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Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK (JPKF) adalah publikasi ilmiah hasil penelitian bidang kehutanan dengan No. ISSN 2579-5805. Jurnal ini merupakan konsorsium yang dibentuk oleh tiga institusi yaitu Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu, Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Kupang dan Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Manokwari. Semula pencantuman nama penerbit oleh Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu, namun mulai volume 2 tahun 2018 pencantuman nama penerbit oleh tiga institusi yang berkolaborasi. JPKF diterbitkan dua kali setahun (April dan Oktober). Sejak awal pendirian pada tahun 2017 pengelolaannya dirancang mengikuti sistem jurnal elektronik. Publikasi ilmiah pada jurnal ini meliputi bidang Silvikultur, Jasa Lingkungan, Biometrik, Pemanenan dan Pengolahan Hasil Hutan Kayu dan Bukan Kayu, Perlindungan, Konservasi Sumberdaya, Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan, Ekologi Tumbuhan, Mikrobiologi dan Bioteknologi, Sifat Dasar Kayu dan Tumbuhan, Hidrologi dan Konservasi Tanah.
Articles
17
Articles
POTENSI PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN ASLI SETEMPAT DALAM SISTEM AGROFORESTRI: STUDI KASUS DI DESA T’EBA KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NTT

Kurniawan, Hery, Pujiono, Eko

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Full Issues
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

Cendana (Santalum album Linn.), gaharu (Gyrinops veerstegii (gilg.) Domke) dan kayu papi (Exocarpus latifolia R.Br.) merupakan tanaman asli Nusa Tenggara Timur yang memiliki nilai ekonomi tinggi. Desa T’eba merupakan salah satu desa di Kabupaten TTU yang memiliki sejarah potensi jenis cendana dan kayu papi. Sementara jenis gaharu merupakan jenis introduksi yang menunjukkan pertumbuhan cukup bagus di Desa T’eba. Sayangnya, potensi pengembangan ketiga jenis ini di Desa T’eba belum banyak diungkap dalam bentuk laporan penelitian atau publikasi lainnya. Melalui metode wawancara terstruktur dan survei lapangan,penelitian ini mencoba menganalisa potensi pengembangan tanaman asli tersebut dalam system agroforestri. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum potensi pengembangan untuk ketiga jenis ini dengan pola agroforestri adalah tinggi, terutama dilihat dari aspek kesesuaian lahan dan tingkat penerimaan sosial masyarakat, serta manfaat ekonomi yang akan diperoleh. Hasil ini dapat dimanfaatkan oleh pihak terkait dalam merumuskan rencana atau strategi pengembangan system agroforestry, terutama terkait dengan kebijakan pemilihan jenis tanaman.

NILAI EKONOMI BUAH, KAYU BAKAR DAN AIR DI HUTAN LINDUNG WOSI RENDANI (Economic Value of Fruit, Firewood and Water in Wosi Rendani’s Forest)

Nurapriyanto, Iga, Bahruni, Bahruni, Basuni, Sambas

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Full Issues
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

ABSTRACTValuation of forest resources is one way that can be used to assist conservation efforts.  The utilization of any kind of forest product without regard to the principle of sustainability may potentially reduce or eliminate other forest benefits. Fruit, firewood and water are the three forest products that are actually utilized by the people around the forested land of Manokwari West Papua. Valuation of potential economic value is based on the result of vegetation analysis through direct use approach. Value is approximated by market price, wage price, wage rate and procurement price. The economic value of the fruit potential is Rp. 65,982,607 / ha, stock of firewood Rp. 58.580.022/ha, and water Rp. 21.355.503.432/year. Keywords: Protected Forest Wosi Rendani, Economic Value, Fruit, Firewood, Water ABSTRAKPenilaian sumber daya hutan merupakan salah satu cara yang dapat digunakan untuk membantu mengarahkan upaya-upaya konservasi. Pemanfaatan salah satu jenis hasil hutan tanpa memperhatikan azas keberlanjutan dapat berpotensi mengurangi atau menghilangkan manfaat hutan lainnya. Buah pangan, kayu bakar dan air adalah tiga hasil hutan yang nyata dimanfaatkan masyarakat sekitar lahan berhutan Manokwari Papua Barat. Penilaian potensi nilai ekonomi didasarkanpada hasil analisis vegetasi melalui pendekatan nilai guna langsung (direct use). Nilai didekati dengan harga pasar, harga pengganti, tingkat upah dan harga pengadaan. Nilai ekonomi potensi buah sebesar Rp. 65.982.607/ha, stok kayu bakar Rp. 58.580.022/ha, dan air Rp. 21.355.503.432/th.Kata kunci: Hutan Lindung Wosi Rendani, nilai ekonomi, buah, kayu bakar, air

