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EKO-REGIONAL JURNAL PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI WILAYAH
Articles
159
Articles
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Externalities of Hair Industry within Nucleus-Plasma Partnership in Purbalingga

Arifin, Agus, Priyono, Rakhmat

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to analyze negative externalities of hair industry in Purbalingga Regency. The focus of this research is the effects of hair production activities of nucleous-plasma partnership as part of hair production system. It has been proven that this industry benefits many parts of societies and assists local government program in reducing unemployment and increasing social welfare by labour absorption. However negative externalities have already occured in social and economic views. This research takes samples of 2 factories, 5 plasmas, and 25 workers. The methods using in this research are Dollar-based Ecosystem Valuation Methods. The results show that there are degradation of social interaction among internal family community, reduction of children‚??s spirit and motivation to achieve high education level, and increasing waste water that endangers to ecosystem.Keywords: Externalities, Haircraft Industry, Nucleus-Plasma, Social Interaction, Waste Water.

The Effect of Human Capital, Labors, and Capital on Economic Growth in Barlingmascakeb

Sani, Rizqia Mutiara, Sambodo, Herman, Bambang, Bambang

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

The economic growth of Banjarnegara, Purbalingga, Banyumas, Cilacap and Kebumen regencies or known as Barlingmascakeb region is on average lower than the economic growth of Central Java Province. This study aims to analyze the influence of human capital that proxy from level of education and life expectacy, labor, and capital on economic growth in the Barlingmascakeb region. The data used is secondary data, time series starting from 2008-2015. This study uses multiple linear regression. Based on the results of the study it is known that the variable human capital, which is seen from the level of education and life expectancy, labor, capital has a positive influence on economic growth in the Barlingmascakeb region.Keywords: Level of Education, Life Expectancy, Labor, Capital, Economic Growth.

Determinant of Pertamax Fuel Demand in Purwokerto

Fauzan, Tami Agustini

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This research is aiming to analyze the effect of several factors such as Pertamax price, Pertalite price, income, year of vehicle and vehicle type on Pertamax fuel demand in Purwokerto and analyze which one is the most influencial factors on the Pertamax fuel demand using elasticity test. The data used in this research are primary data taken from 100 respondents all around Purwokerto then analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The result of multiple regression analysis indicated that income and vehicle type have significant effect on Pertamax fuel demand in Purwokerto while the other factors such as Pertamax price, Pertalite price and year of vehicle have no influence on Pertamax demand in Purwokerto. This research also indicated that vehicle type was the most influencial factors on Pertamax demand. From all the result that has been found, the result of regression shows that people in Purwokerto have a tendency to keep putting the quality at any price level set by the government. In this case government have to further intensify massively on advertising on good impact of Pertamax either for machine or environment and expected to improve better performance and quality either in terms of services on each gas station or oil distribution.Keywords: Demand, Pertamax Fuel, Gasoline Demand. 

Determinants of Poverty in East Java Metropolitan Area in 2010-2016

Sakinah, Nur, Pudjianto, Hary

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This research aims to identify determinants of poverty and as well as to estimate poverty trend. We use secondary data that gathered from 7 regencies and cities in Gerbangkertosusila Area. Our data range from 2010 to 2016 and analysed with random effect model. Our result shows that per capita GRDP, level of health, employment opportunities and education variables have negative and significant impact on poverty variable in Gerbangkertosusila Area during 2010-2016 period. Whereas inflation rate variable has no effect on poverty. We also found that employment opportunities variable is the most influencing factor affecting the level of poverty. We recommend to increase employment opportunities by promoting investment in regency and city around the area, increasing attention to the education problems like reducing the number of children dropped out from school, optimizing education budgets, promote education scholarships as well as improving the quality of health services, and establishing synergies between regency and city.Keywords: Poverty, Metropolitan Area, Inflation.

Analysis of Inequality of Economic Development in Districts/Cities Region of Former Kedu Residency in Central Java Province

Maskanudin, Hisyam, Wibowo, Arif Andri

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Differences in the level of economic progress between regions will lead to imbalances which make the difference between regions that can have an adverse influence (backwash effects) dominating the beneficial influence (spread effects) on regional growth. One indicator that is quite representative to measure the level of development inequality between regions is the Williamson index. Inequality in the former Kedu residency continues to increase in each year and further widens the gap between the regions. In this study, the variables of private investment, labor force, and Special Allocation Fund (DAK) are used in 6 districts/cities of the former Kedu residency of Central Java Province in 2007-2016. By using regression analysis method or panel, the results showed: 1) private investment has no effect on economic development inequality, 2) work force has a positive effect on development inequality, and 3) DAK has no effect on imbalance of economic development in the districts/cities of the former Kedu residency in Central Java Province in 2007-2016.Keyword: Regional Inequality, Private Investment, DAK, Labor Force, Williamson Index.

Determinants of Income of Poor Women-Headed Households in Madiun City

Purnomo, Sodik Dwi

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This study is aimed to analyze the effect of the level of education, number of family members, age, number of work hours, and type of work against the income of poor woman as a head of family in the City of Madiun. Population in this research is poor household‚??s headed a poor women in the City of Madiun and in the sampling uses the slovin formula with the result of 98 poor households. The data analysis technique uses a multiple linear regression with Ordinary Least Square method (OLS). The analysis result showed that the level of education, number of family members, and the number of work hours has a positive and significant impact on the income of poor families while the age and type of work is not significantly effecting the income of poor women as heads of households in the City of Madiun.Keywords: Poverty, Haed of Household‚??s Women, Income, Education, Number of Family Member, Number of Work¬† Hours, Type of Work.

