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Anterior Jurnal
The publication of Anterior Jurnal certainly participates in disseminating the results of research and review of science and technology development conducted by lecturers and researchers especially from UM Palangkaraya and other universities. This edition contains 9 articles consisting of Education, Social and Political, Agrotechnology and Forestry, Islamic Studies, and Health Science topics.
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Kajian Empiris dan Etnofarmakologi Tumbuhan Hutan Berkhasiat Obat asal Desa Tumbang Rungan Kelurahan Pahandut Kota Palangkaraya Kalimantan Tengah

Qamariah, Nurul, Handayani, Rezqi, Novaryatiin, Susi

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Tumbang Rungan Village is one of the villages located in Pahandut District, Palangka Raya City, Central Kalimantan. This village is one of the locations that have great potential for medicinal herbs (THBO). Many traditional medicines are marketed in the Central Kalimantan region made from THBO from the village of Tumbang Rungan. THBO from Tumbang Rungan Village is believed by the community to be able to treat various diseases including treating tonsillitis, coughing, asthma explosions, stamina enhancer in men, antidiabetic, diuretic, and healing wounds. But this is still empirical, and there is no scientific data. Therefore, this research was conducted to inventory THBO from Tumbang Rungan Village and do a literature study to look for experimental data on both active compounds and pharmacological effects compared to practical ones. The results of the survey obtained eleven THBO from Tumbang Rungan Village which is efficient as traditional medicines. Nine plants including scientific data have been collected regarding active compounds and their pharmacological effects. The results of this study can later become a reference for further research to develop the local potential of Central Kalimantan in traditional medicine.

Cover, Content, and Editorial Note from Anterior J Vol. 18 No. 1 Desember 2018

Anterior Jurnal, Chief Editor of

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Assalamu??alaikum Wr. Wb.Dear reader, now ANTERIOR JURNAL re-published on Volume 18 Issue 1 December 2018. The success of this publication is the result of good cooperation of all parties who maintain the publishing sustainability twice a year. Alhamdulillah, form this edition ANTERIOR JURNAL has succeeded in gaining a proud achievement by successfully getting an accreditation rating on SINTA 4. This success cannot be separated from the support and prayer of all contributors, both material and non-material. The publication of ANTERIOR JURNAL certainly participates in disseminating the results of research and review of science and technology development conducted by lecturers and researchers especially from UM Palangkaraya and other universities. This edition contains 14 articles consisting of Education, Social and Political, Islamic Studies, Engineering, and Health Science topics. Editorial boards are fully aware that there is still room for improvement in this edition, hence with all humility willing to accept constructive suggestions and feedback for improvements to the publication for the next editions. The editorial board would like to thank the University, all editors and reviewers, and contributors of the scientific articles who have provided the repertoire in this issue. We hope that all parties, especially the contributors of the articles, could re-participate for the success of the publication in the next edition on June 2019.Wassalamu??alaikum Wr. Wb.

Uji Daya Hambat Ekstrak Etanol Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.) Terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis

Novaryatiin, Susi, Pratiwi, Anggun Meilani, Ardhany, Syahrida Dian

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Kalimantan is an island in Indonesia the famous for biodiversity. The wealth of knowledge of traditional medicine by using plants from generation to generation in Kalimantan is also very much. Ethnic groups in Kalimantan use various types of plants for traditional medicine in natural habitat. One of the plants typical of Borneo was efficacious as a traditional medicine was Bawang Dayak (Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb.). This study aims to determine the ability of inhibitory power of Bawang Dayak ethanol extract inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria. Inhibitory test results indicate that Bawang Dayak ethanol extract was able to inhibit the growth of Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria at concentration 1%, 5% 10% dan 15% with inhibition zones were 16,9±3,6 mm; 17,6±1,8 mm; 18,6±0,0 mm; and 18,4±0,4 mm, respectively.

Makna Dan Fungsi Simbol Biologika menurut Budaya Masyarakat Dayak Ngaju di Museum Balanga Palangka Raya

Lastaria, Lastaria, Ramdhani, Muhammad Tri, Handayani, Indah Tri

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Symbols are part of a complex means of communication that has various meanings. Symbols are not only in the form of verbs but symbols are also nonverbal as those found in customary practices are realized in the form of equipment/ objects/goods. This study aims to describe the meaning and function of the symbol of the cultural biology of the Ngaju Dayak community in the Balanga Museum Palangka Raya. The method used in this study is descriptive with a qualitative approach. The techniques used are recording, interviews, observation, and documentation. Based on the results of the study there are eight biological objects that contain cultural symbols for the Dayak Ngaju community, namely: dawen sawang (sawang leaves, uwei (rattan), humbang (bamboo), tampung papas (sacred leaves/purification), suli (galangal stems), creepers (clothes baskets), hadangan (buffalo), and maharanda.

