Media Keperawatan Indonesia
ISSN : 26151669     EISSN : -
Media Keperawatan Indonesia (e-ISSN: 2615-1669) publishes articles of empirical study and literature reviews focused on science, practice, and education of nursing. Media Keperawatan Indonesia publishes three issues in a year (February, June, and October).
Articles
18
Articles
The Effect Of Phototherapy (24 Hours) Towards Jaundice Degrees Of The Newborn In Hospital NICU West Nusa Tenggara Province

Selung, Rosalia, Wasliah, Indah, Pratiwi, Eka Adithya

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background: Aximately 60% of normal birth infant become jaundiced in the first week of birth. The incidence of jaundice in the West Nusa Tenggara hospital in 3 years later (2012-2014) there were 1166 cases. Phototherapy of total serum bilirubin (TSB) increased. Clinical trials have validated the efficacy phototherapy in reducing excessive unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, and its implementation has been drastically confine the use of exchange transfusion (Bhutani, 2011). Objective:The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of jaundice before and after phototherapy, as well as analyze the influence phototherapy before and after the degree of jaundice in the newborn. Method:This type of research is pre-experimental research design using the approach one group pre-test and post-test design. The study population was all jaundice infants who were treated at Hospital NICU  room in West Nusa Tenggara Provence in May 2016. The sample was 15 respondents with acsidental sampling techniques. The method of data analysis with descriptive percentage univariate and bivariate analysis with test of rank correlation test (spearman) obtained significance value p = 0.000 < 0.05 and spearman correlation coefficients obtained by value p = 0.025 which means there is a strong correlation between the influence of phototherapy (24 hours) the degree of jaundice in the newborn. Result: The results were obtained degree of jaundice before phototherapy is as many as 9 degree 4 respondents (60%) and as many as 6 degrees five respondents (40%). After 24 hours phototherapy all respondents decreased the degree of jaundice and most have some degreen of jaundice 3 of 10  respondents (66,7%) by 5 respondents (33,3%). Discussion:Recommendations can be given is a gift phototherapy to decrease the degree of jaundice.

Bathing Neonatal in Bimanese Tradition and Its Implication Toward Health

Wulandari, Ade, Haris, Abdul

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background: Child care practices and parenting are still influenced by some habits that are considered as the basic needs of individuals or groups called cultures. An interesting phenomenon is the practice of newborn care by Bimanese by following tradition that is inherited from generation to generation. These child care practices include self-care hygiene of newborns, known as Kandeu Li, i. Kandeu Lii is the tradition of bathing the baby for a long time, even the child gets shiver and cyanosis. Objective: to get a description of the tradition of self-care of newborns by Bimanese. Methods: data were obtained through descriptive study conducted in the working area in the Asakota Public Health Service  of Bima City on 25 families who were taking care of newborns encountered in the research period. Data collection was carried out by interview and observation method. Result: Observation results showed that 80% of respondents soaked the baby more than 10 minutes when the baby was bathed, 84% of the respondents did an additional tradition after the baby was bathed. The results of the interviews revealed that the majority of respondents said they follow the tradition of bathing the baby from inherited tradition and the reason of the respondent soaked the baby and did an additional tradition after bathing is to make baby can sleep more soundly and not easily surprised. Conclusion: Tradition and beliefs of most Bimanese about the newborns self-care hygiene has high risk and harmful for the health and safety of the baby. Suggestion: As part of a professional health worker, the nurse needs to conduct home visits for families who will have babies to prepare parenting skills.

Growth and Development of Children Suffering From HIV/AIDS

Ernawati, Ernawati

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

HIV infection increases the need for energy and nutrients. The presence of opportunistic infections in HIV / Aids will produce neurological symptoms and impact on growth and development of children. The general purpose of this research is to know a picture of the growth and development of children infected with HIV / Aids.Qualitative research methods with the case study method. Participants were 6 children with HIV-positive status in the age range 0-6 years were selected purposively carried out in the district of Kudus.The study found growth and development of children with HIV-positive status where CD4 still at a normal level, tends to normal. They seemed to move like other normal children. While children with low CD4 conditions will be susceptible to opportunistic infections and often sickly. Symptoms in the mouth such as mouth ulcers, oropharyngeal thrush and candida esophagitis can lead to decreased food intake. In addition gastrointestinal disorders and food intolerance can cause diarrhea is more common in children with HIV/ Aids. This will have an impact on growth is weight loss and nutritional status. Further nursing interventions necessary to minimize the appearance of opportunistic diseases and symptoms of early stimulation development of children with HIV /Aids.

Adherence Improvement of Five Moments Hand Hygiene with Increasing Motivation of Nurses

Kustriyani, Menik, Kaeksi, Ivana Probo, Tamrin, Tamrin

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Joint Commission International ( JCI ) required the achievement of 100% five moment hand hygiene for the nurses who have provided care to patients. The adherence of five moments hand hygiene has been done to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections. The adherence of five moments hand hygiene has been determined by inside and outside factors, and one of the inside factors is the motivation. The research is a qualitative research with cross sectional approach. The number of sample is 153 nurses with the proportionate random sampling technique at the Public Hospital of Loekmono Hadi Kudus. The research instruments used the questionaire and observation sheet. The research showed the result of Rank Spearman test p value = 0,000 with r value = 0.296, positive correlation means that the higher the nurse motivation, the higher the nurse aderence of five moment hand hygiene.

