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Journal of Health Science and Prevention
JHSP is an Open Access, double blind peer-reviewed, biannualy journal in the field of public health sciences and prevention. The aim of the journal is to stimulate dissemination of knowledge in the public health field in order to improve efficacy, effectiveness and efficiency of public health interventions to improve health outcomes of populations. JHSP published by State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel Surabaya in collaboration with PERSAKMI.
Articles
33
Articles
The Correlations Between Student’s HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Their Attitude toward PLWHA

Widayanti, Linda Prasetyaning, Hidayati, Sri, Lusiana, Nova, Ratodi, Muhamad

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

HIV/AIDS has become a burden for health in with it sufferers has reached 39 million worldwide. Around 620 thousand PLWHA has been identified all over Indonesia, with Surabaya has been listed among the top five cities with the highest number of HIV / AIDS cases in Indonesia.  This study was to determine the correlations between the HIV / AIDS knowledge with the Surabaya college student’s attitude towards PLWHA. This study was observational analytic research with cross-sectional approach. A proportional sampling chose as the research sampling technique, with 250 college students became the respondents. Data were collected from the results of filling out the online questionnaire. A Contingency Phi was used to perform a statistical test. The results indicated only 41.6% of respondents had a good knowledge level about HIV/AIDS,  while 77% of the students have already shown a positive attitude towards PLWHA. Furthermore, it is known that there was a relationship between students knowledge regarding HIV / AIDS and their attitude towards PLWHA with a p-value of 0,000. From these results, it is expected that there will be an HIV/AIDS socialization for college students to increase a more comprehensive knowledge about HIV/AIDS and PLWHA.

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Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Liquid Waste Content Based on Chemical Parameters at Animal Slaughterhouse’s Inlet and Outlet

Sari, Evi Dwi Atika, Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi, Ningrum, Prehatin Trirahayu

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Animal Sluaghterhouse (RPH) liquid waste contains organic matter, suspended solids, and colloid materials such as fat, protein, and cellulose with high concentrations that fall into the category of complex wastewater. RPH X is a RPH that uses Water Waste Treatment Plant (WWTP) in treating wastewater, although it has been equipped with WWTP there are still some problems in RPH X. The purpose of this research is to describe wastewater treatment and content of BOD, COD, TSS, NH3-N, pH and fatty oil at waste water in inlet and outlet of IPAL RPH X, Jember District. This research is a descriptive research. Technique of data collecting done by observation, interview, and laboratory test. The average of wastewater content test result in RPH X Jember Regency at inlet and outlet of IPAL is at safe limit of quality standard according to East Java Governor Regulation Number 72 Year 2013 except COD parameter at inlet that is equal to 277,6 mg / L. The average percentage of content in liquid waste in RPH X decreases from inlet to WWTP outlet except the pH parameter.

Heterosexual Transmission as a CRF01_AE HIV-1 Spread Factor in Mimika Papua

Widiyanti, Mirna, Ubra, Reynold, Iriani, Evi

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

The HIV epidemic has particular characteristic on each region. The genetic diversity of HIV-1 would affect variability of HIV virus that could potentially most virulent, pathogenic and high transmission rate. Thus it triggers the disease progresivity more rapidly and caused  a new pandemic of HIV infection. The aim of the study is determine the genetic characteristics of HIV-1 on patient with heterosexual transmission based on gene fragment encoding the glycoprotein-41 (gp41) of HIV envelope. Descriptive analytic method and cross sectional design were attended on VCT clinic Mitra Masyarakat Mimika in March-May 2015. Samples of blood plasma from patient with HIV-1 sexual transmission wer amplified using RT-PCR and nested PCR. Genetic characteristics were analyzed with DNA Sequencing using software Bioedit and Mega 5. Identification using sequence analysis  showed two subtypes of HIV patient in Mimika, which were CRF01_AE and B subtypes. There were 40 patients (87%) identified as having genetic characteristics CRF01_AE. Subtypes B was also identified in 6 heterosexual patients. This study suggest that CRF01_AE have heterosexual transmission risk higher than subtype B. Predominance of CRF01_AE contribute to the rapid spread of the HIV epidemic in Mimika

The Differences in the Result of Examination of Adolescent Hemoglobin Levels Using Sahli And Digital Methods (Easy Touch GCHb)

Kusumawati, Estri, Lusiana, Nova, Mustika, Ika, Hidayati, Sri, Andyarini, Esti Novi

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

The incidence of anemia is the ten most significant health problems today. The prevalence of anemia in an adolescent is still quite high, ranging from 40-88%. Anemia is a medical condition with a red blood cell count or hemoglobin level <12 gram/100ml. Hemoglobin levels can be determined in various ways, including visual methods and digital methods usingGCHb easy touch. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in the results of adolescent hemoglobin (Hb) examination using Hb Sahli and Easy Touch GCHb at Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya. The research method used is descriptive comparative, with purposive sampling technique. The results of Hb level examination with Hb Sahli method, it is known that 86,7% (52 respondents) experienced anemia while the results of the test using the easy touch GCHb method by 15% (9 respondents) experienced anemia. There are differences in the results of Hb level examination with the Sahli method and the Easy Touch GCHb with a significance value of 0,000.

