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INDONESIA
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal
ISSN : 02150883     EISSN : 25026577     DOI : -
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal is a peer-reviewed and open access journal based in Indonesia that globally/internationally accepts and publishes scientific articles in the field of aquaculture. The journal is hosted and managed by the Center for Fisheries Research, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and serving as a scientific platform to share research information in and contribute to the development of various disciplines of aquaculture including genetics, reproduction, nutrition and feed, fish health and diseases, engineering, and environmental assessment.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)" : 10 Documents clear
FLUCTUATION OF POST-PRANDIAL PLASMA MINERAL LEVEL OF JUVENILE JAPANESE FLOUNDER, Paralichthys olivaceus FED DIETARY PHOSPHORUS AND PHYTASE SUPPLEMENTATION Laining, Asda; Rachmansyah, Rachmansyah; Lideman, Lideman; Koshio, Shunsuke
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.747 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.117-131

Abstract

In order to investigate the phytic acid degradation in the gut of post juvenile Japanese flounder, indirect method was carried out by measuring the pre-prandial and postprandial plasma mineral and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level as well as liver phosphorus content. The experiment was designed into a Randomized Block in which experiment units were grouped according to sampling days at 10, 20 and 30 days of feeding time. Experimental diets contained three levels of dietary inorganic phosphorus at 0.0; 0.25 and 0.5% combined with two levels of dietary phytase at 0 and 2,000 FTU/kg diet. Juvenile Japanese flounder (IBW = 36.2 g) were randomly distributed into 6 tanks of a 200 L capacity with density of 15 fish/tank. Blood sampling was carried out at 0 hour (before feeding or pre-prandial) and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 hour post feeding (post-prandial) time in three sampling days, respectively. Plasma was measured for mineral and ALP levels, while liver was analyzed for P content. The observation showed that fish fed without both dietary IP and phytase supplements had the lowest postprandial plasma IP, Mg and ALP levels during 12-h postprandial period. Plasma IP level at 6-h post-feeding in groups fed dietary 0.25 and 0.5% IP were significant higher when diet supplemented with phytase than those without phytase supplement. Peak level of plasma IP in fish fed 0.25% IP was similar to fish fed 0.5% with the presence of dietary phytase. At 1 and 3-h post-feeding, plasma Ca level increased in all groups, but significant difference was only observed between group fed diet without both dietary IP and phytase and other groups. Similar to plasma IP level, peak of plasma Mg and ALP concentration occurred in fish fed 0.25% IP together with phytase, and did not significantly differ from fish fed with 0.5% IP even when phytase was included in diet.
MAPPING OF EXISTING MARICULTURE ACTIVITIES IN SOUTH-EAST SULAWESI “POTENTIAL, CURRENT AND FUTURE STATUS” Albasri, Hatim; Iba, Wa; Aslan, La Ode Muhammad; Gooley, Geoff; De Silva, Sena
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (649.407 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.173-186

Abstract

The present study identifies existing mariculture activities and its constraints in SE Sulawesi, along with its geo-physical attributes in the Province.This allows for a better understanding the potential, current and future status of mariculture development in the area and making sure its sustainability. The study was conducted to map the existing mariculture activities in SE Sulawesi. Data collection was performed in June 2009. Spatial and attribute data of the existing mariculture were acquired by interviewing fish farmer using open-ended questionnaire and analyzed using ArcGIS 9.x. Key water quality parameters consisted of temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, salinity, depth, clarity, and turbidity and analyzed using STORET Indeks. Three big clusters of existing mariculture activities are located in Kendari, Muna and Buton areas, collectively serving as both a source of mariculture products and a market destination or transit location. All surveyed locations of existing mariculture activities in SE Sulawesi show relatively optimal water quality conditions. Site capacity and suitability analysis of existing or potential areas of mariculture activities and development have largely not been considered by stakeholders involved in managing coastal areas, resulting in crowded and unmanaged development with multiple overlapping economic activities in some areas. Piloting of integrated ‘value-adding’ mariculture industries (e.g. raw material, processed products and ‘ready to eat’ industries) might help ease some if not all of the existing economic problems of the mariculture sector.
THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT QUALITY PELLETED FEEDS ON THE GROWTH OF GREEN CATFISH (Hemibagrus nemurus) IN FLOATING NET CAGE Suhenda, Ningrum; Samsudin, Reza; Nugroho, Estu; Kristanto, Anang Hari
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.247 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.133-137

