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Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health
ISSN : 25794434     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Education,
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health is a conference collection of technical papers freely accessible to scholars over the world. Articles featured vary areas of efforts to develop health and well-being for better society such as factors of illness, epidemiology, health promotion, health policy, nutrition, environmental health and safety, nursing and midwifery, and other sciences related to health development.
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Articles 178 Documents
THE CORECT BODY MECHANIC PRINCIPLE AND LOW BACK PAIN IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER PREGNANT WOMEN Dewi, Hany Kharisma; Maryanto, Sugeng; Puspita, Dewi; Riadini, Agi Yulia
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Low back pain is one of the inconveniences in pregnant women which normally will increase along with the increasing of gestational age because this pain is caused by the shift of the center of gravity in a woman and her posture. The good body mechanic is needed to establish the safe and comfortable daily activities during pregnancy and to prevent and reduce back pain. Aims: This study aimed to analyze the correct body mechanic principle with low back pain complaints in the third trimester pregnant women at the work region of Kambangan health center Sub-district Lebaksiu Tegal Regency. Method: This study used cross-sectional design. The population used in this research is pregnant women of the third trimester in the working area of Kambangan health center,Lebaksiu Sub District Tegal, population in this study as much 36 third trimester pregnant women and 24 respondents as sample. Result: There were 58.3% of the respondents who had good body mechanic, while 45.8% of the respondents experienced back pain. The bivariate analysis indicated that there was a correlation between body mechanic and back pain in the third trimester pregnant women with the p-value of 0.011. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that the correct body mechanic principle can prevent low back pain in the third trimester pregnant women at Kambangan Health Center Lebaksiu Sub-district Tegal Regency and to reduce low back pain in pregnant women, midwives need to provide health education about the correct body mechanic during pregnancy to prevent low back pain.
ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) VISIT FREQUENCY IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER AND PRETERM EVENTS IN PUSKESMAS PONDOH AND JUNTINYUAT IN INDRAMAYU REGENCY BETWEEN 2014-2016 Ameliana, Elinda; Nauphar, Donny; Maryam, Ruri Eka
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 15 million babies are born preterm every year and this number continues to increase. Several risk factors for preterm are identified as mother’s lifestyle such as smoking, malnutrition, weight gain during pregnancy, and drug use or other factors such as socioeconomic status. In 2015, WHO reported more than 300.000 women died from pregnancy-related causes and 2.6 million babies were still born worldwide with half occurring during the third trimester. Antenatal Care (ANC) in the third semester aims to identify fetal position and identify complication during pregnancy and screen for pre-eclampsia, infection of the reproductive organs and urinary tract, and plan for delivery. The ANC in the third semester is crucial in keeping pregnant mother healthy throught pregnancy and delivery. Aim: To find out the relationship between third trimester Antenatal Care (ANC) visit frequency and preterm birth event at Puskesmas Pondoh and Juntinyuat in Indramayu regency between 2014-2016. Methods: This was observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique in this research was done by total sampling with 100 respondens. Data were collected from maternal cohort book and control card of pregnant women. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Prevalence Ratio. Results: This study found that the proportion of pregnant mothers with insufficient third trimester ANC was 38% and the number of mothers delivering preterm baby was 32%. Statistical analysis showed that there was a statistical significance between third trimester ANC visit frequency and preterm labor with p=0,000 (p<0,05) and women with insufficient ANC visit have 40 times higher risk of preterm baby compared to mothers who has sufficient ANC visit (PR=40,60; CI95%=11.699-140.8862) in Puskesmas Pondoh and Juntinyuat Indramayu District 2014-2016. Conclusion: Having less than 4 ANC visit in the third trimester may increase the risk of delivering preterm babies. Pregnant women are advised to do ante natal care monthly of a minimum 4 times during the third trimester. 
