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INDONESIA
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal
ISSN : 02150883     EISSN : 25026577     DOI : -
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal is a peer-reviewed and open access journal based in Indonesia that globally/internationally accepts and publishes scientific articles in the field of aquaculture. The journal is hosted and managed by the Center for Fisheries Research, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and serving as a scientific platform to share research information in and contribute to the development of various disciplines of aquaculture including genetics, reproduction, nutrition and feed, fish health and diseases, engineering, and environmental assessment.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)" : 10 Documents clear
VERTICAL-HORIZONTAL WATER QUALITY PROFILES OF BATUR LAKE, BANGLI DISTRICT, BALI SUPPORTING SUSTAINABLE LAKE MANAGEMENT Sagala, Sophia; Radiarta, I Nyoman
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1364.039 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.157-169

Abstract

Batur Lake located in Bangli District is one of fisheries-basedregions in Bali with niletilapia as the main cultured species. Monitoring on environmental conditions of the lake was carried out to get the vertical and horizontal water quality profiles of the lake. Climatology condition of the area was also presented in the study. The study area were between 8o13’-8o18’ S and 115o22’-115o26’ E. Field survey was done with random and transect sampling points distribution. The water quality monitored in the lake essential ly covers important parameters such as depth, transparency, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, salinity, nutrients (ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, and phosphate), sulfide, chlorophyll, and planktonic composition. Results of spatial analysis (vertically and horizontal ly) of water quality indicated that oxygen concentration up to 10 m deep is still appropriate for nile tilapia culture. Nutrient (phosphate, ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite) contents of the lake meet the standard levels set by Ministry of Environment of Indonesia, and were still suitable for aquaculture operation at depth 710 m. From climatology point of view, it is known that the extreme climate occurred in June-August resulting in water mass changes, thus, affecting aquaculture sustainability in the lake.
PROPOLIS, THE ALTERNATIVE NATURAL MATERIAL FOR SEX REVERSAL IN TILAPIA Ariyanto, Didik; Robisalmi, Adam; Larasati, Alien Karlina
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.796 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.87-94

Abstract

Growth of tilapia male is better than female. Practically, cultured of all male population are more efficient than that of mixed sex population. Sex reversal with 17-methyltestosterone hormone is the most popular technique to make all or nearly all male tilapia. But, alternative substitution materials for sex reversal must be found due to limited application of this synthetic hormone that caused of its carcinogenic potential on human body. Besides that, 17-methyltestosterones are also suspected as the unfriendly material for environment. Several early studies were conducted to find the alternative materials for sex reversal in tilapia. One of the highly potential material found is aromatase inhibitors, the materials which are function to inhibit the secretion of aromatase, the catalyst enzyme in the bio-synthetic of estrogen from androgen. Due to the chemical characteristic materials and relatively high price of aromatase inhibitor, we tried to find the natural material which has similar composition or function to that compound. One of the natural suspected materials which has similar function with aromatase inhibitors is propolis. Chrysin as apart of flavonoid compound found in the propolis shows the most potent inhibitors of aromatase. Early study showed that application of propolis up to 3 mL.kg-1 of feed resulted the highest percentage of male in tilapia. Based on that study, the optimum dosage of propolis for sex reverse of the tilapia has not been known. This study was conducted to know the optimum dosage of a commercial propolis for sex reversal in tilapia, especially in NIFI red tilapia. The dosages proposed in this study were 3, 4, 5 and 6 mL propolis.kg-1 of feed. Sex reversal was carried out in aquarium for 35 days. Rearing of fingerling fish for 2 months was conducted in hapas suspended in earthen pond. The result showed that application of 5 mL propolis.kg-1 of feed resulted the highest proportion of male, which up to 76.67%. Application of all propolis dosages in this study did not affect to the survival rate and the abnormality of fish.
HISTOLOGICAL STUDY ON INTERNAL ORGANS DEVELOPMENT OF MANGROVE SNAPPER, Lutjanus argentimaculatus LARVAE Mahardika, Ketut; Mastuti, Indah; Melianawati, Regina; Zafran, Zafran
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.294 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.133-138

