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Witri Elvianti
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AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Published by President University
ISSN : 25411373     EISSN : 25484532     DOI : -
AEGIS Journal of International Relations is a biannual journal which publishes articles on issues, events and discourses in International Relations on the bases of the broadening scope in the discipline.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 28 Documents
Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) as an Instrument for Regional Leadership of China in the East Asia Region Raharyo, Anggara
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

The establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has sparked many debates and controversies in the last five years since it was announced back in 2013. Amongst studies trying to explain the reason for the establishment of the AIIB, most of them are based on the analysis of Sino-U.S. relations especially on how they overlooked China as a replacement for global hegemon to the U.S.However, considering China’s foreign policy in the recent decade, the establishment of the AIIB is considered as a typical step to becoming a leader in regionalism of East Asia. This writing concludes that China is still only aiming to become regional leader in the scale of East Asia. Keywords: East Asia, Regionalism, Leadership, China, AIIB
Pink Ribbon Day as the International Breast Cancer Awareness Campaign Perdana, Abhirama Swastyayana Dian
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Currently, with the booming of New Media, it is not uncommon to see causes and campaigns meant to raise awareness on certain issues.  One of the all-time viral campaigns was ‘ALS Ice Bucket Challenge’ campaign videos performed by well-known celebrities. In relation to causes and campaigns, on the 1st of October, our attention is drawn towards the Pink Ribbon Day – known as the International Breast Cancer Awareness Day.  Not only that, there is currently an attention-getting Cancer Awareness campaign in many social media – Stand Up to Cancer (SU2C) Campaign – which has drawn the attention of those whose lives have been touched by the various devastating Cancer illnesses.  This paper discusses and analyzes the SU2C campaigns in relation to its reliance on celebrity endorsement in achieving its purposes.  The case of SU2C is analyzed within the framework of Circuit of Culturetoanalyze how the public relations theory and Celebrity Humanitarianism may inform the various practices of public relations in the world.  Not only that, through the reflections in the Circuit of Culture, the paper also elaborates the possibilities of how the analysis of the SU2C campaign can be used to influence other cancer awareness campaigns, particularly in Indonesia.Keywords: New Media, Campaign, Circuit of Culture, Celebrity Humanitarianism
THE CHINESE GOVERNMENT’S CULTURAL DIPLOMACY THROUGH PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN CONFUCIUS INSTITUTE AND MUSLIM UNIVERSITIES IN INDONESIA Amelia, Gabriella D; Isyana, Adriani
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2016): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

One fact that is very often overlooked is that the ethnic Chinese in Indonesia, often referred to as Chinese Indonesians, play an important part in the diplomatic relations between Indonesia and People’s Republic of China (PRC.) The image that the majority Indonesians, especially the Muslim ones, have about the minority ethnic Chinese in Indonesia helps shape perspectives about PRC. Since the Chinese Indonesians have very often been discredited as pork-eating, ancestors-worshipping (which are deemed haram (forbidden) in Islam), rude, scheming, apolitical, greedy and only care about money, it is not a wonder that if coupled with the image of PRC as a closed country that is stuck in communism, the collective image of the Chinese in general can very well stand in the way of the two countries’ diplomatic relations. To counter this, in 2007 the PRC government through Confucius Institute launched partnerships with several major state and private universities in Indonesia. However, this essay focuses on Confucius Institute’s partnerships with Universitas Al-Azhar Indonesia (Al-Azhar University Indonesia (UAI)) in Jakarta and Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang (Muhammadiyah University Malang (UMM)) in Malang, East Java, as PRC government’s tool to engage Indonesia’s Muslim majority in cultural diplomacy for the success of PRC and Indonesia’s relations.
THE ROLE OF THIRD PARTY ACTOR IN CONFLICT MEDIATION: A LESSON-LEARNED FROM RWANDA AND ACEH (INDONESIA) Pratama, Haris Rahmat
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

State and non-state actor play crucial roles in solving the conflict within country. On June 2011 through mandate that was given by General Assembly, the 66/811 report was released by United Nations Secretary General on titled “Strengthening the Role of Mediation in the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Prevention and Resolution”. One of fundamental points is the need of inclusiveness in conflict resolution by inviting the non-state actor. Later, the report convinces us on the importance of innovation within mediation by utilizing all actors, whether state or non-state actors. Although, every actor have different capabilities and resources, empowering those actors in dispute settlement process might be the right option. Besides, mediation in which third party involved has to be able to understand nature of the conflict on the ground. Thus, help achieving effective peace process. This writing elaborate the nature conflict and mediation and on how non-state actor play its role through mediation that happened in Rwanda and Aceh (Indonesia).
INDIAN OCEAN RIM ASSOCIATION (IORA) AS STRATEGIC FACTOR IN SHAPING INDONESIA’S IMAGINED COMMUNITY AS AN ARCHIPELAGIC COUNTRY Rezasyah, Teuku
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the importance of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) in strengthening Indonesian imagined community as archipelagic country. The idea has become more important following the rise of President Joko Widodo, who constantly pursuing maritime-oriented policies. This research will rely on official documents or literature that emphasize the status of Indonesia as an archipelagic country, as well as the international law that legitimizes Indonesia as an archipelagic country, along with  historical factors and policies of World Maritime Fulcrum in the current administration. This paper will then reveal Indonesian long hibernation as an archipelagic nation. It is through IORA Indonesia works strongly to implement its imagine community, in line with capacity to bridge the ideas leading to  the world maritime fulcrum. The results of this study indicate that there are interconnections surrounding the legitimacy of international law, the historical factors, the ongoing state policy, as well as state involvement in help establishing IORA. All ideas support the Indonesian dream of establishing its own imagined community.
Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI): Revisiting the Indonesian Perspective Nurhasya, Muhamad Jaki
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Aegis Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

The Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) is regarded as one of the most aggressive and impactful worldwide efforts conducted to contain the spread of WMD materials and delivery system.Despite heavy pressure from the United States and its palpable position on the world’s maritime counter-terrorism and WMD effort, Indonesia has always maintained a position of non-participation towards the initiative. This article identified principles of sovereignty and foreign policy trajectory as one of the main hindering factor behind Indonesia’s refusal and proposes a re-evaluation towards both the initiative and Indonesia’s national position.  
Netpolitik: A New Political Transformer for Indonesia? Arifin, Bustanul; Ulfah, Amirah
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AEGIS : Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

The development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has brought many fundamental changes in the political practices. One of the main essential aspects of ICTs is internet. This internet plays an important role in developing the information age. Therefore, the information age contributes to the way in which we effectively and efficiently create and consume the information. In this research, we focus to see the role of technology that drives to the practice of netpolitik by both the public and political actors in Indonesia. Netpolitik itself is the combination between internet and politic. Then, we analyze how netpolitik is influencing and changing the political situation in Indonesia during the recent time. Then, we put several aspects in order to see the effects driven by the netpolitik. Finally, we conclude the research by a finding stating that the netpolitik has done a political transformation in Indonesia and it becomes a core engine in determining the behaviour of political actor and audiences.Keywords: Internet, Netpolitik, Public, Political Actors, ICTs, Digital Era, Transformation, and Indonesia
PROMOTING EUROPEAN INTEGRATION: SECURING EUROPEAN IDENTITY POST COLD WAR Manurung, Hendra
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 1 (2016): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

On November 13, 2015 a handful of terrorists unleashed a barrage of coordinated attacks at public gathering spots in Paris, France, followed by Belgium twin bombings on 22 March 2016. As the casualty figures climbed and investigators swung into action, news reports were filled with grim comparisons. Some calling it the worst night of violence in France since World War II (1939-1945), and others saying it could be Europe’s most horrific terrorist attack in history. Cutting past any hysteria or hyperbole, it is clear that the Nov. 13 and March 22 attacks have brought to a head the conversation on a number of difficult, overlapping questions facing both Europe and the Middle East. It raised critical European identity. The writer attempt to examine European integration impacts on its identity in descriptive analytical research, and founded that, it might be triggered 4 (four) main strategic issues surrounding the European decision makers, including: First, how might European states shift their stance toward the influx of migrants and refugees coming from war zones in1 Hendra Manurung is a permanent lecturer as well as a head of International Relations Study Program. Corresponding author: h_manurung200273@yahoo.comthe Middle East?; Second, are the capabilities of the Islamic State truly expanding, as recent claims suggest? What are its actual strengths and weaknesses?; Third, what options did Paris and Brussels have in responding to the attacks ? As France steps up the tempo of airstrikes in Syria, will the Vienna talks on Syria’s conflict be radically reshaped?; Fourth, what does the future hold for the Schengen Agreement, and would its unraveling lead the European Union itself closer to dissolution? However, still attractive for those scholars who want to elaborate the European integration progress, as how to predict what’s likely to happen next.
U.S Policy & Geopolitical Dynamics in the Middle East: Shifting Decision from Barrack Obama (2012-2016) to Donald Trump (2017) Manurung, Hendra; Sihombing, Albert Barita
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AEGIS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

Afghanistan, a catastrophe in Iraq that helped destabilize vast swaths of the Middle East, an unconstitutional war in Libya that created a power vacuum exploited by ISIS, and a drone war that has killed hundreds of innocents in a half-dozen countries. The last two presidents campaigned against wars and won. The more interventionist candidate had lost every election since 2008. On 20 January 2017 Donald J. Trump is inaugurated as nation‟s 45th U.S President, and currently he is desperate. He is flailing from failure to failure in domestic policy, with dismal approval ratings and no clear way to increase them, except by trying to exploit the American public‟s historic tendency to rally around a president at war in implementing the U.S foreign policy. There has never been a stronger case for preemptively reining in a president‟s ability to unilaterally launch military strikes on foreign countries that are not attacking the U.S. To allow a man of Trump‟s character to retain that power, after its expansion by decades of presidents who pushed it beyond the bounds of the Constitution, would be folly.
Malaysia’s Governance Reforms under PM Najib Razak Haryono, Endi
AEGIS : Journal of International Relations Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Aegis Journal of International Relations
Publisher : President University

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Abstract

In response to new socio-political conditions in Malaysia following the general election, Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak launched a reform that brought fundamental changes in the economy and governance in Malaysia. By the end of 2011, there were four reform programs - TNR called it a transformation - covering three programs in the first two years of its administration, namely the introduction of the One Malaysia Concept (1Malaysia), the Government Transformation Program (GTP), and the New Economic Model Model / NEM). Entering the third year (2011) Najib fulfilled it with political reform, including the abolition of the Domestic Security Act (ISA). Reforms are an inescapable choice and an option that is not easy in order to maintain popular support for the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition, especially the United Malay National Organization (UMNO), which is ruling. 

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