Teknik Pembibitan Spesies Kayu Kuku (Pericopsis mooniana) untuk Reklamasi Lahan Bekas Tambang Nursery Technique of Pericopsis mooniana for Post-Mining Land Reclamation

Suhartati, Suhartati, Alfaizin, Didin

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Full Issues
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

As one of the problems in the post-mining land reclamation are selection and utilization of local/native species for guarantee of success reclamation, because these types of relatively more adaptive. Pericopsis mooniana Thw. is one of the local species Sulawesi which capable of adapting to unproductive land, but the data and information via the research has not been done. This study aims to determine the potensial of Pericopsis to be used on land-reclamation on post-mining land. The study was conducted in a greenhouse BPPLHKM, in Makassar with four months between May and August 2016 and using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments media composition. The results showed that the potential of Pericopsis more efficient use of post-mining land, or mix media of soil, compost and sand, compared to adding mycorrhiza isolates and NPK fertilizer for reclamation. The mean value Seed Quality Index of ≥ 0,50 obtained with a mean increase in height and diameter of seedlings of ≥ 19 cm and ≥ 2 mm, and the mean of top root ratio is 2 point. Pericopsis nursery does not require additional fertilizer, although nutrient-poor conditions as well as post-mining land for the earlier step in planting.

UJICOBA MEDIA AKAR DAN ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH PADA STEK PUCUK TANAMAN GYRINOPS VERSTEEGII

setyayudi, ali

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Full Issues
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

The success of the shoot cutting can be influenced by the rooting media and rooting hormone application. This research aim to determine increasing of the success percentage of shoot cutting that influenced the rooting media and hormone. The trial was made by two design, they are the rooting hormone test and the rooting media test.  Six media used on the RCBD design, they are soils, soil+compost (3:1), cocopeat+sand (1:1), cocopeat+sand+ compost (1:1:2), soil+cocopeat+sand (2:1:1), dan soil+cocopeat+sand+compost (5:3:3:4). On the rooting hormone test use the two kind of hormone they are IBA and NAA with the concentration on 100ppm, 200ppm, 300ppm and the 0ppm for control unit. The result show that the soil and the IBA on 200ppm have the highest success percentage of rooting.Keywords : rooting media, gaharu, cutting

ESTIMASI LAJU PERKAWINAN SILANG PADA Toona sinensis Roem DENGAN PENANDA RAPD (Random Amplified Piolymorphic DNA)

Jayusman, Jayusman, Naiem, Muhammad, Indrioko, Sapto, Hardianto, Eko Bhakti, Nurcahyaningsih, ILG

