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ALQALAM
ISSN : 14103222     EISSN : 2620598X     DOI : -
ALQALAM (e-ISSN: 2620-598X; p-ISSN: 1410-3222) is a journal published by the Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-INDONESIA. ALQALAM is an academic journal published twice a year (every six months). ALQALAM had been accreditated by Ministry of Education and Culture No. 80/DIKTI/Kep./2012, 13 Desember 2012. This journal focuses on specific themes of Islamic Studies.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011" : 8 Documents clear
LOMBOK ISLAM IN THE EYES OF ANTHROPOLOGISTS ANIQ, AHMAD FATHAN
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1139.6 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.1372

Abstract

Sasak adalah kelompok suku terbesar di Lombok. Mereka terbagi ke dalam dua kelompok,yaitu Wetu Telu dan Waktu Lima. Waktu Lima adalah sebuah komunitas yang mendefinisikan diri sebagai penganut Islam ortodoks. Sedangkan Watu Telu adalah komunitas suku sasak marjinal yang memiliki kepercayaan yang dianggap sinkretik karena mereka masih mempercayai roh-roh nenek moyang mereka. Akan tetapi, sekitar delapan dekade yang lalu, sebagian muslim Lombok masih menjadi penganut Islam Wetu Telu. Perubahan yang sangat cepat ini mengundang banyak sarjana untuk melakukan penelitian tentang hubungan sosial dan keberagamaan masyarakat Lombok. Secara khusus, mereka tertarik untuk mengkqji pembagian antara Wetu Telu dan Waktu Lima.Artikel ini merupakan kajian literatur yang bertujuan untuk mengkaji relasi kuasa antara Wetu Telu, Waktu Lima dan pemerintah. Artikel ini mencoba meninjau konflik-konflik yang timbul dari hubungan-hubungan tersebut. Selanjutnya, artikel ini juga akan mengkaji perubahan paradigma S uku Sasak dan paradigma pemerintah dalam memandang posisi Wetu Telu. Untuk memahami hal tersebut, penulis akan mencoba menggali kajian-kajian antropologi mengenai masyarakat. Banyak literatur yang sudah membahas mengenai masyarakat Wetu Telu dan Waktu Lima. Untuk menganalisis data, penulis menggunakan metode induktif dan metode deskriptif analitis.Kata Kunci: Sasak, islamisasi, konflik, polarisasi, relasi kuasa
KITAB AL-MANAM SUGIYANTO, SUGIYANTO
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (672.862 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.894

Abstract

This paper tries to study an edition of Ibn Abi Dunya's work, entitled Kitab al-Manam, edited by Leah Kinberg. This paper also aims to deal with the nature of Islamic classical texts and tries to examine the existing edited form of the text that can be scientifically accepted in recently scholarly circumstances. Kitab al-Manam is one of which has attracted many scholars due to its popular contents about dream. It is a collection of 350 narratives. Most of these narratives tell readers about information transmitted through dream. The nature of dream is very dominant in the whole of its content, nearly 327 narratives. Kinberg explains in the beginning of her edition that those dreams are mostly short and follow a set of basic patterns, which is common patterns in relating dreams: 'motifs and formulae·. Viewed from its main nature, Kitab al-Manam, as a whole, is a compilation of traditions drawn from early sources prior to Ibn Abi Dunya’. Somehow, this was an important work since that we hardly can find explanations about dreams prior to Ibn Abi Du'nya’. That's why, the populariry of Ibn Abi Du'nya’ was later acknowledged by many scholars especially those concerned with the nature of dreams in Islamic eschatology. Key Words: Kitab al-Manam, Ibn Abi Du'nya', dreams, critical edition  
FUTUH AL-ASRAR FI FADHAIL AT-TAHLIL WA AL-ADZKAR KARYA SYAIKH 'ABDULLAH BIN 'ABD AL-QAHHAR AL-JAWI AL-BANTANI SHOHEH, MUHAMMAD
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1155.34 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.1059

Abstract

Researches on Nusantara 'Ulama's works-including Banten 'Ulama's works-are scarcely found. if we seriously observe, a number of their works, especially old manuscripts, are more than those of having been researched, published, and informed to the wider sodery. This research aims at studying a Banten 'Ulama's work of the eighteenth century well-kept in the National Library of Indonesia entitled Futuh al-Asrar Ji Fadhail at-Tahlil wa al-Adzkar (FAFA). This manuscript is a copy of Syaikh 'Abdul Wahhab bin 'Abdul Ghani's work copied by Syaikh 'Abdullah bin 'Abd al-Qahhar al-Bantani in Mecca. This text is written to explain the virtue of tahlil and zikir in order that his tarekat disciples obtain an easiness in bringing himself nearer to the God, both when he is alone (sirr) and when he is in busy condition (Jahr). Meanwhile, the motive of Syaikh 'Abdullah bin 'Abd al-Qahhar al-Bantani in copying the text is to prove that the geneology of the Qadiriya Tarekat he inisiates is legal and is directly attached to the Sheikh of Qadiriya Tarekat in Madina when he studied in Mecca during three years. Through this legitimate license and inisiation, he then spread out this tarekat to the Sultan of Banten when he returned to his fatherland. It seems that the existence of this manuscript strengthen the evidence of the existence and the influence of Qadariya Tarekat in the Banten Sultanate in the eighteenth century. And this FAFTA text becomes the initial source to know the genesis of inisiation of Qadariya Tarekat which is obtained by Syaikh 'Abdullah bin 'Abd al-Qahhar al-Bantani who then became the reliant 'Ulama' of Sultan Abu Nasr Zainal Asyiqin (1753-1777). Key Words: Zikir, Qadiriya Tarekat, Banten Sultanate of the-18th century.
خصائص اللغة العربيه ومزاياها FATTAH, ABD.
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.814 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.1373

Abstract

Semu a bahasa tidak terlepas dari unsur leksikon, fonemik/fonologi, morfologi, sintaksis, dan semantik. Namun, masing-masing bahasa memi!iki spesifikasi termasuk Bahasa Arab. Pada unsur Leksikon, Bahasa Arab sangat kaya dalam jumlah kosa kata; mencapai 5.099.400 kata. Pada unsur fonologi, bunyi konsonan Bahasa Arab tidak berubah, betapapun perubahan fungsi dan posisinya. Rumus-rumus morfologi (istiqaq dan tashrif) dapat mengembangkan kosa kata dan maknanya. Kaidah-kaidah sintaksis (nahwu), terutama kaidah­kaidah i'rab dapat mempermudah memahami fungsi suatu kata dan makna suatu kalimat. Kekayaan kosa kata; sinonim, hiponim, al-ta'rib, dan lain-lain dapat memperluas aspek semantik Bahasa Arab.Kata Kunci: Spesifikasi bahasa Arab, nahwu, dalalah makna, balaghah.
THE RISALAH FI TADBIR SAFAR AL-HAJJ ROFIQOH, LILIK
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.62 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.891

Abstract

It is well known that a large amount of knowledge had been transformed by the Greek's scientist through the works of the scribes who translated various knowledge into Arabic who then retranslated them info other languages. One of the important works of the Greek scientist is a treatise on Medical Regime for the Pilgrims to Mecca that was edited by Gerrit Bos. The author of this work, a Christian scholar named Qusta' ibn Luqa, knows the condition of Mecca quite well that he could write such a complete guide on medicine for somebody who wanted to perform the pilgrimage to the holy city. This, this article aims at describing this prominent work of Qusta' ibn Luqo through the text edition written by Gerrit Bos. Keywords: Qusta' ibn Luqo, Gerrit Bos, manuscript, pilgrimage  
AGAMA DAN MAGI BAGI KYAI DAN JAWARA TIHAMI, M.A.
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1388.801 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.896

