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INDONESIA
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal
ISSN : 02150883     EISSN : 25026577     DOI : -
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal is a peer-reviewed and open access journal based in Indonesia that globally/internationally accepts and publishes scientific articles in the field of aquaculture. The journal is hosted and managed by the Center for Fisheries Research, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and serving as a scientific platform to share research information in and contribute to the development of various disciplines of aquaculture including genetics, reproduction, nutrition and feed, fish health and diseases, engineering, and environmental assessment.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)" : 10 Documents clear
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM-BASED MODELING AND ANALYSIS FOR SITE SELECTION OF GREEN MUSSEL, Perna viridis, MARICULTURE IN LADA BAY, PANDEGLANG, BANTEN PROVINCE Radiarta, I Nyoman; Albasri, Hatim; Sudradjat, Achmad
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.709 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.83-90

Abstract

Green mussel is one of important species cultured in Lada Bay, Pandeglang. To provide a necessary guidance regarding green mussel mariculture development, finding suitable site is an important step. This study was conducted to identify suitable site for green mussel mariculture development using geographic information system (GIS) based models. Seven important parameters were grouped into two submodels, namely environmental (water temperature, salinity, suspended solid, dissolve oxygen, and bathymetry) and infrastructural (distance to settlement and pond aquaculture). A constraint data was used to exclude the area from suitability maps that cannot be allowed to develop green mussel mariculture, including area of floating net fishing activity and area near electricity station. Analyses of factors and constraints indicated that about 31% of potential area with bottom depth less than 25 m had the most suitable area. This area was shown to have an ideal condition for green mussel mariculture in this study region. This study shows that GIS model is a powerful tool for site selection decision making. The tool can be a valuable tool in solving problems in local, regional, and/or continent areas.
SEX DETERMINATION IN INDONESIAN PUFFERFISH Tetraodon palembangensis Bleeker, 1852: IMPLICATION FOR AQUACULTURE AND CONSERVATION Nugraha, Media Fitri Isma; Subamia, I Wayan; Sudarto, Sudarto; Purbowasito, Wahyu
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.722 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.37-45

Abstract

The study was based on eight specimens from a single population of Palembang pufferfish. We used a comprehensive approach comprise behavioral record, the Random Amplified Polymorphism DNA technique, exteriorly genital observation and the description of morphological coloration distinctive to recognize gender. Annotation from captivity has yielded that two genders in couple were possessed the prominent social respond in shoaling-fidelity. When the gonadal process has been released by maternal part, eggs and offspring were kept by male and there is no tolerable contact of female were given, here the female has become more cannibalism. Male adult has more brown-blackish and occasionally more flukes-dark on the half upper horizontal body it has less towering bulk and only has one genitalial hole. Female furthermore is recognizable with the present hight-bulk and has more yellow overall flukes in coloration and widely bright yellowish-dark from abdomental part to the edge of middle half of the body. Contrary, female has two genitalian holes. RAPD also has confirmed a concordance linkage what we are previously expected. We found an important mutation 176 bp for both gender. Among the scaffold obtained, scaffold 33 is a common scaffold identified within T. palembangensis and Takifugu, it has a sufficient score bit of 36.2 with a length of nucleotide 1,758,880 bp. Moreover, this scaffold is the result from primer OPP-19 in the female of T. palembangensis, we thus can finally distinguish their sex status. The scaffold 33 might relate to the gene SOX. Our attempt may hatch a new horizon for institutional developers, aquarist and conservationist in case of surety for sustainable natural population and to ensure their stock for consumption and trading ornament requirement.
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF BRACKISHWATER POND SOIL CHARACTERISTICS IN PEKALONGAN CITY CENTRAL JAVA PROVINCE Asaad, Andi Indrajaya; Mustafa, Akhmad
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1132.046 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.91-105

Abstract

Spatial distribution of brackishwater pond soil has a vital role in the system of bioenvironment including brackishwater pond environment. This research was aimed to determine the spatial distribution of brackishwater pond soil characteristics in Pekalongan City, Central Java Province. A total of 59 sampling points each with two different soil depth samplings were determined by simple random method. A total of 21 soil characteristics were measured in the field and analyzed further in the laboratory. Geostatistic with Kriging Interpolation method in the ArcGIS 9.3 software were used to depict the distribution of the data across the landscape. Furthermore, the spatial distribution was presented by using ALOS AVNIR-2 image. Research result indicates that in general, pond soil in Pekalongan City can be classified as soil with high variability or relatively heterogenic with the value of variation coefficient more than 36%. Soil characteristics which have similar pattern of spatial distribution are acid sulfate soil and soil nutrient content. High value of pH, organic matter, and total-N of soil, and on the other hand, low value of PO4 were generally found in the pond area of Krapyak Lor Village, while in Pekalongan City, it was found high clayish soil content but relatively homogenous. It is recommended that pond management must be based on soil characteristics which are different from one area to another. The soil characteristics itself can be drawn and assessed through spatial distribution.
MICROSATELLITE GENETIC VARIATION IN CULTURED POPULATIONS OF AFRICAN CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus) IN INDONESIA Imron, Imron; Sunandar, Dadan; Tahapari, Evi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.77 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.1-10

