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Indonesian Aquaculture Journal
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal is a peer-reviewed and open access journal based in Indonesia that globally/internationally accepts and publishes scientific articles in the field of aquaculture. The journal is hosted and managed by the Center for Fisheries Research, Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and serving as a scientific platform to share research information in and contribute to the development of various disciplines of aquaculture including genetics, reproduction, nutrition and feed, fish health and diseases, engineering, and environmental assessment.
Articles
259
Articles
METABOLIC RATES (SMR, RMR, AMR, AND MMR) OF Oplegnathus fasciatus ON DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY SETTINGS

Prakoso, Vitas Atmadi, Chang, Young Jin

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

The metabolic rate of aquatic animals is closely related to oxygen concentration and influenced by internal and external factors. Despite its high value as marine fish species in South Korea, information on rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus metabolism is scarcely available. This study observed the standard metabolic rate (SMR), routine metabolic rate (RMR), and active metabolic rate (AMR) of rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus subjected to different temperature settings. Another observation was performed to find out the maximum metabolic rate (MMR) on rock bream subjected to different salinity settings. Fish (TL: 26.86 ± 0.29 cm and BW: 469.40 ± 38.21 g for SMR, RMR, and AMR measurement; TL: 26.7 ± 0.4 cm and BW: 451.0 ± 44.4 g for MMR measurement) were observed using respirometer (dimension = 30 cm × 20 cm × 20 cm; volume: 10.4 L) inside a recirculation systems. SMR, RMR, and AMR were measured at 15°C, 20°C, and 25°C. Meanwhile, MMR was measured at 15, 25, and 35 psu. The results showed that SMR, RMR, and AMR increased linearly by increasing the temperatures (SMR: 58.7 ± 3.2, 102.7 ± 4.3, and 157.1 ± 4.1 mg O2/kg/h at 15°C, 20°C, and 25°C, respectively; RMR: 66.0 ± 8.6, 112.6 ± 10.2, and 175.2 ± 21.3 mg O2/kg/h at 15°C, 20°C, and 25°C, respectively; AMR: 73.4 ± 7.4, 122.0 ± 6.3, and 196.7 ± 15.4 mg O2/kg/h at 15°C, 20°C, and 25°C, respectively), whilst MMR decreased by lowering salinity (48.5 ± 5.2, 61.1 ± 5.5, and 89.3 ± 14.7 mg O2/kg/hour at salinity of 15, 25, and 35 psu, respectively).

EXPERIMENTAL INFECTIONS OF MILKY HEMOLYMPH DISEASE IN SPINY LOBSTER Panulirus homarus

Sudewi, Sudewi, Widiastuti, Zeny, Slamet, Bejo, Mahardika, Ketut

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Milky hemolymph disease of spiny lobster (MHD-SL) is categorized as the most destructive disease in farming spiny lobster. Therefore, it is required to investigate the routes of milky disease infection in spiny lobster as a basic knowledge in order to prevent milky disease transmission. The aim of the present study was to perform an experimental infection of milky disease in spiny lobster Panulirus homarus. Experimental infection of milky disease was carried out by several modes of infection which were injection, immersion and per os exposure. Injection of each 0.2 mL undiluted and diluted hemolymph from the diseased lobster resulted in a cumulative mortality of 100% at 15 days post-infection (dpi), and 75% at 16 dpi, respectively. Experimental infection through water immersion caused in a cumulative mortality of 50% at 7 dpi. In contrast, no mortality was observed in per os exposure as well as in control groups. Results of this experimental study provided evidence for horizontal transmission of MHD-SL among P. homarus. Histopathological analysis exhibited that there were masses of Rickettsia-like bacteria (RLB) in the connective tissues of the gill, hepatopancreas, gonad, midgut, and muscle tissues of the affected lobsters. Mass of RLB was not only found in the moribund lobsters but also in the surviving lobsters with milky hemolymph appearance.

GENETIC DIVERSITY ANALYSIS OF the first and second generations OF FAST-GROWING STRIPED CATFISH (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus Sauvage,1878) USING MICROSATELLITE ANALYSIS

Marnis, Huria, Tahapari, Evi, Darmawan, Jadmiko

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Genetic diversity is an important aspect of a selective breeding program to produce fish broodstock carrying superior traits such as fast-growing, disease resistant, and other traits. We have carried out a breeding program to produce a fast-growing striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) since 2010. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic variation of the first (G-1) and second (G-2) generations of fast-growing striped catfish using microsatellite analysis. The G-1 and G-2 populations were selected individually from populations. DNA samples were collected from 40 ind. fish of each population and analyzed using five microsatellite loci (Pg1, Pg2, Pg3, Pg13, and Pg14). The results showed that the number of alleles per loci in the G-1 and G2 populations ranged from 4 to 7 alleles, with an average of five for each generation. The average of observed heterozygosity of the G-1 population (0.420) was lower than the G-2 population (0.495). Inbreeding level showed that the G-1 population was more inbred than the G-2 population. The study also found that both striped catfish populations had relatively low genetic variation. This result suggests that monitoring of genetic variation and better scheme of good spawning were needed on the next selection program to produce the intended fast-growing striped catfish.