Abstract

Mangrove snapper, Lutjanus argentimaculatus is one of highly economic value of marine fish commodity. Culture of this species has been developed a few years ago. Basic data on biological aspect is still limited whereas those kinds of information are needed. Histological study to determine development of internal organs of the larvae of mangrove snapper was conducted. Amount of 15-20 larvae each from 1 day after DAH hatching (1 DAH) up to 30 days after hatching (30 DAH) were collected, fixed in Bouin’s solution for 4-6 hours and then transferred into 70% alcohol. The samples were then embedded in paraffin wax and the sections were stained with haematoxylineosin (H&E). Results showed that the eye retina of the mangrove snapper larvae well developed on 3 DAH, whereas their digestive tract was on 5 DAH. Under this condition, the larvae started feeding as showed by present of natural food tissues in the intestine. Development of digestive tract and other internal organs reached their complete form like in adult fish after 20 DAH.
EXPRESSION OF ANTIVIRAL GENE ON TIGER SHRIMP Penaeus monodon AT DIFFERENT TISSUE AND BODY SIZE Parenrengi, Andi; Tenriulo, Andi; Lante, Samuel
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.161 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.95-104

Abstract

The role of tiger shrimp defense against invading pathogen on molecular level such antiviral gene expression is limited to be reported. Gene expression is a process which codes information of genes that is converted to the protein as a phenotype. Distribution of PmAV antivirus gene, that has been reported as an important gene on non-specific response immune, is needed to be observed to several organs/tissues and size of tiger shrimp. The aim of this study is to determine the distribution of gene antiviral expression at several organ/tissue and size of shrimp. The organs/tissues observed in this study were: gill, hepatopancres, muscle tissue, eyes, heart, stomach, gonad, and intestine. While the size of shrimp consisted of three groups, those are: (A) 10-20 g/ind., (B) 30-40 g/ind., and (C) 60-70 g/ind. Analysis of antiviral gene expression was performed by RNA extraction, followed by the cDNA syntesis, and amplification of gene expression by semi-quantitative PCR. The result of PCR optimation showed the optimal concentration of cDNA and primer was 1 μL and 50 mol, respectively for PCR final volume of 25 μL. Antiviral gene was expressed on the hepatopancreas and stomach in percentage of 50.0% and 16.7%, respectively. While the highest percentage of individual expressing the antiviral gene was observed in the shrimp size of C (66.7%), followed by B (50.0%) and A (16.7%). The result of study implied that the hepatopancreas has importantly involed in tiger shrimp defense mechanism on viral infection.
DISTRIBUTION OF TROPICAL EEL GENUS Anguilla IN INDONESIA WATER BASED ON SEMI-MULTIPLEX PCR Fahmi, Melta Rini; Pouyaud, Laurent; Berrebi, Patrick
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (695.517 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.139-148

Abstract

Tropical eels living in Indonesian waters are known to be composed of several species, but their real listing together with their distribution ranges need to be established. The main difficulties are the very high number of islands with perennial rivers where these species are living during the growth phase of their life cycle. It is difficult, sometimes impossible, to determine the species using morphological characters, moreover on glass eels. In order to establish the geographic distribution of tropical eels of the genus Anguilla in Indonesian waters, a total 1,115 specimens were collected between 2008 and 2012. Sample collection was done in the growth habitats that are rivers and estuaries by commercial nets of different categories according to the fish size. All samples were identified genetically using the recently developed semimultiplex PCR method. We recognized four species and subspecies with wide distribution: Anguilla bicolor bicolor, Anguilla bicolor pacifica, Anguilla marmorata, and Anguilla interioris; two species with limited distribution, close to endemism: Anguilla celebesensis and Anguilla borneensis and one subspecies Anguilla nebulosa nebulosa that is only spread in river flowing into Indian Ocean.
STUDY OF VERTEBRAL MORPHOGENESIS OF COBIA LARVAE, (Rachycentron canadum) BY DOUBLE STAINING METHODS Nasukha, Afifah; Aslianti, Titiek; Priyono, Agus
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.565 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.105-114