Hygiene Sanitation and Rhodamin B Dyes in Cenil

Ristianingrum, Charisma Try, Moelyaningrum, Anita Dewi, Pujiati, Rahayu Sri

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Cenil is still one of the traditional foods that people are interested in nowadays. To make it look attractive, cenil producers often use red coloring substance such as Rhodamine B. Rhodamin B is one type of textile dye that is prohibited from being used in food. Many cases of food poisoning or illness are caused by insecure food consumed, lack of application of hygiene sanitation and the use of hazardous chemical dyes as additional ingredients in Cenil. This research used descriptively with quantitative approach. The population of the study was the producer of the cenil as many as seven producers that are selling at the spread in 4 traditional markets in 3 sub-district of Jember District. The sample in this study is total population. The result of the knowledge level of cenil respondents related to the use of additives dye has a medium category (57%). The result hygiene sanitation of cenil has a good selection quality (57%). The result of a laboratory test to the existence of Rhodamin B dye on cenil showed two samples (29%) which contain positive Rhodamin B. Identification the difference of cenil which containing Rhodamine B have bright pink color, tend to fluoresce, there are nonhomogeneous color spots and bitter taste.

Diabetes Burnout Syndrom With Self Care Agency Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Patient

Nuari, Nian Afrian

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Management of Diabetes Mellitus requires commitment and not infrequently makes the patient feel saturated and discouraged. This psychological disorder can result in the management of diet and its treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between Diabetes Burnout Syndrome and Self Care Agency Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. The study was a cross-sectional study that used Diabetes mellitus type 2 patients using a purposive sampling technique. This study used an instrument in the form of a Diabetes Burnout Syndrom questionnaire measured by an SMBM questionnaire. The Self Care Agency variable was measured using the SCDA (Summary of Self Care Diabetes Activities) questionnaire. Based on the results of this study indicated that most of the respondents have aged 51 to 60 years, male sex, educational background of primary school and have a history of Diabetes Mellitus disease for 1 to 5 years. Based on the research obtained almost all respondents have a low category of Diabetes Burnout Syndrome and have a Self Care Agency enough category. Spearman rho test results obtained relationship between Diabetes Burnout Syndrome with Self Care Agency (p = 0,000, cc = -0,875). It can be concluded that the lower the rate of Diabetes Burnout Syndrome the better the level of Self Care Agency Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Diabetic patients should be able to manage and minimize burnout syndrome that appears to improve independence in treatment and control of blood sugar.

The Correlation Between Self Care Diabetes on Foot Ulcer Risk in Diabetes Mellitus Clients

Embuai, Selpina, Siauta, Moomina, Tuasikal, Hani

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is one of the major causes of health problems and often occurs in almost every country (1). About 15% of all diabetics will have foot ulcers that are a serious complication and have an impact on amputations in the lower extremities (2). The rate of ulcers on the feet may occur over a five-year time span of 70% (3). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self care diabetes on foot ulcer risk in clients with diabetes mellitus. The research design used was quasy experiment (pre-post test with control design). This research consists of 2 groups of intervention and control with each respondent as much as 47. Sampling technique with consecutive sampling. Instruments used monofilament 10 g neuropathy diabetic test Semmes-Weinstein monofilament type, 128 Hz tuning fork, foot care and leg exercises checklist form. The analysis used is paired t-test. There was relathionship between self care diabetes on foot ulcer risk with significance value is 0.00 (α <0.05). Diabetes self care is effective to prevent risk of foot ulcer in diabetes mellitus client.

Nurse Managers’ Utilization of Fayol’s Theory in Nursing

Acob, Joel Rey Ugsang

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 2 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 2 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract

The main aim of this paper is to appreciate and evaluate human resource management practice of nurse managers utilizing Henri Fayol’s theory. The study being conducted to health facilities in Southern Leyte purposively employed sixteen respondents qualified based on the inclusion criteria such as having supervisory experience of atleast five years, either male or female and with permanent employment status. The study utilized descriptive-evaluative research design in order to collect information without manipulating or changing study subjects and its environment.  Demogrpahic data were tabulated using simple percentage. Weighted mean was also used to establish different management practice delivered and implemented by nurse managers. Based from the findings, most of the nurse managers are female (87%), aging 40-47 years old, with an average gross individual monthly income of 17,000 to 25,000 thousand pesos. All of them did not have units of graduate degrees, however underwent trainings parallel to nursing practice. Education and supervisory-related trainings were acquired through shadowing and peer-coaching. Nurse Managers identified that the fast turnover of staff nurses is the leading factor affecting human resource management due to low salary rate of staff nurses. On the other hand, planning and controlling were the least among the five managerial roles delivered by nurse managers. The study recommends enhancement of these management components to effectively deliver care among clientele.     

Front Matter

UINSAYA, JHSP

Journal of Health Science and Prevention Vol 2 No 1 (2018): JHSP Vol 2 No 1 - 2018
Publisher : State Islamic University of Sunan Ampel

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Abstract