Jurnal Qawanin
ISSN : 25983156     EISSN : -
Articles
24
Articles
PELAYANAN JASA PIJAT TUNA NETRA TERHADAP PELANGGAN

Lestari, Dewi Suci

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Service company is a company that sells services to meet the needs of consumers. In other words, service companies selling "stuff" intangible”. Blind People Massage Kediri is one of the company in the field of Health. Massage is an muscular emphasis on certain parts of the body with the aim to eliminate the pain and brings the body back into good shape. Services are additional activities out of the main tasks given to the consumer as well as the perceived either as a appreciation or respect. The purpose of this study was to determine whether performing well regarding service and remuneration at the Blind Massage Kediri. This type of research is qualitative research. So this research is a field of research that is both analytic perspectivewhichis located in Kediri Blind Massage. Methods of data collection using interviews. The existing problems in this study then analyzed the normative approach and deductive-inductive analysis. The results of this study can be concluded that the service and remuneration at the Blind Massage Kediri have done much better. Key Words: Service company, Blind People Massage

PRODUKSI GULA MERAH DI RT 002 RW 002 DESA SLUMBUNG KECAMATAN NGADILUWIH KABUPATEN KEDIRI BERDASARKAN PERSPEKTIF ISLAM

Karino, Elsa

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Production is an activity to convert inputs into outputs through the transformation process. Input in the form of man, money, method, material, machine. While the output is in the form of goods or services. The purpose of production in general is to meet individual needs. There are several factors that influence production namely land and all economic potential that is processed and cannot be separated from the production process, labor is directly related to the demands of property rights through production, and capital, management and technology. In production there are various types of production, namely production which is intermittent and continuous. The production, if viewed from an Islamic perspective, it must fulfill the following principles. First, produce in a halal circle. Second, managing natural resources in production is interpreted as the process of creating wealth by utilizing natural resources must rely on the vision of the creation of this nature and along with the vision of human creation, namely as a blessing for all nature. Third, the Caliph on the earth is not only based on the activity of producing the usefulness of an item but work is done with the motive of benefiting to seek the pleasure of Allah SWT. Key Words: Production, Red Sugar, benefiting

TINJAUAN ISLAM TERHADAP PERAN BANK SAMPAH ASRI DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DESA PUHSARANG KABUPATEN KEDIRI

Rofik Effendi, Imam Masrur, Ekiv Intan Almaidah,

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Waste is unwanted residual material after the end of a process. Waste bank is a place that is used to collect (save) sorted waste for recycling so that it has economic value. One garbage bank that provides its own incentive for the community is the ASRI Waste Bank. Programs which provided by ASRI Waste Bank are to empower the community to change their mindset about the image of waste that is negatively recorded as an economic value item. This study was conducted to explain the pattern of economic empowerment, the impact of economic empowerment by waste banks and a review of Islamic law. Based on analysis, economic empowerment patterns conducted by the ASRI Waste Bank by involving the community in managing waste and running programs provided by waste banks. The impact of economic empowerment has provided benefits, both materially and spiritually. It has been seen that in terms of income there has been an increase even though it is still relatively small and not yet significant. The increase comes from 5 programs that have already been given. Spiritually and religiosity also shows increasing results. This is proved by the increase in community participation, the creation of a clean environment, improved health quality, and environmental conditions that are free from waste. From a review of Islamic law, five programs carried out did not violate Islamic rules. Keywords: Waste Bank, EconomicCommunity Empowerment, Islamic Law

PEMBIAYAAN MURABAHAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF FATWA DSNMUI

Mauluddin, M. Sholeh

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

This study aims to examine whether the application of murabahah financing at LKS is in line with the MUI DSN Fatwa. The results of this study theoretically are also expected to contribute ideas in the treasures of Islamic intellectuals. Practically, it is expected to be able to contribute ideas to LKS in order to be able to apply mudharabah financing that is truly interest-free. In the process of analyzing the problems, the author uses analytical evaluative methods. The type of research used is the field research. This means that research is directed at murabahah applications on LKS. The object used for the study was BPR Syariah Rossa. The sample technique used was purposive sampling. Data collection is done by interview techniques and documentation. Through the research carried out, murabahah applications at BRI Syariah Pare deviate from the provisions in the MUI DSN Fatwa. Murabahah bias is in the wakalah contract used in murabahah financing. This contract of time positions the customer to represent himself to buy the items needed. In this situation the customer has two positions, namely the representative and the representative. A contract must be carried out by various parties. The parties who give the representation and other parties who represent. Thus, the murabahah sale and purchase contract in BPR Syariah Rossa is invalid because it does not meet the requirements and harmonious contract, and is not in line with the MUI DSN Fatwa. Keywords: murabahah, fatwa, wakalah

