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Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Jurnal Kesehatan Prima is one of the journal which concerns on health field. it was published since 2007 by Poltekkes Kemenkes Mataram. JKP adopts double-blind peer review policy, and concerns on various of health fields for instance: Nursing, Midwifery, Nutrition, Medical Lab Technology, General Health. JKP is Published 2 (two) times annually, in February and August. JKP is published in Bahasa Indonesia.
Articles
100
Articles
THE ABILITY OF POSTPARTUM PRIMIPARA ADOLESCENT MOTHERS IN BREASTFEEDING NEWBORN BABY AT UPT BLUD PUSKESMAS NARMADA WEST LOMBOK, THE PROVINCE OF WEST NUSA TENGGARA IN 2017

Hamidiyanti, Baiq Yuni Fitri, Suseno, Mutiara Rahmawati

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract

Abstract: A transition become parents will be difficult for teenage parents, a teenage primipara mothers in the first week are still not ready to accept her new duties as a mother. Primipara mothers often have feelings of inadequacy and inability to perform baby care skills, such as breastfeeding or breastfeeding. This study aimed to determine the ability of postpartum primipara adolescent mothers in breastfeeding newborn baby. Type of observational study with cross sectional design. The study population was all postpartum primipara maternal adolescents at Puskesmas Narmada from May to July 2017, sampling technique used purposive sampling and the number of samples obtained as many as 40 respondents. The statistical test used is linear regression test. The results showed that there was influence of the ability to breastfeed newborns on third day with infant weight on third day, with p = 0.000 or p <0,05, with regression coefficient value equal to R = 0,576. Results on the seventh day was the effect of the ability to breastfeed newborns on seventh day with infant weight on seventh day, with p = 0.000 or p <0.05. The conclusion of the study there is a significant influence of the ability to breastfeed newborns with the growth of newborn weight.Keywords: Ability, Primipara Adolescent, Breastfeeding Newborn Baby.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPPORTIVE SELF CARE EDUCATION USING THE EDUCATION BOOKLET TOWARD THE ABILITY EARLY DETECTION OF HYPOGLYCEMIA AND HYPERGLYCEMIA OF DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AT RSUD BIMA IN 2017

Martiningsih, Martiningsih, Hendari, Rini, D. Ahmad, Dahlan

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder caused by a disruption of insulin secretion or impaired insulin activity resulting in the occurrence of hyperglycemia and cells not getting enough glucose for energy. Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia in DM patients is an acute complication of DM that can occur repeatedly and can aggravate DM disease can even cause death. Prevalence of hypoglycemia is quite high, about 90% of patients receiving insulin therapy have experienced hypoglycemia. The high prevalence and the magnitude risk of hypoglycemia and severe hyperglycemia is closely relate to the behavior of DM patients in managing the disease, especially behavior and the ability in early detection of hypoglycemic conditions and hyperglycemia. The development of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in more severe circumstances can be prevented by increased ability to control blood glucose and early detection of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia by enhancing early detection of risk factors or causes, interpretation of symptoms of hypoglycemia and early hyperglycemia so that more severe complications can be prevented. The purpose of this study is to analyze the The effectiveness of Supportive Self Care Education using the Educational Booklet toward the ability  Early Detection of Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia of Diabetes Mellitus Patients at RSUD Bima in 2017. This type of research is quantitative research using pre experiment design with two group pretest and posttest approach. Independent T test was used to analyse the data. The study had been conducted for 9 weeks, from September to October 2017. The results show that supportive self-care education with educational booklet increase the ability of  detection hypoglicemia and hyperglycemia that are indcated by the increasing ability of early detection of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in treatment group compared to group control (p = 0.000; α = 0.05). The findings are expected to improve nursing care in DM patients, as one of the independent interventions that can be done by nurses and to increase knowledge related to the concept of self-care education in nursing perspective based on self-care orem nursing theory and to be able to provide education with appropriate methods, prevent acute hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic emergencies.Keywords: Educational, Booklet, Hypoglicemia, Hyperglicemia.

