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Contact Name
arief yanto
Contact Email
arief.yanto@unimus.ac.id
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mki@unimus.ac.id
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Location
Kota semarang,
Jawa tengah
INDONESIA
Media Keperawatan Indonesia
ISSN : 26151669     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Media Keperawatan Indonesia (e-ISSN: 2615-1669) publishes articles of empirical study and literature reviews focused on science, practice, and education of nursing. Media Keperawatan Indonesia publishes three issues in a year (February, June, and October).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 24 Documents
Decreased The Risk of Hyperbilirubinemia Incidence With The Initiation of Early Breastfeeding Yanto, Arief; Rochayati, Rochayati; Wuryanto, Edy
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.158 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.25-31

Abstract

Hyperbilirubinemia is a state where increase value of in serum bilirubin in the blood more > 5mg/dl, which is clinically characterized by jaundice on sclera and skin, hyperbilirubinemia can be caused by physiological processes, non-physiological, or a combination of both. Neonates were given early initiation will result in the expenditure of meconium early so tend to have a low risk of the occurrence of physiological hyperbilirubinemia. Research will aim to detect early initiation on the incidence of neonates physiologic hyperbilirubinemia in neonates born at Khadijah room Islamic Hospital Muhammadiyah Kendal. Research kind quasi-experiment by using plant form post test only in a body (one group post test only design). Population in this research patient newborn at Khadijah room Islamic Hospital Muhammadiyah Kendal. Research sample as much as 30  respondens early initiation and 30 respondens not early initiation by using technique purposive sampling. Data analysis included univariate analysis by finding frequency distribution, bivariate analysis with Mann-Whitney Test. The research result of bivariate analysis shows that neonates with early initiation total serum bilirubin value performed intervention group averaged 8,200mg/dl while control group averaged 11,647mg /dl. The initiation of early breastfeeding (IMD) effect on total serum billirubin content of the neonatus. The variables that have contributed to the total serum billirubin content were the implementation of early breastfeeding initiation (IMD) with an effect of 61.2% and influenced by other variables of 38.8%. The conclusion there is influence of early initiation of suckling on physiological hyprbilirubinemia at Islamic Hospital Muhammadiyah Kendal.
Growth and Development of Children Suffering From HIV/AIDS Ernawati, Ernawati
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.276 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.1.2018.27-34

Abstract

HIV infection increases the need for energy and nutrients. The presence of opportunistic infections in HIV / Aids will produce neurological symptoms and impact on growth and development of children. The general purpose of this research is to know a picture of the growth and development of children infected with HIV / Aids.Qualitative research methods with the case study method. Participants were 6 children with HIV-positive status in the age range 0-6 years were selected purposively carried out in the district of Kudus.The study found growth and development of children with HIV-positive status where CD4 still at a normal level, tends to normal. They seemed to move like other normal children. While children with low CD4 conditions will be susceptible to opportunistic infections and often sickly. Symptoms in the mouth such as mouth ulcers, oropharyngeal thrush and candida esophagitis can lead to decreased food intake. In addition gastrointestinal disorders and food intolerance can cause diarrhea is more common in children with HIV/ Aids. This will have an impact on growth is weight loss and nutritional status. Further nursing interventions necessary to minimize the appearance of opportunistic diseases and symptoms of early stimulation development of children with HIV /Aids.
Nurse’s Health Education in Families of Pediatric Surgical Clients Naviati, Elsa; Sudarmiati, Sari
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.681 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.1-5

Abstract

Health education is one important component in caring for children with surgical cases. Health education is done to clients and families as an intervention of various nursing problems that appear both pre and post surgery. This study aims to find out how the implementation of health education provided by nurses to families of child surgical clients. This research method is descriptive qualitative phenomenology by using in-depth interview. The number of participants was 5 nurses. The amount is determined after the researchers assume that the research data saturated. The research produced five themes: preoperative health education, postoperative health education, postoperative nutrition, surgical wound care and post operative post pain. The health education provided by the majority nurses is physical. Psychosocial should also be a topic in health education provided by nurses to clients of children and their families.
Analysis of Factors Affecting Low Coverage of Exclusive Breast Feeding Mareta, Reni; Masyitoh, Robiul Fitri
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.288 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.32-34

