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AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Published by President University
AEGIS Journal of International Relations is a biannual journal which publishes articles on issues, events and discourses in International Relations on the bases of the broadening scope in the discipline.
Articles
28
Articles
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as an Instrument for Regional Leadership of China in the East Asia Region

Raharyo, Anggara

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

The establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has sparked many debates and controversies in the last five years since it was announced back in 2013. Amongst studies trying to explain the reason for the establishment of the AIIB, most of them are based on the analysis of Sino-U.S. relations especially on how they overlooked China as a replacement for global hegemon to the U.S.However, considering China’s foreign policy in the recent decade, the establishment of the AIIB is considered as a typical step to becoming a leader in regionalism of East Asia. This writing concludes that China is still only aiming to become regional leader in the scale of East Asia. Keywords: East Asia, Regionalism, Leadership, China, AIIB

Pink Ribbon Day as the International Breast Cancer Awareness Campaign

Perdana, Abhirama Swastyayana Dian

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Currently, with the booming of New Media, it is not uncommon to see causes and campaigns meant to raise awareness on certain issues.  One of the all-time viral campaigns was ‘ALS Ice Bucket Challenge’ campaign videos performed by well-known celebrities. In relation to causes and campaigns, on the 1st of October, our attention is drawn towards the Pink Ribbon Day – known as the International Breast Cancer Awareness Day.  Not only that, there is currently an attention-getting Cancer Awareness campaign in many social media – Stand Up to Cancer (SU2C) Campaign – which has drawn the attention of those whose lives have been touched by the various devastating Cancer illnesses.  This paper discusses and analyzes the SU2C campaigns in relation to its reliance on celebrity endorsement in achieving its purposes.  The case of SU2C is analyzed within the framework of Circuit of Culturetoanalyze how the public relations theory and Celebrity Humanitarianism may inform the various practices of public relations in the world.  Not only that, through the reflections in the Circuit of Culture, the paper also elaborates the possibilities of how the analysis of the SU2C campaign can be used to influence other cancer awareness campaigns, particularly in Indonesia.Keywords: New Media, Campaign, Circuit of Culture, Celebrity Humanitarianism

Netpolitik: A New Political Transformer for Indonesia?

Arifin, Bustanul, Ulfah, Amirah

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

The development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has brought many fundamental changes in the political practices. One of the main essential aspects of ICTs is internet. This internet plays an important role in developing the information age. Therefore, the information age contributes to the way in which we effectively and efficiently create and consume the information. In this research, we focus to see the role of technology that drives to the practice of netpolitik by both the public and political actors in Indonesia. Netpolitik itself is the combination between internet and politic. Then, we analyze how netpolitik is influencing and changing the political situation in Indonesia during the recent time. Then, we put several aspects in order to see the effects driven by the netpolitik. Finally, we conclude the research by a finding stating that the netpolitik has done a political transformation in Indonesia and it becomes a core engine in determining the behaviour of political actor and audiences.Keywords: Internet, Netpolitik, Public, Political Actors, ICTs, Digital Era, Transformation, and Indonesia

Assessing Indonesia’s Leadership in the Advancement of ASEAN Political-Security Community under President Joko Widodo

Drajat, Gibran Mahesa

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

This paper aims to examine Indonesia’s leadership in ASEAN as the regional organization advances its community building in areas of political-security. Indonesia, the largest state in Southeast Asia both from geographic and economic size, is known for its de facto leadership within the regional integration process of ASEAN. Such integration is mostly prominent in areas of multilateral engagement, conflict management, and democracy as well as human rights promotion. With President Joko Widodo at the helm of Indonesia’s presidency since October 2014, Indonesia has reoriented its foreign policy cornerstone on ASEAN into other channels that best serve its national interest. As Indonesia repositions its focus from ASEAN, there is a need to evaluate whether the trajectory of ASEAN Political-Security Community will continue to thrive under the consensual decision-making process among its ten member states known as ASEAN way. To evaluate Indonesia’s leadership in the advancement of ASEAN Political-Security Community under President Joko Widodo, the paper will review Indonesia’s initiatives to ASEAN and how they contribute towards Southeast Asia’s regionalism. Subsequently, three areas of Indonesia’s leadership in ASEAN Political-Security Community building will be examined: the maintenance of ASEAN Centrality, South China Sea dispute management, and promotion of democracy and human rights. The paper concludes that ASEAN way works not only when ASEAN member states find a common ground on regional issues that affect their respective domestic politics. A presence of informal and voluntary leadership where “matured” member states bring about initiative and persuasion is needed to maintain ASEAN’s strategic relevance in Asia-Pacific. For this reason, Indonesia’s legitimacy as an informal leader in ASEAN plays an important role to ensure that the organization remain united and central to its member states.Keywords: ASEAN Political-Security Community, Indonesian Foreign Policy, Regional Leadership 

Humanitarian Intervention from Constructivist Perspective: CaseStudy of China Peace Keeping Operation in Darfur