Abstract

Vertebral development is one of the main indicators of organism growth. The aim of this study was to know the vertebral development of cobia Rachycentron canadum in larval stage (20 day post hatch). Vertebral assay was done with double staining methods. The result showed that cobia larvae from 0 dph up to 5 dph did not have cartilage. On 5 dph up to 10 dph had pre cartilage phase composed by calcium and on 10 dph up to 18 dph were cartilage phase and marked with blue color by alcian blue. Vertebral was formed perfectly as bones on 18 dph marked with red color by alizarin red. On 20 dph, cartilage had been fully transformed to bones, and the segment of vertebral was clearly formed. Measurement showed that length of cobia vertebrae was 20.20±3.90 mm, vertebrae segment was 0.91±0.11 mm and number of vertebral segments were between 25-26 segments.
THE IMPACTS OF FASTING PERIODS ON FOOD INTAKE, GROWTH RATE, COMPENSATORY GROWTH, AND EFFICIENCY OF FEED UTILIZATION IN BLUE TILAPIA (Oreochromis aureus) REARED IN BRACKISH WATER PONDS Setyawan, Priadi; Robisalmi, Adam; Listiyowati, Nunuk; Dewi, Raden Roro Sri Pudji Sinarni; Imron, Imron
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1364.039 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.149-156

Abstract

Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus) has known as euryhaline species refers to wide range of salinity tolerance. The pure population or hybrid with other strain of tilapia can be a good candidate in marginal coastal land use. Tilapia is the most important aquaculture species in Indonesia. Refers to FAO 2010, Indonesia is the third biggest of tilapia production after China and Egypt. One of the main problems in aquaculture is their feed as the major cost in fish farming. Various techniques had carried out to reduce of feed cost such as improving fish quality, sex reversal and feed management. This research aimed to determine of compensatory growth in tilapia as one technique in feed management. Fry obtained from natural spawning in freshwater pond. Acclimatization in 20 ppt made in aquarium for 4 days after one month reared in hapas. Fish reared in 2 m x 1 m hapas with five treatments and three replications. This research had conducted at brackish water pond in Yogyakarta. The treatments is A: one day fasting and six days feeding (1/6), B: 2/5, C: 3/4, D: 4/3 and E is control. Results showed that the biggest of average weight gain is treatment of E (68.36 g) followed by A (66.38 g), B (62.44 g), C (43.56 g), and D (27.30 g) respectively. One-way ANOVAs analysis with 95% of interval confidences continued with Tukey’s Pairwaise comparison showed that nothing significant different between E, A, and B. The biggest of daily growth rate and specific growth rate is E (0.75 g/day and 4.68 %bw/day) followed by A (0.73 g/day and 4.65 %bw/day); B (0.69 g/day and 4.58 %bw/day); C (0.48 g/day and 4.18% bw/day) and D (0.29 g/day and 3.65% bw/day) respectively. Survival rate of A is 73.00% followed by E. 72.00%, C. 71.00%, D. 69.69%, and B. 67.00% respectively. Feed conversion ratio of D is 0.83 followed by C (0.87), B (0.98), A (1.16), and E (1.41). Food efficiency ratio of D is 127.06% followed by C (118.75%), B (106.09%), A (88.87%), and E (73.38%). These results indicate that fasting of one day and two days has no significant effect on fish growth. Treatment A and B is the better treatment for fish culture refers to the better value of FCR, FER, and total weight gain.
THE DIGESTIVE TRACT DEVELOPMENT OF THE TIGER GROUPER Epinephelus fuscoguttatus LARVAE TREATED WITH THYROXINE HORMONE Muzaki, Ahmad; Mahardika, Ketut; Mastuti, Indah; Andriyanto, Wawan; Asih, Yasmina Nirmala; Wardana, Ida Komang
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1208.195 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.115-122