Abstract

African catfish, Clarias gariepinus, is one of economically important farmed species in Indonesia. To support the development of aquaculture industry, high genetic quality of both broodstock and seeds is required and breeding program is considered as viable option. Information on genetic variation of the populations being considered to form a base population may give insight toward the appropriate strategy to be implemented in breeding program. This study was aimed to assess genetic variation in farmed populations of catfish in Indonesia using microsatellite markers with special emphasis on their use to develop breeding program. Three populations of farmed catfish, namely Dumbo, Paiton, and Sangkuriang were collected. Fifteen individuals representing each population were screened for microsatellite variability using seven primer sets (cga01, cga02, cga03, cga05, cga06, cga09, cga10). Results found that with exception of two loci (cga01 and cg02) which had a slight increase, the other four loci showed reduction in the number of alleles ranging from 35% to 80% depending on loci. Farmed populations also showed heterozygote deficient and inbreeding level, being the highest was found in Sangkuriang and the least was observed in Dumbo population. Individuals within populations contributed most (95%) while interpopulation variation accounted for only 5% of the total genetic variation. Populations of Dumbo and Sangkuriang were genetically similar while populations of Paiton were genetically different from both Dumbo and Sangkuriang. Viewed from genetic perspective, by combining all information emerging from this study, the best possible strategy to establish a base population with broad genetic base and less inbreeding would be to combine all the populations into a synthetic base population.
THE UTILIZATION OF THE KINDS OF LIVE FOOD ON CLOWN LOACH FISH JUVENILES (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker) Meilisza, Nina; Hirnawati, Rina; Rohmy, Sulasy; Priyadi, Agus; Slembrouck, Jacques
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (158.778 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.47-58

Abstract

Domestication and mass production technology of clown loaches fish have been developed by the Research Institute for Ornamental Fish Culture, Depok and the Institute de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD). In the process, some constraints has been found and one of them was the cost of production and sustainable supply of Artemia as the only one of live food which used for clown loaches post-larvae until 2-3 months old juvenile. To solve this constraints, the use of other live feed as a substitute or replacement of Artemia should be applied, caused by it research of the utilization of the kinds of live food on clown loach juvenile need to be done. This research aims to determine the kinds of live food which be recommended for the substitution of Artemia on clown loaches fish juvenile (Chromobotia macracanthus Bleeker). Research carried out using 1 month old clown loach juveniles designed into the Complete Randomized Design in two factors namely are class of fish size S (35-50 mg), M (55-70 mg), L (75-90 mg) and the kinds of live food in the form of Artemia as a control, Moina, mini maggot, blood worms (Chironomus), and silk worms (Tubifex). Three levels treatment by class of fish size factor and five levels treatment by the kinds of live food factor produce 15 kinds of interactions with duplications. The research was conducted at recirculation system for 8 weeks to 3 months old juveniles. Observations were carried and measuring the growth parameters including weight, total length of fish, as well as survival rate parameters based on the number of fish that live at the end of the research. The support is done by measuring the water quality of pH, DO, temperature, ammonia, conductivity, and nitrites, proximate analysis of feed also performed. The two of research step analyzed by ANOVA (Analysis of Variance) and continued by Tukey test.
PERFORMANCE AND HETEROTIC ESTIMATION OF GROWTH IN INTRASPECIFIC CROSSING OF GIANT GOURAMY Ariyanto, Didik; Listiyowati, Nunuk
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.042 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.11-17

Abstract

Intraspecific crossing of giant gouramy was done to get better hybrid population. This study was conducted to evaluate the hybrid vigour or heterotic value of the hybrids line, especially for growth rate character. Besides that, we want to know the effect of hybridization on performance of phenotypic variability. Two days post hatching age larvae of four populations i.e. Bastar and Blue-saphire strain, F-1 hybrid and F-1 hybrid reciprocal, were used in this experiment. All fish were reared in aquaria for 30 days period in indoor hatchery. The fish were fed with live food such as Moina and Daphnia for the first ten days, followed by Tubifex for the second ten days and finally, commercial feed were given until the end of the study. The collected data were total length, standard length, and body weight of each population. The results showed that the phenotypic variability of the hybrid population was higher than that of inbred population. Hybrid population from female of Bastar and male of Blue-saphire has better growth than both of its parents. Heterotic values of total length, standard length, and body weight of the hybrid population was 9.5%, 2.9%, and 15.6% respectively. Maternal effect was detected in hybrid population.
MANIPULATION OF INCEPTISOLS POND BOTTOM SOIL THROUGH ADDITION OF ULTISOLS AND VERTISOLS FOR REARING OF RED TILAPIA (Oreochromis sp.) LARVAE Hasibuan, Saberina; Kertonegoro, Bambang Djadmo; Nitimulyo, Kamiso Handoyo; Hanudin, Eko
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.508 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.59-70

