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Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health
ISSN : 25794434     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health is a conference collection of technical papers freely accessible to scholars over the world. Articles featured vary areas of efforts to develop health and well-being for better society such as factors of illness, epidemiology, health promotion, health policy, nutrition, environmental health and safety, nursing and midwifery, and other sciences related to health development.
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Articles 59 Documents
Search results for , issue " No 2 (2017)" : 59 Documents clear
THE CORECT BODY MECHANIC PRINCIPLE AND LOW BACK PAIN IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER PREGNANT WOMEN Dewi, Hany Kharisma; Maryanto, Sugeng; Puspita, Dewi; Riadini, Agi Yulia
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Low back pain is one of the inconveniences in pregnant women which normally will increase along with the increasing of gestational age because this pain is caused by the shift of the center of gravity in a woman and her posture. The good body mechanic is needed to establish the safe and comfortable daily activities during pregnancy and to prevent and reduce back pain. Aims: This study aimed to analyze the correct body mechanic principle with low back pain complaints in the third trimester pregnant women at the work region of Kambangan health center Sub-district Lebaksiu Tegal Regency. Method: This study used cross-sectional design. The population used in this research is pregnant women of the third trimester in the working area of Kambangan health center,Lebaksiu Sub District Tegal, population in this study as much 36 third trimester pregnant women and 24 respondents as sample. Result: There were 58.3% of the respondents who had good body mechanic, while 45.8% of the respondents experienced back pain. The bivariate analysis indicated that there was a correlation between body mechanic and back pain in the third trimester pregnant women with the p-value of 0.011. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the correct body mechanic principle can prevent low back pain in the third trimester pregnant women at Kambangan Health Center Lebaksiu Sub-district Tegal Regency and to reduce low back pain in pregnant women, midwives need to provide health education about the correct body mechanic during pregnancy to prevent low back pain.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND NURSES ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PERMANENT PROCEDURES IN INFUSION INSTALATION Parliastina, Dili; Muhyiddin, Zeni; Dahlia, Dwi
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Hospital and other health service facility must implement the prevention and control of infection (PPI) in accordance with the Decree of the Minister No 270/MINISTER/2007. However, in 2010, at Lung Hospital “Dr. H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung”, Indonesia, among 868 patients who had the infusion, the incidence rate of phlebitis reached to 2.64 %. In the infusion installation management, nurses must have knowledge, skills and adequate attitude toward the procedure. Aims: This study aims to assess how nurses’ knowledge to the infusion procedure affects their attitude. Method: It was a descriptive study using a cross sectional approach. A total of 70 nurses from lung hospital “Dr. H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung”, Indonesia, was selected using random sampling technique from April to July 2011. The nurses work in hospital ward, intensive care unit and emergensy instalation. The respondents were given questionnaire regarding to the assessment of nurses’ knowledge and attitude. The collected data was analyzed using Person test to show the association between nurses’ attitude and their knowledge to the infusion procedure. Results: Most of respondents (57.1%) work for 11-20 years. While 38.6% nurses employ less than 10 years, there were 14.3% nurses work for more than 21 years. However, as shown in Table 3, out of 70 nurses, only 50% have good knowledge to the infusion procedure, while 32.9% nurses have enough understanding. The rest 17.1% need more attention, where 2 of that 12 nurses orchestrated negative attitude to the procedure. In addition, the statistical analysis shows that the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude of nurses about infusion procedures was found significant (p value = 0.002). Conclusion: The results shows the length of work will not affect to the better knowledge of nurses to the infusion procedures. The negative attitude that found among the nurses indicated the importance to highlight this issue to the hospital management. Attention to their understanding to the infusion procedure will improve their attitude, in return it can prevent accident during the handling. 
