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ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013" : 8 Documents clear
TINJAUAN HUKUM FIKIH TERHADAP HADIAH TABUNGAN DAN GIRO DARI BANK SYARI'AH Hosen, Muhammad Nadratuzzaman; Muayyad, Deden Misbahudin
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (960.88 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1409

Abstract

This article explains about the Islamic law of gift from Bank to customers related to saving and gyro accounts of Islamic Bank. The Islamic Banks give gift directly  and  indirectly  to  new  ettstomers  and  old  customers  through drawing  (qur'ah) or lottery and non-drawing. There are disputes (ikhtilaf) among Islamic Law  Experts (Fuqaha’) about the status of law when Islamic Banks give the gift. Hanafi and  Syafi'i  Schools  of thought  opined  that  the gift  can  be given  to  the customers as long as there is no agreement between bank and costomers meanwhile the banks still have a debt to consumers, this is permissible. Maliki and Hanbali schools opined that the gift is not permissible during the time of borrowing and lending. Majority Islamic Exsperts allow to give gift after banks have already paid­ back the debt to consumers as long as there is no agreement between bank and cusiomers, but Maliki School do not allow lo give gift at that condition. Also, for giving gift should free from gambling or elements of gambling (muqamarah).  The method of this article is using literature reviews from classical Islamic Law's books and contemporary Islamic law's books related to drawing or lottery and gambling, meanwhile the aims if this mticle are to investigate the law status if gift from bank to new customers and old customers with direct and indirect ways.   Keywords : gift, saving and gyro accounts, disputes, drawing and elements of gambling
MANAJEMEN PENINGKATAN PROFESIONALISME DOSEN DI PROVINSI BANTEN Fauzi, Anis
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (928.175 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1416

Abstract

This article discusses the management of the improvement of lecturers' professionalism in Banten. There are some important research questions studied in thi  article:  (1)  what  are  the  aspects  in   manag ement   of  the  improvement  of lecturers' professionalism in Banten?; (2) How is the implementation of the improvement of lecturers' professionalism in Banten?; (3) What are the problems and weaknesess faced by the management of the improvement of ledurers'professionalism in Banten?; and (4) What are the steps that will be done by the management university in improving the lecturers' professionalism in Banten in the future? This research uses qualitative method. The descriptive study is used in analyzing the data. The data of this research are obtained from lecturers and university bureaucrats in The State Institute for Islamic Studies of IAIN ''SMH" Banten,  Islamic Universityof Syekh  Yusuf  Tangerang,  and University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa Banten. Keywords: Banten, lecturers, professionalism, and management.
THE COLLATION OF MANUSCRIPTS OF THE QASHIDAH "BANAT SU'AD" OF KA'B BIN UHAIR Ahmad, Lalu Turjiman
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (890.593 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1414

Abstract

Kontroversi seputar metode periwayatan berbagai materi sejarah dan keilmuan yang berasal dari masa Jahiliyah hingga awal-awal Islam terus berlanjut dan telah menjadi titik tolak perdebatan tentang otentisitasnya. Banyaknya ketidakcocokan antar berbagai varian dari teks yang sama mengarahkan sejumlah ilmuan untuk beranggapan bahwa transmisi mayoritas teks   dilakukan    secara   lisan;   dan   fakta   tentangada ya   pemalsuan   teks menyebabkan materi-materi tersebut, sebagian atau keseluruhan, dianggap tidak historis.Tiga manuskrip yang diteliti di sini, berasal dari abad ke 17 dan ke 18 M yang masing-masing berisikan qashidah Banat Su'ad karya penyair Mukhadhram (antara Jahiliyah dan Islam) Ka'b  bin  Zuhair,  menunjukkan bahwa proses pengkopian teks dari sumber tertulis ternyata tidak selalu  aman dari munculnya penyimpangan teks. Dengan membandingkan ketiga manuskrip tersebut, tampak jelas adanya perbedaan antara yang satu dengan yang lainnya, baik pada tingkat cara penulisan dan perubahan kata. Bahkan terjadi juga perbedaan letak dan penambahan atau pengurangan baris/bait puisi. Bahwa dua yang terakhir ini terjadi juga pada sumber-sumber di masa awal, maka  diduga kuat berasal, dan sebagai akibat dari, periwayatan  secara  lisan.Namun demikian, meskipun patut diakui bahwa  periwayatan  secara  lisan  tidak memiliki tingkat akurasi yang sama dengan periwayatan secara  tertulis, tetapi tidak berarti bahwa perbedaan pada teks selalu dapat menjadi acuan bagi klaim terhadap otentisitasnya.Kata Kunci: qashidah, transmisi text, Ka'b bin Zuhair, Banat Su'ad
STUDI KOMPARATIF PEMBAYARAN ZAKAT PERNIAGAAN DAN PEMUNGUTAN PAJAK PENGHASILAN ORANG PRIBADI ATAS LABA USAHA DI INDONESIA Nugroho, Adrianto Dwi; umam, khotibul
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1387.029 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1410