Analysis of Economic Potentials of Products Effort to Reduce Inter-District Institutions in Tegal Regency

Sugiarto, Mulyo

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the economic potential to reduce inequality between sub-districts in Tegal Regency. The result of the research shows that with mapping analysis of production modification of each sub-district which has a fast growing potential economic sector and contributing significantly in Tegal Regency during the period of 2009-2013 a) The superior agricultural sector in Sub Distric Balapulang, Suradadi, Warurejo; b) Superior Mining and Quarrying Sector in Balapulang Sub District; c) Superior Processing Industry Sector in Sub Distric Pangkah, Slawi, Adiwerna, Warurejo; d) High Electricity, Gas and Water Sector in Slawi, Dukuhwaru, Dukuhturi Sub-District; e) Superior Building Sector in Kecamatan Pangkah, Slawi, Dukuhwaru, Kramat, and Warurejo; F) Superior Trade, Hotel and Restaurant Sector in Jatinegara and Adiwerna Sub-district; g) The Transport and Communications Sectors excel in Margasari, Bojong and Pagerbarang Sub-districts; h) The Finance, Leasing, and Corporate Services sector is superior in Margasari, Balapulang, Pangkah Sub Distric; i) superior service sectors in Pangkah, Slawi, Adiwerna, and Suradadi Sub Distric.Keywords: Regional Inequality, Economic Potential, Base Sector, Relative GRDP Growth, Klassen Typology.

Analysis of the Protection of Input Subsidies Policy (Fertilizer and Seed) and Production Output in Rice Plant Agriculture in Indonesia

Poernomo, Adi

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

The background of this research was on policy issues of continuing increased subsidies for fertilizer and seed rice from year to year, which was also faced the problem of inefficient economic and government budget allocations, the price disparity between input and output and its derivatives result and also the creation of unreal competitiveness as a result of the use of subsidized inputs. This study aims to determine the ‚??protection coefficient‚?Ě of subsidized inputs (fertilizer and seeds) and output in agriculture rice plants in Indonesia. Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) is used to analyze the impact of subsidies on rice crop farming system in Indonesia. The analysis result of the Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM), shows that (1) the rice farming system has the profit of market prices and social prices, (2) government policies are simultaneously protective to the production capability, (3) It has a competitive and a comparative advantage.Keywords: Subsidies on Fertilizer and Rice Seeds, Protection Coefficient, The Policy Analysis Matrix.

The Effect of Corruption on International Trade: A Case Study of Indonesian Trade to Nine Countries

Atsir, Danang Ibnu, Sunaryati, Sunaryati

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Corruption is a form of abuse of ethical authority by public officials, which is divided into two parts: bribery and forced collection. The effect of corruption like bribes and illegal levies is widespread in the public sector. One interesting investigation is the effect of corruption on international trade. Corruption becomes a barrier in international trade, where corruption plays a role in the access of trade goods and services from within and abroad. Using the gravity model, the focus of this research was the effect of corruption on international trade by taking a case study of Indonesia‚??s bilateral trade with its nine largest export destination countries. Using panel data, analysis tools used in this research were common effect, fixed effect, random effect and poisson pseudo maximum likelihood (PPML). In this research, it was found that geographical distance variable in its fixed units caused the omitted variable so that the error term correlated with independent variables. In order to overcome the problem, poisson pseudo maximum likelihood method was used in performing regression gravity model with linear log form, so the omitted variable issue on the geographical distance can be eliminated. The results of this research concluded that corruption played a role in international trade through bureaucratic mechanisms of trade and investment licensing and the effect of corruption was more detrimental to exporters.Keywords:¬†¬† Gravity Model, Corruption, International Trade, Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood (PPML).

An Analysis of Regional Economic Advantage and Specialization (Shift-Share Esteban Marquillas Model Approach) and Analysis of Its Accessibility in Banyumas Regency

Destiningsih, Rian, Achsa, Andhatu

EKO-REGIONAL Vol 13, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

This study aimed (1) to identify the competitive advantage, specialization and effect of sectors allocation in Banyumas Regency in 2010-2015; (2) to identify region with the most advantageous position in terms of accessibility level. The result indicated that (1) competitive and specialized sectors in Banyumas Regency were mining and excavation sector, procurement of electricity and gas sector, construction sector, big scale trade and retail, car and motorcycle repair, transportation and warehousing sector, provision of accomodation and food and beverage sector, information and communication sector, financial and insurance services sector, real estate sector, corporate service sector, government administration sector, defense and compulsory social security, education service sector, health service and social activities sector, and other service sectors. (2) In terms of accessibility, Banyumas Regency had the second advantageous position after Purbalingga Regency when compared to regencies in Karesidenan Barlingmascakeb. Based on the accessibility of each sub-district in Banyumas Regency, the sub-district with the most advantageous position to interact with the sub-districts in Banyumas Regency was Tambak sub-district. This can be seen from the lowest CQ value of Tambak sub-district.Keywords: Shift-Share Esteban Marquillas, Accessibility, Connectivity Quotient.