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Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan
Published by Universitas Alkhairaat
ISSN : 25275631     EISSN : 26216973     DOI : -
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan merupakan media publikasi karya ilmiah yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu. Jurnal ini diterbitkan dalam rangka untuk mempromosikan dan menyebarluaskan pengetahuan dan teknologi yang berhubungan dengan pengolahan pangan terutama hasil pertanian, perikanan dan peternakan. Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan terbit dua edisi dalam satu tahun yaitu bulan Juni dan Desember
Articles 10 Documents
KUALITAS KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK BURGER IKAN TUNA YANG DISUBTITUSI DENGAN TEPUNG BUAH MENGKUDU (Morinda citrifolia) Asrawaty, Asrawaty; Huzaibah, Evi; Gobel, Minarny
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i1.6

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the effect of addition of noni flour as substitution of tapioca flour to protein content, moisture content, and ash content and organoleptic nature of tuna burger. This study used Completely Randomized Design (RAL) and Randomized Block Design (RAK). The experimental treatment were: B1 (0% noni flour + 15% tapioca flour), B2 (2.5% noni flour + 12.5% tapioca flour), B3 (5% noni flour + 10% tapioca flour), B4 7.5% noni flour + 7.5% tapioca flour). To know the effect of treatment, then the analysis of variance and if the treatment has real effect continued with BNT advanced test. Based on the result of the research, it can be concluded that the addition of noni flour as substitution of tapioca flour to 7.5% can increase the protein tuna burger protein by 14.87%, moisture content 71.07% and ash content 2.07%, and aroma, taste, color, and texture are relatively the same on all treatments
UJI ORGANOLEPTIK JALANGKOTE UBI JALAR UNGU ( Ipomoea batatas L) SEBAGAI UPAYA DIVERSIFIKASI PANGAN Lamusu, Darni
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i1.7

Abstract

This study aims to determine the organoleptic test of purple sweet potato jalangkote The analysis of research data is designed with Completely Randomized Design which is arranged with 1 factor that is purple sweet potato (J) : J0 = 50% purple sweet potato flour + 50% wheat flour; J1 = 60% purple sweet potato flour + 40% wheat flour; J2 = 70% purple sweet potato flour + 30% wheat flour; J3 = 80% purple sweet potato flour + 20% flour. Based on the results of organoleptic tests showed that the panelists assessment of jalangkote sweet potato products gave a very real effect on the color, aroma and texture of jalangkote, Then give no real influence on jalangkote sweet potato flavor purple. The best treatment based on panelist appraisal was treatment of J3 ie 80% purple sweet potato flour + 20% flour in color (4.15) and flavor (4.25). Then the best treatment on the scent (4.50) and texture (4.45) is the treatment of 50% purple sweet potato flour + 50% wheat flour
EMULSI KAYA OMEGA-3 DAN SQUALENEDARI KOMBINASI MINYAK IKAN SARDIN DAN CUCUT Musbah, Muhamad; Fitriawati AM, Rahmi; Adel, Yeldi S; Muliadin, Muliadin
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i1.8

Abstract

Sardine fish oil contains essential omega-3 fatty acids, EPA (Eikosapentanoat Acid) and DHA (Dokosaheksaenoat Acid) which have an important role for human health. In addition to omega-3 fatty acids there is also a squalen obtained from liver of sharkoils that have considerable benefits to human health as inhibitor cancer, diabetes and endurance. The combination of sardine oil rich omega-3 and squalen from shark oils into commercial emulsified products is underresearch. This research aims to make emulsion formulation fish oils rich of omega-3 and squaleneby treating the guar gum emulsifier concentration. Based on the stability test parameters and droplet / globula size the best emulsion product was produced on a formula with guar gum concentration of 1.1%.
RENDEMEN DAN pH GELATIN KULIT IKAN NILA (Oreochromis niloticus) YANG DIRENDAM PADA BERBAGAI KOSENTRASI HCl Renol, Renol; Finarti, Finarti; Wahyudi, Deddy; Akbar, Mohamad; Ula, Radhiyatul
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i1.9

Abstract

Gelatin is derivative protein of collagen fiber which is found in the skin, bone, and cartilage. The composition of amino acids is almost similar to collagen, where glycine as the main amino acid and as 2/3 of all the amino acids that make it up, where 1/3 of the amino acids contained by proline and proline hydroxine. This research aims at knowing the physical charateristic of rendement and pH by using the skin of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in concentration of HCL as immersion solution. The benefits of this research are expected to be the information sources of gelatin making in production scale, especially the gelatin production from the skin of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). The information are expected to support the development of information science and technology (IPTEK). Gelatin of tilapia skin (Oreochromis niloticus) used Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with 4 treatments. The treatments were HCl immersion to Tilapia’s skin (Oreochromis nilaticus) with N1 (4%), N2 (5%), N3 (6%) and N4 (7%) in 4 times repetitions
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI PROTEIN IKAN LELE TERHADAP KANDUNGAN KIMIA DAN ORGANOLEPTIK KERUPUK IKAN Fitrawati, Rahmi AM; Musbah, Muhamad; Muliadin, Muliadin; Hermawan, Roni; Renol, Renol; Akbar, Mohammad
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i1.10

