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Academic Journal Perspective : Education, Language, and Literature
Perspective (e-ISSN 2621-6981) publishes twice a year in May and November. This journal published manuscripts in the areas of English Language Teaching (ELT) and Literature.
Articles
86
Articles
METACOGNITIVE AS ONE OF THE STRATEGY IN TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION

Luthfiyyah, Roghibatul, Perdani, Laena Kusuma

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This study aims at investigating further about the effectiveness ofMetacognitive Strategy implementation for students reading comprehension at the second grade of SMA Negeri 1 cilimus and finding the students responses vividly after learning reading comprehension through Metacognitive Strategy at the second grade of SMA Negeri 1 cilimus.The method that used in this study was Quasi Experimental Research with pre-test post-test non-equivalent group design. The population of this study was the second grade students of  SMAN 1 Cilimus in the academic year 2014/2015; itconsists of eight classes. Two classes were as samplewhich were taken by purposive sampling, they were XI MIA 3 as experimental class and XI MIA 1 as control class.The use of Metacognitive Strategy was proven as an effective technique for teaching reading comprehension.It showed that there were the significantvalue of the implementation of KWL chart as a metacognitive strategy in teaching reading comprehension. In addition, the implementation of KWL chart had strong responses from the students. It could be seen from the result ofquestionnaire that described the strong responses of students toward the implementation of KWL chart as the metacognitive strategy. It could be concluded that the use of KWL chart as metacognitive strategy was effective in teaching reading comprehension. Thus, teachers probably use this technique as one of the variation for teaching reading comprehension.

PRONUNCIATION ABILITY BY USING ENGLISH SONG IN INDONESIAN STUDENT OF UNSWAGATI CIREBON

Mulatsih, Devi

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

Pronunciation is the production of speech sounds for communication. It is the most difficult area of English. This study was conducted under the consideration that pronouncing English words plays an important role. Because of the differences between English and Indonesian pronunciation, many students pronounce English words incorrectly. Data from the Phonetic of English and the rule of how to pronounce English words has been crucial in the development of Phonetics theory throughout its recent past. Explaining the use of English song can increase the pronunciation ability to the students of Unswagati Cirebon in question.

INVESTIGATING CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN GRAMMAR CLASS USING INDUCTIVE APPROACH

Faisal, Muhammad, Misdi, Misdi

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This study investigated whether the implementation of inductive approachincreases students’ achievement in teaching grammar at the seventh grade students of SMP N 16 Cirebon. Richards et al, 1985 in Chalipa 2013 often said that Inductive approach is learning in which learners are not taught rules directly, but are left to discover - or induce - rules from their experience of using the language; Ke (2008, p.1) stated that inductive approach helps students to rediscover their subconscious knowledge of English grammar and gives advantages such as makes the sentence wellformed and grammatical competence, actively involves students in their grammar learning process, and helps students to understand. This study employed quasi experimental design. The finding supported the research hypothesis that inductive approach is potential for students’ achievement in learning grammar, especially Inductive approach made classroom atmosphere actively, it seem when inductive approach was implemented in teaching and learning process, almost students have enthusiasm to answer the question

TEACHING SPEAKING SKILLS THROUGH INQUIRY TECHNIQUE

Hendriwanto, Hendriwanto

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This study focuses on the teaching speaking skills through inquiry technique. This study was aimed at finding the effectiveness of the use of inquiry technique in improving students speaking skills. It was done under several ways and by giving pretest and post-test. The population of the study is the first grade students of English education of Unswagati. The writer took two classes (class GH & CD) for the sample of the study. The study was carried out through experimental research by using the taccount formula.The findings of the study are as follows. The average pre-test and post-test experiment class is 21.83 but in the control class get 13. It is different from the average of the class. The result of t 3.17, while the critical value of t  is higher than t account account table (3.17t > 2.002t ). This could be seen that t observed is higher than t table and account table there are differences between Mx and My by the formula application. It shown that the final result of this research stated has a fositive influence.