Increased The Cognitive, Effective, and Psychomotor Aspects of Nurses in The Practice of Developmental Care

Mariyam, Mariyam, Riwayati, Riwayati

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background: The cause of high infant mortality rate is low birth weight (LBW). Optimal LBW treatment needed that the baby can pass the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine. One of the efforts done is developmental care. Implementation of developmental care requires knowledge, attitudes and skills of nurses. Objective: This study aims to identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of nurses in treating LBW before and one month after being given developmental care information at RS Roemani Semarang. Methodology: The design of this research are pre experiment pre and post design. The sample of the study was all nurses in high risk infant room Roemani Hospital Semarang . Sample amounted to 12 respondents. Researchers identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of nurses in treating LBW with questionnaires and observations before being given developmental care information. A month after being given information about developmental care researchers re-identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of the nurse. Result: Cognitive score of respondent before health education 11.75 and after 13.83 with total score 22, mean affective score of respondent before health education 48,83 and after 52,92 with total score 60, mean of psychomotor score of respondent before health education 2.58 and after 4 with a total score of 4. Based on the results of statistical analysis each show p value 0.00 so that it can be concluded there are differences cognitive, affective and psychomotor nurses in the application of developmental care both before and a month after being given health education. Discussion: In this study post intervention is done month after health education like input from previous researcher Zubaidah, rustina & Sabri (2013) to know the right time in repeating the same information. The results showed that after 30 days showed a cognitive, affective and psychomotor increase, this could be because after given the health education nurses apply in the care of LBW so that knowledge and skills increase.

Decrease Level Of Candida Albicans in Children with The Practice of “Pure Honey” Oral Hygiene

Alfiyanti, Dera, Hidayanti, Titi Nur

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Background: Oral hygiene is an act of cleansing the entire area of the mouth, including teeth and gums to avoid infection. Purpose of hygiene to reduce dental plaque, reduce risk of oral cavity, eliminate tooth decay, gum, improve comfort in child.. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of oral hygiene using 30% pure honey to the number of candida albicans in hospitalized children. Method: This study was a quasy experiment pre and post test with control group design. The data were analyzed with paired t-test dan independent paired samples t-test. The population of this study was all hospitalized children. The sample size is determined by purposive sampling technique, with a sample size of 20 (10 children were intervention group, 10 children were control group). Result: Mean number of candida pre test  of 38.90 CFU / ml and post test A total of 27.40 CFU / ml. The result of statistical test of separate parametric test in pairs of t-test p value of 0.001 (α = 0,05), so it can be concluded that there is oral hygiene effect using 30% pure honey to number of candida albicans childs mouth. Discussion: Hospitalized children were high risk population of nosocomial infection. There were many source of secondary infection such as infection by candida albicans. The recommendation of this research is that all children treated in hospital are done orally hygiene by using 30% pure honey

Changes Of Symptoms And The Ability Of Anxiety Patients After Exercise Of Thought Stopping And Family Psychoeducation

Laela, Sri, Mustikasari, Mustikasari, Wardani, Ice Yulia

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Patients with degenerative disease were hospitalized may experience an anxiety psychological problem affecting the condition of the illness. The handling of this case aims to determine the change of symptom signs and ability of anxiety patients after exercise thought stopping and family psychoeducation. The design was case study with 25 participants. The analysis was performed on symptoms and abilities of patients and families before and after nursing intervention, thought stopping and family psychoeducation. The case handling on the same topic has been done before, but that distinguishes the author using Peplaus interpersonal theory approach. This makes its different and important to do. The result of the case handling shows the age of 18-60 years, female 13 people, men 12 people, Sundanese and  the decreased signs of anxiety symptoms, also the increased the ability of families in caring for family members who experienced anxiety. Nursing intervention, thought stopping and family psychoeducation are recommended as nursing therapy for patients anxiety with degenerative diseases.

Compounds Antioxide of Extract Yellow and Green Bamboo Shoot

Soesanto, Edy

Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Bamboo shoot is a plant that is very easy to find in Indonesia and can grow anywhere, bamboo shoot very cheap and has been used by people in the world as food ingredients since time ago. Beside that, bamboo shoot also has a function associated with the nature of hipokolesterolemi, so it can be used as an alternative non-pharmacological treatment or as a traditional medicine derived from medicinal plants (complementary therapies). This research is very determine the levels of phenol, plavonoid, and vitamin E from bamboo shoots yellow and green bamboo. Bamboo bamboo in thinly sliced and dried with 80 ° C oven for 24 hours and mashed to bamboo bamboo shoots and then extraction using 70% ethanol to be analyzed antioxidant content of phenol, plavonoid, and vitamin E by using spectrophotometer. The result of antioxidant compound, antioxidant compound of Vitamin E bamboo green bamboo shoot from yellow bamboo extract is 0,2864%, phenol antioxidant compound in bamboo green bamboo shoot extract bigger than yellow bamboo extract that is 2,3385%, antioxidant compound Plavonoid bamboo green bamboo shoot extract more great when compared with yellow bamboo extract that is equal to 0.02778%. Thus both bamboo shoot extract has a good antioxidant potential and can be used as a traditional medicine antiaterosklerosis derived from medicinal plants (complementary therapies).