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INDONESIA
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal
ISSN : 08538980     EISSN : 25026569     DOI : -
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal published in Indonesia by Center for Fisheries Research. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal publishes research results on resources, fisheries biology, management, environment related to marine, coastal and inland waters.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)" : 6 Documents clear
STOCK ENHANCEMENT IN INDONESIAN LAKE AND RESERVOIRS FISHERIES Kartamihardja, Endi Setiadi
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.133 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.91-100

Abstract

A total water surface area of lakes and reservoirs of Indonesia is 2.3 million hectares. To increase fish production in Indonesian lakes and reservoirs, fish stock enhancement were practiced. A review on fish stock enhancement in Indonesian lakes and reservoirs was conducted. Some species used in stock enhancement were reviewed, and the causes of program success or failure were analyzed in an attempt to determine the best approach for future stocking. Since 2000 the success of the project onfish stock enhancement were supported by basic research on diet, ecological niche, life cycle and behavior of the species stocked. Recent successes in fish stock enhancement are mainly determined by species which can be reproduced naturally in the water bodies. Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Siamese cat fish (Pangasionodon hypophthalmus) and small carp (bilih, Mystacoleucus padangensis), an endemic species are the species have best performances in the increasing fish productionsignificantly. Milk fish (Chanos chanos) stock enhancement can be used to mitigate the negative impact of cage culture in the reservoir. While grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) has been successful in controlling aquatic weed, Eichhornia crassipes in some lakes. Management of fish stockenhancement including providing quality and quantity of seeds, regulating of fish catch, developin g of market system, institution and fisheries co-management have supported a steady yearly increase in yield. The governments should take the initiative in protection of genetic diversity, especially in stock enhancement of lakes inhabited by endemic and or threatened species, such as lakes in Sulawesi and Papua Island.
STOMACH CONTENT OF THREE TUNA SPECIES IN THE EASTERN INDIAN OCEAN Setyadji, Bram; Bahtiar, Andi; Novianto, Dian
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.519 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.57-62

Abstract

Feeding habit of tuna in Indian Ocean has been described around Sri Lanka, Indian Waters, Andaman Sea, western Indian Ocean (Seychelles Islands), western equatorial Indian Ocean whereas the tunas feeding habit study in Eastern Indian Oceanis merely in existence. The purpose of this study is to investigate the stomach content of three tuna species (bigeye tuna, yellowfin tuna, and skipjack tuna), apex predator in the southern part of Eastern Indian Ocean. The study was conducted in March – April, 2010 on the basis of catches of commercial tuna longline vessel based in Port of Benoa. A total of 53 individual fishes were collected, consisting of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus), yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacores), and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). Stomach specimens were collected and analyzed.Analysis was conducted on the basis of index of preponderance method. The diet of the three tuna species showed fishes as the main diet (56–82%), followed by cephalopods (squids) as the complementary diet (0–8%), and crustaceans (shrimps) as the additional diet (2–4%). Fish prey composed of 6 families i.e. Alepisauridae, Bramidae, Carangidae, Clupeidae, Engraulidae, and Scombridae.
SIZE AND FISHING GROUND OFWAHOO (Acanthocybium solandri Cuvier, 1832) FROM CATCH DATA OF TUNA LONGLINE OPERATED IN INDIAN OCEAN Widodo, Agustinus Anung; Satria, Fayakun; Nugraha, Budi
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.536 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.101-106

Abstract

Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri Cuvier, 1832) is a member of the Scombrid family, is a pelagic (open ocean) species found worldwide in tropical and warm-temperate seas. It is fished throughout its range by artisanal, recreational, and commercial. Wahoo is one of the by-product species of the tuna long line fleets operate in Indian Ocean. This paper describes status of wahoo resource caught by tuna long line in Indian Ocean based at Benoa-Bali. Data obtained from onboard observer program on the tuna long liner based at Benoa-Bali during 2005-2010. Total of 85 trips of onboard observation were carried out with the total long line sets (one set per day) were 2873 times. The data covered the horizontal and vertical position of tuna long line hooks caught the wahoo, hook rate and fish size distribution. Data of horizontal fishing positions (coordinates) gained from the global positioning system availabled in the tuna long liners. The depth of the long line gear in the waters and teperature of waters were measured by mini-loggers TDR type SP2T-1200, brand: NKE Micrel. Hook rate of wahoo is calculated using the Klawe (1986) method. Result of research showed that the wahoos caught by tuna long lines based at Benoa spread horizontally between 1o31’-33o 40’S and 77o18’-117o53’E and spread vertically between the depth of 75.2- 285.7 m. From 85 tuna long line fishing trips, only about 50% of 85 tuna long line fishing trips caught wahoo with hook rate ranged 0.947-1.399 per 1000 hooks/setting. Size distribution of wahoo ranged 70-180cm with modus ranged 101-110cm.
EXPLOITATION AND CPUE TREND OF THE SMALL PELAGIC FISHERIES IN THE SULAWESI SEA, INDONESIA Sadiyah, Lilis; Purwanto, Purwanto; Prasetyo, Andhika P.
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (78.65 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.63-69

