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Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS)
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : 23018208     EISSN : 23559500
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) is a journal published by Andalas Institute of International Studies (ASSIST) which contain research and analytical platform dedicated to a better understanding of International issues and aims to craft the alternatives in International Studies. AJIS focuses on publishing the original research articles related to International Studies, International Development, Internatinal Relations, Global Studies, Global political studies, Global Political Economy, diplomacy, global and local relations and others related topic to International Studies.
Articles
44
Articles
Dinamika Hubungan Sipil-Militer di Zimbabwe: Dari Pra-Merdeka Hingga Lengsernya Robert Mugabe

Rijal, Najamuddin Khairur, Mushowwiroh, Siti Malikatul

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This paper study about the dynamics of the civil-military relations in Zimbabwe’s politics. That civil-military relations dynamics tracked since the pre-independence until 2017 at the impeachment of 37 years Robert Mugabe’s power. Two models of civil-military relations according to Huntington, i.e., the subjective and objective civil-military relations is used to analyze the pattern of relationships that formed during the reign of Mugabe. This paper is a descriptive study with data collection through the study documentation. The results indicate that civil-military relations in Zimbabwe takes place dynamically. The early reign of Mugabe puts military on their professionalism. However, in the next, the military used as a political tool to retain power making the pattern of civil-military relations become subjective control. Next, through a constitutional amendment sought to encourage the military to apolitical even though in the end back into the subjective control before finally shedding its support on Mugabe to keep their interests.

When FIFA Rules the World: Hegemoni FIFA Terhadap Indonesia Dalam Kasus Pembekuan PSSI 2015-2016

Bainus, Arry, Kantaprawira, Rusadi, Kusumawardhana, Indra

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

The bitter sanctions against the Indonesian Football Association (PSSI) by the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) in 2015-2016 revealed an irritate reality regarding how weak the position of the state is; when dealing with organizations that are considered as representations of global institutions in the world of football. Therefore, Indonesias powerlessness has made the question why the state is powerless before FIFA as an international organization finds its importance. Using the Coxian approach to understand the World Orders, this article argues that this condition due to the FIFA’s hegemony which supported by three main aspects, namely; first, the idea of football which is a populist sport, must be separated from the political intervention of state power. Second, FIFAs material capacity has made football as a sport with high economic value, even in Indonesia itself. Finally, supported by the previous two aspects, the governance of FIFA institutions has gripped various regions of the world, so that it has created sovereignty in the world of football. Using critical analysis, the intellectual work of this paper does not only intend to improvise in the selection of topics but also presents alternative narratives in the contemporary constellation of contemporary international relations studies.

CO-OPERATIVE MARITIME DIPLOMACY: THE RESOLUTION OF THE PHILIPPINES-INDONESIA MARITIME BORDER DISPUTE (1994-2014)

perwita, Anak agung Banyu, Meilisa, Ircha Tri

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

The formation of national integrity in the international circuit is essential for a state. National integrity can be seen by fixed territory where a state can exercise their sovereignty in certain area portrayed by a fix border with neighboring countries both in the land and sea. The Philippines has been claimed over its territory based on the Treaty of Paris as the result of the Spanish American war that ceded the sovereignty over the archipelago of the Philippines to the United State. With respect to its history, the Philippines faced the dilemma whether or not it should redefine its baseline law in accordance with the UNLOS provisions. This dilemma then leads to unclear territorial boundary with its neighboring country-- Indonesia.Hence, this article aims to analyze the Philippines-Indonesia maritime border dispute in the Exclusive Economic Zone  from Celebes to Mindanao sea. Using the neoliberalism perspective, the authors analyzed the interest of the Philippines to establish cooperation with Indonesia related to the national territory of each country, each legislation, maritime zones, and exercise of sovereignty over disputes maritime territories. Meanwhile, co-operative maritime diplomacy also used to determine the Philippines action in the form of bilateral cooperation, joint exercise on maritime security and regional cooperation to secure the Philippines and Indonesia maritime areas. On behalf of common interest, both countries succeed in maintaining their relations to achieve mutual goals regardless of boundaries. Furthermore, the foreign policy theory will also  play an intervening role to explain the regulation about the dispute settlement efforts of delimitation boundary between the Philippines and Indonesia.

State and Business Groups in the Space Industry

Permatasari, Yunita

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : Department of International Relations, Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Space exploration is growing from cold war to present. Actors also began to change, not only developed state or developing state, but also industry. Industry offers more economical space exploration, which is driving the industry increasing. However, state remains primary party responsible for ensuring space exploration are peaceful purposes and beneficial to all mankind. Thus, need to analyze how state and business groups relationships in the development of the private space industry? The method to be used in this research is content analysis related to governed interdependence. The analysis will use source data in the form of journals, books, and media information about the development of space industry by the state and business groups that influence it in political economy. From the analysis results know that the pattern of relationship between countries and groups in the development of space industry is interdependence to develop a world class strategic industry. This paper is important in the development of international political economy concept.

INDONESIA’S PUBLIC DIPLOMACY TOWARDS MALAYSIA

Rachmawati, Iva -

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Indonesian public diplomacy has been understood as an effort to attach a certain image like a moderate, democratic and progressive image. Nevertheless, the image is not always present in bridging Malaysian bilateral relations. In Malaysia Malaysias bilateral relations practice, public diplomacy reveals itself in a different face. This article places public diplomacy not only as an effort to maintain the image in rationalists view, but public diplomacy as an effort to maintain relationships through shared identity. Through Indonesian diplomatic studies on Malaysias three main issues over the past 15 years, it was found that public diplomacy was present as an effort to maintain relations through the shared identity as the Bangsa Serumpun (One Kin) or known as Kinship. Although Malaysia social economic context has changed, Indonesia still believes that the obligation to place the stability of relationships is a priority. Self-refrain and encouraging public dissemination become the practices of Indonesian public diplomacy towards Malaysia. Through qualitative methods, Indonesian policy documentation studies of three major bilateral issues found that Kinship is still the main reference for Indonesia in maintaining bilateral relations although it’s practiced differently. Key Words: Public Diplomacy, Shared Identity, Kinship.