LESSON STUDY AS A PLATFORM FOR ENGAGING SPEAKINGLECTURERS IN DOING TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Luthfiyyah, Roghibatul

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This case study aims at investigating the implementation of Lesson Study at English Education Department of a private university in Indonesia. Particularly, it reveals the activities of lesson study and teachers prolonged engagement in reflection activities. This study provides worthwhile chance for teachers to create a learning community in which they can develop their knowledge as professionals. There were four speaking lecturers, one lecturer as a model and others as participants, who worked collaboratively to formulate learning goals, lesson plan, classroom observation, teaching learning reflection, revision of the lesson for improvement, and re-teaching the revised lesson. The data were collected from the classroom observation, interview, community discussions, and reflection in two cycles. The findings reveal that the activities of Lesson Study facilitate the lecturers in designing proper teaching objectives and materials. Furthermore, it also can be regarded as a platform for teachers to have a learning community in which they can share and develop their teaching qualification.

EXAMINING ORAL COMMUNICATION APPREHENSION, OMPETENCE AND PERFORMANCE AMONG TOURISMSTUDENTS IN VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Ryzky, Anggia Sri, Kusriandi, Wendi

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This study, analyzed the students’ communication performance and competence in the speaking class. This study also measured the students’ communication apprehension level and its correlation with communication performance and competence. 30 students of second year students of SMK Pariwisata Kosgoro Cirebon took part in this study. The data were gathered through questionnaire, presentation test to get the score of communication performance and interview test to get the score of communication competence. The correlation study was used to investigate the relation of each variable. The result from the students’ performance showed that 66,7% of the students scored below the school standard score (75) and 70% of the students scored below standard score in the interview test. The participants showed the highest apprehension to public speaking and the lowest apprehension to group discussion. Their level of apprehension showed that 43.3% students were in moderate level and 56,7% students were in high level of apprehension. It was also found that communication apprehension was negatively correlated with communication performance. While the result from the correlation between communication apprehension and competence showed that there was a very low positive correlation but, there was a high positive correlation between communication competence and performance.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL DEBATING METHOD TO FOSTER STUDENTS SPEAKING ABILITY

Nurjannah, Nunung, Muhadharah, Umarah

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

The research aims to investigate how the educational debating method can foster the students speaking ability at the eleventh grade of SMAN 1 Sumber and to find out how the students activities in learning speaking using the educational debating method in fostering students speaking ability. This research primarily used a quantitative method to analyze the data with quasi-experimental method was chosen to test the hypothesis because the study focused on only one aspect of investigating, namely speaking ability withiut controlling all variables. There were two classes consisting of 28 students each class as sample in SMAN 1 Sumber. The data was obtained by analyzing students speaking scores, observation sheet, and questionnaire results. The research found that the speaking scores of the experimental group was higher than the control group and it was also supported by the students activities from the questionnaire. The students felt that educational debating method can foster their speaking. It made the students enthusiastic to learn and help them to understand the matter of the subject. It was a pleasant and good method in teaching spaking, especially for asking and giving opinion. The students liked to participate in the use of educational debating method because they had an opportunity to study in pairs and improved their achievement in speaking by knowing pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.

AN ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ ERRORS IN WRITING NEGATIVE SENTENCES