Abstract

Food is a major factor supporting growth and development for every living creature. The quantity and composition of the food consumed is tailored to the needs of each individual. Babies have different food compositions. According to WHO the best food for babies is given breast milk as soon as the baby is born until the first 6 months and continued until the age of 2 years. This condition can not be achieved if coverage of ASI in each region is still less. One of the areas whose exclusive coverage is still low is Magelang City. Data from the health profile of the Magelang City Health Office in 2008 mentioned that in Magelang city there was a percentage of infants who got an exclusive ation of 0.32 percent. Looking at the phenomenon, researchers are interested to know the factors causing the low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in the city of Magelang. This research is located in the working area of North Magelang Health Center. The model of this research is by observational analytic with cross sectional study design design with quantitative approach. Selection of sample by purposive sampling method with 30 sample people. This study uses questionnaires that we will share to samples that have children maximum 2 years old. The questionnaire contains questions about breastfeeding. From the results of the questionnaire will then be analyzed to determine the factors causing the low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in the city of Magelang. The results of this study indicate there are several factors that affect the exclusive ation: among others: maternal age, level of education and mother's work. It is expected that the results of this study could be as input for the relevant agencies in this case is the Health Department to make appropriate policies to increase exclusive ASI coverage.
Adherence Improvement of Five Moments Hand Hygiene with Increasing Motivation of Nurses Kustriyani, Menik; Kaeksi, Ivana Probo; Tamrin, Tamrin
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.864 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.1.2018.12-19

Abstract

Joint Commission International ( JCI ) required the achievement of 100% five moment hand hygiene for the nurses who have provided care to patients. The adherence of five moments hand hygiene has been done to reduce the incidence of nosocomial infections. The adherence of five moments hand hygiene has been determined by inside and outside factors, and one of the inside factors is the motivation. The research is a qualitative research with cross sectional approach. The number of sample is 153 nurses with the proportionate random sampling technique at the Public Hospital of Loekmono Hadi Kudus. The research instruments used the questionaire and observation sheet. The research showed the result of Rank Spearman test p value = 0,000 with r value = 0.296, positive correlation means that the higher the nurse motivation, the higher the nurse aderence of five moment hand hygiene.
The Effect of Murottal Therapy in Decreasing Depression of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Rahayu, Desi Ariyana; Hidayati, Tri Nur; Imam, Tsulis Ahmad
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.443 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.6-10

Abstract

Background: Hemodialysis can be performed 1 to 3 times a week according to the degree of kidney damage and takes 3 - 5 hours each time. The activity done regularly and continuously throughout life and cause negative effects such as discomfort, decreased quality of life including physical health, psychological, spiritual, and socioeconomic status. The psychological impacts include anxiety, stress and depression. This research aimed to analyze the influence of Murottal therapy on depression of patients undergoing hemodialysis.Method: The research used quasi experimental method with one group pretest-posttest design. The sampling was done by purposive sampling. Data collection used DASS questionnaires. Data was analyzed using T-test and Wilcoxon test. Result: It was found that depression levels were decreased after the given of Murottal therapy. There were 26 respondents performed normal condition (86.7%) and 4 respondents performed mild depression (13.3%).Analyzis: Murottal therapy decreased the depression level on patients undergoing hemodialysis which showed by the T-test correlation with p-value 0.000 (<0.05).Conclusion: Murottal therapy decreased the depression levels of patients undergoing hemodialysisKeywords: Hemodialysis, depression, Murottal tehrapyLiterature: 60 (2005-2017) 
Increased The Cognitive, Effective, and Psychomotor Aspects of Nurses in The Practice of Developmental Care Mariyam, Mariyam; Riwayati, Riwayati
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (495.56 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.1.2018.20-26

Abstract

Background: The cause of high infant mortality rate is low birth weight (LBW). Optimal LBW treatment needed that the baby can pass the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine. One of the efforts done is developmental care. Implementation of developmental care requires knowledge, attitudes and skills of nurses. Objective: This study aims to identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of nurses in treating LBW before and one month after being given developmental care information at RS Roemani Semarang. Methodology: The design of this research are pre experiment pre and post design. The sample of the study was all nurses in high risk infant room Roemani Hospital Semarang . Sample amounted to 12 respondents. Researchers identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of nurses in treating LBW with questionnaires and observations before being given developmental care information. A month after being given information about developmental care researchers re-identify the cognitive, affective and psychomotor aspects of the nurse. Result: Cognitive score of respondent before health education 11.75 and after 13.83 with total score 22, mean affective score of respondent before health education 48,83 and after 52,92 with total score 60, mean of psychomotor score of respondent before health education 2.58 and after 4 with a total score of 4. Based on the results of statistical analysis each show p value 0.00 so that it can be concluded there are differences cognitive, affective and psychomotor nurses in the application of developmental care both before and a month after being given health education. Discussion: In this study post intervention is done month after health education like input from previous researcher Zubaidah, rustina & Sabri (2013) to know the right time in repeating the same information. The results showed that after 30 days showed a cognitive, affective and psychomotor increase, this could be because after given the health education nurses apply in the care of LBW so that knowledge and skills increase.
The Effect Of Phototherapy (24 Hours) Towards Jaundice Degrees Of The Newborn In Hospital NICU West Nusa Tenggara Province Selung, Rosalia; Wasliah, Indah; Pratiwi, Eka Adithya
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.063 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.11-19