Abstract

Thyroxin administration in tiger grouper larval rearing was conducted to determine its effect on development of digestive tract of the larvae. Newly hatched larvae were treated with 0 mg/L (control), 0.1 mg/L, and 0.2 mg/L of thyroxin for 2 hours in a 30 L tank before were transferred into a 1 m3 rearing tank. Samples were collected daily until 10 DAH and every 3 days until 40 DAH. Development of digestive tract was observed using histological method. For all treatments, the digestive tract was the same on 1 DAH and 2 DAH. The digestive tract of 1 DAH larvae was still closed and still in the form of a simple tube. The mouth, buccopharynx, liver, pancreas, and rectum were found on 2 DAH. On 3 DAH, the esophagus, stomach, intestines, and anus started to develop. At this stage, the digestive tract of larvae treated with and without thyroxin started to become distinguishable. Several goblet cells were noticed in the rectum of the treated larvae but not in the control. Digestive tract developed earlier in treated larvae compared to the control group, such as appearance of tongue, gill raker, fundic, and cardiac stomach development, formation of pharyngeal tooth, and gastric gland. Metamorphosis of larvae into juvenile on treated larvae occurred than that the control larvae earlier.
INVESTIGATION ON BIODIVERSITY AND CONSERVATION OF FRESHWATER FISHES IN INDONESIA Sudarto, Sudarto; Paradis, Emmanuel
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (969.08 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.171-181

Abstract

Indonesia is one of the richest regions in the world in terms of biodiversity. However, recent evidence has shown that tropical forests destruction has maintained at a high rate over the last few years in this country. At the same time, living resources in Indonesian freshwater ecosystems are important: this country ranks at number seven in terms of production of inland capture fisheries with 323,150 tonnes in 2008. Freshwater fishes represent 42% of the total estimated ichthyofauna, concentrated in 0.01% of the total water covered environment. This environment is closer to human activities, making it critically vulnerable to adverse impacts. Furthermore, there has been some recent debates on the general sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture production systems. This research was focused on initiating a multi-scale study of fish biodiversity in freshwater environments. Two specific actions have been started. A review based on the analyses of the existing scientific literature and of databases on fish taxonomy and distributions. In parallel to this work, a global analysis of the distribution of fish diversity in Indonesia was undertaken. This work aims at identifying the major features of this resource as well as its current and future threats.
EFFECTS OF CURRENT VELOCITY ON FILTRATION AND INGESTION RATE OF PEARL OYSTER (Pinctada maxima) Supii, Apri I.; Lestari, Dewi Puji; Sudewi, Sudewi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 7, No 2 (2012): (December 2012)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (166.536 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.7.2.2012.123-131

Abstract

Pinctada maxima is a filter feeder organism obtaining food particles by filtration from water suspension. Filtration and ingestion rate of a large number of benthic filter feeders in a variety of coastal environment have been known influenced by current velocity. The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of current velocity on filtration and ingestion rate of pearl oyster P. maxima and to determine the best current velocity. Randomized Block Design was used in this experiment with four current treatments of 8, 16, 24, and 32 cm s-1. The results of this experiment demonstrated that current velocity has a marked effect on filtration rate of P. maxima and that this species follows the general pattern of response observed for other bivalves. Different velocity affected filtration and ingestion rate in pearl oyster P. maxima. It was gradual decline in the suspension feeding with increasing velocity. Filtration rate of bivalves with siphons facing into the current, were directly inhibited by hydrodynamic effects on the functioning of the bivalves pump. At increasing current velocity, pressures applied to the inhalant and exhalant aperture facing into the flow would result in higher pressures than that of produced by the ciliary pump, resulting in reduced filtration rate. The highest filtration and ingestion rate in this experiment were obtained at velocity of 8 cm s-1 that achieved 3.409±0.485 l/h and 37.91±1.27 (x107) cells/h, respectively.

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