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Adabiyyat: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra
ISSN : 25491482     EISSN : 25492047     DOI : -
Adabiyyāt: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, memiliki fokus kajian pada lingkup bahasa, sastra, dan terjemah (Arab, Inggris, dan Indonesia-terkecuali bahasa lokal). Bahasa pengantar yang dipakai dalam penulisan artikel jurnal Adabiyyāt adalah bahasa Indonesia. Jurnal Adabiyyāt diterbitkan dua kali dalam satu tahun oleh Fakultas Adab dan Ilmu Budaya, UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, berdiri sejak tahun 2002.
Articles 154 Documents
SINKRETISME HINDU-ISLAM DALAM MANTRA: SEBUAH KASUS DALAM TEKS USADA MANAK Jirnaya, I Ketut
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 14, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.533 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2015.14206

Abstract

The Moslem society has lived in Bali since the 14th century during the reign of Dalem Waturenggong. They have been as the minority community within the Balinese society. Among the Islamic-Balinese literary works are the Kidung of Rumaksa ing wengi, Geguritan Amad Muhammad, Geguritan Siti Badariah, and Aji Pangukiran. Another text, which is found later, is Usada Manak. This text is about Balinese traditional treatment for illness in Bali. It contains the treatment which is related to reproduction. The analysis of this text showed that this text is a result of the syncretism between Hindu and Islam in that the holy mantra of the supreme God. Om, is compiled and made parallel with the word Allah. The opening sentence of the text which expresses the request for safety, Om Awighnamastu nama siddam is made  parallel with  Bismillah irahman irahim. This syncretism showed that Moslem community is accepted by the majority of Balinese community. This indicates that  there has been a mutual understanding between Moslem and Hindu in Bali. Both share resemblances in divine philosophy with different expressions. It is functionally also believed that the God will give his blessing for all human beings and all sickness can be cured because of his blessing.
VARIASI KELUASAN MAKNA PENGALAMAN DALAM PENERJEMAHAN NOVEL RONGGENG DUKUH PARUK KE DALAM BAHASA INGGRIS Khristianto, Khristianto
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (565.899 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2018.02105

Abstract

There is no “real equivalence” in translation; it is always relative, finding the best among the defect possibilities. This study was aimed to discover the the types of variations of the experiential meaning breadth (EMB) in a novel, 'Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk' in Indonesian and English, to find out the EMB variation level.This is a descriptive qualitative endevour, applying a content analysis method, focusing on the experiential meaning, particularly on its breadth dimension. The data sources are two language versions of the novel, Indonesian (Ind) and English (En). The data are clause units of transitivity. The results of this study indicate that the most dominant EMB variation is 0 variation. The intertextual bond is proved to be strong in leading the translators to create the meaning of the clauses. In general the variation level of EMB is very low, 9.16. This indicates that the intertextual context plays a very dominant role to lead the decision of the translator in realizing the meaning. The variations in the EMB in general do not affect the completeness of the meaning.
KEMELUT TEOLOGIS: ANTARA KATOLIKISME, MISTISISME DAN PAGANISME DALAM BLESS ME, ULTIMA Minderop, Albertine
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 11, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.81 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2012.11204

Abstract

Novelists aspire to universal truths, and assert that people are basically the same in all places and all times. Novelists ultimately look within themselves to find their words and ideas then explore the subjective realm of the self that, though molded by the social and cultural pressures of their own place and time, acquires suppleness through immersion in a deep literary tradition. This research is the analysis of a novel,  Bless Me, Ultima, written by Rudolfo Anaya. The protagonist in this novel  is Antonio, a six-year old boy  who has theological confusion. His mother is very religious, quiet and patient; while  his environment is full of violence, murder, and injustice. Some of  his friends are non-believers and Ultima, a mystical, old woman has a great influence on him. He regards her as a wise person who can give him secure and peaceful feeling. In his way to be grown up and mature, he is asking the existence of God to answer his questions about unpleasant things and the mystery of life. When he thinks God never answers his questions, he turns to paganism – following his friends to worship the golden carp. A tragedy happens to one of the pagans, then he turns to mysticism where he can get peace and secure feeling, though he still calls the name of God. The method of the research used is hermeneutics – the method of interpretation of the literary texts; the approaches used in this research are literature and philosophy.  
ALIENASI RELIGIUS DALAM FILM PEREMPUAN BERKALUNG SORBAN Hidayatullah, Danial
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 10, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (181.375 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2011.10107

Abstract

In Western literary tradition, alienation is a common theme. This theme has been identified since the Shakespearean era. Yet, in Indonesian literary tradition alienation is a novelty. This paper aims at analyzing the emergence as well as the significance of this theme in the Indonesian context. In Western context, alienation occurs within the absence of God or within the materialistic society while in Indonesian context, in this case in Perempuan Berkalung Sorban, it occurs in a strong religious atmosphere. The main character, Anisa experiences alienation caused by the interpretation of religion by patriarchal society. The psychological conflict between religious rules and free will is so intense that the main character is trapped in a deep confusion. Therefore this research is intended to examine how the religious alienation can be explained in Indonesian context. This paper provides the explanation on how this movie—Perempuan Berkalung Sorban—fits into the category of the movie that criticizes religion. The emergence of a new theme in a popular culture mainstream can be seen as a new awareness in Indonesian culture. 
KEPELOPORAN MAHMŪD TAYMŪR DALAM CERPEN ARAB MODERN Tasnimah, Tatik Maryatut
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 7, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.559 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2008.%x