COST AND FINANCIAL ECONOMIC IMPACT IN CATHETER ASSOCIATED URINARY TRACT INFECTION (CAUTI): A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Sarah, Fatimah; Puput, Oktaminati
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) was the first condition chosen for nonpayment because of its anticipated effect on large numbers of hospitalizations. The risk of CAUTI is mainly related to the duration of catheterization, occurring at a rate of 5% per day. This study is to identify the cost and financial economic impact of intervention and prevention including an indication of CAUTI, number of events, duration of urinary catheterization, length of stay, the cost for antibiotics and hospitalization cost in catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) to reducing the rate and hospital payment. Methods: Systematic Review with PRISMA – P Protocol in 2009 method from a relevant database such as PubMed and ProQuest search engine in 2007 until 2017. Total document selected by full text is 10 article. Results: Based on literature search and screening article after using intervention and prevention strategy for CAUTI in the USA, UK and Thailand have a good impact in the duration of urinary catheterization, length of stay, the cost for antibiotic and hospitalization cost. Some article result that the change in the rate of CAUTI was not significantly different before and after the policy and validity in identifying CAUTI is limited. Conclusions: Cost impact in catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) can preventable by reducing unnecessary urinary catheter use (appropriate indication), shortening catheter duration, bladder bundles intervention, supervision, and evaluation of the implementation. 
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KNOWLEDGE AND NURSES ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PERMANENT PROCEDURES IN INFUSION INSTALATION Parliastina, Dili; Muhyiddin, Zeni; Dahlia, Dwi
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Hospital and other health service facility must implement the prevention and control of infection (PPI) in accordance with the Decree of the Minister No 270/MINISTER/2007. However, in 2010, at Lung Hospital “Dr. H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung”, Indonesia, among 868 patients who had the infusion, the incidence rate of phlebitis reached to 2.64 %. In the infusion installation management, nurses must have knowledge, skills and adequate attitude toward the procedure. Aims: This study aims to assess how nurses’ knowledge to the infusion procedure affects their attitude. Method: It was a descriptive study using a cross sectional approach. A total of 70 nurses from lung hospital “Dr. H. A. Rotinsulu Bandung”, Indonesia, was selected using random sampling technique from April to July 2011. The nurses work in hospital ward, intensive care unit and emergensy instalation. The respondents were given questionnaire regarding to the assessment of nurses’ knowledge and attitude. The collected data was analyzed using Person test to show the association between nurses’ attitude and their knowledge to the infusion procedure. Results: Most of respondents (57.1%) work for 11-20 years. While 38.6% nurses employ less than 10 years, there were 14.3% nurses work for more than 21 years. However, as shown in Table 3, out of 70 nurses, only 50% have good knowledge to the infusion procedure, while 32.9% nurses have enough understanding. The rest 17.1% need more attention, where 2 of that 12 nurses orchestrated negative attitude to the procedure. In addition, the statistical analysis shows that the relationship between the knowledge and the attitude of nurses about infusion procedures was found significant (p value = 0.002). Conclusion: The results shows the length of work will not affect to the better knowledge of nurses to the infusion procedures. The negative attitude that found among the nurses indicated the importance to highlight this issue to the hospital management. Attention to their understanding to the infusion procedure will improve their attitude, in return it can prevent accident during the handling. 
KNOWLEDGE OF SIDE EFFECTS AND ITS ASSOCIATION TO COMPLIANCE IN IRON TABLETS CONSUMPTION AMONG THIRD TRIMESTER PREGNANT WOMEN Nurhidayah, Nurhidayah; Handayani, Dwi; Lestari, Pratiwi Puji; Yulastini, Fitria
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: To improve the quality of teaching, teachers should be able to plan the preparation of teaching and at the same time also be able to do so in the form of teaching and learning interactions. The success of learning is influenced by several factors, one of them is the motivation.The motivation will affect the success of learners. A student who has a high enough intelligence can fail due to lack of motivation. Aims: The purpose of this researchis to determine the relationship of students perception about the use of teaching method and learning motivation and achievement of midwifery D III in midwifery care in pregnancy course. Methods: Observational analytic research with cross sectional approach was conducted in the Diploma Program of Midwifery of Universitas RESPATI on May 29, 2014. The sampling technique was aproportional random sampling with a sample of 138 college students.Statistical data analysis was spearman rank test. Results: The data shows there is no relationship between students’ perception on teaching method andstudents achievement (p value >0.05). However, a very significant relationship (p value < 0.01) was found between students’ motivation and their academic achievement. Conclusion: The findings suggest that among the midwifery students in Diploma Program of Universitas Respati, to achieve better academic performance, the students need motivation (internal or external) to easier understand the academic subject.It is expected to the teachers, especially lecturers to develop the teaching methods and materials in accordance with student motivation in learning. 
EFFECTIVENESS OF ‘FAST’ STROKE CAMPAIGN FOR FAST STROKE RECOGNITION AND RESPONSE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Sudirman, Herpani; Yuliyanti, Citra; Sari, Andrea Indra
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
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Abstract

Background: FAST campaigns help people recognize the signs and symptoms of stroke rapidly to bring the patient to the hospital or emergency department immediately. However, the effectiveness is still be questioned. This present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the campaign of early detection in stroke patients to reduce the risk of disability. Methods: A systematic review of articles published between 2010 and 2017 examining the effectiveness of FAST campaign using interventions was conducted along with narrative synthesis and review of intervention development. Information from all relevant published articles that determine how the intervention was developed and evaluated for measuring the effectiveness of FAST campaign were extracted and analyzed. Results: Eleven studies were included, six studies report the effectiveness of FAST campaign, but the other five studies report that the campaigns still do not hit the target. The professionals claim that FAST campaign has been promoted internationally as a great success, but some studies report that the FAST campaign still do not have any significant impact in promoting swift response for Emergency Medical Services (EMS). Conclusions: Campaigns aimed at the public may raise awareness of signs of stroke, but have limited impact on behavior. Thus, new campaigns of FAST should survey the principles of good design and be intensely evaluated for the effectiveness of the implementation. 
PREGNANT WOMENS PERCEPTION ON HIGH-RISK PREGNANCY Rosmawati, Rosmawati; Wijaksanah, Eka; Sarliana, Sarliana
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Abstract

Background: Central Java province is one of the contributors to maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Indonesia which reached 126 per 100.000 live births. The cause of death of pregnant women can be predicted based on the risk factors posed by the mother during pregnancy. In 2014 the number of high-risk pregnant women in Semarang City is 2.904 people and this number increased in 2015. Aims: To explore the perception of pregnant women about high risk pregnancy at Bandarharjo Health Center Semarang City. Methods: This is a qualitative research study with phenomenology approach. The sampling technique used is purposive sampling and the sample criteria in this study were the third-trimester pregnant women and did not have a high-risk pregnancy, living in work area of health center of Bandarharjo Semarang City, doing a pregnancy check up at Bandarharjo Semarang health center, and willing to become an informant. The sample in this study amounted to 7 participants, consisting of 4 informants and 3 triangulation. Triangulation in this research is a midwife at Health Center Bandarharjo Semarang City and another pregnant women who does not become an informant and live in working area of Bandarharjo Health Center Semarang City. Data collection techniques for both informants and triangulation used in-depth interviews. Results: All the informant understand that high-risk pregnancies is a condition in which maternal pregnancies at high risk for both mother and baby. The information about high-risk pregnancy obtained from health workers, the public, reading books, and media. Midwives play as an important source when pregnant women looking for the information about high risk pregnancy. Most of informants revealed they never wished to be in high-risk pregnancies, but they know about the impact of high risk pregnancy. The informants also agreed if they have to go health facilities if they get a high risk pregnancy. Conclusion: Overall pregnant women already understand about high-risk pregnancies. Midwives play an important role in the welfare of mothers and babies so that the information provided is very beneficial for pregnant women. Therefore, it is expected that cooperation from various parties refers to the government, health workers, community and individual pregnant women themselves in conducting activities such as counseling that can provide benefits, especially in the prevention of pregnancy with high risk. 
THE RELATIONSHIP OF FAMILY SUPPORT TO MOTIVATION (INTENTION) FOR MEDICAL TREATMENT IN PATIENTS WITH CERVICAL CANCER IN LIGAR MEDIKA CLINIC, WEST JAVA – INDONESIA Fauzi, Aulia Ridla; Yuniarti, Sri
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer is a gynecologic disease with high malignancy rate and becomes the second leading cause of death among women worldwide after breast cancer. In the Ligar Medika Clinic, from 129 cases have been identified, 8 patients died. High mortality rate in patients with cervical cancer wascaused more by the delay in treatment due to lack of knowledge and physical side effects of treatment of patients and psychological disorders such as their rejection reactions. Aims: The purpose of this paper is to know the relationship of family support to the motivation or intention for medical treatment in patients with cervical cancer Methods: The research method used was an analytic study with cross-sectional design. There were 30 patients with cervical disease invited to fill the questionnaire. Data wasobtained directly using a Likert scale questionnaire further run in univariate and bivariate analysis with Chi-Square. Results: The result indicates most of the respondents were lack of family support. This present study found a significant correlation between familys supports to the motivation (intention) medical treatment of cervical cancer patients (p value < 0.001) Conclusion: The findings alarm a need to encourage family of patients to provide support to them during medication. It is to provide complete information about cervical cancer that can induce the family’s attention in ongoing treatment in patients and provide the patients the motivation. 
THE CORELLATION BETWEEN AGE AND PARITY TO THE INCIDENCE OF PREECLAMPSIA OR ECLAMPSIA IN LABOUR Fatimah, Fatimah; Nurulita, Nurulita; Arniah, Arniah
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
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Abstract

Background: Based on Indonesian Health Demographic Survey 2007 maternal mortality rates are 228 per 100.000 live births. In East Kalimantan, maternal mortality was recorded at 90 cases, one of death caused by pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. In 2011, from 923 women in labor in Panglima Sebaya General Hospital there are 307 had pre-eclampsia/eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia or eclampsia be influenced by several risk factors such as primigravidae and ages. Aims: The purpose of this study is to know the correlation of age and parity with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia on women in labor, in Panglima Sebaya, General Hospital. Methods: This study used cross sectional design. Sampling methods used purposive sampling, the number of samples is 340 cases. Data analysis using SPSS for Windows Release 16.0 programmes. Bivariate analysis used chi-square test and multivariate analysis used regress logistic test. Result: chi-square test for primigravidae has p-value(0.002) < 0,05 and Ratio Prevalence (RP) = 1.988 (95% CI 1.296 – 3.079). variabel of ages p-value(0,000) < 0.05 RP = 2.661 (95% CI 1.656 – 4.116). and for regress logistic test for variable of primigravidae the result is p-value(0,003) < 0.05 and coefficients regress 0.665, variable of ages has p-value(0.000) < 0.05 coefficients regress 0.938, and R square 0.99. Conclusion: Primigravida and age have a correlation with the incidence of preeclampsia/eclampsia 
PERIODONTITIS IN PREGNANCY AS RISK FACTORS OF PREECLAMPSIA : A LITERATURE REVIEW Fitriyah, Nur; Widyawati, Melyana Nurul
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Periodontitis may indicate the presence of chronic endotoxin inflammatory disease and cytokines, which are considered as risk factors for systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and cerebrovascular ischemia. Maternal periodontitis substitutes a potential microorganism that can penetrate the circulation, directly or indirectly has the capacity to affect the health of the mother and fetus. Preeclampsia is associated with an abnormal maternal cytokine response, such as elevated tumor necrosis tumor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1 and 6 levels that cause endothelial damage to the placenta. Aims: Reviewing epidemiological associations between periodontitis and preeclampsia Methods: The method used in this paper is literature review. Literature searches were conducted using the electronic databases Science Direct and Google Scholar. Results: Many studies showed that periodontitis is a risk factor for the occurrence of preeclampsia. Periodontal disease is known to cause systemic inflammation early in pregnancy through increased IL-6 mechanism and increased systemic CRP, during pregnancy the increased progesterone hormone causes greater vascular permeability, stimulates the production of prostaglandins that can cause inflammation, and can decrease the regulation of interleukin-6 production that is less resistant to bacterial inflammation. Conclussion: The guidance of maintaining the dental and oral health of pregnant and under-five mothers published by the government can be developed into a strategic and innovative program to increase community interest to regularly check the health of teeth to health facilities. 

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