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ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Search results for , issue " Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017" : 12 Documents clear
SINERGI DAN KERJASAMA ANTARA PERGURUAN TINGGI DAN MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA (MUI) DALAM MERESPON PRODUK HALAL Syafe’i, Zakaria
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

Pada saat ini masyarakat baik Muslim maupun non-Muslim dalam menggunakan atau mengkonsumsi produk makanan dan minuman olahan, obat-obatan dan kosmetika berkecenderungan bagi produk-produk yang sudah dijamin kehalalan dan kesuciannya. Sementara itu, sertifikat halal yang diterbitkan oleh LPPOM MUI belum menjangkau semua produk makanan dan minuman olahan, obat-obatan dan kosmetika produk dalam negeri apalagi produk luar negeri. Hal ini menjadi beban dan tugas MUI yang selama ini concern untuk menanganinya. Dengan ruang gerak MUI yang sangat terbatas dan tidak memiliki daya paksa bagi produsen, maka pemerintah harus ikut ambil bagian dalamnya. Untuk itu, pemerintah menerbitkan UU No. 33 Tahun 2014 tentang Jaminan Produk Halal.  Dengan terbitnya Undang-Undang Nomor  33 Tahun 2014 tentang Jaminan Produk Halal (JPH) merupakan instrumen hukum yang memberikan perlindungan dan menjamin masyarakat dalam mengkonsumsi dan menggunakan produk halal. Akhirnya, kewenangan MUI dalam menangani sertifikat halal semakin sangat terbatas. Namun sebelum UU ini berlaku, Sertifikat Halal yang telah ditetapkan oleh MUI dinyatakan tetap berlaku   dan MUI tetap menjalankan tugasnya di bidang Sertifikasi Halal sampai dengan BPJPH dibentuk.Peran Perguruan Tinggi, dalam mengamalkan Tri Dharma harus dapat berkontribusi di dunia halal, karena permasalahan halal bermacam-macam dan bukan hanya ada pada aspek produk makanan saja. Perguruan Tinggi hendaknya dapat meresponnya dengan berbagai upaya seperti sosialisasi produk halal dan memberikan pemahaman kepada masyarakat, di samping dapat membentuk Pusat Kajian Halal dan bisa dikerjasamakan dengan instansi terkait maupun MUI. Kata Kunci : Perguruan Tinggi, Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI), Produk Halal,  Undang-Undang Nomor  33 Tahun 2014
KONSEP PENDIDIKAN UKHUWAH: ANALISA AYAT-AYAT UKHUWAH DALAM AL-QUR’AN Hadiyyin, Ikhwan
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

The people of Islam in Indonesia at this time split by various problems that arise. For example in a society still found cases conflict and enmities between them. This phenomenon describes that Indonesian society still weak in having the attitude ukhuwah (fraternity), tolerance and equality. Which means, social values written in the Qur’an have not been actualized by Indonesian people whose greatest number of Muslim inhabitant in the world. The research attempt to analyze meaning of the verses ukhuwah in surah Al-Hujurat verse 9-13, surah Ali Imran verse 103, and surah Al-Hasyer verse 8-9 with refer to Tafsir Ibnu Katsir, Tafsir Al Maraghi, Fi Dzilaal al Qur’an, Tafsir Al Furqon and Tafsir Al Azhar. Furthermore, the results of the analysis of the study will be developed into the concept of ukhuwah education that can be applied to Indonesian Muslim society. This research utilize literature qualitative approach which discuss around ukhuwah problems there are in the Qur’an, especially in surah Al Hujurat verse 9-13, surah Ali Imran verse 103, and surah Al Hasyer verse 8-9.  The result can be showed that education of ukhuwah according to the interpreters is the Islamic Fraternity. Ukhuwah is branch of faith, while the split is branch of heathenism (Qur’an surah Al Hujurat: 9-13). Ukhuwah sourced of faith and Islam law (syari’ah) as well as Rasulullah SAW manners. The principles are hold fast to the Rope of Allah, engagement, way and His religion (Qur’an surah Ali Imran: 103). It was shown by fraternity between the Anshar very protect the Muhajirin on the Rasulullah (Qur’an surah Al Hasyer: 8-9). While from the development of the verses ukhuwah compiled the Concept of Ukhuwah Education that can be set to the Indonesia Muslim society.Keywords: Brotherhood (Ukhuwah), The Verses of Qur’an, Educational Concept.
WACANA, KUASA DAN AGAMA DALAM KONTESTASI PILGUB JAKARTA Priyanto, Joko
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