Abstract

This research aims at identifying similarities and differences between commercial zakat and Income Tax on business profits, particularly within their legal norms in Indonesia. Moreover, this research also aims at exploring the possibility of deducting commercial zakat paid by  an individual businessman from his Individual Income Tax, particularly that on the portion of the amount of business profits he earned in one fiscal year. This research was a normative-empirical research, in which it focused on analyzing secondary data, namely the enforced legislations on income tax and zakat, literatures, articles, and other sources related to the issue. In order to be able to obtain information regarding the enforcements of such legislations, a field research was also conducted through interviews conducted at our informants being experts and practicioners in the field of taxation and zakat. The research found out that there are similarities between the two types of levies, namely: a) both levies do not possess direct compensation to their payers; b) both levies possess thresholds for them to be compulsory; c) both levies are calculated using the self assessment system. Meanwhile, there are also differences between those levies, particularly with regards to: a) authorities to regulate and/ or collect; b) methods of calculation; c) beneficiaries of payment; d) parties in charge of collection or receipt; and e) earmarking system. Based on those proportions, the researchers uphold that commercial zakat paid by a muzakki may be utilized as tax credits when calculating his Individual Income Tax, so that double levies may be avoided.   kaywords: commercial zakat, Income Tax, Individual Income Tax,Tax Credit.
BANTENESE AUTHORS AND THEIR WORKS Suryani, Ade Jaya
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1231.717 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1061

Abstract

This article describes the authorships in Banten by analyzing the authors as follow: Syaikh Yusuf al-Maqassari; Syekh Nawawi AI-Bantani; Hoesein Djajadiningrat and his brothers; Gola Gong and other new generation authors. It also tries to explain the biography of the authors, their works, and social conditions that have probably influenced their authorships. Key words: Authorship, Banten, Syaikh Yusuf al-Maqassari, Syekh Nawawi AI-Bantani, Hoesein Djajadiningrat and Gola Gong  
BUDAYA KONSUMSI KAUM SANTRI DI TENGAH RUANG KOTA Humaedi, M. Alie
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1136.49 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.851

Abstract

The making image of cultural pradices of santri in the City of Kudus is very unique; it is a mixture of the modern consumtive culture and traditional productive culture. The accommodative form of both cultures has influenced the. symbols of traditional city, considered as the saint city, which has many religious meanings. Mall Kudus means not only as the centre of consumptive economy, but also as the cultural centre that tries to meet traditional and modern elements in their covers. Santri, then, becotnes a groupf of people who enjoy best this condition. This article tries to answer the main question about the position of Mall Kudus in the process of the formation of comsumtive culutre of Santri. After collecting data by using interoiews, observation, and documentation, and analyzing by using qualitative explanatory method, this research shows the relationship between the maagement of urban space and the formation of cousumtive culture of santri. This conclusion is based on the aspect of the management of urban spaces, especially the building of Mall, which exspressively creates the consumtive culture of the santri; even the traditional santri. Key Words: Consumptive Culture, City Symbol, Mal Kudus, Santri
PELAKSANAAN HUKUM KEWARISAN ISLAM DI PENGADILAN AGAMA BANTEN Somawinata, Yusuf
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1066.599 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1417

Abstract

This article aims at describing the obseroance of wasiat wajibah (compulsory bequeathment) in the Islamic court of Banten, analyzing the provision of the substitute heir and adopted children in the Compilation of  Islamic Law (KHI). In addition, the ideal laws to manage the innheritance rules in Indonesia. This article is library research by using doctrinal approach and using case study and survey methods. The data was, then, analyzed by using analytical descriptive and analytical correlative methods. The result showed that the observance of wasiat wajibah in the Islamic court of  Banten employed by judges is by using the Mawali Hazairin’s Doctrine. The criteria of the adoption of substitute heir and adopted children in the KHI is the attempts of Ulama and many judgees junst in giving legal justice and certainty to the society.   Key Words: Islamic Inheritance Law, Compilation of Islamic Law, Islamic court of  Banten
SUKUK MUDHARABAH SEBAGAI INSTRUMEN KEUANGAN ISLAM IDEAL KONTEMPORER alimin, alimin
ALQALAM Vol 30 No 1 (2013): January - April 2013
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1373.392 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v30i1.1411

Abstract

The year 2012 and 2013 can be regarded as the mudaraba sukuk revival since winning number and the value as compared to previous years. Indonesian mudaraba  sukuk  attract  Islamic financial worlds'   attention,  because  he was the first Indonesian sukuk while abroad is more aitively issuing ijara sukuk. In addition, it is identified that the Indonesia mudaraba sukuk is very attractive to investors and seem to be consistent and honest, but why ultimately mudaraba sukuk like abandoned? Actually, the more appropriate format for sukuk is mudhrabah while it is difficult to be applied in Islamic banking. Indonesia mudaraba sukuk application is quite phenomenal because it provides a very high return even once reached 24.3%, the highest return compared to all the world's sukuk and more Islamic and even more consistent in many ways. However, according to the application in general, mudaraba sukuk is still not consistent in terms of  Shariah compliance, such as providing income and principal guarantees. Further, the fluctuation phenomenon of use of fixed return sukuk type and floating return in Indonesia is quite interesting to obseroe the high returns associated with these and also with the market desire to implement the shariah compliant sukuk. The authors analyze the problem in this paper qualitatively from two perspectives, namely through sharia compliance perspective and the perspective of investment effectiveness. Key words: mudaraba, sukuk, Islamic financial, Islamic banking  

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