PERILAKU PEDAGANG MUSLIM DALAM TINJAUAN ETIKA BISNIS ISLAM (KASUS DI PASAR LOAK JAGALAN KEDIRI)

Muzaiyin, Alwi Musa

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Trade is a form of business that is run by many people around the world, ranging from trading various kinds of daily necessities or primary needs, to selling the need for luxury goods for human satisfaction. For that, to overcome the many needs of life, they try to outsmart them buy products that are useful, economical and efficient. One of the markets they aim at is the second-hand market or the so-called trashy market. As for a trader at a trashy market, they aim to sell in the used goods market with a variety of reasons. These reasons include; first, because it is indeed to fulfill their needs. Second, the capital needed to trade at trashy markets is much smaller than opening a business where the products come from new goods. Third, used goods are easily available and easily sold to buyer. Here the researcher will discuss the behavior of Muslim traders in a review of Islamic business ethics (the case in the Jagalan Kediri Trashy Market). Kediri Jagalan Trashy Market is central to the sale of used goods in the city of Kediri. Where every day there are more than 300 used merchants who trade in the market. The focus of this research is how the behavior of Muslim traders in the Jagalan Kediri Trashy Market in general. Then, from the large number of traders, of course not all traders have behavior in accordance with Islamic business ethics, as well as traders who are in accordance with the rules of Islamic business ethics. This study aims to determine how the behavior of Muslim traders in the Jagalan Kediri Trashy Market in buying and selling transactions and to find out how the behavior of Muslim traders in the Jagalan Kediri Trashy Market in reviewing Islamic business ethics. Key Words: Trade, loak market, Islamic business

REVITALISASI ILMU FIQH DI PESANTREN:AGENDA MEMPERKUAT KONTRIBUSI TERHADAP EKONOMI ISLAM DI INDONESIA

Syakur, Ahmad

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Islamic boarding school is a kind of Indonesian Islamic culture and education treasure. In education history lifetime in Indonesia, the existence of Islamic boarding school is undoubtedly. Before the state or private school started their existence, the Islamic boarding school have already given a massive contribution towards the education development and the human resources establishment in Indonesia. The Islamic boarding school have yielded many national and international figures, such as KH. Hasyim Asy'ari, KH. Wahid Hasyim, KH. Mahfudz Tremas, KH. Nawawi Banten and many others. Islamic studies, as any other studies, have always been developing and actively interacting with the realities and modern life styles. Due to that matter, the Islamic boarding school as the centre of Islamic studies are obligated to develop itself and made an open-minded view of recent realities. Nowadays, one of the rapidly Islamic studies is Islamic studies. The Islamic boarding school with their intellectual strength, has a big potential to become an Islamic studies moving spirit in Indonesia. However, in reality, the Islamic economy studies haven't made any good connection to the Islamic boarding school, but it is still concentrated in common universities. The Islamic boarding school establishment participation in Islamic economy studies is considerably important. It is for the Islamic boarding school itself, for the Islamic economy development or even for Moslems as general. The participation of the Islamic boarding school is needed in order to spread and keep the purity of its syaria law as the solution for the Moslems economic problems. The Islamic boarding school contribution in Islamic economy can be strengthened by the revitalization of fiqh and ushulfiqh studies in Islamic boarding school. By the revitalization of contemporary fiqh and ushulfiqhmuamalah studies which focus on the modern economic problems. The Islamic boarding school has big potential which another institutions don't have, thus the Islamic boarding school studies which are dominated by the fiqhand ushulfiqhstudies. But, the studies are only focused on the problem of worshipping fiqh and only in the scope of Syafiimadzhab (point of view). The studies of fiqhmuamalah haven't been proportionally got place. Besides, the studies in Islamic boarding school haven't conducted studies on contemporary fiqh, so the fiqhmuamalah in Islamic boarding school haven't been grounded and felt reluctant on facing the modern economic realities. Keywords: Revitalization, Islamic boarding school, fiqhmuamalah, Islamic economy