Abstract

Catfish is one of potential fisheries products in Central Sulawesi, but this fact is not in line with community consumption level. Catfishes contain protein and fatty acid which are good for health. The use of catfishes as fish chips become one of the way out to increase the community consumption level. This research aims at knowing the effect of catfishes protein concentration toward chemical content (water content, ash content) and organoleptics. The research result shows that the treatment of catfishes protein concentration is unsignifficantly effect the water and ash content, besides the result of hedonic test shows that the concentration signifficantly effect the taste, the smell and the texture of catfish chips but unsignifficanly effect the colour of it. The treatment by adding 200 g of catfish was being the panels’ most favorite treatment with a score of 4.5 or with the rounding 5 indicated as favored.
OPTIMASI FORMULASI BREAKFAST MEAL FLAKES (PANGAN SARAPAN) PISANG DENGAN PENAMBAHAN LABU KUNING Ningtyas, Kurnia Rimadhanti
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (122.337 KB) | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i2.12

Abstract

Flakes atau sereal merupakan makanan sarapan yang banyak digemari masyarakat, karena flakes mudah untuk digunakan. Flakes umumnya dibuat dari bahan baku yang berasal dari golongan serealia dan umbi-umbian, seperti tepung terigu dan tapioka yang merupakan sumber karbohidrat dengan gula, garam dan air (Marsetio, 2006). Inovasi telah dilakukan dalam pengolahan flakes untuk meningkatkan nilai nutrisi dari flakes tersebut.  Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan formulasi tepung pisang dan labu kuning yang optimal terhadap tekstur flakes berdasarkan tingkat kesukaan konsumen. Penelitian ini akan dilakukan dengan tiga ulangan dan terdiri dari perbandingan tepung pisang dan tepung labu kuning, yaitu: P1 = tepung pisang 70% : tepung labu kuning 0% : tepung terigu 30 %; P2 = tepung pisang 60% : tepung labu kuning 10% : tepung terigu 30%; P3 = tepung pisang 50% : tepung labu kuning 20% : tepung terigu 30%; P4 = tepung pisang 40% : tepung labu kuning 30% : tepung terigu 30%; P5 = tepung pisang 30% : tepung labu kuning 40%. : tepung terigu 30%. Dari hasil pengamatan dan pembahasan dapat disimpulkan bahwa formulasi tepung pisang dan tepung labu kuning dalam pembuatan flakes yang paling disukai oleh konsumen adalah dengan perbandingan tepung pisang 60%, tepung labu kuning 10% dan tepung terigu 30%.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN BUAH NENAS DAN GARAM DENGAN KONSENTRASI YANG BERBEDA DALAM PEMBUATAN KECAP IKAN LAYANG DECAPTERUS SP TERHADAP TOTAL COLONI BAKTERI Nurfadilah, Nurfadilah
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.442 KB) | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i2.13

Abstract

Flying fish (Decapterus Sp.) Is one of the by-products that is still underutilized into processed products that have economic value, even though the potential is quite high. Processing of fish with a fermentation process has several products, one of which is the manufacture of fish sauce. While the addition of salt can maintain the shelf life of fish sauce This study aims to determine the comparison of the number of bacterial colony found in Decapterus Sp overcooked fish sauce treated with pineapple and salt. This research was conducted at the Applied Laboratory of Marine Products Processing Technology and at the Basic Polytechnic Laboratory of Palu. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis method. Bacterial identification and business analysis are carried out qualitatively and quantitatively. The highest number of microbes was obtained in fish sauce without using 10% pineapple and 7% salt which was 2.2 x 105 and the lowest was found in fish sauce using 10% pineapple and 7% salt which was 0.3 x 105 and for feasible economic analysis to be marketed because it still has a profit of Rp. 1,900. the conclusion is that fish sauce that uses 10% pineapple and 7% salt is suitable for consumption and marketing and suggestions for further testing for the shelf life of flying fish sauce are added 10% pineapple and 7% salt.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIKOKIMIA DAN SENSORIS VIRGIN COCONUT OIL PADA BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI CAIRAN JERUK NIPIS Rahim, Abdul; Ayu, Sri; Made, Usman
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.127 KB) | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i2.14