Abstract

Mahmud Taymur was one of the founders of the Egyptian realistic short story, also known as Syaikh al-Qisasah alQashīrah. Remaining productive over a long life Taymur wrote extensive literary criticism and was the author of short stories, novellas, and plays totaling a score of volumes. Most notable for his skill in characterization, he achieved a literary eminence shared by few other Arabs of his generation in Cairo in 1947, and individual stories by him gave and appeared widely in English and European Anthologies. Taymur’s early works were influenced by Chekhov and Maupassant. His short stories of the 1920s and 1930s portrayed various social strata in Egypt. Taymur’s prose is marked by humanism and psychological subtlety. In the late 1930s and in the 1940s his prose was influenced by symbolism but after the revolutionary coup of 1952, Taymur’s works were predominantly realistic. 
PERUBAHAN MAKNA LEKSIKAL DALAM PEMAKAIAN BAHASA ARAB (Studi Kasus Pondok Modern Gontor) Zaini, Hisyam
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 9, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.03 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2010.09107

Abstract

Modern Islamic Boarding School of Gontor, commonly called Pondok Gontor, is the pioneer of language teaching among pondok pesantrens– islamic boarding schools- in Indonesia. Its reputation is well known nationally and internationally. There have been many researches on its education systems, yet no particular concerns have been given to the study of language used among santris (students of pesantren). For this concern, this paper aims to study the internal condition of language used daily by santris in their daily life. This paper focuses on semantic changes, which occur in santri’s daily language. Due to the usage of Arabic—the language that is the most commonly used by santris— the main focus of this paper is lexical semantic changes in Arabic language. In additions, this paper analyzes the problems in using words. This paper finds that semantically some words are used incorrectly. For example, some nouns are used as verbs, and some other as adjectives. The semantic changes occur amongst santris seem to be influenced by their first language or their mother tongue. Deeper study needs to be conducted in order to get a whole description of the usage of language by the santris.
ASPEK-ASPEK GRAMATIKAL YANG TERLEWATKAN DALAM PENYUSUNAN TATA BAHASA INDONESIA Pastika, I Wayan
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (214.556 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2013.12107

Abstract

Many controversial issues on Indonesian grammar need to discuss to be more detail and four of the most crucial ones are: (a) the morphophonemic processes of the active voice marker, (b) the degree of transitivity for the causative and applicative, (c) the third passive other than di- and ter-, and (d) different types of reflexive. The classical Generative Grammar is applied to approach the first issue, while Typological theory is employed for the three other problems. The objective is to propose a new concept on how the grammatical structure is determined. The norm of morpheme for the active voice marker is meng- since it occurs with a wider distribution, while mem-, men-, meng-, me- and menge- occur in particular phonological environments. In the causative –kan and the applicative –i, the -kan is more transitive than the -i. The construction of OAV in this paper is called the third passive, other than the passive di- and ter-. For the reflexive, it has to be distinguished into transitive with a real Object and pseudo Object. The first type can be passived while the second type is not allowed. Reflexive also takes intransitive where the Subject is Doer and Undergoer at the same time.
TUTURAN LANGSUNG DAN TIDAK LANGSUNG DALAM AL-QUR`AN Idris, Mardjoko
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 7, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.859 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2008.%x

Abstract

Language always has two faces. It can either have its connotative meaning or denotative one, depending on the effects that the speaker desires. This paper aims at describing the examples taken from the Koran based on the type of sentences. They are interrogative and imperative, which are used denotatively or connotatively.
PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER BANGSA DALAM PUISI “MALU (AKU) JADI ORANG INDONESIA” KARYA TAUFIQ ISMAIL Kusumawati, Aning Ayu
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.409 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2013.12206

Abstract

Object of discussion in this study is the Taufik Ismail's poem, which entitled “Malu (Aku) Jadi Orang Indonesia” (MAJOI). Core issues to be addressed in this study can be formulated as follows: the themes related to the value of the nation's main character education at work MAJOI Taufiq's poems and the work of key themes of character education in the nation's poetry Taufiq Ismail MAJOI. To answer the above formula researchers uses thematic studies. In reviewing the themes in the poetry MAJOI the researcher refers to the values of the nation's character issued by the Guidelines for Character Education, Ministry of National Education of Jakarta in 2011. This research finds fourteen social themes and two key themes, namely the collapse of morals and a sense of nationalism as well as patriotism.
ISTILAH-ISTILAH KHUSUS DALAM CHATTING (Sebuah Analisis Sosiopragmatik) Hariyanto, Bambang
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 9, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1136.074 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2010.09205

Abstract

This paper aims at describing the use of language on the internet, especially language terms in chatting. It is claimed that the language terms have an important role for the chatters to make interaction and relationship with each other for certain purposes. The important role of language can be seen from the fact that many chatters use different language styles and speech variations in chatting over the Internet Relay Chat (IRC). The model of IRC communication is a kind of communication media for communication (chatting) by using computer keyboard in writing symbols or "emoticons", and codes (register) in the conversation with other chatters. The writer uses descriptive method combined with socio-pragmatics approach of Grice’s Maxim theories to explain the special terms of language use in chatting. The study was based on the data from 13 speech channels and 10 couples of private speech on mIRC program and YM in Yogyakarta area. Based on the elaboration, the writer has found four criteria of chatting conversation as follows. (1) Chatting has a special term in the use of codes (register) for conveying something to their partners in speaking, such as abbreviations. (2) Chatting has special forms of Emoticon. (3) Chatting has special identity codes and (4) Chatting has special lengthened the words.

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