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JURNAL KIMIA SAINS DAN APLIKASI
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
urnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi (p-ISSN: 1410-8917) and e-ISSN: 2597-9914) is published by Department of Chemistry, Diponegoro University. This journal is published four times per year and publishes research, review and short communication in field of Chemistry.
Articles
384
Articles
Validation of UV-VIS Spectrophotometric Methods for Determination of Inulin Levels from Lesser Yam (Dioscorea esculenta L.)

Apriliyani, Sandra Ayu, Martono, Yohanes, Riyanto, Cucun Alep, Mutmainah, Mutmainah, Kusmita, Kusmita

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 4 (2018): volume 21 Issue 4 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Validation of methods is necessary to ensure that the analytical methods used are appropriate and reliable. In this research, the determination of validation method and determination of inulin content from gembili bulb (Dioscorea esculenta L.). The method used for determining inulin levels is UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Based on the results obtained, the maximum wavelength determination of inulin levels is 520 nm. The method of analysis in this study meets the specified validation requirements. These parameters include the equation on the inulin raw curve y = 0.0045x +0.109 with the coefficient of determination 0.9992. The accuracy of the methods tested using the recovery test was 96.14-106.76% at concentrations of 25, 100, and 225 ppm. The intraday precision test is in the range of 2.67-6.82% at the same concentration as the accuracy test. Precision interday equal to 7.41% at concentration 225 ppm for 3 day analysis period. The values of LOD and LOQ are 3.58 ppm and 11.95 ppm, respectively. The concentration of inulin extract from gembili bulb is 840.44-12188.59 ppm.

The Chemical Characteristics of Iron Oxide/Carbon Synthesized by the Arc Discharge Method in Liquid Media with the Addition of Ammonia

Retnosari, Indah, Hayati, Ikrima Nur, Amalia, Amalia, Hastuti, Sri, Saraswati, Teguh Endah

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 4 (2018): volume 21 Issue 4 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

The chemical characteristics of composite material of iron oxide with carbon synthesized by arc discharge method in liquid medium have been identified. The liquid medium used in the method was ethanol with ammonia addition. The chemical characteristics of the resulting product were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX). The morphology of the material was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The observed materials have a spherical and orderly structure. The FTIR spectra profile shows the peaks of N-H and C-N. The amino groups coming from ammonia as a liquid medium during arc discharge were supposed to have been covalently attached to carbon materials composited with iron oxide. The elemental analysis of EDX confirms the presence of nitrogen elements that were not found on the materials synthesized in arc discharge without ammonia addition.

Adsorption of HDTMA-Br Surfactant by Activated Carbon with Variation of Carbonization Temperature and HDTMA-Br Concentration Obtained from Rice Husk

Pargiman, Galih N. R., Arnelli, Arnelli, Astuti, Yayuk

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 4 (2018): volume 21 Issue 4 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Research has been conducted on the adsorption of HDTMA-Br surfactant by rice husk-activated carbon with variation of carbonization temperature and concentration of HDTMA-Br. This study aims to produce surfactant modified activated carbon (SMAC), therefore it is necessary to determine the influence of carbonization temperature to the adsorption capability of activated carbon on HDTMA-Br surfactant by identifying the amount of HDTMA-Br surfactant absorbed, to characterize the characters of carbon, activated carbon and activated carbon adsorbing surfactant using FTIR and SAA. Carbonization was carried out by pyrolysis with temperature variations of 300, 350 and 400°C. The carbon produced was activated using 60% H3PO4 for 1 hour. After that, the activated carbon was applied to adsorb HDTMA-Br surfactant by varying the concentration that were 300, 1100, 1900, 2700, 3500 and 4300 ppm. The results showed that HDTMA-Br adsorbed tended to increase by increasing the concentration of surfactant. In addition, the best carbonization temperature showing high adsorption capability of activated carbon was at 300°C. FTIR spectra of activated carbon showed the presence of P = O peak; at the SMAC sampel there was peak of N-(CH3)3 with different intensities in three samples. Moreover, SAA analysis showed that the surface area of activated carbon increased compared to carbon and slightly decreased after the activated carbon absorbed HDTMA-Br.