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the different protein content of fish feed on the growth performance of green catfish (Hemibagrus nemurus). Two thousand fingerlings averaging 3.92±0.32 g of individual body weight were stocked in each floating net cage (3 m x 3 m x 3 m) in Musi River, South Sumatra. They were fed daily for four months with feed protein content of 27% and 31%. The feed was given in pelleted form at 4%-8% of the total body weight. The result showed that the feed with 31% protein content gave better performance and significant different (P<0.05) than 27% protein feed. The feed content 31% protein was optimum for green catfish fingerlings and gave higher average individual weight gain (80.48 g), specific growth rate (2.67%), fat retention (29.48%) and better feed conversion ratio (2.28). Survival rates were the same for 2 treatments and ranged between 94.17%-95.18%.
MARICULTURE DEVELOPMENT IN INDONESIA: Prospects and Constraints A. Rimmer, Michael
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.23 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.187-201

Abstract

Mariculture is an important component of Indonesian fisheries and aquaculture production, directly contributing an estimated US$ 320 million in 2008. Because most mariculture production is focussed on producing for export markets, mariculture production is an important source of foreign earnings for the Indonesian economy. This paper reviews the current status and prospects for continuing development of mariculture in Indonesia. Currently the major mariculture commodity in Indonesia is seaweed for carrageenan production. Seaweed production accounts for 98% of total Indonesian mariculture production and 84% of value. The other major commodity groups are marine finfish and pearl oysters. Commodities being developed for mariculture in Indonesia include abalone and spiny lobsters. Prospects for continued development of mariculture in Indonesia appear positive. Indonesia has several advantages for mariculture development, including many potential mariculture sites, a stable tropical climate, and does not suffer from cyclonic storms. The Government of Indonesia is planning to increase aquaculture production substantially over the next four years, including mariculture production. Globally, demand for seafood products is expanding due to increasing population and increased per capita consumption of fish products. Constraints to the continued development of mariculture in Indonesia include: limited seed supply, particularly of species which cannot be economically produced in hatcheries, such as spiny lobsters; need to develop more efficient production systems for some marine finfish; the need to improve environmental sustainability by improving feeds and reducing environmental impacts; and market issues relating to environmental sustainability.
QUANTITATIVE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF ENLARGED CELLS DERIVED FROM HUMPBACK GROUPER, Cromileptes altivelis INFECTED WITH GROUPER SLEEPY DISEASE IRIDOVIRUS (GSDIV) Mastuti, Indah; Asih, Yasmina Nirmala; Mahardika, Ketut
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.212 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.91-100

Abstract

Pathognomonic sign of grouper sleepy disease iridovirus (GSDIV) was proposed to be the formation of enlarged cells and necrotic cells, in which under electron microscope, it is revealed to be the inclusion body bearing cells (IBCs) and necrotic cells containing GSDIV viral particles. Spleen and kidney tissues are the major sites for formation of enlarged cells. This paper described the result of histopatological analysis of enlarged cells found in the spleen and kidney of moribund fish after GSDIV challenge. A pathogenicity test was conducted on fish stocked in two tanks for infected groups and the other two tanks for uninfected control groups (15 fish per tank). The infected groups were injected intramuscularly with 0.1 ml of the viral inoculum. The uninfected groups were injected with the same amount of EMEM-2. The GSDIV-infected humpback grouper began to die after 6 days post infection and all died after 7 dpi, excluding one fish which had survived until the end of experimental infection periods (93% to 100% mortality). All of the diseased fish showed massive formation of enlarged cells in their spleen, head kidney and trunk kidney. The largest number of enlarged cells was observed on head kidneys and subsequently followed by spleens, trunk kidney (2.0-200.3/field of view). This result suggested that the number of enlarged cells in the affected organs was not the direct factor that led to the mortality of fish.
TUMOUR CASE IN KOI CARP (Cyprinus carpio) Sholichah, Lili; Lusiastuti, Angela Mariana; Caruso, Domenico; Subamia, I Wayan; Purwaningsih, Uni
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.51 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.139-145