PREGNANT WOMENS PERCEPTION ON HIGH-RISK PREGNANCY Rosmawati, Rosmawati; Wijaksanah, Eka; Sarliana, Sarliana
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Central Java province is one of the contributors to maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Indonesia which reached 126 per 100.000 live births. The cause of death of pregnant women can be predicted based on the risk factors posed by the mother during pregnancy. In 2014 the number of high-risk pregnant women in Semarang City is 2.904 people and this number increased in 2015. Aims: To explore the perception of pregnant women about high risk pregnancy at Bandarharjo Health Center Semarang City. Methods: This is a qualitative research study with phenomenology approach. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling and the sample criteria in this study were the third-trimester pregnant women and did not have a high-risk pregnancy, living in work area of health center of Bandarharjo Semarang City, doing a pregnancy check up at Bandarharjo Semarang health center, and willing to become an informant. The sample in this study amounted to 7 participants, consisting of 4 informants and 3 triangulation. Triangulation in this research is a midwife at Health Center Bandarharjo Semarang City and another pregnant women who does not become an informant and live in working area of Bandarharjo Health Center Semarang City. Data collection techniques for both informants and triangulation used in-depth interviews. Results: All the informant understand that high-risk pregnancies is a condition in which maternal pregnancies at high risk for both mother and baby. The information about high-risk pregnancy obtained from health workers, the public, reading books, and media. Midwives play as an important source when pregnant women looking for the information about high risk pregnancy. Most of informants revealed they never wished to be in high-risk pregnancies, but they know about the impact of high risk pregnancy. The informants also agreed if they have to go health facilities if they get a high risk pregnancy. Conclusion: Overall pregnant women already understand about high-risk pregnancies. Midwives play an important role in the welfare of mothers and babies so that the information provided is very beneficial for pregnant women. Therefore, it is expected that cooperation from various parties refers to the government, health workers, community and individual pregnant women themselves in conducting activities such as counseling that can provide benefits, especially in the prevention of pregnancy with high risk. 
THE CORELLATION BETWEEN AGE AND PARITY TO THE INCIDENCE OF PREECLAMPSIA OR ECLAMPSIA IN LABOUR Fatimah, Fatimah; Nurulita, Nurulita; Arniah, Arniah
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Based on Indonesian Health Demographic Survey 2007 maternal mortality rates are 228 per 100.000 live births. In East Kalimantan, maternal mortality was recorded at 90 cases, one of death caused by pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. In 2011, from 923 women in labor in Panglima Sebaya General Hospital there are 307 had pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia or eclampsia be influenced by several risk factors such as primigravidae and ages. Aims: The purpose of this study is to know the correlation of age and parity with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia on women in labor, in Panglima Sebaya, General Hospital. Methods: This study used cross sectional design. Sampling methods used purposive sampling, the number of samples is 340 cases. Data analysis using SPSS for Windows Release 16.0 programmes. Bivariate analysis used chi-square test and multivariate analysis used regress logistic test. Result: chi-square test for primigravidae has p-value(0.002) < 0,05 and Ratio Prevalence (RP) = 1.988 (95% CI 1.296 – 3.079). variabel of ages p-value(0,000) < 0.05 RP = 2.661 (95% CI 1.656 – 4.116). and for regress logistic test for variable of primigravidae the result is p-value(0,003) < 0.05 and coefficients regress 0.665, variable of ages has p-value(0.000) < 0.05 coefficients regress 0.938, and R square 0.99. Conclusion: Primigravida and age have a correlation with the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia 
PERIODONTITIS IN PREGNANCY AS RISK FACTORS OF PREECLAMPSIA : A LITERATURE REVIEW Fitriyah, Nur; Widyawati, Melyana Nurul
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Periodontitis may indicate the presence of chronic endotoxin inflammatory disease and cytokines, which are considered as risk factors for systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and cerebrovascular ischemia. Maternal periodontitis substitutes a potential microorganism that can penetrate the circulation, directly or indirectly has the capacity to affect the health of the mother and fetus. Preeclampsia is associated with an abnormal maternal cytokine response, such as elevated tumor necrosis tumor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1 and 6 levels that cause endothelial damage to the placenta. Aims: Reviewing epidemiological associations between periodontitis and preeclampsia Methods: The method used in this paper is literature review. Literature searches were conducted using the electronic databases Science Direct and Google Scholar. Results: Many studies showed that periodontitis is a risk factor for the occurrence of preeclampsia. Periodontal disease is known to cause systemic inflammation early in pregnancy through increased IL-6 mechanism and increased systemic CRP, during pregnancy the increased progesterone hormone causes greater vascular permeability, stimulates the production of prostaglandins that can cause inflammation, and can decrease the regulation of interleukin-6 production that is less resistant to bacterial inflammation. Conclussion: The guidance of maintaining the dental and oral health of pregnant and under-five mothers published by the government can be developed into a strategic and innovative program to increase community interest to regularly check the health of teeth to health facilities. 
