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GEMA TEKNOLOGI
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08520232     EISSN : 2656582X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Gema Teknologi Journal (pISSN : 0852-0232, eISSN : 2656-582X) is an open access journal published by Vocational School, Diponegoro University, Indonesia. Gema Teknologi publishes articles from various engineering disciplines (the results of original scientific research or new scientific studies of literature). Editor receives articles both in English and Indonesian. Gema Teknologi Journal is published 2 (two) times a year, on April and October.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016" : 6 Documents clear
POWER SUPPLY INVERTER DC-DC SEBAGAI SUPPLY AUDIO AMPLIFIER Wardani, Ilham Setiya; Manan, Saiful
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
Publisher : GEMA TEKNOLOGI

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Abstract

Ilham Setiya Wardani, Saiful Manan in this paper explain that Utilization of power electronics components in the process of conversion of electrical energy has been growing from year to year. for controlling power from one form to another is very important and the characteristics of the equipment of power electronics has allowed it. DC-DC converters can also be called a wave DC inverter capable of producing symmetrical widely used and applied in industry and everyday life.In the inverter power supply are made using half-bridge converter topology. Half-bridge converter topology has several advantages that are easy to create and output a lot easier in the controlling. The process of switching at the half bridge converter using mosfet IRFZ44N and executed using ICTL494.In the design of the tool, using the supply is 12 Volt DC that directly goes to IC TL494 and frequency output that is generated directly toward the driver mosfet with the type BC327 used to mesaklarkan mosfet by means of on / off alternately to supply the power transformer intiferit to raise the voltage to 26 volt AC that will be rectified by using fast diode recofery MUR1560 to rectify the AC into DC voltage with the output voltage of +/- 26 volts DC. Keywords: power supply, inverter, TL494ReferencesBarkhordarian, V. Power MOSFET Basics. International Rectifier: California. E-book :www.aosmd.com. Didownload pada april 2016. Pukul 21.15 WIB.Hermawan, H. Rancang Bangun Sistem Kendali High Frequency Induction Heating. Skripsi S1 Teknik Elektro. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.Malvino . 1995. Prinsip-prinsip Elektronika. Jakarta : Erlangga.Maruitula, Edison. 2011. Rancang Bangun Flyaback Regulator Untuk Mencatu Sistem Pensaklaran IGBT pada Invereter. Skripsi S1 Teknik Elektro .Depok : Unversitas Indonesia.Muis, Saludin. 2013. Perancangan Teori Dan Praktis Power Supply Jenis Switch Mode. Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu.Rasyid, Muhammad H. 1999. Elektronika Daya. Jakarta : PT Prenhallindo.
PROTOTIPE SISTEM AUTOBRAKE PADA MOBIL MENGGUNAKAN SENSOR JARAK ULTRASONIK HC-SR04 BERBASIS ARDUINO MEGA 2560 Hidayanto, Ari; Winarno, Heru
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
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Abstract