Fragrance Formation in the of Cocoa Roasted Process (Theobroma cacao) with Roaster Temperature Variation using a Vacuum Drying Oven

Sihombing, Monang, Puspita, Dhanang, Sirenden, Mayer Tinting

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Chocolate is cacao nib processed product which is favorite commodity in the world, nevertheless, many of consumer have not known about the process. Notable stage in cacao processing is roaster process. Cacao roasting process currently uses conventional methods, which have weaknesses like energy wastage and bioactive compounds damage. Vacuum drying oven is new roasting method which uses low pressure and temperature. Through this research, the difference of aroma development between roasting process on conventional and vacuum drying oven method was investigated. Roasted cacao was extracted by water distillation, then distillate was separated by diethyl ether partition. The extract was characterized with GC-MS. The Characterization result shown that temperature 70°C contained 11 volatile compounds and temperature 80°C, 90°C and 140°C contained 7 volatile compounds. The higher roasting temperature, the more diverse of volatile compound. The best result in cacao roasting was on vacuum drying oven at 90°C, which has similar aroma with 140°C as control sample.

Assessing the Composition of 19th Century Lime Mortars from a Mission Chapel in the Former Hacienda de San Isidro de Mariquina Philippines

Cayme, Jan-Michael, L. Aurellano, Renz Matthew L., Cabral, Carmen Luisa P., Alonzo, Gellyn Ann R., Asor, Aniano N. , Jr.

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of a chemical study on lime mortars manufactured during the Spanish Colonial Period in the Philippines. Lime mortar samples, MRK-01 and MRK-02, were obtained from the facade of a historical mission chapel in Marikina City. The nature of the aggregate and binder components in these mortar samples were determined by performing sieve analysis and classified to be poorly graded with uniform gradation. An aggregate to binder ratio of approximately 1:1 was computed based on the solubility of the individual sieved fractions in hydrochloric acid. The silicate character of the aggregate was confirmed by the absorbance peaks attributed to silicon dioxide (SiO2) in the Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Natural river sand was used as aggregates in both mortar samples which is apparent from the particle shapes of the sieved fractions. There was also no evidence of sea shells, broken potteries, brick fragments and bulk unburned limestone used as aggregates in any of the mortar samples tested. The binder portion is mainly calcitic or calcium carbonate (CaCO3) based on the FTIR spectra and was shown to be removed by hydrochloric acid digestion. Titration method using ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was employed to determine the amount of calcium in the acid soluble fractions. The percentage of calcium for MRK-01 ranges from about 1.0% to 9.5%, while MRK-02 ranges from about 2.3% to 16.8%, respectively. These percentages indicate that MRK-02 was manufactured with more lime binder compared to MRK-01. From this study, a simple method of understanding the composition of old lime mortars in the Philippines was established, which is useful for general heritage conservation work.

Effect of Lactose Concentration as Lactobacillus bulgaricus Substrate on Potential Cells Produced in Microbial Fuel Cell Systems

Kusuma, Riska Anggri, Suyati, Linda, Rahmanto, Wasino Hadi

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

The effect of laxose concentration as Lactobacillus bulgaricus bacterial substrate on the cell potential produced in Microbial Fuel Cell System has been done. This study aims to determine the effect of lactose concentration as bacterial substrate, to generate electricity, maximum electric potential and determine the potential value of standard lactose (E ° Lactose.) Based on Nernst equation. The MFC system of two compartments and bridges of salt as a linkage is used in this study. Anode contains lactose with variation of concentration 3 - 7% and bacteria. The cathode contains a 1M KMO4. The electrodes used are graphite. MFC operational time is 14 days. The results showed that the lactose concentration had an effect on the cell potential produced in the MFC system. Maximum cell potential yielded at 4% lactose concentration, that is 710 mV then based on Nerst equation theory obtained E ° Lactose value in MFC system of + 0,236 V.

Biolubrication Synthesis Made from Used Cooking Oil and Bayah Natural Zeolite Catalyst

Rochmat, Agus, Nurhanifah, Athia Hasna, Parviana, Yunita, Suaedah, Suaedah

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Automotive growth in Indonesia continues to increase, thus the needed of material that supported such as lubricants have also increased. To support environment to have a sustainable development, the world needs biodegradable lubricant or biolubricant. Biolubricant can match the characteristics and replace the function of petroleum-based lubricants. The biolubricant base material at the moment was the vegetable oil through a series of physically and chemically modified. This research synthesizes used cooking oil into biolubricant using natural zeolite catalyst, which in its production included esterification process of used cooking oil, synthesis of methyl ester and biolubricant synthesis. Biolubicant synthesis was conducted by variation of methyl ester mole ratio with ethylene glycol of 1:13-40 and catalyst mass range of 0.5%-3%. The results of the study showed that the highest yield was 83.46%, density 0.8994 g/mL, viscosity 40°C 52.90 cSt and at 100°C 8.74 cSt, the pour point 6°C and the flash point 278°C.