Abstract

This article tries to discuss the function and the role of religion and magic for kyai ('ulama') and Jawara (local strongmen) in Pasanggrahan, Pabuaran, Serang Banten where this research was conducted. It also tries to describe the meaning and functions of religion and magic for Pasanggrahan society. In this village, kyai, who obtain legitimation from religion (Islam) by his authority to lead religious ceremonies and to interpret religious doctrines, gains many opportunities to play a role in magical sciences derived from the religion; indeed, to upgrade them. It happens because in Islam there are magical elements which are inseparable from religion. Therefore, jawara obtains magic from kyai to meet their practical needs. Based on this relationship, it shows that magic is functionally needed by both of leaders (kyai and jawara) functioned to maintain their leadership. Moreover, each leader needs the perpetuation of the relationship by maintaining solidarity of the society through performing magic. Hence, it seems that the leadership of kyai and jawara in Pasanggrahan is in the networks of religion and magic. Keywords: kyai,jawara, tradisional leadership, magic Banten
KAJIAN FILOLOGIS TERHADAP NASKAH WAWACAN SAJARAH HAJI MANGSUR WARDAH, EVA SYARIFAH
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (972.573 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.1058

Abstract

Wawacan Sajarah Haji Mangsur (WSHM) is one of historical literature works telling about the stories of Banten in the sultanate period in which Haji Mangsur becomes the main actor in this Wawacan. There are three manuscripts of WSHM which can be inventarized; two of them are collected in Bibliotthek Library of Leiden University, the Netherlands, indicated by the code LOr. 7420 dan LOr.7419, and another one is placed in National Libary of Jakarta indicated by the code BG.183. All of these three manuscripts are generally hand-writing by using Arab-Pegon text in Javanese Banten language. After identifying and analyzing the text, it seems that these three manuscripts derives from one source. Based on the result of comparing the texts, all of them are used in the text edition. After criticizing the text, there are several writing error on the WHSM text,i.e. in the form of substitution, addition, and lacuna. Such errors are ,then, corrected in the text edition. Reading materials on the base manuscript which is corrected by substituting, rediuing, or adding are noted in critical apparatus. The method of text edition used in this study is the basis method. It is used because among all these three manuscripts is a manuscript, indicated by the code LOr. 7420, which takes the shine of from the other ones. Key Words: The Manuscript of Wawacan Haji Mangsur, Philology, Text Edition
PERGESERAN PERAN KYAI DALAM POLITIK DI BANTEN ERA ORDE BARU DAN REFORMASI HAMID, ABDUL
ALQALAM Vol 28 No 2 (2011): May - August 2011
Publisher : Center for Research and Community Service of UIN Sultan Maulana Hasanuddin Banten-Serang City-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1051.956 KB) | DOI: 10.32678/alqalam.v28i2.895

Abstract

Kyai is one of traditional leaders in Banten. The political role of kyai in Banten has risen and fell. From collonial collapsed to Indonesian Revolt 1945, the leadership of kyai had increased in the peak performance. In 1945 until 1950, all of the Bupati in Banten were positioned by kyai. Since that time to now, in all of dimensions, the leadership of kyai has decreased. In New Order era, many kyais were organized as supported organization of ruling party. It was mutualism relation, ruling party got mass supports and kyai got material support for himself and pesantren. Impad of this strategy was increasing of charisma, influence, and trust. On the other hand, some kyais got oppression because of their independences and critics to government. In reformasi era, kyai had been fragmented in many political powers, but still as supporting actor not as the main one. To fulfill their needs, both for their selves and for pesantren, some kyais has done pragmatically and depended on others. This met with politician or government purposes to get religious legitimacy. The mix of political and economic weakness made kyai failed to made reformasi era as an opportunity to get back their ultimate role in politics. Keywords: Kyai, Political Role, New Order, Reformation Era, Banten.    

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