Religion Blasphemy addressed to Jakarta Governor who is also a candidate for Jakarta Governor Election 2017 is the beginning of a series of polemic along process of Jakarta Governor Election 2017. This case triggers friction between Islamic society as a civil society and government as authority. This research explored this case by using theory of power relations Foucault. The result shows that the mass movement of Islamic society is power from Islamic society knowledge. Power structure tries to discipline this movement by hegemony in form of discourse. However, hegemonic discourse from civil society (Islamic society) also tries to challenge. The fight of hegemonic in form of discourse becomes so viral in all media, element and institution. This research shows that the discourse of Leader and Diversity is a signifier empty which be contestation of giving meaning.   Keywords: knowledge, power, Foucoult, religion.
EFEKTIFITAS PEMBIAYAAN MUDARABAH/MUSYARAKAH DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA BANK PERKREDITAN RAKYAT SYARIAH DI PROVINSI BANTEN Badina, Tenny; Rosiana, Rita; Ahyakudin, Ahyakudin
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of the distribution of mudarabah/musyarakah financing to the performance of mudarabah/musyarakah financing in Sharia Rural Bank Banten Province as well as to build a model of mudarabah/musyarakah financing that is effective in improving the performance of Sharia Rural Bank in Banten Province. The research method used is survey method with quantitative approach with multiple regression analysis. Hypothesis testing using SPSS v.17 software. Data collection techniques used are documentation, survey, and interviews. The population of this research is all the leaders and staff of financing in Banten Province, with 40 samples. The results showed that the variables of Third Party Fund Mobilization, Minimizing Dependence on Subsidies, Incentive System for On-Time Payments, and Building Good Relationships with Customers have a significant positive effect on the Mudarabah/Musyarakah Financing Performance, while the Selection Process and Control Process on Business variables have no effect on Mudarabah/Musyarakah Financing Performance. Keywords: Sharia Rural Bank, Mudarabah/Musyarakah Financing, Effectiveness, Performance 
دور اﻟﻠﻐﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ ﻓﻰ ﻓﮭﻢ وﺳﻄﯿﺔ اﻹﺳﻼم ﻓﻰ اﻧﺪوﻧﯿﺴﯿﺎ ???????, ???? ?????
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

الاسلام هو دين  يتسم بالوسطية. والمعالم التي تميز الاسلام الوسطى :هى:الجمع بين السلفية والتجديد. والموازنة بين الثوابت والمتغيرات.والتحذير من التجميد والتجزئة والتمييع للإسلام .والفهم الشمولي للإسلام. و للاسلام الوسطى الحنيف مصدران اساسيان. و هما القرآن الكريم  و السنة النبوية. و هذان المصدران مكتوبان بالعربية , فمن اراد ان يفهمهما فهما صحيحا وسطيا فعليه ان يفهم العربية. فلذلك  لا بد للاندونيسيين من نشر اللغة العربية بين اوساطهم لنشر الاسلام الوسطى و نبذ الفهم اللبرالى و الرديكالى.  
PERSEPSI ULAMA, TOKOH ORMAS ISLAM DAN AKADEMISI DI PROVINSI BANTEN TERHADAP BAURAN PEMASARAN PERBANKAN SYARIAH DAN KESESUAIAN PRAKTIK PERBANKAN SYARIAH DENGAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP SYARIAH Rosiana, Rita; Indrinana, Ina; Badina, Tenny; Najib, Mohamad Ainun; Atiah, Isti Nuzulul
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (692.784 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v34i2.790