Abstract

One of the expected benefits of the Sulu-Celebes Sea Project during its implementation is to have increased fish stocks at demonstration sites, as indicated by the Catch per Unit of Effort (CPUE). Analysis of catch and effort data of the small pelagic fisheries by using the surplus yield model was done to obtain information on the likely trend of CPUE for the last ten years. By using the pajeko as the standardized fishing gear the trend of CPUE has been calculated. Between 2000-2005, the trend of production (catch), effort and CPUE followed the general pattern of the exploited fisheries that already fully exploited, where the increasing trend of effort was not followed by the increasing catch. On the other hand, the trend of CPUE is decreased. In the following years, the trend of both catch and CPUE do not follow the general pattern of the exploited fisheries. The trend of catch, effort and CPUE has likely been stable, indicating that the fishery in this period has been leveled-off. The status of exploitation of the small pelagic fish resources in the Indonesian Sulawesi Sea is demermined by the MSY level that has likely been surpassed during the period 2003-2004. Therefore with the increasing effort in the following year the trend of catch was relatively stable. It is likely that the small pelagic fish stock in the Indonesian Sulawesi Sea might be ‘fully exploited’.
IS THERE ANY RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FLUCTUATING ASYMMETRY AND REPRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT IN GIANT FEATHERBACK (CHITALA LOPIS, NOTOPTERIDAE) Wibowo, Arif
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.464 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.71-77

Abstract

Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is often used as an indicator of perturbed development. As organisms placed under greater stress, less energy is available to buffer their development compared to unstressed individuals and increasing levels of asymmetry. Therefore, individual asymmetry scores within a population can be used as a measure of an organism’s ability to buffer its development and can be considered as an indirect measurement of individual fitness. In this study a test was conducted to know any correlation among FA and four fitness traits in giant featherback (Chitala lopis) inhabiting non acidified and acidified region along the Kampar River. Three bilateral meristic characters were counted on each side of the fish: number of gill rakers on the lower first branchial arch, eyes diameter, and number of pectoral-fin rays and four traits related to the fitness were measured: egg diameter, size of first maturity, gonad somatic index, and fecundity. Results show that FA (both number and magnitude) levels are differerent, giant featherback inhabiting more acidic station were slightly more asymmetric than those from less acidic one except to those inhabiting alkali station. However, the reproductive investment of giant featherback in the five sampling stations studied here gave no indication that the populations strongly affected by acidification. In this study it did not find any significant negative correlation between FA and any of the measured fitness traits. Therefore it can be concluded that FA is not a useful measure of fitness in this species.
PERFORMANCE OF A FISHERY HARVESTING DIFFERENT MINIMUM SHRIMP SIZES IN THE ARAFURA SEA Purwanto, Purwanto
Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Vol 18, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1478.189 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ifrj.18.2.2012.79-89

Abstract

Avoiding overfishing and ensuring the sustainability of the shrimp stock in the Arafura Sea are of prime importance for fishery management. Exploited shrimp stock consists of several cohorts, and grows considerably with age. When the shrimps are caught before the cohort has had the opportunity to achieve its optimum biomass level, the fishery will lose much of the potential benefit that could be achieved by catching them in the near future. Therefore, a bio-economic approach was developed, on the basis of the length-based Thompson & Bell model, to evaluate the impact of harvesting different size of shrimps on fishery performance. The result of analysis shows that the fishery achieved the optimal total profit when the shrimp size at first-capture and fishing mortality were 29 mm CL and 0.50, respectively. The total profit to the fishery would be sub-optimal when the shrimp size at-first-capture was smaller or larger than the optimal size. Further, it was more economical to harvest shrimps at the larger size and higher fishing mortality, and resulting in higher total profit, when natural mortality decreased.

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