Motif Hubungan Kerjasama Antara KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) Irak Dengan Pemerintah Turki (2013-2016)

Jamilah, Maryam

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze motives behind cooperation between KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) and Turkey government by using neorealism perspective of International relations. On neorealism, state as rational actor will try to maintain their existance or to survive in international system of anarchy. Significhant change of KRG and Turkey government relation, which was in bad term bercause of Turkey rejection of KRG as political entity but then they cooperate after AKP (adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi) or Justice and Development Party won the Turkey election in 2002. That is the main focus of this research, the purpose is to formulize  motives behind coopertion between those two entities.The findings of this research is there are two main motives of cooperation between them: first, good relation between them is in order to achieve their own self interest, second, mutual benefit that they get from cooperation is more bigger.Keywords: motives, cooperation, KRG, Turkey, neorelism, interest

INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT POLICY ON ROHINGYA REFUGEES

Sari, Deasy silvya

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

The wave of migration of Rohingya refugees has come unstoppably in the waters of Aceh since late 2015. The violence that engulfs the Rohingyas in Myanmar, such as homicide and arson, has forced some Rohingyas to flee. They are trying to survive by moving to areas they consider to be providing protection. With less decent boats, the Rohingyas migrated to the coast of Thailand, Malaysia, to Indonesia. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia have sought to close the refugee entry into the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in order to safeguard the security of foreign infiltration. Nevertheless, the Indonesian army continues to assist the refugees by providing food and water supplies to the boat. However, the urge of local and international community finally made the Indonesian government open the territory of Indonesia for Rohingya refugees. Why is the Indonesian government willing to accept Rohingya refugees? What is Indonesian policy towards Rohingya refugees? This article will describe the reasons and steps of the Indonesian government to handle the wave of migration of Rohingya refugees by the end of 2015 as a form of Government of Indonesias policy towards Rohingya refugees.

The Consignment of Indonesian Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia and Its Resilience: Examining the Impacts of Indonesia’s Moratorium Policy (2011-2015).

Elvianti, Witri, Sidik, Jihan Djafar

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Although Indonesian migrant workers in Saudi Arabia, particularly at informal sectors, have exponentially increased in last decades, most of the time,  they have also faced several constraints such as the lack of protection that supposedly addressed by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) through Indonesian embassy, limited numbers of regulations that could protect the Indonesian migrant workers from the Government of Saudi Arabia, due to the absence of Memorandum of Understanding between the two countries. Such complex circumstances made the position of Indonesian migrant workers worsened due to their disability in gaining their rights. In the implementation process, the GoI’s protection has not been maximal in ensuring the safety of their workers abroad. The situation reached the peak when the death penalty for Ruyati binti Satubi was conducted by Government of Saudi Arabia without any initiatives informing Indonesian authority prior to the execution. Consequently the former President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, declared a moratorium policy during the cabinet meeting on June 23, 2011, in order to improve the protection mechanism of Indonesian migrant domestic workers. In milieu of this issue, the researchers attempted at analyzing the impacts of such a policy. The analysis was based on national interest theory. In the context of Indonesian migrant domestic workers, this study came to argue that the moratorium policy could be seen as a manifestation of political commitment from Indonesia’s government perceiving the protection of Indonesian migrant workers is high in the list.

Controversies of the Implementation of Carbon Tax Policy for the Australian Economy: Harmful or Beneficial?

Nugraha, Nur Arif

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Australian government had an experience in carbon tax policy implementation and evidently, it did not work out since it was enacted for the first time in 2012. The background of this policy was the Kyoto Protocol in 2007. In the beginning, Australia and United States considered as resistant countries. However, the government finally implemented carbon tax policy in 2012. There were many debates around this issue, especially two major parties, Labour and Liberal. After some considerations, the Australian government decided to repeal this policy in 2014. This study will focus on controversies around the implementation of carbon tax policy. The first part will describe the background of carbon tax policy. The next part will expose on positive impacts of the policy implementation on the Australian economy, while the following part will focus on negative impacts on household expenditures. The final part will conclude which actions the government should decide either continues or terminates carbon tax policy.  Keywords: implementation, carbon tax policy, environment, household, economy

Pasar Kecantikan dan Penindasan Wanita Di Cina

Permata, Inda Mustika, Nanda, Bima Jon

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This study examines about China beauty market associated with beauty perception in their society. The beautiful perception in China differs from time to time, most contradictory to the Mao era; beautiful women are women who did not do self-beautification, while post-Mao era, in line with the opening of the economy, beautiful women associated with white skin, young, and tall. To meet these criteria, women do beauty treatments and buy cosmetics so the demand for cosmetics becomes high. This behavior encourages the rise of cosmetic trading activities in China, so China has become one of the largest beauty market on global scale continues to grow. The rapid growth of the market in China cannot be separated from the Chinese beauty perception of women. Such perception ultimately oppresses women through demands to fulfill the beauty perception that exists in society. Later, beauty perception actually provides a great benefit for beauty companies in China.  Keywords: Beauty, Market, Women, China, Oppression