ASKETIK
ISSN : -     EISSN : -
Articles
28
Articles
MERAWAT KERUKUNAN TOLERANSI DI ERO DEMOKRASI

Kadir, Abdul

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (128.228 KB)

Abstract

Artikel ini menganalisis mengenai Indonesia sebagai bangsa majemuk memerlukan kebersamaan yang harus menjadi komitmen seluruh pihak untuk meghindari berbagai tindakan yang tidak diinginkan. Akhir-akhir ini menguat isu tentang intoleransi, radikalisme yang menurut beberapa pihak meningkat dari tahun ke tahun. Isu tentang intoleransi, radikalisme dan terorisme secara khusus sampai batas tertentu dikaitkan dengan agama. Beragam isu yang negatif itu secara faktual terjadi di tubuh bangsa ini, yang tidak kita kehendaki terjadi di negeri ini. Kita tidak mentoleransi segala bentuk tindakan yang mengancam kehidupan kebangsaan. Indonesia harus terjaga dari segala bentuk distegrasi yang merusak kebersamaan dan sendi kehidupan kebangsaan karena hal itu mengancam eksistensi dan masa depan negeri ini. Namun perlu juga di cermati bahwa segala bentuk ancaman terutama dalam era demokrasi terhadap ke indonesiaan seyogyanya dicandra secara objektif dan komprehensif agar tidak bersifat parsial, tendensius, dan salah pandang. Sehingaa toleransi di dalam demokrasi ini berjalan dengan baik. Keyword : Kerukunan, Toleransi, Era Demokrasi

The Trilogy of Brotherhood on the Subject of Aswaja as Prevention of Radicalism at NU Schools

Hasanah, Imroatul

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.174 KB)

Abstract

Beberapa isu hangat pemboman di Indonesia yang melibatkan muslim radikal adalah bukti rendahnya toleransi dan nasionalisme mereka. Aksi radikal selalu diawali dari paham radikalisme yang berkeyakinan bahwa non-muslim atau muslim diluar kelompok mereka adalah halal darahnya. Salah satu doktrin radikalisme yang berhasil mencuci otak anggotanya adalah suatu paham dimana perang adalah satu-satunya jihad yang berhadiah surga. Paham radikalisme ini bertolak belakang dengan Nahdlatul Ulama’ (NU) yang mempunyai trilogi ukhuwah, yaitu Ukhuwah Islamiyah, Ukhuwah Wathaniyyah dan Ukhuwah Basyariyyah. Ketiga trilogi tersebut merupakan paham moderat yang mengedepankan perdamaian yang mengajarkan toleransi, baik yang sealiran maupun yang berbeda aliran, menghargai pemeluk agama lain dan mempunyai rasa nasionalisme yang tinggi terhadap bangsa dan negara. Trilogi ukhuwah tersebut diajarkan kepada siswa siswi di sekolah-sekolah berbasis NU se-Indonesia, terintegrasi dan menjadi bagian dari mata pelajaran Aswaja (Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah) yang telah diajarkan sejak puluhan tahun yang lalu. Trilogi ukhuwah ini menjadi salah satu usaha sekolah-sekolah berbasis NU untuk membentengi siswa siswinya dari paham radikalisme. Tujuannya adalah mereka tumbuh menjadi umat muslim yang berjiwa moderat, toleran dan menghargai perbedaan dalam keberagaman kehidupan di Indonesia.

AGAMA DAN NEGARA : POLITIK IDENTITAS MENUJU PILPRES 2019

Saputro, Agus

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (146.995 KB)

Abstract

Indonesia is a democratic country in carrying out its government. Elected Indonesian Presidents in a variety of ways, namely elected by parliament, and by direct elections through elections. Religious relations in state life in Indonesia, especially in political activities cannot be separated. Religion and politics share the role of the institution of regulation and maintaining value. In acts of religious politics are often used as vehicles to win political battles or elections. In carrying out political activities, state authority becomes the highest authority. Religion in politics is under the state whose role is to unite state authority with social power.

Mereda Konflik; Menghargai Identitas (studi kasus pada aliran-aliran kepercayaan yang ada di Indramayu)

Umam, Khaerul

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.452 KB)

Abstract

The existence of schools’ belief is often seen as the others, whose presence is underestimated, even eliminated. Both through persecution and using state power to pressure them on behalf of the majority. Using a field approach as well as various official reports from the government and mass media coverage, this article explains the existence of religious schools in Indramayu Regency after the issuance of the MUI and Pakem Decree regarding the existence of them as an organization deemed heretical. This deafness comes to the discovery that differences in beliefs are natural in the dynamics of life. Bad stigma attached to different parties, born and developed because of unilateral information without trying to do tabayyun (clarification) to the intended party. Dialogical dialogue is an effective step in reducing conflict with a religious background, to equally respect each other's choices without having to force or use violence.