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

ABSTRACTToona sinensis Roem or surian, belongs to the family Meliaceae. It is very important Indonesia community forest tree species because of it excellent wood quality and medicinal properties.  The study investigated the mating system of surianbase on 88 polymorphic band Random Amplified PolymorphicDNA (RAPD)of 200 tree sample. Origin of geographical location and materials used in this research from Enrekang seed stand identified population, South Sulawesi Province.The mating parameter estimated using the mix mating model showed that this population practice a mixture of mating model with multilocus outcrossing  rate (tm)was 0.938, meaning that  the total of outcrossing that can be among relative individual or not. The singlelocus outcrossing rate (ts) was 0.765, meaning that most outcrossing occurred among non-relative tree than among relative ones (tm- tm)= 0,172. Highest value was obtained for correlation of selfing among families (0.999±0.045), but low value obtained forcorrelation paternity multilocus (0.076±0.016) and correlation paternity singlelocus (-0.002±0.062).Maternal inbreeding coefficient (Fm)was 0.032, meaning high category. From inbreed crossing  0,062 (s=1-tm) was because selfing. Therefore we can concluded that surian is low tolerance of selfing.These result have important implication to establish strategies of genetic breeding strategic of surian. ABSTRAK Toona sinensis Roem atau surian, termasuk keluarga Meliaceae. Spesies hutan rakyat yang sangat penting di Indonesia karena memiliki kualitas kayu dan memiliki banyak manfaat sebagai obat. Penelitian ini meneliti sistem perkawinan berdasarkan 88 pita polimorfik Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) dari 200 sampel pohon. Asal lokasi geografis dan bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah dari populasi tegakan benih teridentifikasi Enrekang, Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Estimasi parameter mating sistem menggunakan model kawin campuran menunjukkan bahwa populasi ini mempraktekkan model kawin campuran dengan nilai outcrossing(tm) 0,938, yang berarti bahwa total perkawina silang pada banyak lokus dapat terjadi di antara individu berkerabat atau  tidak berkerabat. Tingkat outcrossing lokus tunggal (ts) 0,765 yang berarti bahwa hubungan yang paling jauh terjadi di antara pohon tidak berkerabat  daripada yang relatif (tm - tm) = 0,172. Nilai tertinggi ditunjukkan pada  korelasi selfing antar keluarga (0,999 ± 0,045) dan koefisien kawin kerabat  (Fm) 0,332. Sedangkan nilai rendah ditunjukkan korelasi paternal multilokus (0,076 ± 0,016), korelasi lokus tunggal (-0.002 ± 0.062). Nilaiselfing (s =1-tm) 0,062. Oleh karena itu dapat disimpulkan bahwa surian (T. Sinensis Roem) adalah memiliki sifat toleransi rendah terhadap selfing. Hasil ini memiliki implikasi penting untuk menetapkan strategi pemuliaan genetik surian.

LUAS OPTIMUM PETAK UKUR UNTUK HUTAN TANAMAN KAYU PUTIH DI KESATUAN PENGELOLAAN HUTAN YOGYAKARTA

Mulyana, Budi, Rohman, Rohman, Wardhana, Wahyu

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

Utilization of non-timber forest products, especially cajuput plants in Indonesia needs to be optimalized. The management of cajuput plantations should be supported with data and information toward sustainable management. The sampling approach to estimate the potential of cajuput leaves has no standard on plot size. The objective of this research is to determine the optimal plot size that can be used in inventory of cajuput plantation. Equipements used in this research are GPS, rope, bamboo, compass, digital scales, and quadcopter drones. The research material is cajuput stand which has good degree of normality. The method used in this research is making of nested sample plot of 20 x 20 m, 30 x 30 m, 40 x 40 m, 50 x 50 m, 60 x 60 m, 70 x 70 m, 80 x 80 m, 90 x 90 m, and standard plot (control) 100 x 100 m. Parameters measured were number of tree (n / ha) and the biomass of cajuput leaves-twig (Kg / ha). Data were analyzed by using t-student test to determine the difference of mean value between sample sample plot and control plot. The analysis is also done by calculating the precision of each sample plot. The result showed that the estimated value of number of tree (n / ha) of the 20 m x 20 m plot size was not significantly different with the control plot size of 100 m x 100 m. Estimation of leaves-twigs biomass of cajuput with plot size of 20 m x 20 m plot is also not significantly different with the result of measurement of leaves-twigs biomass of cajuput in control plot 100 m x 100 m. Thus, the optimum plot size that can be used in the study site is 20 m x 20 m.

ANALISIS KEUNTUNGAN USAHA TANI AGROFORESTRY KEMIRI, COKLAT, KOPI DAN PISANG DI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN SESAOT, LOMBOK BARAT

Nandini, Ryke

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

Agroforestry farming at community forest (HKm) practice provides ecological, economic and social benefits. The aimed of this study was to find the economical benefits from agroforestry with chestnut (Aleurites mollucana (L) Willd), cacao (Theobroma cacao), coffee (Coffea, sp.) and banana (Musa, sp.) pattern in HKm Sesaot. The partial economic analysis was used. Interviews were conducted on 30 HKm’s Sesaot farmers which selected purposively by grouping on three land strata (strata I: <0.25 ha, strata II: >0.25-0.45 ha, strata III: >0.45-1 ha).The data collected were farm cost and revenue from the land. The results show that agroforestry farming in HKm Sesaot provides economical benefits. Chestnut suitable to be developed in all strata, cacao in strata I and II, coffee not suitable to be developed in strata I, while banana should not be developed in all strata.   

