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ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015" : 7 Documents clear
HARMONI WARIS ISLAM DAN SUNDA Prawiro, Abdurrahman Misno Bambang
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1171.296 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1384

Abstract

The sharing of the property inheritance has been set perfectlv by Islamic teaching as the perfect Islamic law. It includes in the Faraidh that comprehensively addresses the laws relates to the system of inheritance in Islam. The discussion include the wills, the definition of inheritance, the source of Islamic law, pillars and conditions of the inheritance, the causes of inheritance, the heirs and their shares, barriers of inheritance and problems of inheritance that has no basic regulation in the al-Quran and al­ Sunnah. As a revelation that comes from Allah, the Islamic inheritance system is the laws that must be implemented by all Muslims. The rules have been standard so there is no reason to reject it. Key words: Sundanese inheritance, Islamic inheritance, Jahiliyyah inheritance
PEMIKIRAN PENDIDIKAN SPIRITUAL SYAIKH 'ABD AL-QADIR AL-JILANIY Badrudin, Badrudin
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1984.389 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1387

Abstract

The Principles of Islam requirehuman to maintain  and improve their moral values BuT in fact, many  Moslems  face problems of moral deteriora tion, crisis of beliefs, and moral decadence that happenin all aspects of life. This moral deterioration is often associated by  the  experts  of  education  with the failure of educat ion. The failure of education relates to the education system that has various components that affect each other. The elements needed in the education system are the goal of education , educators, students, tool s,  and  natural  surroundings. The results of this study indicate that the essence of  spiritual  learning obligations according to Syaikh 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilaniy is araising the total of  truth towards  Allah SWT's path.  The aims of the learning areto implement knowledge and clean  the heart (tazkiyyah al-nafs) from worldly characters and the lust of dirtiness to ma'rifatullah. Spiritual educators are  those who  practice  the law of Allah, clean the heart and  guide  students to the  safety of life  in the Hereafter . Learners constantly face Allah and obey Him, do not meet the call besides Allah, listen  to  the  call  of  Allah  and implement everything stated in the Qur ·an  and  the  Prophet tradition. Teaching method used is the method of mau'izhah, sima',  ahwal ,   and   muhasabah  fial-nafs (introspection). Educational materials are  based  on  the  basics  of  spiritual education in the Qur'an, the Prothet tradition. and the opinion of Muslim religious leaders who have noble characters and integrate science.  Moral education  is  the core of Islamic education. The implications of the spiritual educational thought of Syaikh 'Abd al-Qadir al-Jilaniy toward the reality of Islamic education in Indonesia is the emphasis of moral education that leads to a balance relationship  between  the  exoteric  and esoteric aspects of the learning process.
ISLAM PADA MASA KESULTANAN BANTEN Maftuh, Maftuh
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1543.598 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1385

Abstract

For many observers, Banten is well known as an area where the population has a strict religious understanding onislamic law. Colonial officials and experts in Islamic studies such as Snouck Hurgronje and GF Pijper, testified that compared to other Muslims across Java , Muslim in Banten and Cirebon were stricter in practicing Islam . The phenomenon of the social life of the religious community in Banten is necessarily formed within a very long time span. This paper traces the root of the formation of public religious understanding ojMuslim in Banten. Using a socio-historical approach, this paper then leads to the conclusion that the sultan of Banten issued policies that had a greater emphasis to the adherence to the Shari'a rather than Sufism. Religious orientation on the fiqh-oriented can explain the Islamic militancy Banten community, as witnessed by the colonial officials, and even still can be seen up to this present moment.Key words: Jslamization, Sultanate, Banten
دراسة بديعية في كتاب اللؤ لؤ والمرجان Mukhtar, Hannanah
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (639.875 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1386

Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas tentang retorika Nabi Muhammad SAW melalui hadis-hadisnya, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan seni badf. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengekspos seni badi pada hadis-hadis yang terdapat di dalam kitab al-Lu'lu' wa al­-Marjan fima ittafaqa 'alaih al-Syaikhan. Untuk mewujudkan tujuan tersebut, penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif analitis. Metode deskriptif ini menggunakan studi tentang seni badi' umumnya yang menyangkut definisi, kelahiran, pertumbuhan dan berbagai jenisnya, selain munculnya perbedaan antara ulama terkait hal ini. Penelitian ini juga dimaksudkan untuk menjelaskan makna yang sulit dipahami dari kosakata dalam hadis dan menjelaskan aspek keindahan yang mengacu pada maksud Nabi SAW yang menggunakan seni badi. Hal ini dilakukan dengan teliti dan netral dalam setiap langkah. Kadang-kadang, peneliti dipaksa untuk membahas hadis dari perspektif retorika umumnya tanpa terbatas pada aspek badi', untuk memperjelas makna dari sebuah hadis. Penelitian retorika dari perspektif badi' terbatas pada hadis verbal, tidak termasuk tindakan terkait hadis atau kata-kata para sahabat. Hal ini karena retorika adalah cabang bahasa yang memperhatikan kata-kata dan makna sedangkan hadis tindakan terkait hanyalah kata-kata sahabat atau ibu dari orang-orang mukmin yang menggambarkan tindakan Nabi. Makalah ini menunjukkan bahwa Nabi mengacu pada berbagai jenis  badi dalam hadis-nya. Hikmah   yang mendasari penggunaan jenis badi' oleh nabi lvluhammad adalah untuk memhuat hadis lehih kuat dalam membentuk jiwa pendengar sejalan dengan tujuan kenabiannya yaitu membimbing manusia ke jalan yang benar.Kata Kunci: badi'ah. hadis, al-Lu'lu' wa al­-Marjan
THE ONGOING "MYSTIC SYNTHESIS" Musadad, Asep Nahrul
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1884.601 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.554