DEVELOPMENT OF MYANMAR CARBOHYDRATE COUNTING BOOKLET Htwe, Win Thida; Kriengsinyos, Wantanee; Pachotikarn, Chanida; Rojroongwasinkul, Nipa
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the major challenging problems in Myanmar. Even with its high occurrence, the prevalence of good glycemic control was relatively low. According to Myanmar food culture, most of the foods that Myanmar people daily consumed are carbohydrate-based. Therefore, a nutrition education tool that can raise the awareness of amount of carbohydrate in foods and provide scientific but comprehensible dietary information about carbohydrate counting is necessary in all arenas to combat diabetes: prevention, promotion and management. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop Myanmar carbohydrate counting booklet. Method: The first phase developed the booklet and then the acceptance of the booklet was assessed in the second phase by an experimental study. Results: In the first phase, the booklet named “Basic Carb Counting for People Living with DM” was developed. It was 14.5 × 20.5 × 1 cm in size and of 103 pages. It contained illustrated facts and information about diabetes, about basic carb counting and carb choices of different food items along with respective food photographs. In the second phase, 36 people with diabetes participated in the study with the mean age of 48.4 ± 10.7 years, 47.2% of male and 52.8% of female. The results showed that the knowledge score of diabetes, carbohydrate and total scores increased significantly (p <0.05) between pre-test score and post-test score. The participants’ satisfaction level with the newly developed booklet was somewhere between “very satisfied” to “extremely satisfied” giving the mean and median responses of between 5 and 6 on a 6-point Likert scale. Conclusion: The developed carbohydrate counting booklet was accepted by people with diabetes in Myanmar and the contents in the booklet were understandable to witness the improvement in the knowledge of the disease and basic carbohydrate counting concept as well. 
PERINEAL MASSAGE: PREVENTING PERINEAL EPISIOTOMY AND PERINEAL LACERATION DURING CHILDBIRTH Rhomadona, Shinta Wurdiana; Hardianti, Minarni
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Backgrounds: Approximately 4-5% of maternal deaths in Indonesia is caused by trauma in the birth canal, of which perineal laceration and episiotomy are the most common occurrence. Generally, as much as 80- 90% of episiotomies are performed on first-time mothers (primipara). Episiotomy can be prevented by perineal massage from 34 weeks gestation. Aims: To reveal a picture of episiotomy implementation in primiparous mothers who received perineal massage at BPM (Independent Clinic of Midwifery) Istiqomah in Sidotopo, Surabaya . Methods: This research used descriptive method. The population were primiparous mothers who received perineal massage. The sample of 20 mothers were chosen by consecutive sampling technique. This research used perineal massage as the independent variable and episiotomy and perineal laceration as the dependent variables, and was measured using the observation sheet during childbirth. The data was then processed by using a frequency distribution table. Results: The results showed that out of 20 respondents who received perineal massage, only four had done an episiotomy during childbirth. Each of these four women had complicated condition - three of whom had fetal distress and one had an exhausted childbirth process. Conclusion: The main benefit of performing perineal massage during episiotomy procedure is to relax the muscles surrounding the perineum and make them more elastic. 