KARAKTERISTIK, KEMISKINAN, GENDER DAN PERSEPSI PENCARI MASOI (Cryptocarya massoia (Oken) Kosterm.) (Studi Kasus di Kabupaten Teluk Wondama, Provinsi Papua Barat) Characteristics, poverty, gender and perceptions of Masoi’s (Cryptocarya massoia (Oken) Kosterm.) collectors (A case study in Teluk Wondama regency, West Papua Province)

Hastanti, Baharinawati Wilhan, Noya, Julanda

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

ABSTRACTSMasoi is one of the most important NTFP from Papua. Results of the refining is the manufacture of perfumes, cosmetics, aromatherapy and basic materials maker flavour of food. This plant grows naturally in Fakfak, Kaimana, Teluk Wondama, Nabire, Jayapura, Sarmi, and Merauke. In general, masoi’s collector is a side job for people surrounding forests. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of socioecomics characteristic, poverty, gender and community perceptions masoi collectors in Teluk Wondama. This study used a qualitive approach, the data were analysed descriptively. Characteristics of masoi’s collectors are man, at productive age, less-educated, family status that is high in the number of dependents family and low income. Based on the number of dependents family and low income, masoi’s collectors are classified as “living in poverty”. Gender is observed in the role of woman in the group of masoi’s collectors. Perceptions of masoi’s collectors of masoi’s plant are positive as it is generally assumed as a high economic and high benefit plant. Although this plant is suitable for cultivation, masoi’s collectors are not interested in masoi’s cultivation. It is mainly because of 1) difficulties to acquire massoi’s seedlings, 2) perseverance and accuracy requirements for cultivation, 3) high failure of cultivation, 4) long harvest period, 5) the unavailability of sustainable and environmentally friendly technology for masoi’s harvesting.  Keywords: characteristics, poverty, gender, perceptions. ABSTRAK            Masoi adalah salah satu HHBK andalan Papua. Hasil penyulingannya merupakan bahan dasar pembuatan parfum, kosmetika, aromaterapi dan bahan dasar pembuat aroma makanan. Tanaman ini tumbuh menyebar secara alami  dari Fakfak, Kaimana, Teluk Wondama, Nabire, Jayapura, Sarmi hingga Merauke. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui gambaran karakteristik sosial ekonomi, kemiskinan, gender  dan persepsi komunitas pencari masoi di Kabupaten Teluk Wondama. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, data-data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Pencarian masoi dilakukan sebagai pekerjaan sampingan masyarakat sekitar hutan. Karakteristik masyarakat pencari masoi antara lain berjenis kelamin laki-laki, pada usia produktif, berpendidikan rendah, status berkeluarga dengan tanggungan keluarga yang banyak dan tingkat pendapatan yang rendah. Berdasarkan banyaknya tanggungan anggota keluarga dan pendapatan yang rendah, pencari masoi dikategorikan hidup dalam kemiskinan.  Gender terlihat pada peranan dan posisi perempuan pada kelompok pencari masoi. Persepsi pencari masoi terhadap tanaman masoi pada umumnya positif, karena dianggap bernilai ekonomi tinggi dan kaya akan manfaat. Namun kurang tertarik untuk menanam walaupun secara umum masoi cocok di tanam di daerah tersebut dan masih luasnya lahan yang bisa dikelola dengan masoi. Hal tersebut dikarenakan 1) sulitnya memperoleh bibit masoi,  2) perlu ketekunan dan ketelitian dalam penanaman masoi, 3) tingkat kegagalan tanaman tinggi,     4) memerlukan waktu yang lama untuk memperoleh hasilnya, 5) Belum diperoleh teknik pemanenan yang ramah lingkungan dan berasas kelestarian. Kata kunci : karakteristik, kemiskinan, gender, persepsi 