PERILAKU MASYARAKAT MULTI AGAMA DALAM KEHIDUPAN BERTETANGGA DESA SEKARAN KEC. KAYEN KIDUL KAB. KEDIRI

Jannah, Alfin Uhailul

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.729 KB)

Abstract

Community diversity shows a nation that is rich in tradition and culture. Indonesia is a country of diverse ethnicity, race and culture but we are still one called Bhineka Tunggal Ika. In the order of society it is reflected in the form of tolerance practiced in the daily life of Sekaran Village. The multi-religious community that lives side by side makes researchers want to know their neighbors' lives. The method used in reviewing this research is a qualitative approach, using a social fact paradigm. The results of the research are Sekaran is an exemplary village for people who have multiple religions and the practice of tolerance in neighboring life starts from the small things in the social environment. The conclusion obtained in this study is that the lives of neighboring communities of Sekaran are inseparable from the lives of the people in general, which is the difference between the people of Multi-Religion. The people's life is very keep peace between religious groups which makes the village a model of religious tolerance in Kayen Kidul Subdistrict.

RELEVANSI ISLAM NUSANTARA SEBAGAI EPISTEMOLOGI PANCASILA Upaya Merangkai Sebab, Menyemai Tanggungjawab

Majid, Mohamad Arif

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.632 KB)

Abstract

Abstract Nusantara Islam is ala Indonesian Islam, a combination of theological values of Islam and Local traditions of Nusantara. The characteristics of Nusantara Islam show local wisdom in Nusantara which does not disobey Islamic teaching, yet they synergize it to local customs all over Indonesia. The coming of Islam in Nusantara did not break nor challenge the local traditions but it enriched and simultaneously Islamized them. The constant contact between local traditions and Islamic soul resulted in mutual binding and complement to form an excellent character believed and preserved from generation to generation for centuries. Hence, the value had been so close and attached to Indonesian character. For years such character stayed in the womb of Nusantara Islam and ready to be born, and then Bung Karno together with the nation founding fathers helped the birth of this nation value as the foundation of Indonesian Independence. This was the most wanted Pancasila which is believed now has been left by Indonesians and some faults and deviations on the life of state management and social system occurred. Muslims, therefore, must be responsible for this and take strategic steps at once to face this by carrying out the right and precise Islamic education.

TRADISI RUWATAN MURWAKALA ANAK TUNGGAL DALAM TINJAUAN SOSIOKULTURAL MASYARAKAT JAWA

Setiawan, Eko

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (170.805 KB)

Abstract

The tradition of ruwatan children as one of the traditional Javanese heritage is still preserved. Ruwatan a purification to overcome or avoid an inner difficulty by way of performing wayang kulit by taking the murwakala or sudamala. The tradition of ruwat anak tunggal is the tradition of throwing away the sengkala or bad luck that existed in a single child. In the process of tradition ruwat usually done first begins with a leather puppet performances. The Ruwatan tradition as part of Javanese customs is a tradition of traditional heritage which is still believed to be a means of disposing of sengkala or bad luck in a single child.

Evaluation of Implementation of Post-Transition Management Post Report by Provincial Government (Case Study at State Senior High School 19 and State Senior High School 20 Surabaya)

Roekminiati, Sri

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.423 KB)

Abstract

Precisely As of January 2017, Senior High School / Senior Vocational School officially managed the province. Naming Online Reports become an e-report card. Online report cards can be accessed by guardians and students wherever located. While the online report card still can not be accessed publicly. Accessible only by teacher, admin / operator. Match Evaluation Research Results: The e-Rapor Policy is appropriate and feasible to maintain. The e-Rapor policy does not require a new policy as a replacement. Evaluation of Effectiveness: Facilitate the incorporation of scores, chart student scores and also counseling guidance and connect with DAPODIK Center. Service Performance B or Satisfactory, Evaluation Efficiency: Input issued with the output / output of e-report cards is comparable. Effect of e-Rapor is efficient. Meta Evaluation: This e-Rapor evaluation is performed by Provincial School Trustees professionally per semester Evaluation result e - Reports into school considerations in taking policy. Factors That Become Constraints: The e-Rapor application often updates the system. Have not yet adjusted the e-Rapor Application with the revised 2013 curriculum. Technically e-Rapor application is classified as heavy application.4) Limit Description KIKD 60 characters. Suggestions and recommendations: For School Parties: Continue to upgrade server and speed in order to increase e-Rapor access. For Kemendikbud: The application of e-Rapor is technically not a heavy application. 3) No Limitations of 60 characters for KIKD description. In the future e-Rapor can be accessed by parents.

DAMPAK DANA DESA DALAM PEMBANGUNAN DESA ( Studi Di Desa Tunjungtirto Kecamatan Singosari Malang)

Fatah, Zainal

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Agama dan Negara
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.799 KB)

Abstract

The Village Fund is a fund sourced from the State Revenue and Expenditure Budget that is designated for the Village that is transferred through Budget 21 of the District / City Expenditure and is used to finance the administration, and the empowerment of the community. (Law Number 6 Year 2014 Article 1 About the Village). The Village Fund is managed in an orderly manner, obedient to the provisions of legislation, efficient, economical, effective, transparent and accountable with due regard to the sense of justice and compliance and prioritizing the interests of the community. With the Village Fund, the village government is required to manage the village funds effectively and accountably. effective is the extent to which the target (quantity, quality and time) has been achieved by the village government in the utilization of village funds. This research is conducted to give an illustration of the extent of the impact of village funds in village development in Tunjungtirto Village Singosari Subdistrict and whether the village funds are used according to the program. The impact analysis focuses on the areas of development which includs the construction of basic facilities and infrastructure, the construction of basic social service facilities and infrastructure, the construction of economic facilities and infrastructure. Based on the program of the implementation of village funding during the last three years from 2015 to 2017, it can be explained that the impact of village funds on the development of Tunjungtirto village are: First, in the field of basic infrastructure facilities, an improvement of residential environment and transportation in the area Tunjungtirto has been made because a number of programs have been carried out for the development of physical facilities and infrastructure such as the construction and improvement of existing water drainage in the neighborhoods of each RT in the Tunjung Tirto Village area, the environmental supporting facilities of the Garbage Disposal Site (TPS). 2. Secondly in the field of social services infrastructure, has had a very good impact on the education needs of children and health of residents in the village Tunjungtirto with the program development activities and repairs of school buildings early childhood, Taman Pendidikan Alquran (TPQ), health posts in some RT and RW in the village Tunjungtirto. 3. The three impacts of the economic infrastructure, by providing facilities by building a community economic facility (Sareko) on the Karangploso highway to provide an ease of place to sell various results of economic activities based on the household. The conclusions of the research results are: 1. Village Fund Implementation in Tunjungtirto Village has been implemented for development activity program in accordance with development priority set by Permendes PDTT, 2. Determination of Program of development activity funded by Village Fund is done through participative process (buttom up) , transparent and accountable by implementing Deliberation of Village Development Plan (Musrenbangdes). 3. The Impact of Village Funds in the development of village development areas covering basic infrastructure, basic social service facilities, and economic infrastructure have a positive impact for the village community. 4. The impact of village funds on community empowerment is useful in mobilizing household-based economic activities in management, production and distribution. 5. Impact of Village Funds for Village Governments can give acceleration of village development in order to achieve the vision and mission of Tunjungtirto village government in RPJMDes.

HISTORISITAS POTRET ISLAM DI AMERIKA

Wahyuni, Anjar Sri

ASKETIK Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : P3M IAIN KEDIRI

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.042 KB)

Abstract

The American state that it became the object of the first Islamic dawah in about 1875, from what was then known as Greater Syria (Great Syria [now includes Syria itself, Lebanon, Jordan and Palestine]) until the end of World War I. Followed by a second wave, in the 1920s to then be stopped because of World War II. Immigration laws in this period are rather limiting. Only black or Caucasian people can enter the United States. Arabs are considered not to fall into the two categories. While the third wave, between the mid-1940s and mid-1960s took place along with the occurrence of important changes outside the United States. Muslims who enter the US in this category are more educated. Most of them migrated because of political oppression. At the same time, especially in the 1960s various changes took place in US immigration policy. The job market is expanding and the country needs potential immigrants to fill the posts. Here ethnic or racial boundaries are loosened. Then the fourth wave, lasting about 1967 and still going on until now. They are generally very fluid and fluent in English. Their immigration is in place for various reasons such as for the improvement of professional ability and avoiding Government oppression. They also have the intention to settle or preach Islam in this Country. And the fifth wave started from 1967 until now. Those who came to America in this wave, in addition to economic reasons, political factors are also the main reasons that encourage them to migrate. There are some proofs that Islam came to America long before Columbus and the West.