IDENTIFICATION AND LIFE CYCLE OF MARINE LEECH ISOLATED FROM CULTURED HYBRID GROUPER IN THE NORTHERN BALI WATERS OF INDONESIA

Mahardika, Ketut, Mastuti, Indah, Sudewi, Sudewi, Zafran, Zafran

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

The aims of this study were to identify and to determine life cycle of marine leech isolated from cultured hybrid grouper “cantik” (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus fx E. polyphekadion m) in the northern Bali waters of Indonesia under laboratory conditions. Observation of the life cycle of the marine leech was done using petri-dishes (9 cm in diameter) arranged into two groups. In group-1, a petri-dish was filled with sterile seawater (with water exchange of 50%-60% every two days) and in group-2, a petri-dish was filled with continuous running water. DNA sequence was aligned with the sequences from GenBank by BLAST program. Results of similarity index with GenBank sequence exhibited that the nucleic acid of the marine leech isolated from the hybrid grouper “cantik” showed high similarity (99%) with Zeylanicobdella arugamensis. One adult leech could produce 1-63 eggs. The eggs were developed into morula, blastula, and gastrula within five days. The early phase of the embryo with daily water exchange treatment started on day-6 and hatched into larvae on day-10. The eggs incubated with continuous running water had hatched faster (eight days). However, not all eggs hatched at the same time. Some of the eggs hatched 1-3 days after the first one. Hatching rate of eggs varied from 2.70% to 100%. The newly hatched Z. arugamensis larva has transparent color and length of 1.0-1.5 mm. On day-6, Z. arugamensis larvae were already seen attaching to the body of the fish. The size of the Z. arugamensis larvae ranged between 3-11 mm on day-9. In that stage, they were able to produce eggs. Therefore, we argue that Z. arugamensis only requires 17 to 22 days to develop into the adult stage.

COUNTERGRADIENT VARIATION IN GROWTH OF BARB (Barbonymus balleroides Val. 1842) DOMESTICATED AT DIFFERENT ALTITUDES

Subagja, Jojo, Prakoso, Vitas Atmadi, Arifin, Otong Zenal, Suhud, Endang Haris

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Barb (Barbonymus balleroides Val. 1842) is one of the native species found in many rivers of Asian countries, including Indonesia. This species had higher commercial value compared with other fish species popular among consumers. In terms of supporting its domestication, information regarding the optimal aquaculture system of the fish is needed, one of which is its rearing location. Currently, there is limited information on rearing the fish at different locations with different altitude. This research aimed to obtain the growth of barb fingerlings reared in three locations with different altitudes. The study was conducted in the ponds located at Cijengkol area (ASL<200 m), Maleber (200 m<ASL<400 m), and Ciherang (ASL>400 m), West Java. Fingerlings of domesticated barb (total length 4.48 ± 0.10 cm; weight 0.95 ± 0.06 g) were stocked in three fixed net cages (size 2 m × 2 m × 1 m) in a pond (40 m × 20 m) at each location. Fish were fed with commercial feed (30% protein) of 5% biomass three times per day during 120 days of rearing. Water quality parameters observed were temperature, dissolved oxygen, and pH. Measured parameters were length gain, weight gain, specific growth rate, average daily growth, biomass gain, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate. The results showed that the fish reared in Maleber showed the best growth and feed conversion ratio compared to other locations (P<0.05). Meanwhile, no significant differences were found on the survival rate within all treatments. The growth of barb fingerlings is more optimal if reared in midland areas which have suitable temperature ranges for their growth.

Front Matter

suprapti, suprapti

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

THE EFFECTS OF AN ARTIFICIAL COMMERCIAL FEED SUPPLEMENTATION ON LARVAL REARING AND CRABLET PRODUCTION OF MUD CRAB Scylla tranquebarica

Gunarto, gunarto, Syafaat, Muhammad Nur, Herlinah, Herlinah, Sulaeman, Sulaeman, Muliani, Muliani

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

The effects of an artificial commercial feed supplementation on larval rearing and crablet production of mud crab Scylla tranquebarica. In mass production of mud crab seeds, only rotifer and Artemia nauplii are usually fed to mud crab larvae rearing until the larvae develop to crablet stage. The supplementation of artificial commercial feed from zoea-3 stage is expected to supply an essential nutrient required for an optimum larval development. The research was aimed to determine the optimum dosage of commercial feed supplementation for a successful larval rearing to produce crablet in hatchery. Newly hatched larvae of mud crab were stocked at a density of 100 ind./L. The larvae were fed with rotifer and Artemia nauplii. Microbound artificial commercial feed sized <100 microns (protein 52%, fat 14,5%, fiber 3% and water content 10%) was supplemented to the larvae from zoea-3 to megalopa stage at different dosages namely: a). 0.5 mg/L/2 days; b). 0.75 mg/L/2 days; c). 1.0 mg/L/2 days; d). 1.25 mg/L/2 days. Larval population, larval development indices (LDI), megalopa occurrence index (MOI) and crablet production were observed and measured. Water quality (ammonium, nitrite, Total Organic Matter (TOM), and total Vibrio sp. count were also monitored. The LDI, MOI, and crablet production from each treatment were compared and tested using one way-ANOVA. The results showed that the survival rate of larvae at zoea-5 ranged between 29-33%. The LDI was not significantly different (P>0.05) among treatments. However, the MOI of treatment A and B at day 21 ph was significantly higher (P<0.05) compared with treatment C and D. In addition, the crablet production in treatment B, C and D were significantly higher (P<0.05) compared with treatment A. It was concluded that the supplementation of artificial commercial feed in larval rearing of S. tranquebarica could be applied at the dosage range of 0.75-1.25 mg/L/2-days from zoea-3 until crablet (C-7) stage.

Back Matter

suprapti, suprapti

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 1 (2018): (June, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Back Matter

Suyatno, Suyatno

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 8, No 1 (2013): (June 2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Back Matter

Suyatno, Suyatno

Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 8, No 2 (2013): (December 2013)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract