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INDONESIA
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal
ISSN : 02150883     EISSN : 25026577     DOI : -
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal is a peer-reviewed and open access journal based in Indonesia that globally/internationally accepts and publishes scientific articles in the field of aquaculture. The journal is hosted and managed by the Center for Fisheries Research, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and serving as a scientific platform to share research information in and contribute to the development of various disciplines of aquaculture including genetics, reproduction, nutrition and feed, fish health and diseases, engineering, and environmental assessment.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)" : 6 Documents clear
CAROTENOID-ENRICHED DIET FOR PRE-MATURATION STAGE OF POND-REARED TIGER SHRIMP, Penaeus monodon PART I. THE EFFECTS ON GROWTH, PIGMENTATION AND WHOLE BODY NUTRIENT CONTENT Laining, Asda; Trismawanti, Ike; Kamaruddin, Kamaruddin; Makmur, Makmur
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.297 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.59-66

Abstract

 Carotenoids, besides as a natural pigment, may have vital roles in the growth of crustacean. The aim of this study was to clarify the influence of combined carotenoids given since pre-maturation stage on the growth performances, pigmentation and biochemical composition of the whole body of pond-reared tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon. Two experimental diets were supplemented with or without carotenoid mixture consisting of astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and other carotenoids contained in Spirulina. The carotenoid mixture was supplemented in the commercial diet normally used as a starter feed for tiger shrimp, re-pelleted and fed to tiger shrimp with an initial body weight of 31.7±1.3 g. Shrimp were stocked in four 1,000 m2 concrete ponds with a density of 1 shrimp/m2 and fed until the shrimp reached maturation stage (broodstock size). Variables observed were growth performances and pigmentation properties during the pre-maturation stage and total carotenoid content in several tissues of the female broodstock after being fed with the diets until maturation stage. After 16 weeks, shrimp fed with carotenoid-enriched diet (PC) diet produced significantly (P<0.05) higher biomass than the diet without the enrichment (PO). The color of raw shrimp fed with PC diet was darker with greenish-brown compared to shrimp fed PO diet which was greenish blue. The visual appearances of 3-min steamed shrimp produced the color of red-orange for shrimp fed carotenoid compared to orange-yellow for control PO. The total carotenoid content in the whole body of shrimp fed PC diet were significantly (P<0.05) enhanced compared to control PO diet which was 42.8 ±5.8 and 55.8± 5.1 µg/g for PO and PC diet, respectively. Supplemental carotenoid in the pre-maturation diet increased the biomass production from 23.1±1.9 kg to 30.2 ±0.1 kg and enhanced the color of the shrimp which was in line with carotenoid content in the whole body of pond-reared tiger shrimp.
CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRAL PROTEIN, VP-15, OF WHITESPOT SYNDROME VIRUS ISOLATED FROM INFECTED TIGER SHRIMP Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798) Parenrengi, Andi; Alimuddin, Alimuddin; Tenriulo, Andi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.395 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.67-75

Abstract

White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has caused mass mortality on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) culture and adversely affects prawn industry worldwide including Indonesia. It is well known that the protein structure of WSSV plays an important role in the virus infection and morphogenesis process. A viral protein structure called VP-15 is located in the nucleocapsid of virion virus. The protein structure involves in the life cycle of WSSV in host cells. A gene encoding VP-15 could be involved in constructing the RNA interference (RNAi), so it is needed to isolate and characterize for RNAi technology purpose. The study was aimed to isolate and characterize the VP-15 from the infected WSSV tiger shrimp. The characterization of VP-15 was undertaken through assessment of nucleotide sequence, amino acid deduction, alignment nucleotide/protein searches using Genetyx and BLAST program, and dendrogram construction analysis. The results showed that VP-15 was successfully isolated in form of ORFDNA with a fragment size of 243 bp. The phylogenetic tree analysis revealed three clusters corresponding to the time (year) of isolates collection. The VP-15 consisted of 80 amino acids, two start codons (ATG), one stop codon (TAA), and one Kozak context (AAAATGG). Hydrophilic amino acid was the highest composition (44.2%), followed by neutral (31.2%) and hydrophobic (24.6%) amino acid groups. The VP-15 was rich in amino acid of lysine (21.3%), arginine (22.9%) and serine (24.6%). The successful isolation of VP-15 is a very important step in providing a basic yet suitable material in constructing the dsRNA vaccine to control shrimp diseases in aquaculture.
COMPENSATORY GROWTH OF Oreochromis niloticus SELECTED STRAIN FROM BOGOR, WEST JAVA Prakoso, Vitas Atmadi; Kurniawan, Kurniawan
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (227.457 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.53-58

Abstract

Inefficient feed management strategy in aquaculture will increase the fish production cost. One of the most effective strategies to solve this problem is through a better understanding of the compensatory growth of cultured fish. O. niloticus BEST tilapia strain (total length: 7.23 ± 0.11 cm mean ± SD; Body weight: 7.04 ± 0.08 g mean ± SD) were reared in aquariums at 26.3 ± 1.4oC for 10 weeks. During the experiment, the control group was fed twice a day. The other two groups were deprived of food for one and two weeks and then fed twice a day during refeeding period. At the end of the experiment, the fish deprived for one week had a body weight, biomass and specific growth rate that were not significantly different from the control group. The body weight, biomass and specific growth rate of fish deprived for two weeks were significantly lower than the other groups. This study revealed that concentrations of ash and lower concentrations of protein and lipid on the deprived groups were higher compared to those without feed deprivation. Mortality of fish was lower than 9% and not significantly different among the treatments. Fish aggressive behavior was the main reason for injuries and death. Given the results, BEST tilapia strain was only able to reach complete growth compensation not longer than one week deprivation period. The results of the present study could be applied as basic information for further research on feeding management of BEST tilapia strain. 
THE APPLICATION OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT TO EVALUATE WATER QUALITY CONDITION AROUND FISH CAGES IN CIRATA RESERVOIR, INDONESIA Prihadi, Tri Heru; Saputra, Adang; Taufik, Imam; Ardi, Idil
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.171 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.83-91

