Articles
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Articles
ا?شر?ة ف? ا?ف?? ا?إس?ا?? ?ا??ضع?ة ا??عاصرة

Junaidi, Ahmad

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Many people believe that existing companies in the field of application are the product of Western civilization and are seen as evidence of their progress and this belief is wrong for many Islamic countries to convey them in bulk and to apply them without any scrutiny or development that is appropriate to the Islamic society.The company launches, among other things: 1) mixing of funds, 2) mixing of partners business. The contract that creates this transaction is called because it is confused and this is the most used by the scholars.This research is concerned in highlighting companies in Islam, focusing on their own aspects, and indicating the most important differences between them and the developing companies. Keywords: companies in Islam, Islamic society

REKONSTRUKSI OBLIGASI: INVESTASI DALAM PERSPEKTIF SYARIAH

M. Mujib Utsmani, Nurul Fatma Hasan dan

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Investment is highly recommended in Islam. The Al-Quran and Al-Hadith of Prophet Muhammad PBUH and companions support the existence of investment in the use of productive capital resources. The investment must be in accordance with the rules of Islam. Norms in investing according to sharia are free from elements of usury, uncertainty (gharar), gambling (maysir), haram, and syubhat. Bond is one form of investment, but the practice of conventional bonds is usury which is clearly forbidden by the verses of the Quran and hadith Saheeh and consensus (ijma ) of the scholars both salaf and khalaf. The reconstruction of bonds to conform to sharia principles needs to take into account some of the underlying prohibitions with bonds. Basically the fundamental difference between sharia bonds and conventional bonds lies in the determination of interest rates of magnitude determined at the beginning of the transaction. Syariah bonds are not a fixed interest-bearing debt as contained in conventional bonds, but rather are fund-raisers based on the principle of profit-sharing. The transaction is not a debt of accounts receivable but an inclusion. Sharia bonds (sukuk) as a form of financing and investment allow some form of structure that can be offered to avoid usury. Sharia bonds can be profit sharing based on mudharabah / muqaradhah / qiradh or musyarakah. While margin / fee based on murabaha or salam or istishna .Key words: investment,bonds, Sharia bonds, sukuk

ANALISIS SEWA MENYEWA TANAH DESA DENGAN SISTIM BERGILIR SEBAGAI UPAYA PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT (STUDI KASUS DI DESA PAGU KABUPATEN KEDIRI)

Nurromah, dkk., Alya

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

A lease is a contract that provides benefits exchange by way of reward in a certain amount. Regularly shift which the device regularly elements interconnected to form a totality. Community empowerment is personal and social processes, an exemption of personal ability, competence, creativity and freedom of acts. The aim of this study is to investigate the implementation of rural land lease with the rotating system. To find out how the implementation of the lease of land to community empowerment. In the research approach used is qualitative research methods. This study uses primary data, the interviewer directly meet speakers who were respondents in this study. From the interviews conducted, it can be seen that the land lease system in shifts in the village Capping namely by rotating tenants village by village officials. System lease land in rotation to the empowerment of increased community spirit manage rented land in order to provide maximum results. Keywords: Leasing, rotating system, community empowerment

PENGARUH PRODUKSI KULINER SIPUT TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN PENJUAL DI DESA DJENGKOL, PLOSOKLATEN, KEDIRI

Al Fatih, dkk., Moch. Bayu

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Snails are one of the animals that can be produced by the factory to be used ashuman consumption. In this regard, the production process is closely associatedwith the snails as food that can be consumed. Definition of production itselfisthhuman activities toproduce goods and services that are then it is used byconsumers. Technically, the production is the process of transforming inputs intooutputs. The production has an important role indetermining the extent of human life and prosperity of a nation. Snails become one of the output in production and into food favored by the people of Indonesia. In that context, Islam has its role that is seeing its level of halal. Islam in producing something concerned with halal. Indonesian Council of Religious Scholars intervened in determining the level of halal in term of eating snails. Snails has many benefit and to be the specialty and favorite food in Kediri generally, even in Kediri the market selling of snails or processed snails makes society welfare become a place that is very popular for tourists to taste the snails and become one of the villages snails in Kediri, with the highest processing snails in Kediri. There is even a factory that produces the target slugs through to overseassales. Despite its benefitsaresoprominentfixed MUI forbids Muslim society due to snail eating snail that lives in two realms.Keywords: Economy, Production, Islamic Law

ANALISIS PRAKTEK KECURANGAN TIMBANGAN PADA PEDAGANG KEBUTUHAN POKOK DITINJAU DARI ETIKA BISNIS ISLAM ( Studi Kasus di Pasar Bandar Kecamatan Mojoroto Kota Kediri)

Nurlita Sari, dkk., Amik

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Among the buying and selling are prohibited by law of fiqh is riba. Ribaliterally means additions, growth, rise, and altitude.Riba is the addition of one oftwo similar dressing without dressing of these additions. Not all of the extras isconsidered of riba, because additional sometimes resulting in a trade and it isnotriba there, just that extra termed "riba" and the Quran came to explain thelaw, it is the improve and taken for instead of tempo..Key words: riba, buying

ع?د شر?ة ا??ضاربة ف? ا??عا??ات ا??ا??ة ا??عاصرة

Munawaroh, Qibtiyatul

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

The Mudarabah Company holds in the modern financial transactions of the contracts that are based on the honesty of the speculator in his work, and his honesty and sincerity, which are worthy qualities to instill in the hearts of traders and businessmen; because speculative is a great door for economic activity, where there are many people have the competence and ability to run the money And thus facilitate the contracts of speculation open the livelihoods of many workers and increase the movement of trade. Keywords: mudlarabah, financial transactions

STRATEGI PEMERINTAH KOTA KEDIRI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT MELAUI PRODAMAS (Studi Penelitian di Kantor Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan di Desa Tamanan RT 01 RW 03)

Farhan A.A, dkk., Ahmad

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Prodamas is one of the mainstays of government programs Kediri inincreasing welfare, because prodamas system that provides assistance in the form of infrastructure, social and economic worth 50 million Rupiah per year that is given to each area of the neighborhood (RT) in the area of Kediri. The research was conducted at the Community Development Office of Kediri with the aim of which is to determine the extent of the Kedirigovernments strategyProgram through Community Empowerment Facility (Prodamas) in creating public welfare Kediri. Results of the research shows the implementation of the prodamasprogram has already worked quite well in all entire RT in Kediri because it was the application of the system prodamas did not necessarily provide financial assistance that is provided directly by 50Million Rupiah to each RT, but through some specific processes in RT community do to hold deliberations together, so prodamasdid not give in the form of cash but in kind from the results of consultation that has been approved by the citizens of RT. In addition, to anticipate the misappropriation of funds, in the form a coordination team that some city-level coordination team, team coordination sub-district, sub-district level coordination team, self-managed teams and companion.Keywords: government strategy, social welfare and Prodamas

ANALISIS KECURANGAN DALAM TAKARAN DAN TIMBANGAN OLEH PEDAGANG DITINJAU DARI FIQIH RIBA (STUDI KASUS DI PASAR BANDAR KEDIRI)

Nisak, dkk., Linda Khoirun

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

Weights and dosage is the kind of stuff most common measurement intrading and selling. Even some of the items that are usually measured orcalculated unit is also sold by weight or measure, for example fabric kilogram,kilogram eggs, kilogram chicken and soon. However, in the fact not all merchants are honest in weighing or measuring. They felt had benefited by reducing the scale or dosage. In this case the disadvantaged is a buyer, and not a few difference because of the lack of proper scales. Just as in the observation of the author of a quantity of traders in the Bandar market. This research is a field (field research). In practice this study using the method of observation and interview in the search for the required data. The existing problems in this study were analyzed from the standpoint of jurisprudence on usury. From the analysis, it can be concluded that in terms of scale fraud committed by some of the traders Bandar is a category of usury Fadl. And thus acts forbidden in Islam. It is one of the trade practices that are not justified under the rules of Islamic law. Scale fraud committed by the traders implies that in fact he had eaten treasure usury. In addition, the adverse parties the buyer is a wrong action. Thus, in Islam scales denounced fraud perpetrators will receive severe sanctions in the Hereafter.Keywords: cheating, dosages and scales, merchants

JASA TAHLIL PRABAYAR DESA KAMPUNG DALEM KOTA KEDIRI

Setiyarini, dkk., Dyah Ayu

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

In Indonesia it appears logical, it has a lot of "tahlil". Even has become fleshamong Muslims. Before Islam came there was no "tahlil". It used to be peopleshabits if someone dies after neighbors gathered at the funeral home andsometimes they gamble to stay up until morning. Then came the cleric called a"Wali Songo" to change the habits of people get together and play gambling begathered to pray for the deceased which called "tahlilan". "Tahlil" comes fromthe word "" ھ?? - ?ھ?? - تھ???اwhich means to read lafadz " "?اإ?ھإ?ااا???which meansthere is no god but Allah. That is the purpose of reading ??tahlil? was read versesor dhikr of Allah. The rituals like this is not just a "tahlil ", but there are also"Manakib "," Istighosah "and others.But in so far is that all based on the power ofmoney. Many of the chairman of the "tahlil" put a price on his services.Sometimes there are individuals and there are also tahlil institutions serviceproviders. Usually this tahlil services performed for seven days after someonedead. But there is also held because there are certain necessities such as incalling for a single day during the ritual forty days of death, hundred days ofdeath, a thousand days of death, birth of a baby, seven months of pregnancy and others.In taking wages in terms of worship is a lot of disagreement amongscholars,there should be and there should not be. And both have a legal basis tosupport this.Keywords: tahlil, manakib, istighosah

PERAN DAN ETIKA DISTRIBUTOR DALAM PEMBERIAN HADIAH (PRODUK KOPI TORA BIKA) GUNA MENINGKATKAN DAYA BELI PAGUYUPAN PEMILIK WARUNG.

,dkk., Marminingsih

Jurnal Qawãnïn Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri

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Abstract

In marketing activities, there are elements called the marketing mix that includes product, price and promotion, and one of the elements that were also very instrumental is a place in this case a distribution channel.In an effort to increase sales of its products, the company has a strategy that is by giving gifts to customers with certain conditions. Gift-giving is done by a distributor. Being adistributor must have the ability to sell a product. Not only a limited ability alone, ethics must be owned by a distributor.Based on research through interviews,distributor of coffee products Tora Bika has adopted the ethics promotion. Ethics used has been well received by consumers with evidence that many new customers who take the program prizes that have been awarded by the company. So Tora Bika Coffee product sales increased.From the description above, the company is expected to add strategies such as gift order coffee products Tora Bika could be easily bought among consumers.Kata Kunci: etika distributor, pemberian hadiah, daya beli