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Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan published by Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan contained results of the research which focused about education from practitioners, academics, researchers, and education observers.
Articles
216
Articles
PERBEDAAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI SISWA KELAS IV, V, DAN VI SEKOLAH DASAR

Astuti, Puji

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

One of the successes of students in education is shown by their academic achievements. This is what students do not have to always improve their achievement motivation. Achievement motivation possessed by someone ideally always progresses so that it will accelerate what is desired. The purpose of the study was to find out the difference in the average achievement motivation of grade IV, V, and VI students of Sekolah Dasar Negeri Sumber Rahayu OKU Timur in 2017. The research design used a quantitative approach. Data collection uses observation and questionnaire guidelines to obtain primary and secondary data. Data analysis techniques using independent sample t-test and ANOVA (One-Way ANOVA). This research was conducted on November 13, 2017 until January 06, 2018 in Sumber Rahayu OKU Timur Elementary School. The results of the study found that if there were differences in the average score of achievement motivation for grade IV, V, and VI students of Sekolah Dasar Negeri Sumber Rahayu OKU Timur in 2017. For that reason, teachers should pay more attention to their interests and talents so that students can continue to improve their motivation to continue achieving, more knowing how to make learning in class more interesting and fun so students are more motivated to take part in learning.

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PRESTASI MAHASISWA DI PERGURUAN TINGGI

Pratama, Rahardian Okta, Kartika, Lindawati, Sayekti, Andita

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

IPB is consistently becoming the Top 4 Best Universities based on the result of The Ministry of Research and Higher-Education Assessment Score for three years. Meanwhile, IPB still has the lowest assessment score on student affairs among other three universities. One of the significant components is the student achievements. This research aim (1) to identify the characteristics of the excellent students, (2) to analyze the perceptions about factors that significantly affect student achievement and student achievement itself, (3) to analyze the factors that significantly affect student achievement and student achievement itself, (4) to determine the result of Net Promoter Score of alumni to IPB. This research focused on a case of Department of Management Alumni Graduates of 2009 - 2013 FEM IPB that was conducted in Bogor Agricultural University from January to April 2018. This research used both primary and secondary data. The data analysis of this research was conducted by descriptive analysis, SEM-PLS, and Net Promoter Score. This research resulted that the environmental, physiological, psychological and instrumental factors had a t-statistic as orderly followed by 2.053, 2.031, 2.701, 0.033, whereas these factors were concluded to significantly affect the students` achievement.

THE EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONAL METHOD AND LEARNING RESOURCES TOWARDS STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL

Syahyuri, Syahyuri, Riyanto, Riyanto, S, Vienna Artina

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

Speaking skill is affected by two factors, the internal and external factors. The two external factors are instructional methods and learning resources. The complete and incomplete learning resources will surely affect the instructional process. As well as with instructional methods, it will affect the achievement of learning objectives. This research is aimed to get the empirical data and to find out the effect of instructional method and learning resources towards students’ speaking skill at state senior high schools in Bekasi. The research was conducted at SMA Negeri 1 and SMA Negeri 2 Sukatani-Bekasi. The total sample of this research is 40 students. The experiment was done from 17 Juli – 02 December in 2017. The technique of collecting data of instructional method and learning resources used questionnaires. Otherwise, the speaking skill was acquired from the test. The result of the research identifies there is the significant effect of instructional method and learning resources towards students speaking skill. Thus, the schools and the government should increasingly work hard in fulfillment of the completeness of learning resources and using an appropriate instructional method for the achievement of learning objectives.

PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN DI LEMBAGA PERSEKOLAHAN

Suprayekti, Suprayekti, Hanum, Fathia Fairuza

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

Educational technology as applied science that changes the definition over time makes the study area and contribution of Educational Technology in the education system at Indonesia also changed. This study is to identify the implementation of Educational Technology areas that have been applied in school institutions at elementary school, so in the future undergraduate researchers can do further research. This study is a descriptive research and has a survey method. The purpose of this study is identifying the implementation of Educational Technology areas that have been applied in elementary school institutions consisting of the area of creating, using, managing and evaluation. This study conducted at SDN Tegal Alur 09 From August to October 2017. To collect the data, this study used a questionnaire sheet, an interview sheet, and documentation. The result of this study has two types data, first, in quantitave data all of Educational Technology areas have been applied in school institution, but only three areas, which get a very good score, meanwhile creating the area get a low score. Second, in descriptive analysis data, there are some indicators of creating the area that haven’t been applied yet, but on the other hand, some indicators in all of areas that have been applied still in the simple and restricted form. Based on the result, educational technology as the study and ethical practice to facilitate learning needs to be introduced closer to the school institutions, because school institution still doesn’t know the existence of educational technology and its areas.