KOMPOSISI DAN SEBARAN BURUNG DI HUTAN LINDUNG KPHP SORONG SELATAN DI PAPUA BARAT (Compositions And Distribution Of Bird In Protected Forests South Sorong In West Papua)

hadi, warsito, Khayati, L, Komendi, Y

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

AbstractKPHP South Sorong is one of the existing protected areas. The composition and distribution of bird species in a protected area can determine the quality and condition of existing forests. The approach of exploratory and population methods is used to determine the diversity of bird species present in the location. From 4 (four) location observations, at least obtained 34 species from 14 families in protected forest area KPHP south Sorong. The condition of degraded forests has an impact on the acquisition of bird species. Birds of the small vertebrate eater group (35%) dominate this area, compared to the fruiting birds (32%) and both insects, small vertebrates and fruits (30%). While high utilization by the community, the impact on the lack of large animals in protected areas KPHP Sorong south West Papua. Keywords: Composition, distribution, birds, protected areas, KPHP and West Papua

ANALISIS DAMPAK TPTI TERHADAP DINAMIKA PERMUDAAN SPECIES POHON KOMERSIL TINGKAT PANCANG DAN TIANG DI HUTAN ALAM PAPUA

El Halim, Rifki, Hastanti, B.W

Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan FALOAK Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Faloak
Publisher : Balai Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Teknologi Hasil Hutan Bukan Kayu

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Abstract

AbstractTPTI has been utilised and developed for long period to harvest timber in Indonesia’s natural forest. depite has been utilised and developed for long period, the TPTI implementation has reap a lot of controversy.   Most research about TPTI has been conducted in Kalimantan and Sumatra, this research mainly stressed on the sustainability of commercially tree species in tree stage. The other research which is analysed the impact of TPTI on commercially tree species in the sapling and poles stage even more in Papua natural forest is barely conducted. To analyse the TPTI impact on West Papuan natural forest, in particular the commercially tree species in sapling and poles stage, this research is comparing the dynamic change of primary and secondary forest after TPTI. Data collection is recorded from IUPHHK PT TTL, Boven Digul, Papua. The data specifically collected from primary forest, secondary forest age 1 year and secondary forest age 3 year.  Data collection is conducted using discontinuous plot sampling with 10x10 m and 5x5 m for poles and sampling respectively. Later on, the species and population variable that has been collected are analysed using ANOVA (α=0,05) and accumulation curve. Data analysis report that in a short period the TPTI activity does increase the diversity and the population size of sapling and poles.  To preserve the diversity and population size tending and further monitoring is pivotal. Further research using older secondary forost is essential to fully analyse the impact of TPT on commercially tree species dynamic on sapling and poles stage. AbstrakTPTI adalah system yang sudah lama digunakan dan dikembangkan untuk mengambil hasil hutan kayu di hutan alam Indonesia. Meskipun sudah lama digunakan dan dievaluasi, system ini banyak menuai kontroversi. Sebagian besar evaluasi TPTI dilakukan untuk menganalisis dampak TPTI terhadap kelestarian species pohon komersil pada tingkat pohon di hutan Kalimantan dan Sumatera. Sedangkan penelitian dampak TPTI pada species komersil di tingkat tiang dan pancang terlebih lagi pada hutan alam di Papua hampir tidak pernah dilakukan. Untuk menjawab pengaruh TPTI pada species komersil tingkat pancang dan tiang di Papua penelitian ini berusaha membandingkan dinamika populasi dan diversitas pancang dan tiang pada sebelum dan sesudah ditebang dengan TPTI.  Pengamatan penelitian dilakukan di area IUPHHK PT TTL Boven Digul, Papua. adapun area hutan yang diamati adalah hutan primer, hutan sekunder umur 1 tahun dan hutan sekunder umur 3 tahun.  Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan discontinuous plot sampling dengan ukuran plot 10x10m untuk inventarisasi pohon tingkat tiang dan 5x5 untuk inventarisasi pohon tingkat pancang. Selanjutnya, data species dan populasi yang berhasil dikumpulkan dibandingkan  dengan ANOVA (α=0,05) dan kurva akumulatif. Hasil penelitian membuktikan bahwa pada jangka pendek TPTI berdampak positif terhadap peningkatan populasi dan dan diversitas pohon species komersil di tingkat pancang dan tiang. Untuk menjaga diversitas pohon tetap tinggi, perawatan dan pengamatan lebih lanjut perlu dilakukan. Penelitian lebih lanjut dengan menggunakan hutan sekunder yang lebih tua masih perlu dilakukan untuk bisa mengetahui dampak jangka menengah dan jangka panjang kegiatan TPTI terhadap dinamika species komersil tingkat pancang dan tiang.