Abstract

The pond bottom soil of Inceptisols mixed with Ultisols (I-U) and Vertisols (I-G) with the proportion of (70:30); (50:50); (30:70) showed the improvement of clay fractions >30% compared with the control (100% Inceptisols). These mixtures were given basal fertilizer (quail droppings manure with dosage of 2 tons/ha/month), Urea, and SP36. Cultivation system was divided into two stocked: fish ponds with 50 fish/m2 and ponds without fish. The best mix with the basal fertilizer was further treated with fertilization treatment (1 ton/ha/month of quail droppings manure) 3 times within 42 days of larval rearing. Physical and chemical soil analyses showed an increase of total soil porosity (> 50%), decrease of SG, BD, and permeability (medium), pH > 5, the CEC > 20 cmol (+) kg-1, and the C/N ratio < 6.5. The proportion of the best mix of 30% I : 70% U and 50% I : 50% G with 3 times of the fertilization frequency gave significant improvement of water quality, chlorophyll-a, diversity of plankton, benthic algae, fish growth, and total biomass. The presence of mineral montmorillonite on a mixture of 50% I : 50% G was a very good sign of the bottom soil fertility.
CARBON TO NITROGEN RATIO AND NITROGENOUS WASTE ACCUMULATION IN THE INTENSIVE CATFISH (Clarias gariepinus) CULTURE Gunadi, Bambang; Harris, Enang; Supriyono, Eddy; Sukenda, Sukenda; Budiardi, Tatag
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.145 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.19-29

Abstract

This experiment was carried out to determine the optimum C/N ratio for heterotrophic bacteria (biofloc) growth in order to control nitrogenous waste accumulation in the catfish (Clarias gariepinus) culture. Twenty fish with an initial individual size of about 50 g were stocked in fiberglass tanks which were filled with 200 L of water. Fish were fed with commercial floating fish feed with a protein level of 31%-33% (manufacturer label). The daily feeding rate was 2.5% of the fish biomass. The inoculation of commercial Bacillus sp. isolates was applied in the first day of the experiment after fish stocking in order to obtain a bacterial density in water of 106 cfu/L. Molases was suplemented daily to the tanks to adjust C/N ratio in water. Four C/N ratios, i.e. 0, 7, 14, and 21, were applied as treatments in this experiment. The results showed that molasses suplementation up to C/N ratio 14 to 21 were able to support the growth of heterotrophic bacteria and to inhibit the accumulation of total ammonia nitrogen (TAN) and nitrite in water therefore increase water quality for better growth of cultured catfish.
DOES INTERFERON (IFN)S EXIST IN CRUSTACEA? Syahidah, Dewi; Owens, Leigh
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.924 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.71-82

Abstract

The wide exploration of interferon (IFN)s in vertebrates for medical purposes has attracted researchers to investigate the existence of a similar role of interferon in other organisms such as invertebrates, including insects, and crustacea. A review of the literature indicates that there is no evidence of interferon existing either in insects such as D. melanogaster and A. gambiae which have had their genomes fully sequenced or in crustacea. However, a nonspecific antiviral state in crustacean, such as P. monodon can be efficiently triggered by both dsRNA and siRNA. The evidence suggests that anonymous cytokines, similar to interferon and not identical to any vertebrate IFNs, related to antiviral protection, do exist in crustacea. However, how widely spread of interferon immune response inducer or interferon-like molecules in this group is an important issue that remains to be explored.
PHYLOGENETIC TREE ON LERNAEOSIS IN ARWANA FISH (Scleropages jardinii) Shatrie, Dikry Novel; Kurniasih, Kurniasih; Nurcahyo, Wisnu; Triyanto, Triyanto
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2011): (June 2011)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1107.017 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.1.2011.31-36

Abstract

Arwana Irian fish is one of the endangered species. Some studies on arwana Irian fish found that Lernaeosis attacked arwana Irian fish. Lernaeosis is one of the diseases that cause the high mortality in juvenile fish. The objectives of this research was to find out the species of Lernaea (Copepoda) often attacked arwana Irian fish. Lernaea sp. was collected from Papua and Jakarta (Java). They were fixed in the ethanol absolute solution for DNA sequencing in 28S DNA region with primer 28SF (5’–ACA ACT GTG ATG CCC TTA G–3’); 28SR (5’ TGG TCC GTG TTT CAA GAC G–3’). It was found five different species of Lernaea and one of them was thought as a new species, based on the morphology. However, based on the phylogenetic analysis, they showed three different groups. Lernaea cyprinacea G., L. papuensis, L. devastatrix, and L. lophiara were in one group; L. cyprinacaea and L. oryzophila were in one groups; and the new Lernaea sp. was in the different group.

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