KEEFEKTIFAN KONSELING KELOMPOK RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOR UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SELF ESTEEM SISWA SMA

Khoiriyah, Khoiriyah, Habsy, Bakhrudin All

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

Self-esteem is an individual assessment that leads to self-evaluation of the results achieved, which are influenced by attitudes, interactions, rewards, and acceptance of others towards the individual. To measure self-esteem in this study using a questionnaire of self-esteem that has a value of total item validity with an R-value of 0.220, and reliability of 0.945, it can be concluded that the questionnaire is reliable and feasible to use as a research instrument. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the rational emotive behavior group counseling to improve self-esteem of high-school students. This type of research is quantitative with the design of Experiment Pretest and Posttest Control Group Design. Data were analyzed by two nonparametric statistical test`s Independent Mann-Whitney U Sample Test. The results of the hypothesis obtained by the Z value of -2.120 and Asymp numbers. Sig. (2-tailed) which is 0.034, which meant it is smaller than the real level (α / 2 = 0.05), then Ho is rejected, meaning that the counseling of rational emotive behavior groups is effective to improve self-esteem of high-school students. The research was carried out starting from February to July 2018, which took place at SMA Negeri 1 Kutorejo. Based on the results of the research, researchers give suggestions for (1) teacher of Counseling Guidance could apply this rational emotive behavior group counseling as an alternative strategy to improve students’ self-esteem; (2) furthermore, researcher could apply rational emotive behavior counseling on the other psychological aspects or using different techniques for group counseling, so they could learn new knowledge.

KEEFEKTIFAN KONSELING RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOR UNTUK MEREDUKSI PERILAKU MENYONTEK SISWA SMA

Hartono, Hartono

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to apply rational emotive behavior counseling as an effort to reduce cheating behavior of high school students. The design of this study was conducted using a quasi experimental method approach with a pretest-posttest non-equivalent control group design research design. Data analysis techniques using Wilcoxon mached-pairs signed test, with the Asymp.Sig (2-Tailed) 0.028 <0.05, which shows a significant difference. The Z test value is -0.730 with the Asymp.Sig (2-Tailed) number 0.466, because of the Asymp.Sig (2-Tailed) value> 0.05, it can be concluded that there is no significant difference between the posttest value and the experimental group value with the control group, Ho is rejected and Ha is accepted which means that rational emotive behavior counseling is effective in reducing student cheating behavior. The study was carried out starting from January to March 2018, which took place at Darul Hikmah High School. Based on the results of the study, the researchers proposed several suggestions, among others (1) BK teachers, counseling rational emotive behavior can be applied by BK teachers to reduce student cheating behavior practically and can be easily applied; (2) for researchers furthermore, this research uses the pretest and posttest control group design research models, for the next researcher can use other research designs such as action research in BK, or other experimental research.

KEEFEKTIFAN KONSELING KELOMPOK REALITA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN IDENTITAS DIRI SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA

Maslikan, Maslikan

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to test the effectiveness of reality counseling to improve students self-identity in junior high. This research uses pre experimental with pretest-posttest one group design. The data analysis used is paired test of T-test. To see the change of self-understanding level in the experimental group between pretest and posttest by looking at the price of ttable on the degrees of freedom (dk), ie the amount is N-1, and at a significant level α = 0.05 (95%) then obtained ttable = 1.771, assuming if thitung > ttabel then Ha "received" the meaning of group reality counseling is effective to improve understanding of the identity of junior high-school students. The research was carried out starting from April to July 2018, which took place at SMP Negeri 2 Mojosari. Based on the findings of the study, it is suggested as follows (1) for Guidance and Counseling teachers, group counseling can be applied effectively in schools, especially in improving understanding of students self-identities; (2) for researchers, furthermore, group reality counseling is effective in improving self-understanding students, should be able to be an inspiration in doing further research by applying group counseling with other techniques, especially in an effort to improve students self-identity understanding.