FAMILIYS SUPPORT AND ITS EFFECT IN INCREASING THE ELDERLY VISITATION TO POSYANDU Ariani, Wenty Ika; Rahmadiliyani, Nina; Widyawati, Widyawati
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Introduction: Along with global tendency of increasing life expectancy, the number of elderly in Indonesia also tends to increase. To monitor the well-being of the elderly, both from the mental and the physical standpoints, the government-run integrated health service posts (Posyandu) hold a special program for the senior citizens. Aims: To analyze the association between families support and elderly visitation in Danau Panggang Health Center. Methods: This study used analytic survey with cross sectional design. The population were 378 elderly age 59 years old and older in Danau Panggang Health Center in 2015, and with Taro Yamane, the chosen sample was 194 elderly. The chi-square test was used for statistical analyses. Results: The study showed most of the respondents (56.7%) do not support and a majority of elderly do not actively participate (57.2%). Hypothesis test results showed that there is a correlation between family support and elderly participation to Posyandu with p-value = 0.000 < (α = 0.05). Conclusion: Family supports can increase elderly visitation to Posyandu. Participating in Posyandu activities and following the health officers’ directions prove beneficial to improve health conditions among the elderly. This research is expected to be an input for Posyandu to enhance its elderly program by optimizing the performance and presence of cadres in each activity. 
THE EFFECT OF ELECTRIC BREAST PUMP IN INCREASING BREASTMILK PRODUCTION Maula, Sheyla Najwatul; Widyawati, Melyana Nurul
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Background: Breastfeeding for 2 years has been recommended by WHO and CDC, so that breastfeeding has become an integral part that determines the quality of human resources in the future as well as solutions for social, environmental and the economic problems faced by every nation around the world. This study was conducted as a preliminary study, the first step in the production of portable electric breast pumping equipment. One of the innovations in modifying electric breast pumping equipment that is more useful effective and efficient in various activities. Breast pumping equipment is a step in the transformational breastfeeding process because it can improve breastfeeding sustainability in the activity performed. Aims: To observe the effect of electric breast milk pump to the effectiveness and satisfaction in breast milk production in breastfeeding women in Semarang 2017. Methods: Preliminary study results were tested by statistical analysis test of independent sample T-Test and chi-square. Independent variable in this study is electric breast pump and dependent variables are effectiveness and satisfaction. This study was carried out by testing the electric breast milk Spectra 9+. The data were collected from 10 respondents. Results: The analysis test results showed the significance value P> 0.05 which meant that there was no significant difference between the effectiveness and satisfaction of breast milk production by using the electric breast pump. Conclusion: The electric breast pumping equipment have no effectiveness and satisfaction in milk production. Modification of electric breast milk pumping equipment should be expected to improve the use by postpartum women to breastfeed in various activities. 
THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ATTITUDE TOWARDS CERVICITIS PREVENTION AND SCREENING CHECKUP Iskandar, Freya Nazera; Puspitaningrum, Dewi; Mulyanti, Lia
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Background: Cervicitis is an infection that is caused by little injury of former childbirth or sexual intercourse. In several venereal diseases like gonorrhea, syphilis, ulcers mole, granuloma inguinal and tuberculosis are found inflammation cervix.Cases of cervicitis according to data result of the number of graphs of sexually transmitted infections patient who got treatment at semarang city hospital from last recap year 2010 is in the first rank as many as 5111 people. Public Health Center of Lebdosari Semarang City has the highest case of cervicitis, in 2012 the case cervicitis 356 people (66.9%), while in 2013 as many as 129 people (24.24%). Objective: To prevent cervicitis from the beginning cases researched to know the correlation between women’s attitude (age 20 – 35 years) towards cervicitis prevention behavior and screening check-up in Kalibanteng Kulon district Lebdosari Semarang. Method: This research is analytic research with cross sectional approach. The population is 532 fertile women with sample 84 respondents in Kalibanteng Kulon district Lebdosari Semarang of citizens group number 2. 3 and 4 of the interview questionnaire. Probability sampling is used in this research with simple random sampling by lottery technique sampling. Data analysis uses univariate and bivariate. Result:Based on the Chi Square test gets score X2 19.931 with p value (0.000) < α (0.05). It means there are relations between women’s attitude to cervicitis prevention behavior with screening checkup in Kalibanteng Kulon district Lebdoasari Semarang. Conclusion: There are relations between fertile women attitude (age 20 – 35 years) to cervicitis prevention behavior with screening check-up in Kalibanteng Kulon District Lebdosari Semarang. 

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