JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 19072937     EISSN : 26204053
The articles of this journal are published every six months, that is on January and August (2 issues per year), and developed by the Master Program of Health Promotion, Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University
Articles 126 Documents
Social Learning Theory in Youth Sexual Behaviour Study in Central Java Suryoputro, Antono; Ford, Nicholas J; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 2, No. 1, Januari 2007
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Many public health researchers in Indonesia have advocated a greater role for the use of theory in strengthening the practice of research. However, public health researches and sexual & reproductive health researches in Indonesia have continued to focus primarilyon evaluating outcomes with less attention to the mechanisms by which these outcomes are produced. In this situation they argue that research is reduced to a set of predetermined steps that are mechanically applied to various interventions without concern for the theoretical implications of intervention content, setting, participants or implementing organizations. Such simple evaluations may provide a gross assessment of whether or not an intervention works under one set of conditions but fail to identify the reasons why (Brazil K., Ozer E., et all, 2005). As such, the conclusions are often less than satisfying to consumers of research resultsand not easily transferable to different settings.Method: The study applied a cross-sectional design, involving a total 2000 sample derived from youth population aged 18-24 years old, 1000 samples were each randomly selected from factory employers and university students in urban Central Java. The study employed quan-titative (survey) method using structured questionnaire as instrument and qualitative method (in-depth interviews and FGDs).Result : Although the findings of this cross-sectional study do not demonstrate that change in those factors/variables will reduce risk sexual behavior, they do suggest that future development and evaluation of sexual and reproductive health programs in youth population shouldtest the feasibility and the effect of changing those personal/cognitive and environment factors. Demonstrating causality would have required the experimental manipulation of self efficacy beliefs and a test of their effects on sexual behavior in a prospective rather than cross-sectional design. It is important to provide an open environment and counseling re-sources to the youth population in Central Java for strengthening youth self-efficacy which will increasing youth’s ability to avoid and/or reduce risky sexual behaviour. There is clearly a need for the reviewing of various laws, regulations, and policies at the central and regional level in order to develop more conducive environment for improving knowledge, attitude and practice of adolescent’s sexual lifestyleKeywords: Health services, Social Learning, Reproductive and sexual health, Sexual behaviour, Javanese youth.
Personal Dan Sosial Yang Mempengaruhi Sikap Remaja Terhadap Hubungan Seks Pranikah Setya Asih Widyastuti, Elisabet
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.188 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.75-85

Abstract

Background: Adolescents are important groups that reported have potentially high risk from unwanted pregnancy, STIs and HIV/AIDS infections. Recent studies reported that they were earlier engaged premarital sex, have multiple partners and inconsistent on using condom.Adolescents who are living in brothel areas, their daily lives were exposed by prostitutions environment and living in more permissive sub-culture.Method: This current study that conducted at two brothels in Semarang namely Sunan Kuning and Gambilangu in 2008 is to examine and to understand the personal and social factors influencing adolescents’ attitudes toward premarital sex. A cross sectional study with both quantitative and qualitative approaches was sequence applied. Cumulatively, 67 adolescents (15-19 years) were interviewed; 5 participants and 8 informants were in-depth interviewed trough this study. Chi square and logistic regression test applied to examine the relationship between independent variables and dependent variable. Furthermore, content analyses technique was applied to analyze case study.Result: The research findings reported that brothels were not conducive place for adolescents to growing up, they were reported obtain negative impacts from their environment such as stigmatized, school dropped out, alcohol consuming, and exposed by sexual activities: observe people kissing, hugging, erotic dancing, and having sex. Those sexual exposures could lead adolescents into some risky behaviour. The adolescents’ acceptance of premarital intercourse was range between 7.5 – 37.3 percent at any relationship levels; this result was higher compared with other populations of non brothels adolescents. The acceptance level of premarital sex increased when it was done in more serious relationship. Bivariate analyses suggested that sex, close friends’ sexual attitudes and sexual exposure were statistically significant have correlation with adolescents attitudes toward premarital sex. In addition, multivariate analyses revealed that close friends’ sexual attitudes was the most influencing the occurrence of adolescents’ attitudes toward premarital sex, next followed by sex. It means adolescents who have liberal close friends tend to have risk 32,5 times to be more permissive toward premarital sex than those have traditional one; male have risk 4.9 times to be more permissive toward premarital sex than female.Key words: adolescents, sexuality, premarital, sex, permissiveness
Praktik Wanita Pekerja Seks (WPS) Dalam Pencegahan Penyakit Infeksi Menular Seksual (IMS) Dan HIV&AIDS Di Lokalisasi Koplak, Kabupaten Grobogan Widodo, Edy
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.832 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.94-102