Abstract

A case study of tumour in koi carp (Cyprinus carpio) was observed in rearing periode. This tumour occurs solitary, large, pale red, fleshy masses under the lips and dental plates on the outside, and by reason of its size, may prevent closure the mouth. Moreover, this tumour goes through into the inside of the mouth. At necropsy, there were two soft, firm, small mass at inside of the mouth and the bigger mass at outside the mouth. Samples of this tumour were fixed in 10% formalin were used for histology analysis. The clinical course of the tumour is one of relatively slow but progressive growth. The proliferative stage of the neoplastic process is preceded and accompanied by a striking vascular reaction. Intensed hyperemia invariably occurs in that region of the mucosal surface which later becomes the site of neoplastic proliferation. Neoplastic cells lied around lamina propria and submucosal. These cells were joined together to make vacuolization and the other cells become pleiomorphism with hyperchromatic nucleus and N/C ratio cells are 1:1. In some area, there were many empty holes, around the holes there were debris cells, inflammation cells, and erythrocytes.
SEX DIFFERENTIATION AND GROWTH PERFORMANCE TRIALS OF TWO GENOTYPES OF TILAPIA ADMINISTERED WITH ANDROGENIC HORMONE Ariyanto, Didik; Sumantadinata, Komar; Sudrajat, Agus Oman
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.733 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.101-107

Abstract

The aim of this study was to know the effect of dietary administration of androgenic hormone methyltestosterone on two sex genotypes of Nile tilapia i.e. XX and XY genotype, especially to sex ratio, growth rate, survival rate, food conversion ratio and harvest yield. XX genotype was obtained from XX male matted with XX normal female, and XY genotype was obtained from YY super-male matted with XX normal female. Methyltestosterone was administered seven days after larvae hatching for 28 days. After that, the fish were reared in hapas for 60 days and then placed in growout ponds for 120 days period. As check population, mixed sex genotype was used consisting of 50% XX genotype and 50% XY genotype. The result showed that dietary administration of methyltestosterone in XX genotype significantly increased male proportion about 82.42%, compared with control XX population (7.55%). The same treatment in genotype XY did not significantly increase the proportion of male (85.13%), compared with control XY population (79.81%). In grow-out ponds, all male population (XY genotype and sex reversed from XX genotype) have better growth rate than all female and mixed sex populations. Dietary administration of methyltestosterone in both of XX and XY genotypes increased growth rate of these populations resulting in the increased of total biomass at harvest time.
DOMINANT FACTORS AFFECTING SEAWEED (Gracilaria verrucosa) PRODUCTION IN ACID SULFATE SOILS-AFFECTED PONDS OF LUWU REGENCY, INDONESIA Mustafa, Akhmad; Sammut, Jesmond
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (156.175 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.147-162