KEEFEKTIFAN BIMBINGAN KELOMPOK COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR DALAM MEREDUKSI POLA PIKIR NEGATIF SISWA SMK

Cahyadi, Rama

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the effectiveness of cognitive behavior group guidance in reducing the negative mindset of vocational students. The study was carried out starting from February to July 2018, which took place at the SMK Kepuhdoko Tembelang Jombang. This study used an experimental design with the design of the Pretest and Posttest Design Group. Data were analyzed by Paired Sample Test t-test, obtained the result of tcount was 6,500 and probability number (Sig. (2-tailed) was 0.001 with df = 5. Then the results were compared with the ttable at a significant level of 5% test 2 parties with df = 5, so that the ttable is 2.571 or 6,500> 2,571. The probability value obtained is 0.001> 0.005, so it can be concluded that cognitive behavior group guidance is effective in reducing the negative mindset of vocational high-school students based on the results of the research recommended for teacher`s guidance and counseling. Applying cognitive-behavioral group guidance as one of the alternative help in reducing the negative mindset of high-school students. Furthermore, researchers can use the results of this study to be used as a reference related to cognitive behavior group guidance, and further researchers can use research designs other than one group pretest and posttest design, for example time series design and n single-subject design.

KARAKTERISTIK KESULITAN BELAJAR MEMBACA PADA SISWA KELAS RENDAH SEKOLAH DASAR

Fauzi, Fauzi

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 2 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze the shape and characteristics of learning difficulties in reading at the early grade student of primary school; different learning difficulties of reading experienced by each student, as well as various forms or types of learning difficulties read the most dominant faced by students. This research was conducted at Sekolah Dasar Negeri 3 Sekolah Dasar Negeri 3 Bobosan Kecamatan Purwokerto Utara, Kabupaten Banyumas, Provinsi Jawa Tengah, in April - June 2011. The research was conducted using the qualitative approach with descriptive case study type. To collect research data using interview techniques, observation, documentation, and reading practice test. Data were analyzed by qualitative descriptive analysis technique. The results of the study showed that learning difficulties of reading faced by students appear in four forms of unusual reading habits, mistakes to recognize words, misconceptions of reading, and various symptoms. There are differences and similarities in the characteristics of learning difficulties in reading faced by students in certain forms of difficulty. In terms of achievement of learning outcomes, students who have difficulty learning to read show low learning outcomes in other subjects. This means that learning difficulties of reading are associated with low student learning outcomes in other subjects.

JAM MENGAJAR GURU: TINJAUAN DARI SISI LAIN

Agung, Iskandar

Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 32 No 1 (2018): Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Jakarta

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Abstract

Peraturan menuntut guru harus memenuhi beban mengajar minimal 24 jam/minggu dan maksimal 40 jam/minggu. Namun nyatanya untuk kewajiban beban mengajar minimal saja, masih banyak guru yang belum mampu memenuhinya. Padahal, pemenuhan kewajiban minimal merupakan persyaratan agar guru dapat memperoleh Tunjangan Profesi Guru (TPG). Berbagai cara telah diupayakan oleh pihak yang berkepentingan, tetapi persoalan jam mengajar guru masih tetap mencuat ke permukaan. Jika disimak lebih lanjut, upaya pemenuhan ditinjau dari sisi kuantitas, belum mengarah pada kualitasnya. Untuk apa guru dipaksa memenuhi kewajiban jam mengajar, misal dengan mencarinya di sekolah lain, sedang dalam menjalankan tugas di sekolah utama masih mengindikasikan pencapaian hasil belajar peserta didiknya yang kurang memadai? Sewajarnya apabila pemenuhan kewajiban itu tidak hanya ditinjau dari sisi kuantitas, tetapi juga kualitas. Artinya perlu dicarikan alternatif pemenuhan jam mengajar sekaligis berfungsi sebagai pendorong peningkatan kualitas guru, sehingga berdampak positif terhadap peningkatan hasil belajar peserta didiknya. Berkenaan dengan uraian yang disebut terakhir itulah tulisan ini diketengahkan, yakni bermaksud mengemukakan alternatif pemikiran awal mengenai ketentuan jam mengajar guru.