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Muhammad Syafar
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alqolam.journal@uinbanten.ac.id
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INDONESIA
ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015" : 8 Documents clear
MODEL PSIKOTERAPI DI KALANGAN MUSLIM BANTEN Fahrurrozi, Fahrurrozi
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (743.407 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.1394

Abstract

In the field of mental health nowadays, rhe public find several alternatives to heal the psychiatric disorders. Some decades earlier however, efforts to heal their soul were perhaps more focused on models of healing typical of the region. Now public can find alternative healings that come from different regions and even countries. This phenomenon happens in Serang city, the capital of Banten province. Serang society have been encountered by various soul healing techniques (psychotherapy) based on culture, religion, and science. The healing techniques could  be  the  continuation  of the typical model developed by 1he older generation  and  it  also could be an alien healing model that fit into society. Using descriptive-qualitative approach, the researc her argues  that  there are three models of psychotherapy among Muslims in Serang city, namely: ruqyah therapy,  magic  healing  (hikmah),  and rehabilitation model. In the three models of psychotherapy, I discovered similarities and differences in  rhe  process  of  rh e therapy. In ruqyah models, rhe opproach is based on the major religious texts., the Koran and the  Hadith. The magic healing model is a combination of religious lexrs and loca l influence. The last  is the rehabilitation model which is based on the medical­ psychological approach.
PETA KEKUTAN EKONOMI SYARIAH DALAM MENGHADAPI MASYARAKAT EKONOMI ASEAN (MEA) Itang, Itang
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1389.671 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.1393

Abstract

This paper examines the economic power of sharia that is not only able to survive but also can grow in the free market zone in Southeast Asia (ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)). The Islamic economic strength in Indonesia can be based on several reasons namely: 1). Muslim population. As the country with the largest Muslim population of about (87-90%), Indonesia should be the pioneer and the great power of Islamic finance in the world 2). Inherent Islamic doctrine and human resources. 3). Regulation of Islamic Economics as a tool that can legalize all policies the implementation of Islamic Economics. 4). Actors of Islamic Economics that come from various backgrounds such as practitioners, academics and customers. 5). Islamic Financial Industry Development. According to the data from Bank Indonesia in October 2013, there are 11 Islamic Banks, 23 Islamic Banks in the form of Sharia Business Unit , and 160 small sharia banks that distribute the fund for the people. Islamic banking assets currently has reached Rp. 228 trillions. The development of Islamic financial institutions does not only reach Islamic banks but also Islamic non­ banks such as insurance and pawnshop. Therefore we  are optimistic that sharia economy can grow in ASEAN Economic Community (AEC).Key word: sharia economy , islamic finance, AEC , ASEAN ,
SEKOLAH ISLAM TERPADU DALAM PETA SISTEM PENDIDIKAN NASIONAL Suyatno, Suyatno
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1279.925 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.553

Abstract

Integrated Islam schools emerged as a response to dissatisfaction Islamic movement activists against the national education system in Indonesia. National education system considered in the management of education perpetuates the dualism between religion and public education. Therefore, it takes a model of alternative educational institution capable of removing any educational practice dichotomous. During its development, paradox regarding the development of integrated Islamic school when they actually have to be part of the national education system. This study aims to answer the question of how the position of integrated Islamic schools in the National Education map? This study is a qualitative case study model. Data collection methods were participant observation, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Data was analyzed using inductive-qualitative analysis. The results showed that the integrated Islamic school is an integral part of the national education system. The indications are; the adoption of the curriculum of the ministry of education and culture, use of the name of the "sekolah ", adjustment of the examination system, and certification programs by teachers of integrated Islamic school. Their willingness ro be part of the national education system is one of the Islamic movement activists attempt to do lslamization of formal education institutions in Indonesia. Keywords: Integrated Islamic Schools, lslamization, National Education System.
INDONESIA MOSLEM TRADITION AND NATIONALITY Muhammad, Wildan lmaduddin
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1452.407 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v1i15.551

Abstract

Merayakan hari kemerdekaan merupakan salah satu simbol penghargaan warga negara terhadap Negaranya. Di beberapa wilayah negara termasuk Indonesia, perayaan tersebut rutin dilakukan oleh Pemerintah maupun oleh warga, dengan cara formal maupun informal. Secara formal pemerintah Indonesia dari tingkal daerah hingga pusat melaksanakan perayaan Kemerdekaan dengan upacara bendera pada tanggal 17 Agustus. Sedangkan dalam perayaan non-formal warga masyarakat melaksanakan peringatan Kemerdekaan dengan berbagai cara seperti lomba panjat pinang dan lain sebagainya. Salah satu bentuk peringatan yang ada di Indonesia untuk merayakan hari Kemerdekaan adalah dengan malam tirakatan atau malam pitulasan, khususnya di daerah Yogyakarta. Malam Tirakatan merupakan bentuk akulturasi dari tradisi Muslim di Indonesia. Artikel ini akan menjelaskan lebih lanjut tentang malam tirakatan sebagai sebuah akulturasi antara tradisi ritual keagamaan dengan rasa nasionalisme. Peneliti menggunakan metode triangulasi untuk mendapatkan data, yakni observasi partisipatoris. Wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Lokasi untuk penelitian ini difokuskan pada dua tempat yang berbeda. pertama di dusun Dukuh daerah kabupaten Bantul dan kedua di dusun Ngasemun salah satu dusun di kabupaten Kulon Progo. Dari penelitian ini diketahui bahwa Muslim Indonesia memegang teguh nilai tradisi. toleransi dan nasionalisme Kata Kunci: perayaan, hari kemerdekaan, malam tirakatan, akulturasi.
PENGUCAPAN MAKHRAJ DARI UNIT BUNYI TERKECIL HURUF HIJAIYAH BERDASARKAN FREKUENSI DASAR DAN FREKUENSI FORMANT UNTUK MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA ALQURAN Subali, Muhammad; Andriansyah, Miftah; Sinambela, Christanto
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1678.187 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.552