Abstract

Many factors that affect a person's interest in doing something, in this case the author intended is the selection of interest in choosing the community of Islamic banking services. A person's interest in choosing a product is influenced by his perception and knowledge of the product. This study aims to know and analyze the perceptions of the scholars, the leaders of  Islamic organizations and academics of sharia banking and its influence on the growth of Islamic banking in Banten. Teknik data collection used in this research is convenient sampling method. Convenient technique is used because the number of scholars in Banten is very much and the researchers chose the board of MUI of Banten Province as the representative of the ulama in Banten. The type of data used in this study is primary data collected directly by researchers from the field. The data source used in this research is field research (field data) and library research (library data) .The data collection techniques used in this study survey through questionnaires and interviews with the respondents. Based on the results of questionnaires research on 3 groups of Respondents: MUI (30 respondents), Academics (30 respondents), and Islamic Organizations (30 respondents) can be concluded that respondents from academic groups agree on the suitability of the practice and marketing mix of sharia banking with average value 3.77, while respondents from the MUI group and Islamic organizations strongly agree on the suitability of the practice and marketing mix of sharia banking with an average value of 4.11 and 4.35.
POLA PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER PONDOK PESANTREN MANAHIJUSSADAT BANTEN Wasehudin, Wasehudin
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berawal dari keprihatinan yang sedang Melanda negeri ini, tawuran antar pelajar, penjarahan yang dilakukan oleh para geng motor, pencabulan anak dibawah umur yang dilakukan oleh oknum guru hingga pembalakan uang rakyat yang nilainya triliunan rupiah oleh oknum para anggota Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) yang terhormat yang saat ini kasus hukumnya sedang ditangani oleh lembaga anti rasuah/Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi (KPK). Fenomena tersebut menjadi PR besar bagi lembaga pendidikan bangsa Indonesia. Pondok Pesantren Manahijussadat sebagai sebuah lembaga pendidikan Islam modern adalah sebuah lembaga pendidikan yang lebih mengembangkan pendidikan karakter (akhlak) sebagai core kelembagaannya. Perbaikan mental (akhlak mulia) bagi para santri merupakan tujuan didirikannya pondok ini. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan kualitatif (kualitatif research) dengan teknik triangulasi (triangulation technique) dimana data yang dihasilkan oleh peneliti mulai dari wawancara dengan informan inti (mudir/pimpinan pondok) Manahijussadat dan para ustadz dan ustadzah hingga informan tambahan seperti para santri maupun pengamatan langsung di lokasi penelitian. Setelah data terkumpul kemudian diklasifikasikan mana data yang bersifat primer maupun sekunder. Adapun landasan teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian mengacu pada teori sebagaimana yang digagas oleh Zubaedi bahwa pendidikan karakter hendaknya didasarkan pada tatanan nilai yang bersifat absolut, artinya bangunan nilai yang didasarkan pada tatanan keagamaan dan kenegaraan (Agama dan Pancasila) dengan model inside-out dimana perilaku baik bukan hanya dijadikan sebagai sebuah kebiasaan akan tetapi dijadikan sebuah kebutuhan. Ada dua bentuk pola dalam pendidikan karakter yang dilakukan di Pondok Pesantren Modern Manhijussadat, pola tekstual dan pola kontekstual. Pola pertama (tekstual) dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan integrasi keilmuan yang dilakukan oleh para ustaz/ustazah ketika melaksanakan kegiatan belajar mengajar di kelas. Sedangkan pola kedua (kontekstual) dimana pola ini merupakan pola tindak lanjut dari pola pertama. Bangunan pola kedua ini penekanannya pada aspek keteladanan dari semua pihak mulai dari kiai sebagai pimpinan pondok, ustaz/ustazah sampai kepada pengurus pondok atau yang lazim disebut Organisasi Pelajar Pondok Modern Manahijussadat (OPPM) dengan bersama-sama menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai agama, budaya maupun peraturan Pondok itu sendiri. Kata Kunci: Pondok Pesantren dan Pendidikan Karakter
PENGARUH RELIGIUSITAS TERHADAP PERILAKU EKONOMI MASYARAKAT PASAR TRADISIONAL Ma’zumi, Ma’zumi; Taswiyah, Taswiyah; Najmudin, Najmudin
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (663.976 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v34i2.791