Abstract

The rural Sundanese commonly recognize what so-called “pananyaan”, (literary means "who is asked or the place/someone to ask") as someone who has ability to reveal the world of unseen and give advices on all problem brought to him. In the more Islamic sense, he is also called “Ahli Hikmah”. The existence of “Pananyaan” has shown rhe presence of an acculturation. In which the mystic synthesis appeared between Islamic spearum and Sundanese local genius. The case of “pananyaan” within its depelovement is one of the keyword to trace that synthesis phase of mystic intersection. Start on preiminary sketch on “pananyaan” in Sundanese local custom, this paper aims to explore the acculturation domains in “pananyaan” after the emergence of lately established “ahli hikmah”. To do so, i examine three “pananyaan” from different generation, those who represented the different fashion in the ongoing depelovement. In this case, some of “pananyaan” rituals and their magical spells used by these elderly people had, in turn, reflected the traces of that mystic synthesis. Recently, the continuation of what had going on before. is still taking place until recent times in more puritanical direction. Keywords:  pananyaan, ahli hikmah, acculturation, mysticsynthesis
PEMIKIRAN NAWAWl AL BANTANI TENTANG MUNAKAHAT DAN RELASI GENDER Sanusi, Ahmad
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1656.658 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.564

Abstract

Nawawi al-Bantani (1230-1316 AH. /1813-1898 AC.) is a Syafi'i scholar from Indonesia who stayed in Mecca and was productive in writing variety of fiqh books. One important topic on his fiqh is about marriage (fiqh al-munakahiit) and women's role. However, many Indonesia feminists is considere his thougt to be gender biased and therefore is considered to irrelevant to contemporary development of fiqh munakahat However, Nawawi 's thought of munakahat is very popular and it is still taught at variety of pesantren as well as madrasah in Indonesia The result of this research shows (1) fiqh Nawawi al -Bantani's thought in munakahat is not far different from other books in Syafi 'i' s school. It is stated on Nawawi's muqadimah book that his work is of several books of mu'tamad Syafi 'i school. (2) Some Nawawi's thought are considered to be gender biased Because, he put women in domestic sphere to serve men, and not to put women in equal and reciprocal gender relation (3) Several Nawawi's thoughts are still rellevant tocontempary development. It is proven on Nawawi's thought of marriage contract, term and harmonious marriage, approval of two parties, marriage age, guardian as term and harmoniousmarriage, witness in marriage, dowry, prohibition in marriage, kafa'ah, right and obligation of marriage couple, divorce and its consequences, idda/waiting period, mut'a and time living idda and reconciliation are incorporates into positive Indonesia Marriage law no. 1 year 1974 and the Compilation Islamic law. But considering to the marriage law as considered discriminatory, it is necessary to the change that law to be more accommodative that supports the concept of the equality of gender relation in a marriage. Keywords: thinking, fiqh, fiqh munakahat, gender, relation gender, women
MEMAHAMI MAKNA BATIN KITAB SUCI Rohmana, Jajang A
ALQALAM Vol 32 No 1 (2015): January - June 2015
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1431.722 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v32i1.1057

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the esoteric interpretation of the Qur'an written in Sundanese. The object of the study is theQuranul Adhimiof Haji Hasan Mustapa (1852-1930). Through the analysis of hermeneutics, this study shows that the local exegesis can not be assumed that it has the same character as the Malay-Indonesian exegesis. Indeed, it shows local creativity born out of the diversity of cultural backgrounds. It also shows the process of the dialogue between Sufism and the inner of Sundanese people in the frame of Qur'anic exegesis. This can be proven in three ways: the interpretation centered on the inner meaning, the use of natural metaphors, and the nuances of Sundanese literature. The significance of Mustapa 'sexegesis lies in the process of indigenization of the Qur'an (Islam) to the characteristics of the local Islamic tradition through the work of Quranic exegesis. This work clearly indicates the local creativity in responding to the intellectual tradition of Sufism, especially the Sufi interpretation. Not only through metrical poetry, he also interprets mystical experiences through theexegesis. Key words: exegesis, Quran, Sufism, Inner, Sundanese

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