FETUS’ WEIGHT AND Hb LEVEL WITH APGAR SCORE OF NEWBORN WHO SUFFERS ASPHYXIA AT RSUDP NTB IN 2016

Sulianty, Aty, Faiqah, Syajaratuddur

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: Infant mortality (AKB) is one important indicator in determining the level of public health.  Demographic Health Survey Indonesia based estimation of infant mortality (AKB) of 34 per 1000 live births. It is still far from the target of the MDGs, 2015  AKB amounted to 23 per 1000 live births and reports from the World Health Organization, (WHO) in 2012 that each year, approximately 3% (3.6 million) from 120 million infants born experienced asphyxiation. The objective study was to know the relationship of fetus’ weight and Hb levels and APGAR score who suffered asphyxia in RSUDP NTB 2016. The method in this study was Observational Analytic study with Cross Sectional Sample design was 237 newborn baby who suffered asphyxia. The data were analyzed using regression correlation test. The findings in this research indicated that there was a correlation between newborn baby’s body weight and Hb levels with APGAR score who suffered asphyxia at RSUD NTB in 2016 with (P value = 0.01) and shows a weak relationship and patterned a positive value (r = 0,158), (r = 0,206). A suggestion for further research on fetus’ Hb levels and APGAR score with different research design and set the sample criteria relate to factors of pregnancy and labor.Keywords: Newborn Weight, Fetus’ Hb Levels, Apgar score, Asphyxia.

THE EFFECT OF MELON SEEDS FLOUR (Cucumis Melo L.) TOWARD TOTAL CHOLESTEROL LEVEL IN WHITE MALE WISTAR STRAIN RATS (Rattus Norvegicus)

Diarti, Maruni Wiwin, Tatontos, Erlin Yustin, Jiwintarum, Yunan, Mianti, Anggun Sari

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract

Abstract: Cholesterol is an important element in the body, but in high quantities, it can cause atherosclerosis that will eventually possess an impact on coronary heart disease. One of the foods that can reduce cholesterol is a food contains flavonoids which is found in melon seeds (Cucumis melo l.). It contains high fiber that can reduce either of excessive insulin or blood fat levels. The objective study was to determine the effect of Melon seeds flour Toward Total Cholesterol Level in White Male Wistar Strain Rats. This research was carried out with pre-expriment research design, used One group pretest-postest with 5 male wistar strain rats. Data collected in the form of data examination results of total cholesterol level before and after introducing Melon seeds flour. The mean result of total cholesterol test in white male rats before giving Melon seeds flour was 261 mg / dL, whereas the result of total cholesterol test after giving Melon seeds flour was 190.2 mg/dL. Cholesterol levels decreased by 70.8 mg/dl. In short, presenting Melon seeds flour (Cucumis melo l.) for 14 days can decrease total cholesterol level in white male wistar rats. Keywords: Melon Seeds, wistar strain, total cholesterol.

MONITORING HEALTH SERVICE SATISFACTION IN HOSPITAL VIA SMARTPHONE IN CENTRAL SULAWESI

Zainul, Zainul, Nasrul, Nasrul, Hafid, Fahmi

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: The purpose of this study was to create monitoring model of a satisfaction of hospital health servicesbased on Smartphone in Central Sulawesi. The research design was Cross-sectional. The sample was 384 respondents through accidental sampling that were implemented at RSU Anutapura Palu, RSU Anutaloko Parigi and RSUD Luwuk. Data was collected by electronic forms in smartphone through google apps, analyzed with SPSS version 17.0. The results showed respondents at Anutapura Palu hospital 44.8%, Anutaloko Parigi 35.4% and Luwuk 19.8%. Male 60.2%. Bachelor (S1) 53.9%, State civil apparatus 51.8%. BPJS Insurance 53.5%. Respondents selected a hospital because of the location easy to reach (54.9%) Visit of Polyclinic (50%) to control health (44.3%). Respondents expressed satisfaction with hospital service in Central Sulawesi (78,6%) based on requirement, service time, Product Specification, Executors competence, Service report, Complaints Handling, Suggestion and Input respectively were 72,9%, 69,3% , 68.7%, 70.3%, 73.2%, 75.5, 69.5% and 71.7% respectively. Model monitoring by using google apps (Documents, Sheets and Bit.ly). This research suggests that hospitals can use google apps via smartphones to measure patient satisfaction with hospital services. Monitoring hospital service satisfaction and responding promptly to complaints can increase public confidence in hospital services.Keywords: Service monitoring, hospital, smartphone.