Rancang Bangun Media Pembelajaran bagi Murid Sekolah Menengah Pertama Luar Biasa (SMPLB) 1 Palangka Raya

Putra, Putu Bagus Adidyana Anugrah, Wijaya, Viktor Handrianus Pranata, Sinana, Admi Ruth

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Science and technology are growing very rapidly, one of them in the field of web applications that is growing rapidly because of internet technology. Web-based applications can be used as learning media. Learning media as a tool to improve the quality of education is very important in the learning process. In this research, Sekolah Luar Biasa Negeri 1 Palangka Raya, especially at the level of the Junior High School (SMPLB) was used as a reference in making learning media. Students at SMPLB are students with special needs. This learning media application is intended for students who deficient in the sense of hearing and speaking. This website-based learning media application was developed using the waterfall method with the stages of system analysis, such as the acquisition of data requirements, technology used in business processes and activity plans. Data Flow Diagrams (DFD) and Entity Relationship Diagrams (ERD) are also used in this application. Table design is used in this application, while navigation design uses a sitemap. Interface design and implementation are done with the PHP programming language. In the testing phase using black-box testing. This learning media is an additional teaching material where the visual side of the students can be used to directly see the learning object.

Sistem Pendukung Keputusan untuk Seleksi Penerima Beasiswa BBP-PPA dengan Metode TOPSIS berbasis Web

Sari, Nova Noor Kamala, Widiatry, Widiatry, Chitayae, Nadya

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

The scholarship is a development program obtained by the students to be able to enroll their studies, in the form of financial assistance. At the Economics Institute of Palangka Raya, there is a BBP-PPA Scholarship to help the students who are financially disadvantaged. In selecting the scholarship awardees, Economics Institute of Palangka Raya experienced difficulties due to a large number of prospective scholarship awardees. Because of that, the Economics Institute of Palangka Raya disposes to accelerate the selection process by using one criterion, that is by grading the students?? GPA. This process might be inaccurate, indeed the selection process will be much quicker by that GPA rank criterion. Yet it is inappropriate considering other several criteria that have to be considered carefully as well. Thus, the solution to this problem is to establish the Decision Support System to select the BBP-PPA scholarship awardees which are web-based. The Decision Support System (DSS) uses the Technique for Order Preference Method by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS). In developing the DSS, it will apply Waterfall software development methodology as Ian Sommerville??s. The software used in building this website is Notepad ++, SQLyog, and XAMPP. This system can run well as black box testing on the system.

Implementasi Ekstrakurikuler Keagamaan di SMKN-1 Palangka Raya

Kholisotin, Lilik, Minarsih, Minarsih

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

Extracurricular implementation is an additional activity carried out at the school outside of the school hours. Through extracurricular activities, students are expected to develop talents and interests in accordance with their respective fields. This study aims to find out how the implementation of extracurricular diversity, what are the supporting factors and obstacles in its implementation, as well as how the impact after the implementation of religious extracurricular activities at the Palangka Raya Vocational High School 1 implemented. The method used in this study is a qualitative approach. The researcher used several data collection techniques, namely observation, interviews, and documentation. The results showed that extracurricular activities implemented at Palangka Raya Vocational High School 1 consisted of three types of activities, namely activities namely reading Iqra , calligraphy, and habsyi. Supporting factors in the implementation of religious extracurricular activities at SMKN-1 are the existence of professional PAI teachers, active students, extracurricular guidance teachers in their fields, and facilities and infrastructure that support and accommodate the implementation of extracurricular activities. While the inhibiting factors in this implementation are the low participation of students, lack of sufficient time available, lack of teaching staff in their fields, availability of funds, and guidance teachers not on time. Furthermore, the impact of extracurricular religious implementation in SMKN-1 is a better change as evidenced by the success of students being able to read the Quran, knowing how to write calligraphy that is good and true and increasing knowledge and changing attitudes and training skills according to students talents.