Ari Hidayanto, Heru Winarno  in this paper explain that The high number of traffic accidents is currently a factor in the driver's error in driving (human error). One of the accidents that often occur include car accidents. Of the several incidents that have occurred, the average accident occurred because of the driver's lack of concentration in driving his car. This resulted in the driver not being able to control the speed of the vehicle immediately when there was a sudden object in front, moreover this happened when the vehicle drove at high speed. To avoid this, when driving, it really needs a vehicle security system that also greatly affects the driver's safety. With the development of existing science and technology allows humans to make security systems in motorized vehicles. Accidents due to driver negligence can be overcome by making the braking system automatic then the vehicle speed will slow down and carry out mechanical braking (disc brake) automatically based on the minimum distance of the car with the barrier even though the driver does not pull the brake lever. Realizing this, an autobrake system (automatic braking) was designed based on the distance of the car with the barrier using the HC-SR04 ultrasonic distance sensor. When between a sensor and a barrier at a distance of <= 70 cm, the central lock actuator will go forward and press the disc brake lever. System notifications will be displayed via 20X4 LCD, LED and Buzzer. The system work will be controlled by Arduino Mega 2560. Keywords: Autobrake, Disc Brake, Ultrasonic sensor HC-SR04, Central Lock,  LCD 20x4, Arduino Mega 2560ReferencesAgus Setya Abadi, Delta. 2008. Sensor Ultrasonic Sebagai Alat Navigasi Robot Pemadam Api. Tugas Akhir PSD III Teknik Elektro (tidak diterbitkan). Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro.Bishop, Owen. 2004. Dasar-Dasar Elekrtonika. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.Cahyo Saputro, Adi. 2014. Central Door Lock. Diunduh dari http://otomotifmaju.blogspot.com/2014/08/sentral-door-lock.html, pada 17 Juni 2015 pukul 21.46 WIB.Chan, Yefri. 2010. Teori Dasar Rem. Buku Panduan Teknik Mesin (tidak diterbitkan). Jakarta Timur: Universitas Darma Persada.Putu Giovani. I. 2014. Merancang Driver Motor DC. Diunduh dari http://www.geyosoft.com/2014/merancang-driver-motor-dc, pada 17 Juni 2015 pukul 08.00 WIB.Prayogo, Rudito. 2012. Pengaturan PWM dengan PLC. Tugas Mata Kuliah Teknik Otomasi (tidak diterbitkan). Malang: Universitas Brawijaya.Roghib, Rokhman, dan M. Qomarruzzaman. 2014. Introduction Arduino Training Kit. Yogyakarta: House Of Technology.Sandi. 2014. Acccumulator Atau Aki. Diunduh dari http://www.sandielektronik.com/2014/03/accumulator-atau-aki.html, pada 30 Mei 2015 pukul 16.15 WIB.Setyadi, Ary. 2010. Bahasa Indonesia Dalam Karya Ilmiah. Semarang: Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Undip.Sulistyowati, Riny. 2012. Perancangan Prototype System Kontrol Dan Monitoring Pembatas Daya Listrik Berbasis Mikrokontroler. Tugas Akhir Teknik Elektro (tidak diterbitkan). Surabaya: Institut Adhi Tama Surabaya.Tooley, Mike. 2003. Rangkainan Elektronik Prinsip dan Aplikasi Edisi Kedua. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga.
RANCANG BANGUN EXTERNAL ELECTROMAGNETIC RETARDERS SYSTEM PADA MOTOR 1 PHASA Dewantara, Bima Dicky Anugrah; Manan, Saiful
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
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Abstract

Bima Dicky Anugrah Dewantara, Saiful Manan, in this paper explain that Electromagnetic retarders are generally known as electromagnetic inhibitors or brakes, the braking system eliminates most braking mechanics, thereby reducing conventional braking systems. Safety requirements and safety systems are developed and become a focal point of an equipment. Electromagnetic brakes are a safety component with a control system that is easy to control. With this electromagnetic brake, it will reduce maintenance costs, because it only requires a factor of electricity to be able to move it. The braking system uses electromagnetic forces to slow down a movement, which is generally a shaft motion. A dish with non-ferromagnetic metal material is attached to a rotating shaft. The disk is flanked by the side of the stator in the form of an electromagnetic coil system that can generate a magnetic field from electricity. Electric current generates a magnetic field in the coil. And the metal plate that cuts the magnetic field will cause eddy currents on the disk itself. This eddy current will generate a magnetic field whose direction is opposite to the previous magnetic field, thus inhibiting the rotary motion of the shaft. In designing, experimenting and making an External Electromagnetic Retarders System Design on 1 Phase Motor, use the NE 555 IC as the control duty cycle. So that the relationship between braking current and braking time is inversely proportional if the higher the current, the shorter the time it takes for the rotor to stop. And the relationship between braking current and motor current is directly proportional, by increasing the braking current will increase the load on the motor causing the motor current to increase. Keywords: Electromagnetic Retarders, Electromagnetic Brakes, Eddy Flow EffectReferencesTipler, P. 2008. Physics for Scientist volume 2. New York : WH Freeman and Company..Ishaq, M. 2007. Fisika Dasar Elektisitas dan Magnetisme. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.Millman, Halkias, M.Barmawi, dan M.O.Tjia. 1971. Integrated Electronics:Analog and Digital Circuits and Systems. Jakarta : Erlangga.Ramdhani, Mohamad. 2008. Rangkaian Listrik. Jakarta : Erlangga.Bishop, Owen. 2004. Dasar-Dasar Elektronika. Jakarta : Erlangga.Halliday, David. Robert Resnick. 1978. Fisika Jilid II Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta : Erlangga
SISTEM KONTROL SUHU AIR MENGGUNAKAN PENGENDALI PID. DAN VOLUME AIR PADA TANGKI PEMANAS AIR BERBASIS ARDUINO UNO Megido, Adiel; Ariyanto, Eko
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
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Abstract