Abstract

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is an analytical tool used primarily for evaluating environmental conditions. The sources of decomposed organic matters in Cirata Reservoir originate from industrial activities, household waste, agricultural waste, and effluent from floating fish net cages. The wastes consist mainly of fat, protein, and carbohydrate. Bacteria are responsible for aerobic decomposition process of organic matters in the sediment. As bacteria consume oxygen during the decomposition processes, significant depletion of dissolved oxygen level in the waters may occur. This happens in Cirata Reservoir where a low level of oxygen in the water leads to anaerobic decomposition processes at the bottom of the reservoir. The porpuse of this study was to evaluate Cirata Reservoir water conditions, in terms of water quality, organic sediment and organic materials level based on the application of LCA. In this study, water and sediment samples were collected. Water quality conditions were measured in-situ. Water and sediment samples were analyzed in the laboratories. The results of the analyses showed that water quality condition in all sampling stations was relatively homogeneous. Based on the level of decomposition of organic matter, water quality conditions in Cirata reservoir could be classified as Class I, II, and III in IKA_STORET scale and categorized as poor. DO, sulfide, phenol, BOD, COD, total phosphate were outside the ranges of acceptable water quality standards.
STUDIES ON Aeromonas hydrophila BACTERIA DISEASES IN WILD AND CULTURED ELVER EEL (Anguilla bicolor) Dewi, Noviana; Koesharyani, Isti
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.11 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.77-82

Abstract

This study was performed to detect Aeromonas hydrophila infection in wild and cultured elver eel (Anguilla bicolor). In total, 20 live elvers (10 wild and 10 cultured) were collected and subjected to Aeromonas hydrophila tests. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was done for an accurate identification of Aeromonas hydrophila using a universal primer and detection of the aerolysin gene in A. hydrophila using a specific primer. The virulence of A. hydrophila was determined using a pathogenicity test injection. The results showed that A. hydrophila could be detected using PCR and amplification of 685bp DNA. A. hydrophila could also be confirmed to contain the aerolysin gene of 290 bp DNA which could be a virulence indicator. Pathogenicity test revealed that LC50 was estimated to be 10.9 x 10 6.33. Histopathological changes were found in the abdominal and wounded muscles. Those changes were mainly in tissue ephitel cell hyperplasia. Based on the present study, A. hydrophila is a virulent bacteria in elver eel. A. hydrophila disease preventive measures need to be formulated. Elver eels should be tested for the A. hydrophila before restocking into farms.
REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF DOMESTICATED BROODSTOCK OF SILVER PERCH, Bidyanus bidyanus (MITCHELL 1838) AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OIL GLOBULE FRAGMENTATION AND EGG QUALITY Sulaeman, Sulaeman; Fotedar, Ravi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 2 (2017): (December, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.483 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.2.2017.43-51

Abstract

The experiments investigated the reproductive performance of the domesticated broodstock of the silver perch and the relationship between various degrees of oil globule fragmentation and egg quality. Six years old of second generation broodstock (n=3) were evaluated based on the fecundity, fertilisation rate, hatching rate, the degree of oil fragmentation of egg, and the quality of embryos and larvae produced. The fragmentation were grouped into three categories: un-fragmented (cat-1), moderately fragmented (cat-2), and highly fragmented (cat-3). The results showed that the broodstock had a relatively high fecundity (132,400 ± 7,22), fertilization rate (94.27 ± 1.28%), and hatching rates (87.94 ± 1.23%). The survival rate of larvae at 12 days post hatching (dph) in cat-1 (71.3 ± 0.9%) was higher than cat-2 (66.7 ± 0.9%) whereas cat-2 was higher than cat-3 (61.3 ± 0.3%). The eggs was dominated by cat-1 (78.11 ± 2.44%) which was significantly higher than cat-2 (21.26 ± 2.45%) and cat-3 ones (0.40 ± 0.21%). The survival rate of embryo at 20 hours post spawning (hps) and hatching rate of cat-1 (95.33 ± 0.00% and 93.33 ± 0.00%) and cat-2 (90.00 ± 0.00% and 85.00 ± 0.00%) were significantly higher than cat-3 (72.33 ± 1.76% and 60.33 ± 0.00%). The total length (TL) of the larvae of cat-1 and cat-2 (8.44 ± 0.21 mm and 8.35 ± 0.23 mm respectively) were significantly higher than larvae of cat-3 (7.09 ± 0.14 mm). No significant difference was found in the larval deformities among any categories. In conclusion, the reproductive performance of six year-old broodstock silver perch showing acceptable performance and egg categorisation based on oil globule fragmentation can be used as a useful tool to indicate eggs quality of silver perch.

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