THE IMMUNE RESPONSE IN WORM INFECTION AT PUSKESMAS TANJUNG KARANG IN MATARAM

Gunarti, Gunarti, Tatontos, Erlin Yustin, Urip, Urip

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract

Abstrac: A worm infection can decrease sufferers’ health condition, nutrition, intelligence and their productivity thus, it can cause numerous of disadvantages economically. The immune response to worm infection begins with Th2 activation with a significant increase of IL-4, IL-5, IL-9, IL-10 and IL-13. The cytokines IL-5 that formed stimulates the growth and activation of eosinophils. The purpose of this research was to know the immune response by increasing the number of eosinophils to worm infection rate at Puskesmas Tanjung Karang. The research design was expost facto with cross sectional or transversal. The sample was communities’ faces and blood at Puskesmas Tanjung Karang as many as 50 people. The technique sampling was random from family members who have worm risk factors (poor sanitation conditions, living near animal cage, ground floor houses, pets such as dogs and cats). The correlation analysis of worm infection with eosinophils used Mann Whitney Test. The results showed that the prevalence of worm infection belong to mild category for Trichurin trichura was 10%, and the overall worm infection was 12% whereas the average number of eosinophils in the normal category was between 50-300 cells / mm². The results of statistical analysis were not significant (Asymp. Sig. 0.059) which means that there was no effect of the immune response with the number of eosinophils on the level of worminfection at Puskesmas Tanjung Karang.Keywords: Immune response, eosinophil, worm infection.

THE EFFECT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION AND GYMNASTICS CREATIONS OF SASAK (Rudat dance) AGAINST WEIGHT CHANGE, BMI, AND LIPID PROFILE TO OVERWEIGHT STUDENTS AT NUTRITION DEPARTMENT OF POLITEKNIK KESEHATAN MATARAM

Wahyuningsih, Retno, Candri, Ni Putu Anita, Faridha, Siti Noor Aulya

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: The lifestyle changes in some societies today lead to a modern lifestyle, including dietary changes that change to the selection of foods with high energy and fat. Excessive energy consumption becomes the cause of obesity. Obesity, in addition becomes a health problem, also a problem for ones appearance. Obesity is associated with lipid profile. Obesity interventions can be done by setting the diet through nutrition education and exercise in the form of gymnastics creations dance exercises. Objective study was to know the effect of nutrition education (REST diet) and gymnastics creations (Rudat dance) against weight change, BMI, and lipid profile to overweight students at Nutrition Department of Politeknik Kesehatan Mataram. Research Method was Quasi experiment, randomized pre-post control group to 33 students, age 18-22 years. The data were analyzed by Univariat for the distribution of research variables and Bivariate test with different test of Paired t-test. There was significant weight loss in group 1 (χ ± SD: 0.35 kg ± 0.43, p: 0.030), and group 3 (1.72 ± 1.78, p: 0.014). While on IMT decrease in. group 1 (0.15 kg/m2 ± 0.19, p: 0.033), and group 3 (0.68 ± 0.63, p: 0.008). As for the lipid profile, there was no decrease in blood cholesterol levels, and there was a decrease in triglycerides in group 3 (24.4 ± 28.59, p: 0.024). Keywords: Education REST Diet, Creative Gymnastics, Weight, BMI, Lipid Profile, Excess Weight.