KONSEKUENSI AKAD AL-ARIYAH DALAM FIQH MUAMALAH MALIYAH PERSPEKTIF ULAMA MADZAHIB AL-ARBA'AH

Jamaluddin, Jamaluddin

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Living on this earth always commits activity what is called economic activity in everyday life. Transaction (contract) to run a life, without realizing that in life always do the contract of al- Ariyah (borrowing and lending). The borrowing is done by some ways, whether in the form of goods, money, or other things. Moreover, there are many eventsat present, disputes, or chaos in the community due to lending and borrowing problems. No wonder this problem arises in every society and ends in court. This happens because of his lack of understanding of rights and obligations to the issue of lending and borrowing. The study of loans (al-Ariyah), the author is interested in discussing about: Consequences of contract al-Ariyah in Muamalah Fiqh Maliyah Ulama Madzahibul Arba'ah Perspective which the authors examine from various aspects, understanding, law, consequences, and others about borrowing(al -Ariyah) so that there is no misunderstanding and misunderstanding of the al-Ariyah contract (lending and borrowing). Property is a basic component in human life, where wealth is an element of ad-dharuri which cannot be abandoned. With human assets, they can fulfill their daily needs, both primary and secondary needs in daily life. In the link of social interaction and to fulfill their needs, there is a horizontal relationship between humans, which is related to Muamalah Maliyah, because basically human beings are not perfect, and need each other, because humans also have a desire to fulfill their needs, which are endless, except with gratitude and sincerity to the AlmightyAllah, contextually this matter also needs to introduce the existence of Allah Almighty. who gives favors and blessings to humans so they can feel happiness in him. Keywords : Ariyah contract, Maliyah Muamalah Fiqh, Madzahibul Arba'ah

MEKANISME RESTRUKTURISASI PEMBIAYAAN PADA AKAD PEMBIAYAAN MURABAHAH DALAM UPAYA PENYELESAIAN PEMBIAYAAN BERMASALAH

Harmoko, Irfan

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Financing is priority in the bank operational to get a profit. But, in that activity, will be found the risk variously wich potensial to get loss, and one of them is financing risk or a bad financing. This problem is very dirstubing a bank performance. So a bad financing must be resolved immediately. Financing restructuritation is one of way out to finish a bad financing. in this program, debitur expected can will finish his financing. The mechanism of financing restructuritation in Sharia Bank, especially, in contract murabahah, can be done by rescheduling program and financing contract conversion, from murabahah to the bai' bi tsaman ajil, mudharabah or musyarakah. Keywords : financing risk, financing restructuritation, murabahah

KONTEKSTUALISASI HADIST EKONOMI SYARI'AH

Subairi, Subairi

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

There is no denying that every Muslim believes in God's Oneness and the apostolate of the Prophet Muhammad. But it also needs to be realized that humans are not only required to trust the Prophet, but are required to follow and imitate him. Thus, it is not enough if only just believing. But it needs to be realized that imitating the Prophet does not mean following exactly what the Prophet did, and leaving everything he did not do. The scholars say: "we must imitate the prophet intelligently", why is that? First, because there are things that are done by the Prophet that are only specific to him, it is not permissible for humans (their followers) to do it, which is known as the term 'Khushushiyyah 'of the Prophet. In some cases, such as the marriage of the Prophet who married more than four wives. Second, because of culture. There are things in the life of the Prophet Muhammad which he demonstrated, was born from his culture. Whereas the culture between one community and another is different. In this case we (as his followers) are not obligatory and do not have to follow the Prophet, because we have our respective cultures. Thus it is not true to say 'everything that the Prophet did not do was forbidden to carried out, as it is not justified to also state that everything the Prophet did must be done '. Keywords: Contextuals and Hadiths, Syari'ah Economic Hadits

PERJANJIAN WARALABA DALAM PERSPEKTIF BISNIS SYARI`AH

Taufik, Abdullah

Qawãnïn: Journal of Economic Syaria Law Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN)Kediri

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Abstract

Intellectual property rights as the crystallization of someone's hard work in discoveries, literary and artistic works, the images of extraordinary value as a result of the development of science and technology. The franchise system contains an abstract wealth that has high economic value such as, images or good name (good will) that is required in the business world as an effort to seize the market share that plays a very big role. In relation to the amount of rewards received by the Franchise or as the owner of intellectual property rights, to be reviewed in the next Sharia’s perspective. Key Words : Intelectual Property Rights, The Franchise, Good name