Isnarti, Rika

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Peace keeping operation as part of humanitarian intervention is a close issue to human right. It is assumed to be a way to achieve human right particularly in situation of conflict. This essay analyses the difference between humanitarian intervention and the promotion of human rights and reason state join peace keeping operation in humanitarian intervention from constructivist view? This essay chose Case study China peace keeping operation in Darfur. It concludes that Constructivism sees human rights as a norm that can be promoted by social movement as well countries accept that norm. China has to adopt human rights as one of the primary norm and join peace keeping as an idea that this country accepts the human rights norm. In this step China is a norm cascade stage. China receive human rights but still question the appropriate behavior regarding the norm. Keywords: China, Constructivist, peace keeping, norm

From Stockholm to Rio: Critical Reading of Global Environmental Governance

Robertua, Verdinand, Bainus, Arry

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Global environmental governance is deeply undermined due to the problem of overlapping function and lack of funding. It is then important to trace the history of the construction of global environmental governance as an institution. This article would like to understand the dynamics of global environmental governance from Stockholm Conference in 1972 to Rio Conference in 1992. The changes between Stockholm Conference and Rio Conference will be analyzed using English School theory. English School theory has the potential to critically engage with the taken-for-granted norms and institutions. Pluralism and solidarism as the normative wings of English School can elaborate the key driver of global environmental governance. It is expected that this article can contribute to development of environmental studies of English School theory and the formulation of global environmental governance.Keywords: global environmental governance, English School theory, Rio Conference, Stockholm Conference, sustainable development

Malaysia’s Governance Reforms under PM Najib Razak

Haryono, Endi

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Aegis Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

In response to new socio-political conditions in Malaysia following the general election, Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak launched a reform that brought fundamental changes in the economy and governance in Malaysia. By the end of 2011, there were four reform programs - TNR called it a transformation - covering three programs in the first two years of its administration, namely the introduction of the One Malaysia Concept (1Malaysia), the Government Transformation Program (GTP), and the New Economic Model Model / NEM). Entering the third year (2011) Najib fulfilled it with political reform, including the abolition of the Domestic Security Act (ISA). Reforms are an inescapable choice and an option that is not easy in order to maintain popular support for the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, especially the United Malay National Organization (UMNO), which is ruling. 

THE ROLE OF THIRD PARTY ACTOR IN CONFLICT MEDIATION: A LESSON-LEARNED FROM RWANDA AND ACEH (INDONESIA)

Pratama, Haris Rahmat

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

State and non-state actor play crucial roles in solving the conflict within country. On June 2011 through mandate that was given by General Assembly, the 66/811 report was released by United Nations Secretary General on titled “Strengthening the Role of Mediation in the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Prevention and Resolution”. One of fundamental points is the need of inclusiveness in conflict resolution by inviting the non-state actor. Later, the report convinces us on the importance of innovation within mediation by utilizing all actors, whether state or non-state actors. Although, every actor have different capabilities and resources, empowering those actors in dispute settlement process might be the right option. Besides, mediation in which third party involved has to be able to understand nature of the conflict on the ground. Thus, help achieving effective peace process. This writing elaborate the nature conflict and mediation and on how non-state actor play its role through mediation that happened in Rwanda and Aceh (Indonesia).

U.S Policy & Geopolitical Dynamics in the Middle East: Shifting Decision from Barrack Obama (2012-2016) to Donald Trump (2017)

Manurung, Hendra, Sihombing, Albert Barita

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Afghanistan, a catastrophe in Iraq that helped destabilize vast swaths of the Middle East, an unconstitutional war in Libya that created a power vacuum exploited by ISIS, and a drone war that has killed hundreds of innocents in a half-dozen countries. The last two presidents campaigned against wars and won. The more interventionist candidate had lost every election since 2008. On 20 January 2017 Donald J. Trump is inaugurated as nation‟s 45th U.S President, and currently he is desperate. He is flailing from failure to failure in domestic policy, with dismal approval ratings and no clear way to increase them, except by trying to exploit the American public‟s historic tendency to rally around a president at war in implementing the U.S foreign policy. There has never been a stronger case for preemptively reining in a president‟s ability to unilaterally launch military strikes on foreign countries that are not attacking the U.S. To allow a man of Trump‟s character to retain that power, after its expansion by decades of presidents who pushed it beyond the bounds of the Constitution, would be folly.

SMALL NAVY, BIG RESPONSIBILITIES: THE STRUGGLES OF BUILDING INDONESIA’S NAVAL POWER

Agastia, I Gusti Bagus Dharma

AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

From its inception, the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL) has struggled to reconcile its relatively small capabilities with its large responsibilities. This paper argues that significant reforms need to be carried out in order to improve the overall capacity of the TNI-AL and build Indonesian naval power. The Global Maritime Fulcrum vision provides this opportunity, however, it must be sustained by the political leadership in the long term as developing naval power does not happen overnight. To that end, this paper discusses four chief problems that the TNI-AL continues to face today, namely (1) a lack of a comprehensive maritime outlook, (2) stringent budgetary conditions, (3) a continental-oriented command and control structure, and (4) “turf wars” between related agencies in the government. This paper also briefly contrasts and compares Indonesia’s experience with China’s experience with naval development under Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping. Although both countries are arguably different from one another in one way or the other, this exercise serves to highlight three lessons that may be applicable for Indonesia in managing its naval development and understanding the complexity in building its naval power. These lessons include (1) a need for strong and sustained political will in developing naval power and (2) having a clear strategic objective for naval development, and (3) a significant amount of resources are required to build naval power.