Perubahan Sosial Ekonomi sebagai Dampak dari Pariwisata Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting (Studi Kasus di Kelurahan Kumai Hulu Kecamatan Kumai Kabupaten Kotawaringin Barat)

Afitah, Ise, Mariaty, Mariaty, Arifin, Arifin

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

This study aims to identify social changes that occur and map various economic benefits of the tourism potential of Tanjung Puting National Park (TNTP). For the people of Kelurahan Kumai Hulu. The benefits of this study are expected to provide information for relevant agencies for the development of TNTP tourism planning and management. There are socio-economic changes that occur to the people of Kumai Hulu, Kumai Sub-district, West Kotawaringin Regency due to the existence of TNTP tourism. Social changes are marked by the awareness of association or grouping in the Kumai community. There are two community associations, namely the Klotok Wisata Kumai Association and the Indonesian Tour Guide Association. Some values shift in the city due to tourism, before around Kumai Hulu many liquor and stall shops were young people who often gathered and drank. Where the needs and demands of tourism conditions are increasingly more significant, foreign tourists make working people start learning foreign languages, for example, Mr. Arsyad who is only a klotok worker until he becomes a guide, by self-taught with direct tourists. Aware of Kumais public education by referring to choosing education about tourism. Some values shift in the community due to tourism, before around Kumai Hulu many liquor and stall shops were young people who often gathered and drank. Where the needs and demands of tourism conditions are increasingly higher, foreign tourists make working people start learning foreign languages.

Implementasi Program Perlindungan Anak Terpadu Berbasis Masyarakat di Kota Palangka Raya

Sari, Mita, Wahyu, Wahyu, Achmad, Bachruddin Ali

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find out, explain how the implementation of an integrated community-based child protection program, as well as the factors that support and inhibit integrated community-based child protection programs. This research was conducted at the Department of Population Control and Family Planning, Womens Empowerment, Child Protection in Palangka Raya City using qualitative methods. The results of this study indicate that the Implementation of the Community Based Integrated Child Protection Program (PATBM) in the Department of Population Control and Family Planning, Womens Empowerment, Child Protection in Palangka Raya City includes the integrated community-based child protection program that has been running and on target, a community-based integrated child protection program is useful and accepted in the City of Palangka Raya, during the implementation of an integrated community-based child protection program there has been a decrease in the number of violence, Resources Implementation of integrated community-based child protection programs both in terms of human resources and budget is still lacking and inadequate, integrated community-based child protection program received a good response from the people of Palangka Raya City, and strategy undertaken by the Population Control and Family Planning Office, Womens Empowerment, Child Protection in Palangka Raya City in implementing a community-based integrated child protection program is to carry out socialization and training activities for activists or cadres of Integrated Community Based Child Protection in the City Government Palangka Raya.

Potensi Ampas Tahu Terhadap Produksi Maggot (Hermetia illucens) sebagai Sumber Protein Pakan Ikan

Cicilia, Asi Pebrina, Susila, Nyata

Anterior Jurnal Vol 18 No 1 (2018): Anterior Jurnal
Publisher : ​Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the combination of media tofu and feces chicken was good against maggot production. As for the benefits of this research was to determine the percentage of tofu and feces chicken is the best of the amount of production maggot. As well as resources for fish farmers in doing maggot farming as an alternative feed. This study uses a completely randomized design (RAL) with 4 treatments three replications. The treatment used is as follows: Treatment A: tofu 100% and EM4, Treatment B: tofu 50% feces chicken 50%, Treatment C: tofu 50% feces chicken 25%, and rice bran 25%, Treatment D: tofu 50% feces chicken 25% rice bran 25%, and EM4. The results of the study media combinations tofu, feces chicken, bran and EM4 on the terms of the results of variant analysis (ANOVA) showed that the combination of media in treatment D tofu 50% feces chicken 25% rice bran 25% and EM4, resulting in an average production of maggot best is 13.73 grams, while the results of a further test with Duncans multiple range test multiple range tests showed that there was a very real difference to the weight of maggot production between the combination used in the study. Nutrient content of maggot with crude protein 9.11% w/w, water 73.69% w/w, and crude fat 17.11% w/w for fresh maggot and nutrient content of maggot flour for crude protein 31.30% w/w, water 0.79% w/w and crude fat 34.36% w/w.