Rohendi, Mita Nurmayanti, Herlina, Herlina

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 3, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This study was carried out to analyze and to classify the kinds and the source of students’ errors in writing negative sentences using simple present tense and simple present continuous tense. The purpose of this study were to describe kinds of the stundents’ errors in writing negative sentences and to find out the source of errors which the students made in writing negative sentences. The method used in this study was descriptive analysis research. Descriptive analysis in form qualitative research design applied in this study was case study. Furthermore, the subject of this study was the students of the seventh grade students of SMPN 13 Cirebon which consisted of 20 students. The data were collected through writing test and interview for students. The result of the analysis of students’ errors process showed that students committed errors into ten kinds of errors are made by students: 1. Omission, 2. Additional, 3. Misformation, 4. Misordering, 5. Omission and misformation, 6. Omission and misordering, 7. Additional and misordering, 8. Additional and misformation, 9. Omission and additional, 10. Misformation and misordering. Based on the finding of analysis, it showed the students made a total of 120 errors in catagory of verb which consist of 21 are omission, 22 are additional, 15 are misformation, 6 are misordering, 8 are omission and misformation, 20 are omission and misordering, 5 are additional and misordering, 10 are additional and mosformation, 10 are omission and additional, and 3 misformation and misordering. These errors were conducted because most of students were still influenced by their mother tongue and their Indonesian logical thinking (interlingual transfer). Besides, errors occurred because students generalized the rule and applied it incompletely (intralingual transfer). To sum up, it showed that the analysis of students’ errors in writing negative sentences using simple present tense and simple present continuous tense is difficult for students.

THE IMPLEMENTATION OF RECIPROCAL METHOD TOWARDS THE STUDENTS READING COMPREHENSION AT THE SECOND GRADE OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL

Kusriandi, Wendi, Kusuma, Tiara Putri

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

The background of this research was based on problems that faced by students in reading class.The use of Reciprocal Method can be used as a teaching method to help teacher in teaching learning, especially in teaching reading comprehension. The study is aimed at responding the following question: 1) How is the implementation of reciprocal method in teaching reading comprehension?, 2)Is reciprocal method effective for students in learning reading comprehension. This research was conducted by using quasi experimental method.The method of the research was quantitative and qualitative. Data were obtained by giving test to the students of second grade (VIII C as experimental Group and VIII E as control group). The instruments that were used to collect data were pre-test and post-test as main instrument and questionnaire as second instrument. The test was used to know students ability in reading comprehension before and after the teacher implementing Reciprocal Method. Questionnaire was used to know students perception during teaching learning process. The data for this experimental study were students reading pre-test post-test scores and students activites results, and the reading scores were analyzed with Fraenkle and Wallen formula. The result of t is 6,6 t  is 1,997 for α = 5%. So the account table conclusion is t  is higher than t  (t > t ). The research found that the reading account table account table scores of the experimental group is higher than the control group and it is also supported by the students perception.Furthermore, the students perception results indicate that there were positive responses towards the use of Reciprocal Method in teaching reading. It was effective both in arousing students motivation and in improving their reading comprehension. From the results, using Reciprocal Method in teaching reading comprehension was expected to be a new contribution for helping teacher to conduct an effective and interesting learning in the classroom.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TTW (THINK-TALK-WRITE) STRATEGY IN TEACHING WRITING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT

Suminar, Ratna Prasasti, Putri, Giska

Academic Journal PERSPECTIVE: Education, Language, and Literature Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Swadaya Gunung Jati

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Abstract

This research entitled “The Effectiveness of TTW (Think-Talk-Write) Strategy in Teaching Writing Descriptive Text. TTW (Think-Talk-Write) strategy is one of strategy in teaching learning process, TTW (Think-Talk-Write) strategy one of cooperative learning. Think-Talk-Write (TTW) Strategy is starting from involvement of students in thinking or dialogue with it self after reading process. Then talk and share ideas (sharing) with friend before writing. One group consist of 4-6 students, in this group of students requested making notes, explaining, listening and sharing ideas with friends and express them through writing. The problem of the research is “To find out the effectiveness TTW (ThinkTalk-Write) strategy in teaching writing descriptive text?” The population in the research is the second grade students of UNSWAGATI CIREBON. The writer takes two classes of the second grade students as the sample from this research which were divided into two groups; experimental group (7AB) and control group (7CD). The instruments of collecting data are tests; pre-test and post-test. To analyze of data, the writer used a quasiexperimental design. The writer gave writing test to gather the data. There were pre-test and post-test. The formula that was used analyze the data was t-test. It was used to determine whether there was significance difference between students’ score in experimental group and control group.