FACTORS CONNECTED WITH DECISION MAKING OF THE FAMILY IN THE USE OF HEALTH SERVICES AT PUSKESMAS PASIR KALIKI IN 2017

Napitupulu, Indra Karana, Carolina, Babygia, Rahmawati, Naili

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: A utilization model of health service influenced by predisposing factors, ability and needs. This study aimed to determine the factors associated with family decision making in the utilization of health services in Kelurahan Pasir Kaliki. The research type was descriptive correlation using Cross Sectional approach. Population in this research was all of population in work area UPT Puskesmas Pasir Kaliki Bandung with 95 responden. Sampling technique that used in this study was purposive sampling. The data were collected by interview using questionnaire. the data were analyzed using Chi Square test. The result showed that respondents who used health service were 84.2%, respondents with high school education 35.8%, 36.8% respondents worked as laborers, 60.0% of respondents have income below UMR and 77,9% respondents who had health insurance. The results of statistical tests show that there is a significant relationship between employments with the utilization of health services. In conclusion, there is a significant correlation between occupational factors with health service utilization (p = 0,034) with estimated risk 0.113. Keywords: Utilization of health service, puskesmas, decision-making, family.

THE AFFECTING ANEMIA OCCURRENCE FACTORS IN PREGNANCY IN SINGKAWANG CITY

Asmariana, Yully, Perwitasari, Nursyam, Andriani, Evi

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: Anemia is a common health problem during pregnancy. Anemia can cause complications in pregnancy and increase maternal mortality (MMR). The maternal mortality Kota Singkawang reaches 306 / 100,000 live births. In the year 2014 the number of maternal deaths in the city of Singkawang about 80% among them due to bleeding and other causes. This study aims to determine the affect of the incidence of anemia in pregnancy in the city of Singkawang. The method used in this research is cross-sectional study. The data factors processed in univariate with frequency number table, bivariate with cross table 2 X 2 and tested with chi square. While the amount of risk is measured by Odds Ratio. The number of samples is 210 pregnant women taken by simple random sampling. The result of the research was 57.1% of respondents who had anemia. The result of bivariate analysis found that from 4 variables studied, there were 4 variables related to the incidence of anemia that is education (p = 0,0475, OR = 2,000), the number of ANC visits (p = 0.047, OR = 2,000), the parity (p = 0,341, OR = 1,336), the pregnancy distance (p = 0,556 , OR = 0.813). Therefore, to suppress the incidence of anemia in pregnancy and its various effects it is advisable to regulate pregnancy through family planning programs, as well as to note the increase of ANC visits.Keywords: Education, parity, number of ANC visits, pregnancy distance, and anemia.

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CPR VIDEO FOR LAY COMMUNITIES ABILITY IN CONDUCTING CPR IN SEMBUNG VILLAGE OF NARMADA DISTRICT

Sentana, A’an Dwi, Warnis Wijayanti, Gusti Ayu Sri Puja, Sumartini, Ni Putu

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 12, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

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Abstract: The efforts to improve the ability for lay people in conducting Cardiopulmonary Resucitation (CPR) need to be done. One of them is to provide CPR training using CPR video. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of CPR video to improve the ability for lay people in conducting CPR. Research design was Quasi experiment with pretest posttest group with the population was the lay communities in Sembung village, Narmada district. Sampling that would be used by researcher was purposive sampling, with a number of sample was 30 belong to treatment group and 30 of control group.The results showed Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test statistic for the treatment group on Knowledge p value (0.000) ≤ 0.05 control group p value (0.000) ≤ 0.05. The attitude of the treatment group p value (0.000) ≤ 0.05, control group value p (0.467)> 0.05. The action on the treatment group p value (0.000) ≤ 0.05, in the control group p value (0.000) ≤ 0.05. Mann Whitney U Test Result Test Mann-Whitney U Test that knowledge on treatment and control group p value (0,514)> 0,05 while attitude with p value (0,049) ≤ 0,05 and action with value p (0,000) ≤ 0, 05. To improve the ability of communities to participate in the training can utilize a learning media such as CPR video. It is expected can guide the communities in doing CPR properly. Keywords: CPR Video, Communities ability.