Abstract

Background: STI cases in Grobogan were increase, from 27 cases in 2007 to 58 cases in 2008, with fatality rate around 20%. At Koplak brothel, syphilis prevalence among female sex workers reached 18% whilst HIV prevalence remains lower at 6.5%. This research aims to analyze factors associated to female sex workers’ STI and HIV-AIDS prevention practice.Method: This study was an explanatory research employed cross sectional approach combining quantitative and qualitative methods. There were 70 females sex workers were involved in quantitative study whilst 7 other respondents were involved in qualitative study. Univariate analysis and Fisher Exact Test were employed to analyze quantitative data whilst content anaysis was used to analyze qualitative data.Result: It was found perceived benefits of prevention and perceived self efficacy were correlated to female sex workers’ prevention practice whilst perceived susceptibility and cues to action were not statistically significant. In order to improve female sex workers’ knowledge on STI and HIV-AIDS prevention, it is necessary for local government to address female sex workers’ perceived susceptibility by adopting testimonials methods and involving peer groupswho have safer sex behavior.Keywords : Prevention, Practice, Female, Sex, Worker, Perception, STI
Faktor Risiko Kejadian Low Back Pain Pada Operator Tambang Sebuah Perusahaan Tambang Nickel Di Sulawesi Selatan Basuki, Kristiawan
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (30.076 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.115-121

Abstract

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common clinical syndrome of musculoskeletal disorders on the lumbar vertebra area. LBP mostly occurred on a heavy work involving physical and heavy machine or vehicle. PT.INXX is one of the biggest Indonesian nickel mining company which employ 700 mining operators. Since March 2007-2008 there were 212 cases of LBP. This study aims to determine the risks factors of Low Back Pain occurrence among mining or heavy vehicle operators.Method: Case control study involved 65 respondents as case and 65 respondents as control. Respondents were randomly selected with more than five years service as inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed univariate, bivariate (chi-square) and multivariate (logistic regression).Result: It was found type of vehicle, exercise and work stress significantly correlated to LBP occurrence whilst age, obesity and smoking habit were not significantly correlated to LBP. Logistic regression analysis showed that the type of vehicle was the strongest predictor of low back pain.Keywords: Low, back, pain, risk, heavy, vehicle, operator, mining
Analisis Pelaksanaan Strategi Pelayanan Provider Initiated HIV Testing And Counseling / PITC (Studi Kasus Di Balai Kesehatan Paru Masyarakat Semarang) Sary, Lolita
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (31.146 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.86-93