Synthesis of Zeolite from Bagasse and Rice Husk Ashes as Surfactant Builder on Detergency Process: Variation of NaOH Concentration for Silica Isolation

Arnelli, Arnelli, Fathoni, Bara Yunianto, Prastyo, Teguh Iman, Suseno, Ahmad, Astuti, Yayuk

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Zeolite was successfully synthesised from ash bagasse and from rice husk ash as source of silica and applied to surfactant builder. The removal of silica from bagasse ash and from rice husk ash was influenced by NaOH concentration to obtain sodium silicate. This research aimed to synthesize zeolite, determine the optimum concentration of NaOH to synthetic zeolite, identify the zeolite mineral type, morphology, determine cation exchange rate and detergency by using synthesized zeolite as builder. Synthesis of zeolite was undertaken by sol-gel method followed by hydrothermal process. The stages of this study included the production of bagasse and rice husk ashes, isolation of silicate using a variation of NaOH concentration of 1.67, 3.33, 5.00, 6.67 and 8.30 M in the form of sodium silicate. Synthesis of zeolite was carried out by reacting sodium silicate and sodium aluminate using hydrothermal method. The synthesized zeolites were characterized using XRD and SEM. The results of this research indicated the types of zeolite minerals formed, namely, zeolite A, Na-A, Na-Y and sodalite. The morphology of the synthesized zeolites from both samples was quite homogeneous, NaOH concentration used to produce zeolite from bagasse ash was 1.67 M with value of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and detergency were respectively 121.14 mek/100 gram and 92.09% while synthesis zeolite from rice husk ash was generated using 8.3 M NaOH concentration with value of cation exchange capacity (CEC) and detergency were 65,71 mek / 100 gram and 94,313%, respectively.

Potential Oxidative Treatment Using Pb-PbO2 Electrode in Electrodecolorizing Batik Wastewater

Widodo, Didik Setiyo, Nuryanto, Rahmad, Haris, Abdul, Dewi, Prihastuti Santini Laksmi, Apipah, Lutfia

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Electrodecolorization of batik wastewater has been done. Study was performed to remediate aquatic environment containing dyes of batik industry by electrolysis, decreasing COD and some metal ions as well. Research was conducted by electrolyzing sample from Buaran Pekalongan and Semarang using Pb and PbO2 as electrodes at a constant applied potential. Solution after treating were analysed, zeolite sieving treatment, and final analysis by UV-Vis spectrophotometer for measuring decolorization percentages, atomic absorption spectrophotometerer (AAS) for evaluating metal ions of Cu2+, total Fe and Na+, and COD analysis. Results show that electrolysis of batik wastewater using PbO2 as anode effectively decolorize and decreasing COD values. Sample containing indigozol and remazol black B (RBB) were decolorized up to 100%. CODs were reduced to 98.6% and 95.4%, respectively. Zeolite treatment enhancing water quality by reducing ion concentration of Cu2+, total Fe ions and Na+.

Silica Magnetite Adsorbent: Effect of Drying Temperature of Silica Sol Gel on Magnetite Core Structure

Azmiyawati, Choiril, Sawitri, Endang, Siahaan, Parsaoran

Jurnal Kimia Sains dan Aplikasi Vol 21, No 3 (2018): Volume 21 Issue 3 Year 2018
Publisher : Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences and Mathematics, Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Recently, magnetite was investigated as water purification adsorbent because it’s unique magnetic properties that improved the adsorption efficiency through desorption process. But magnetite oxidized into maghemite/hematite with the increase of temperature. This transformation should be avoided to maintain the magnetic properties of magnetite. In this research magnetite separated from iron sand by magnetic extraction then coated with silica via sol gel method. The effect of drying temperature in sol gel had change the magnetite core structure into maghemite and found no formation of hematite at 350⁰C. Silica coating proved had protected magnetite from transformation into hematite due to drying temperature until 350⁰C .

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