Abstract

Virgin coconut oil (VCO) merupakan minyak kelapa murni yang dihasilkan dari daging buah kelapa tua. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mendapatkan konsentrasi cairan jeruk nipis yang menghasilkan karakteristik fisikokimia dan sensoris VCO yang baik. Penelitian ini disusun dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang terdiri dari lima taraf perlakuan dan diulang sebanyak tiga kali sehingga terdapat 15 unit percobaan. Adapun perlakuan yang digunakan yaitu 0%, 2%, 4%, 6% dan 8% cairan jeruk nipis yang ditambahkan ke dalam santan. Variabel analisis meliputi rendemen, kadar air, kadar asam lemak bebas, angka asam, bilangan penyabunan dan sensoris. Data yang telah diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan analisis ragam berdasarkan uji F 5%. Jika berpengaruh nyata maka dilanjutkan dengan uji BNJ 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa konsentrasi cairan jeruk nipis yang optimal adalah 2%. Rendemen, kadar air dan bilangan penyabunan VCO menurun dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi cairan jeruk nipis sedangkan kadar asam lemak bebas dan angka asam VCO meningkat dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi cairan jeruk nipis. Sifat sensoris aroma VCO meningkat sedangkan warna dan rasa VCO menurun dengan bertambahnya konsentrasi cairan jeruk nipis.
PEMANFAATAN PANGAN LOKAL UNTUK PRODUKSI TORTILLA FUNGSIONAL BERBASIS LABU KUNING If'all, If'all; Mappiratu, Mappiratu; Kadir, Syahraeni
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.981 KB) | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i2.15

Abstract

Pumpkin is a source of nutrition potential to be developed as an alternative food substance by processing it to form processed food such as snack in addition to serving it as steamed, boiled, fried, and baked food or cooking it with other substances.  Pumpkin contains 78.77% carbohydrate, 3.74% protein, 1.34% fat, and 2.80% raw fiber.  The research aimed at studying the chemical and organoleptic qualities of pumpkin based tortilla produced from the best ratio of pumpkin, cassava and sweet potato.  The research used a Completely Randomized design with a single factor of various weights of pumpkin addition.  The treatment tested were seven levels of pumpkin weights including 500 g, 750 g, 1000 g, 1250 g, 1500 g, 1750 g and 2000 g.  Each treatment was replicated thrice; therefore, there were 21 experimental units.  Parameter tested were chemical characteristics of the tortilla such as carotene content, water content and ash content, and organoleptic quality including color, aroma, taste, crisp and performance of the tortilla.  The research results showed that the pumpkin significantly affected all chemical characteristics and all organoleptic qualities except aroma quality.  The contents of carotene, water and ash increased with raising pumpkin weights.  The level of panelists’ predilection on tortilla decreased with increasing use of pumpkin.  The ratio of 1000 g of pumpkin to 1000 g cassava and 250 g sweet potato fluor was the best formula for producing the best tortilla chemical and organoleptic qualities.
SIFAT KIMIA, FUNGSIONAL DAN REOLOGI PATI AREN FOSFAT PADA KOMBINASI KONSENTRASI PATI AREN DAN WAKTU REAKSI YANG BERBEDA Rahim, Abdul; Hutomo, Gatot Siswo; Kadir, Syahraeni; Alam, Nur; Hamid, Abd; Jusman, Jusman
Jurnal Pengolahan Pangan Vol 3 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Alkhairaat Palu

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (331.294 KB) | DOI: 10.31970/pangan.v3i2.16

Abstract

The objectives of the study were to obtained the optimal combination of starch concentration and reaction time in the synthesis of phosphorylated arenga starches. Synthesis of phosphorylated arenga starches using sodium tripolyphosphate reagents and arenga starch 20 and 30% (b/v) with variations of time reaction 30 and 45 min. Chemical, functional and rheological characteristics of phosphorylated arenga starcheswere investigated i.e. percent phosphate and degree of substitution (DS), binding of phosphate groups using FourierTransform Infrared (FTIR), water and oil holding capacity (WHC, OHC), swelling power and solubility and emulsion separation volume. The results showed a combination of 30% arenga straches with a reaction time 45 min were optimal combination that to produced phosphorylated arenga starches with the highest of phosphate content (2.710%) and DS 0.147. The FTIR spectra of phosphorylated arenga starches have been a change in vibration of OH groups that replace the reaction of phosphate groups with OH in starch molecules. WHC and swelling power increased, but solubility phosphorylated arenga starches decreased with the in increasing combination of arenga starch concentration and reaction time. The emulsion separation volume the most stable at the combination of highest arenga starch concentration and the long reaction time. Phosphorylated arenga starches which produced were used as emulsifiers for food aplication

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