Abstract

This research oriented to analyze influence of religiosity on the economic behavior of traditional market society in The Serang City of Banten Province. The result of the research could be information, reference, and policy formulation for developing economy, till it achieves on the target, creates individual and social pious. The Method used in the research is causal relationship to determine the level of influence. The technique used in this research is questionnaires contain a set of questions for respondents to answer. While to know the influence of religiosity (X variable) toward economic behavior of traditional market society (Y Variable) in The Serang City of Banten Province.     The result of the research showed the influence of religiosity on the economic behavior of traditional market society in the Serang city of Banten Province based on the r square value 81,17 and results for inner weight 48.095. based on the analysis concluded that religiosity has a high influence on the economic behavior (distributor and consumer) compared with other aspects. Keywords: Religiosity, Economic Behavior, Individual and Social Pious 
WACANA, KUASA DAN AGAMA DALAM KONTESTASI PILGUB JAKARTA Priyanto, Joko Priyanto
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v34i2.1843

Abstract

Religion Blasphemy addressed to Jakarta Governor who is also a candidate for Jakarta Governor Election 2017 is the beginning of a series of polemic along process of Jakarta Governor Election 2017. This case triggers friction between Islamic society as a civil society and government as authority. This research explored this case by using theory of power relations Foucault. The result shows that the mass movement of Islamic society is power from Islamic society knowledge. Power structure tries to discipline this movement by hegemony in form of discourse. However, hegemonic discourse from civil society (Islamic society) also tries to challenge. The fight of hegemonic in form of discourse becomes so viral in all media, element and institution. This research shows that the discourse of Leader and Diversity is a signifier empty which be contestation of giving meaning.
THEOLOGICAL DEBATES ON ASH‘ARIYYA TENETS Muttaqin, Entol Zaenal
ALQALAM Vol 34 No 2 (2017): July - December 2017
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v34i2.1845

Abstract

There are some differences in defining Islamic theology since the era of prophet Muhammad. Some of them emerged from political aspects, and some of them are not. The two prominent ideologies in Islamic theology are Ash’ariyya derived from Sunni, and Mu’tazilla from Syi’a. One of significant scholars in 19 century, Nawawi al-bantani, wrote many books in wide Islamic studies, one of them is Fath al-Magid in theology. Many scholars wrote and designated themselves to a particular group. In contrary, although Nawawi al-Bantani confessed himself as Sunni scholar, yet in some of his writing including Fath al-Magid, he opposed Ash’ariyya and defended Mu’tazila. To some extent, this manner will come up into a unique scholarship tradition for some scholars, indeed, this research aimed to investigate this behavior in final words this paper concluded that Nawawi distanced himself from Ash’ari when he stated that God’s essence and His attributes are inseparable and thereby preserve the oneness of God. He adopted both Ash’ari’s concept, that the Qur’an is not created (ghayr makhluq and it is qadim) and Mu’tazila’s concept, that the Qur’an is created (makhluq and it is hadith). According to Nawawi, the Qur’an is created when it refers to the text and the sound, but uncreated when it refers to the underlying meaning of each verse, even if this contradicts the concept of free will that Nawawi adopted. For his last explanation, pertaining to the concept of prophecy, ru’ya and shafa’a, Nawawi provided a very general explanation, neglecting to elaborate on some important issues relating to the concept of prophecy. it is obvious that Fath al-Magid, with its different interpretation of Ash’ari’s work, meant it was similar to other Sunni theological works that aimed to modify Ash’ari’s original doctrine.

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