Adiel Megido, Eko Ariyanto  in this paper explain that the temperature control system on water heaters that use electric heaters, generally uses ON-OFF voltage control. Apart from this system being less efficient in using electricity, the limited range of voltage settings provided also lacks the output accuracy value required by the control system. So that for some applications it can cause a response to the temperature control system that oscillates. Another alternative in controlling the heating voltage is by using the PID control method (Proportional - Integral - Derifative), this method provides a wider range of voltage settings, so that it can provide the output accuracy value needed by the control system, thus making it possible to obtain system responses finer (minimum oscillation amplitude). In addition to problems with the temperature control system, the water volume control system in the water heater tank generally still uses probes that are installed at certain levels. The limitations in reading each change in height / volume of water causes the system output to be less linear (discrete). To produce linear readings and outputs in each change in water volume, a voltage divider can be used. In this final project design will use an electric water heater tank as a medium to determine the ability of the PID controller to control water temperature according to the set-point and control the height / volume of water in the tank using a voltage divider. Keywords : PID (Proporsional – Integral – Derifatif), Berosilasi, Set-pointReferencesMalvino, Albert Paul. 1981. Prinsip-prinsip Elektronik edisi kedua. Jakarta: Erlangga.Gunterus, Frans. 1994. Falsafah Dasar : Sistem Pengendalian Proses.Jakarta:Elex Media KomputindoEfendy, Marwan.n.d. Bab 1 Sistem Pengendalian. Surakarta: Universitas Muhamadiyah SurakartaBolton, W. 2009. Sistem Instrumentasi dan Sistem Kontrol. Jakarta:ErlanggaOgata, Katsuhiko. 1996. Teknik Kontrol Automatik Jilid 1-2, Diterjemahkan oleh Ir. Edi Laksono. Jakarta : Erlangga.sPetruzella, Frank D. 1996. Elektronika Industri. Yogyakarta: Andi Yogyakarta.Rashid, H Muhammad. 1999. Elektronika Daya Jilid 1. Jakarta: Prehalindo.Michael Tooley, BA. 2003. Rangkaian Elektronik Prinsip dan Aplikasi Edisi kedua. Jakarta : Erlangga.Bishop, Owen. 2004. Dasar-Dasar Elektronika. Jakarta : Erlangga.Majid, Saifulloh Agung. 2009. Pengontrolan Temperatur Menggunakan Metode Kontrol PID Berbasis Mikrokontroler AT90S8515. Semarang: Jurusan Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro.Surono, dkk. 2009. Bahasa Indonesia Untuk Perguruan Tinggi. Semarang: Farindo Press.Laksono, Suryo Krido, Sumardi, dan Aris Triwiyatno. 2010. Pengaturan Sudut Fasa Berbasis Logika Fuzzy Untuk Sistem Pengaturan Temperatur. Semarang: Jurusan Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro.Firsyari, Akhmad Salmi, Purwanto, M Aziz Muslim. 2013. Sistem Pengendalian Suhu Pada Proses Distilasi Vakum Bioetanol Dengan Menggunakan Arduino. Semarang: Jurusan Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro.Azaria Mutia Suriatmadja. 2013. Modul Kontrol Temperatur Air Berbasis PID Menggunakan Matlab Simulink. Semarang: PSD III Teknik Elektronika Jurusan Teknik Elektro Politeknik Negeri Semarang
POWER BANK PORTABLE SOLAR CHARGER MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM BUCK-BOOST CONVERTER BERBASIS MIKROKONTROLER ATMEGA 32 Elfani, Nisrina Zahra; Sasmoko, Priyo
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
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Abstract