Abstract

Background: Aximately 60% of normal birth infant become jaundiced in the first week of birth. The incidence of jaundice in the West Nusa Tenggara hospital in 3 years later (2012-2014) there were 1166 cases. Phototherapy of total serum bilirubin (TSB) increased. Clinical trials have validated the efficacy phototherapy in reducing excessive unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, and its implementation has been drastically confine the use of exchange transfusion (Bhutani, 2011). Objective:The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of jaundice before and after phototherapy, as well as analyze the influence phototherapy before and after the degree of jaundice in the newborn. Method:This type of research is pre-experimental research design using the approach one group pre-test and post-test design. The study population was all jaundice infants who were treated at Hospital NICU  room in West Nusa Tenggara Provence in May 2016. The sample was 15 respondents with acsidental sampling techniques. The method of data analysis with descriptive percentage univariate and bivariate analysis with test of rank correlation test (spearman) obtained significance value p = 0.000 < 0.05 and spearman correlation coefficients obtained by value p = 0.025 which means there is a strong correlation between the influence of phototherapy (24 hours) the degree of jaundice in the newborn. Result: The results were obtained degree of jaundice before phototherapy is as many as 9 degree 4 respondents (60%) and as many as 6 degrees five respondents (40%). After 24 hours phototherapy all respondents decreased the degree of jaundice and most have some degreen of jaundice 3 of 10  respondents (66,7%) by 5 respondents (33,3%). Discussion:Recommendations can be given is a gift phototherapy to decrease the degree of jaundice.
Decrease Level Of Candida Albicans in Children with The Practice of “Pure Honey” Oral Hygiene Alfiyanti, Dera; Hidayanti, Titi Nur
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 1 (2018): evidence-based nursing services
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.72 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.1.2018.35-41

Abstract

Background: Oral hygiene is an act of cleansing the entire area of the mouth, including teeth and gums to avoid infection. Purpose of hygiene to reduce dental plaque, reduce risk of oral cavity, eliminate tooth decay, gum, improve comfort in child.. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of oral hygiene using 30% pure honey to the number of candida albicans in hospitalized children. Method: This study was a quasy experiment pre and post test with control group design. The data were analyzed with paired t-test dan independent paired samples t-test. The population of this study was all hospitalized children. The sample size is determined by purposive sampling technique, with a sample size of 20 (10 children were intervention group, 10 children were control group). Result: Mean number of candida pre test  of 38.90 CFU / ml and post test A total of 27.40 CFU / ml. The result of statistical test of separate parametric test in pairs of t-test p value of 0.001 (α = 0,05), so it can be concluded that there is oral hygiene effect using 30% pure honey to number of candida albicans child's mouth. Discussion: Hospitalized children were high risk population of nosocomial infection. There were many source of secondary infection such as infection by candida albicans. The recommendation of this research is that all children treated in hospital are done orally hygiene by using 30% pure honey
Bathing Neonatal in Bimanese Tradition and Its Implication Toward Health Wulandari, Ade; Haris, Abdul
Media Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2018): nursing practice: an update
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.002 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/mki.1.2.2018.20-24

Abstract

Background: Child care practices and parenting are still influenced by some habits that are considered as the basic needs of individuals or groups called cultures. An interesting phenomenon is the practice of newborn care by Bimanese by following tradition that is inherited from generation to generation. These child care practices include self-care hygiene of newborns, known as Kandeu Li, i. Kandeu Li'i is the tradition of bathing the baby for a long time, even the child gets shiver and cyanosis. Objective: to get a description of the tradition of self-care of newborns by Bimanese. Methods: data were obtained through descriptive study conducted in the working area in the Asakota Public Health Service  of Bima City on 25 families who were taking care of newborns encountered in the research period. Data collection was carried out by interview and observation method. Result: Observation results showed that 80% of respondents soaked the baby more than 10 minutes when the baby was bathed, 84% of the respondents did an additional tradition after the baby was bathed. The results of the interviews revealed that the majority of respondents said they follow the tradition of bathing the baby from inherited tradition and the reason of the respondent soaked the baby and did an additional tradition after bathing is to make baby can sleep more soundly and not easily surprised. Conclusion: Tradition and beliefs of most Bimanese about the newborn's self-care hygiene has high risk and harmful for the health and safety of the baby. Suggestion: As part of a professional health worker, the nurse needs to conduct home visits for families who will have babies to prepare parenting skills.

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