Abstract

This article aims to look at the similarities and differences in the fundamental frequency and formant frequencies using the autocorrelation function and LPCfunction in GUI MATLAB 2012b on sound hijaiyah letters for adult male speaker beginner and expert based on makhraj pronunciation and both of speaker will be analysis on matching distance of the sound use DTW method on cepstrum. Subject for speech beginner makhraj pronunciation are taken from college student of Universitas Gunadarma and SITC aged 22 years old Data of the speech beginner makhraj pronunciation is recorded using MATLAB algorithm on GUI Subject for speech expert makhraj pronunciation are taken from previous research. They are 20-30 years old from the time of taking data. The sound will be extracted to get the value of the fundamental frequency and formant frequency. After getting both frequencies, it will be obtained analysis of the similarities and differences in the fundamental frequency and formant frequencies of speech beginner and expert and it will shows matching distance of both speech. The result is all of speech beginner and expert based on makhraj pronunciation have different values of fundamental frequency and formant frequency. Then the results of the analysis matching distance using method DTW showed that obtained in the range of 28.9746 to 136.4 between speech beginner and expert based on makhraj pronunciation. Keywords: fundamental frequency, formant frequency, hijaiyah letters, makhraj
PENGAR UH PENYALURAN KREDIT BANK SYARIAH KEPADA USAHA KECIL DAN MENENGAH TERHADAP PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN DI PROVINSI BANTEN Akmal, Chairul
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1012.376 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.542

Abstract

This paper examines the improvement of credit for Small Micro middle Enterprises (UMKM) given by Sharia Banking in Banten. The method used in this research is survey method that relates to causal statistical descriptive approach. According to the type of data analysis, the research uses quantitative  data. Therefore the design of this study is conclusive design that can be descriptive and associative design causal (causal) by which the number of respondents as many as 120 respondents. The result shows that the increasing credit for Small Micro Middle Enterprises (UMKM) given by Sharia Banking in Banten has significantly improved the income of Banten province. The policy has contributed 72.6% of the improvement and other factors contribute only about 27,4%. Key words: Sharia Banking, credit distribution, financial products, Small Micro Middle Enterprises (UMKM), income.
GUIDELINES FOR IJTIHAD IN RESPONDING TO THE CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS Fauzi, Fauzi
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1743.548 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.541

Abstract

Terminologically, ijtihad means to give all out the efforts. This term is being used specifically on a task that needs 'energy plus'. In terms of Jurisprudence Islamic Scholars, this term means to give out the efforts in producing and resulting shariajurisprudence and law. ljtihad is never ends as being mentioned by ulemas, first, it is impossible for ijtihad ro hu stopped except with the ended of asl al-taklil (responsihility) which means the Resurrection Day. Second it is impossible for ijtihad to be ended before this world ruins. A mujtahid must be able to comprehend the Arabic language until he can understand the term extrinsically and intrinsically.  He also must be able to comprehend the interpretation of al-Qur 'an especially rhat are related with jurisprudence and law (ayat al-ahkam) accompanied with his knowledge regarding khabar and the competent Companions in their field. Meanwhile in Hadith field, a mujtahid must be able to differentiate between Hadith Sahih than Hadith Dhaif, whether with knowing the narrators and their justice or scrutinize it through the book of al-sahihah, comprehend khabar, matan and sanad including with the ability to recognize the narrator, ta’dil and tajrih, the last time they narrated hadith, a specific questions that becomes the cause of Hadith being revealed, differentiate between the law whether they are compulsory, Sunnah, forbidden and permissible until they are not mixed among them. They also must be able to comprehend the argument that becomes consensus (ijma) between the scholars until not to produce other ijtihad that oppose with them. Fifth, apprehend the position of analogical (qiyas) in terms of theoretically and practically. Furthermore, there are differences between ijtihad (ijtihad ) methods during every ages which are during the revelation (sharia) phase, during the companions' ijtihad age, during the tabi 'in ijtihad age, during ijtihad sect (mazhab) age. It involves lots of new and contemporary incident that do not exist during rhe era of Prophet Muhammad pbuh. Hence, a ijtihad must be made to extract a law regarding the particular issues that are being arisen.    
PEMIKIRAN SUFISTIK NURCHOLISH MADJID AFIF, MOHAMAD
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 2 (2015): July - December 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1877.211 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i2.1395

Abstract

Nurcholish Madjid (Cak Nur) is well known  especially among Indonesian middle class and well-educated group in Indonesia. Between the 1970s and the 2000s, his thoughts, received great attention because his ideas about the renewal of Islamic thought were to some extent controversial. Nevertheless, there are still many people who do not know Cak Nur's thought outside the field of the renewal of Islamic thought . In fact, as a qualified and knowledgeable scholar, Cak Nur talked in many ways and in many fields of Islam , one of them is Sufism. Just like his thinking in the field of renewal which are weighty and meaningful, his thought in Mysticism was also pivotal. Therefore  it is important to introduce his thinking widely to the public in order to take benefit from it.Key words: Nurchulis Madjid, Sufism, Neo -Sufism

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