Nisrina Zahra Elfani, Priyo Sasmoko explain that portable electronic devices have a problem, namely the resistance of electrical energy intake, because these electronic devices get energy from batteries that have limited capacity to store electrical energy. Electronic objects that have now mushroomed and become primary needs such as cellphones and laptops desperately need a tool to recharge batteries. Solar energy can be used to recharge the gatget batteries by converting them to electric power. This will be very useful for those who are field workers, travelers, and nature lovers who need battery charging devices without having to use an adapter that uses an AC source from PLN grids in homes, while in certain circumstances gadget users may not be at home or in a place that provides ac resources. One solution to this problem is the use of a power bank portbale solar charger. Portable power bank solar charger is a charger that is equipped with backup batteries and solar cells as a source of electrical energy. Realized a portable charger that uses the working principles of DC-DC converter circuits such as: buck-boost converter, buck converetr and boost converter as a voltage regulator that is used to charge electronic devices. The ADC channel on the microcontroller is used as feedback for the controller that is also present in the microcontroller used so that the converter output can be maintained at a certain value through setting the duty cyle PWM that drives the converter. This portable power bank solar charger uses a buck-boost converter system and can produce the desired voltage. Buck converters can reduce the output voltage from 5 Volt dc for the use of chargering handphone and boost converter can increase the output voltage around 19 volts dc for the use of notebook charging Keywords: powerbank, portable charger, buck-boost converter, solar cellReferencesGunawan. 2009. Rancang Bangun DC-Dc Converter dengan PID Diskrit sebagai Pengendali Tegangan Keluaran. Skripsi. Depok :  Fakultas Teknik, Program Studi Elektro, Universitas  Indonesia. Handini, Wulandari. 2008. Performa Sel Surya Tersensitasi Zat Pewarna (DSSC) Berbasis ZnO dengan Variasi Pengisian dan Besar Kristalis Ti . Skripsi. Depok : Fakultas Teknik, Program Studi Elektro, Universitas  Indonesia.Hidayat, Suryo, Muhamad. 2010. Rancang Bangun buck Boost Konverter.  Skripsi. Depok : Fakultas Teknik, Program Studi Elektro, Universitas  Indonesia
ALAT PEMANTAU PENGOSONGAN AKUMULATOR 12V/ 5Ah BERBASIS ARDUIONO UNO Putri, Tsamaroh Nidaa; Sasmoko, Priyo
GEMA TEKNOLOGI Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Periode Oktober 2015 - April 2016
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Abstract

           Tsamaroh Nidaa Putri, Priyo Sasmoko explains that accumulator is a combination of several pieces of cells used for altering the chemical energy into electricity energy used in motor vehicles. Accumulators are used continuously will shrink and drop so it needs to be recharged. To know the state of the battery voltage drop experienced the need for a measurement to determine the ability of the accumulator. Design manufacture accumulator discharge monitoring tool consists of a voltage divider circuit to know the big accumulator voltage in percentage form. Used also an ACS712 current sensor to detect the discharge current and LM35 temperature sensor to determine the temperature of the accumulator. The control system used is the Arduino UNO microcontroller and an LCD for displaying the measurement data. Normal voltage ranges accumulator 12,5V - 13,8V. Accumulator with a capacity of 5Ah takes 8 hours to process discharge when using 20 watt lamp load. If the voltage of the first accumulator on the LCD shows the percentage of 0 % then automatically the system will work to discharge  for a second accumulator. The duration of use depends on the large accumulator load used. Keyword:Accumulator, ACS712,  capacity accumulator, Arduino UNOReferencesAgustin, Leonandi. 2015. Rancang Bangun Sistem Monitoring Kondisi Aki Pada Kendaraan Bermotor. Skripsi. Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak.Andri, Helly. 2010.  Rancang Bangun System Battery Charging Automatic. Skripsi S1 Teknik Elektro Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia.Asnan, Zainal. 2007. Alat Pengecekan Kapasitas Aki (Accu) Berbasis Personal Computer. Skripsi. Universitas Katolik Widya Mandala Surabaya.Bishop, Owen. 2004. Dasar-dasar Elektronika. Jakarta: Erlangga, Alih Bahasa Irzam Harmein.Fadli, Usman. 2015. Aplikasi Sensor Arus ACS712 Dan Borland Delphi 7.0 untuk Monitoring Penggunaan Daya Listrik pada Rumah Berbasis Arduino UNO. Tugas Akhir. Universitas Diponegoro.Frank D. Petruzella., 2001, Elektronika Industri. Yogyakarta: Penerbit ANDI, Penerjemah Suminto, Drs. MA.,Kadir, Abdul. 2013. Panduan Praktis Mempelajari Aplikasi Mikrokontroler dan Pemrogamannya Menggunakan Arduino. Yogyakarta: Penerbit ANDI.Marpaung, May Harpri Rabiman. 2014. Monitoring Suhu dengan Menggunakan Sensor Suhu LM35 Serta Pengaturan Suhu Pada Otomatisasi Dispenser Berbasis Arduino UNO dengan Tampilan LCD. Tugas Akhir. Universitas Diponegoro.Salim, Emil. 2014. Perancangan dan Implementasi Telemetri Suhu Berbasis Arduino UNO, Skripsi. Universitas Sumatra Utara.Setiyawan, Danang Duwi. 2015. Pengisi Baterai Akumulator Otomatis Berbasis Mikrokontroller. Tugas Akhir. Universitas Gajah Mada.Tooley, Michael. 2003. Rangkaian Elektronik Prinsip dan Aplikasi. Jakarta: Erlangga, Alih Bahasa Irzam Harmein

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