Abstract

Background: In Indonesia, there were 40% of AIDS fatality associated with tuberculosis. Mortality rate of TB-HIV co-infection were found four time higher compared to those who only suffer from tuberculosis. Voluntary Counseling and Testing is an important entrance of TB patients to obtain HIV services. This study aims to analyze the need assessment in establishing Provider Initiative HIV Testing and Counseling (PITC) Service in Semarang Lung Clinic.Method: alitative study involving health providers in Semarang Lung Clinic who were selected purposively. In-depth interviews were conducted to obtain qualitative data.Result: All respondents considering the establishment of Provider Initiative HIV Testing and Counseling (PITC) Service in Semarang Lung Clinic is necessary. Respondents’ knowledge of PITC service was quite good. Respondents’ motivation to be involved in PITC service was to shift patients’ perception of HIV infection and the availability incentive. Subjects hoped there will be numbers of additional counselors, case managers, and lab technician. They also require counseling room, case manager’s room, and data storages’ room. It is necessary to provide adequate information and socialization about TB-HIV and PITC, implementing TB-HIV service in Semarang Lung Clinic, adding TB-HIV counselors and team as well as tools and facilities.Keywords: Need assessment, PITC, Semarang, Lung, Clinic,TB-HIV
Pengaruh Umur, Tingkat Pengetahuan, Dan Sikap Bidan Praktik Swasta (BPS) Pada Penggunaan Partograf Acuan Maternal Neonatal Dalam Pertolongan Persalinan Normal Di Wilayah Dinas Kesehatan Kota Semarang Indrawati, Tatik
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.742 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.122-126

Abstract

Background: Use of partograf to aid normal labour, very effective and cheap to monitor labour process. Partograf has proven effective in prevent long labour, decrease surgical operation midwifery and finally increase safety of the embryo. Base on the case, the research lutends to recite koranic verses what factors which influence private midwife practice toward using partograf to aid normal labour.Method: The kind of research is explanatory or confirmatory research. The Method which use is survey method with cross sectional approach. The research location is in official health city Semarang area. The research subject is private midwife practice in official health city Semarang area, total example 73 midwifes, base on inclution criteria, whereas cross check does in-depth interview, in a triangulation manner to the midwife partner. Organization firer of IBI (Ikatan Bidan Indonesia), expert in a certain field midwifery sector (Doctor SpOg),Kasubdin Kesehatan Keluarga (Head of Sub Official Health City) Semarang.Result: Analysis of the research used Univariat analysis with descriptive statistic. Bivariat analysis used Chi Square, whereas multivariat analysis used regression logistic test with aid program SPSS for windows 10.0. The result shows that there is no influence periods of work, kind education level, social environment, facility private midwife practice toward practice using of partograf. Appropriate result of logistic regression analysis with influence is age,knowledge level and attitude of private midwife practice to practice using partograf to aid normal Child birth. The most dominant variable is attitude.Keywords: behavior, private, midwife, partograf, labour
Partisipasi Pria Dalam Keluarga Berencana Di Kecamatan Jetis Kabupaten Bantul Iman Budisantoso, Saptono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.949 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.103-114

Abstract

Background: Male participation in Family Planning in Indonesia was still low. Indonesian Demographic Health Survey 2002 showed 4.4% man participation in family planning acceptors and only 4.3% in Bantul. The aim of this research was to know factors related man participation in family planning program, in Jetis Sub District, Bantul, 2008.Method: The study is an explanatory research with a survey research method using a cross sectional approach. The samples of this study were 100 participants of reproductive age from 9.074 of reproductive age chosen by multistage random sampling. Data analyses of this study were univariate, bivariate by chi square and multivariate by logistic regression for quantitative method and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) used for qualitative method.Result: The result of this study showed there were relation between knowledge of man participation in family planning, attitude for man participation in family planning, perceived of man participation in family planning, wife attitude for man participation in family planning, wife practice for man participation in family planning, friend attitude for man participation in family planning, friend practice for man participation in family planning with man participation in family planning. Variables of education and service access for man participation in family planning not related with man participation in family planning. The obstacle in social value related with man participation in family planning, like family planning was forbidden,family planning was a women area, a boy has a higher value than a girl, and domain of areluctant factor. Wife practice for man participation in family planning was the most related Independent variable.Keywords: participation, man, family, planning
Monitoring Parental dan Perilaku Teman Sebaya Terhadap Perilaku Seksual Remaja SMA Di Kota Pontianak Suwarni, Linda
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 2, Agustus 2009
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.423 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.2.127-133

