inevitably not much embedded in ethics. Thus the study provides an outlook on the ethical challenges faced by the social workers specially working in different sectors in Sri Lanka.