Abstract

Most of brackish water ponds used for seaweed (Gracilaria verrucosa) culture in Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia are constructed on acid sulfate soil. Despite this inevitable condition, opportunities remain open to increase the seaweed production. The research was conducted to study the dominant factors that affect the seaweed production in ASS-affected ponds of Luwu Regency. As a dependent variable in this research is seaweed production. Independent variables were grouped into: (a) farmer status factor, consisting of 9 variables; (b) pond condition factor, consisting of 8 variables; (c) pond management factor, consisting of 29 variables; (d) soil quality factor, consisting of 17 variables and (e) water quality factor, consisting of 11 variables. Multiple regression with dummy variable was used to analyze the data in prediction dependent variable. Results show that the average of seaweed production in ASS-affected pond of Luwu Regency is 11,000 kg dry/ha/year. Seaweed production can be increased through: (a) decreasing dosage of urea and KCl and increasing dosage and frequency of fertilizer containing phosphate; (b) increasing water depth in the pond and decreasing percentage of water exchange,(c) conducting remediation to increase the soil pH and decreasing the concentration of Fe in the water, (d) increasing stocking density of milkfish to decrease the epiphyte population and (e) increasing the frequency of the farmer to attend trainings.
DEVELOPMENTS OF DIGESTIVE TRACT IN LARVAE OF CLIMBING PERCH, Anabas testudineus (Bloch) Yulintine, Yulintine; Harris, Enang; Jusadi, Dedi; Affandi, Ridwan; Alimuddin, Alimuddin
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.29 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.109-116

Abstract

Climbing perch, Anabas testudineus (Bloch) is a potential species for aquaculture in Kalimantan, Indonesia and belongs to Anabantidae family. The development of its digestive tract was evaluated on larvae reared under culture conditions of 28oC-30oC, from hatching to 30 days after hatching using histological and morphological methods. The larvae were kept in six 100-L tanks. They were fed with rotifers and microalgae from day 2nd after hatching to day 10th; Artemia nauplii from day 7th to day 15th; Artemia meta-nauplii from day 15th to day 20th; and Tubifex worm from day 20th onwards. The development of digestive tract in climbing perch followed the general pattern described for other species. Shortly after hatching, its digestive system was found to be consisted of an undifferentiated straight tube laying dorsally to the yolk sac. At first feeding (day 2nd), both mouth and anus had opened and the yolk sac was partially absorbed. On day 3, the digestive tract was fully differentiated into buccopharynx, esophagus, intestine and rectum. The two pyloric caeca appeared on day 25th after hatching, indicating the transition from larval to juvenile stage and acquisition of an adult type of digestion.
MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF SPERMATOGONIA AND TESTES DISSOCIATION : A Preliminary Study for the Germ Cell Transplantation in Giant Gouramy (Osphronemus gouramy) Andriani, Irma; Djuwita, Ita; Sumantadinata, Komar; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Arfah, Harton; Alimuddin, Alimuddin
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2010): (December 2010)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.767 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.5.2.2010.163-172

Abstract

The recent study were attempting to develop spermatogonial germ cell transplantation as a tool to preserve and propagate male germ-plasm from endangered fish species, as well as to produce surrogate broodstock of commercially valuable fish. Spermatogonia identification and testes dissociation were the first necessary steps to obtain highly amount and viable population of spermatogonia as donor cells for transplantation. Using giant gouramy testes as a model, spermatogonia was histological characterized and two methods of testes dissociations were compared (i.e. medium A contained 0.5% trypsin in PBS and medium B contained 0.5% trypsin and DNase 10 IU/μL in PBS complemented with CaCl2, Hepes and FCS). Optimal incubation times (1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours) in dissociation medium were also determined. Freshly isolated testes of immature giant gouramy were minced in dissociation medium and then incubated to get monodisperce cell suspension. Parameters observed were number and viability of spermatogonia (ø > 10 μm). The viability was analyzed using trypan blue exclusion dye. The results showed that the average number of spermatogonia observed in medium B was higher than in medium A (P<0.05), meanwhile the viability of spermatogonia between medium A and B were not significantly different (P>0.05). The viability of spermatogonia decreased by the increasing duration time of dissociation. The viability of spermatogonia started to decrease significantly in 2 hours incubation time in medium A and 4 hours incubation time in medium B (P<0.05). In conclusion, application of dissociation medium B yielded higher number of viable spermatogonia than dissociation medium A.

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