Abstract

Background: The number of unwanted pregnancy, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs) and HIV-AIDS among adolescents are rapidly increased nowadays. There was 10% of Pontianak adolescents engaged in premarital sexual intercourse since they were 16 or 18 years old, and most of sexual activities happened at home. This study aims to analyze the impact of parental monitoring and peer influence to adolescents’ sexual attitudes.Method: It was a cross sectional study involving 348 students from 50 high schools in Pontianak. Univariate, Bivariate and Path Analysis was used to find the correlation and the direct path of independent variable to dependent variable.Result: It was found there was a direct impact (10.6%) and indirect impact (9.28%) of parental monitoring to adolescents sexual behavior. Peer influence was shown to be the most dominant path in affecting adolescents’ sexual behaviors both direct (20.2%) and indirect (14.24%). Parental monitoring in this study was having a weaker impact to adolescents sexual behavior than did peer influence, therefore, it is necessary for parents to approach their adolescents and give them sex education in order to give them a better understanding in making sexual decisions.Keywords : Parental, Monitoring, Sexual, Behavior, Adolescent
The Pattern Of Javanese Student Love Styles And The Socio-Sexual Lifestyles In The Era Of HIV/AIDS Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Love is recognized as an important aspect of close relationships and as a predictor of stability in premarital relations. Love has been described as an attitude or value, an emotion, an attachment and as a combination of some of these. In order to understand of sexual subculture of young people, we need to explore their lovestyles which refer to how individuals define or approach love as their attitudes regarding love guiding their behaviour towards, and an experience of, those they love.There are six different styles of love, which were characterized as erotic love, ludic love, storgic love, pragmatic love, maniac love and agapic love. Each person could be characterised by more than one love style. The objective of this study is to identify the pattern of Javanese youth love styles and examine the factors influence to their love styles and sexual lifestyles.Method: Participants were 500 undergraduates (265 males and 235 females) in the age18-24 years. They were recruited from 8 universities in three big cities in Central Java (Semarang,Purwokerto and Surakarta) using a quota sampling method. FGDs and indepth interviews were also conducted to explore in more depth and details the case of premarital sexual relationship of heterosexual couples and homosexuals.Results: The pattern of Javanese youth love styles are firstly pragma and storge. It was influenced by religiousity, personality aspects, level of social activity, and attitudes to premarital sex, sexual attitudes, and sexual experiences. The variety of Javanese youth love styles was signified by development of the individual self or self identity.Keyword: love styles, self identity, Javanese, sexual lifestyles.
Faktor-faktor Yang Melatarbelakangi Persepsi Penderita Terhadap Stigma Penyakit Kusta Soedarjatmi, Soedarjatmi; Istiarti, Tinuk; Widagdo, Laksmono
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: By the year of 2006, there were 4.171 registered leprosy cases in Central Java, 1.989 of them on going treatment, 163 were children and 241 of people deformed due to leprosy. Lack of knowledge on leprosy cause negative perception toward this disease, so willincrease stigma in the community. This study aims to describe the patients’ perception to leprosy disease.Method: This study was a qualitative case study, involved 8 patients selected from leprosy cases with the criteria of on going treatment in Tugurejo Hospital Semarang. In-depth interview was conducted to obtain details answers from respondents.Result: Respondents perceived that leprosy was an infectious disease and it was possible to be infected to other people easily, especially to those who careless in performing healthy behavior. Most of respondents were lack of knowledge of the disease transmission. They perceived that leprosy is a dangerous disease and lead to death or deformities. Positivebehaviors were depicted as a good self care, regular treatment, and socialization whereas negative behaviors were described as in-complying treatment, being isolated and giving up of hopes. All respondents covering their disease and limit their socialization in order to avoid stigmatization.Keyword : Perception, Stigmatization, Leprosy

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