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Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS)
Published by Universitas Andalas
Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) is a journal published by Andalas Institute of International Studies (ASSIST) which contain research and analytical platform dedicated to a better understanding of International issues and aims to craft the alternatives in International Studies. AJIS focuses on publishing the original research articles related to International Studies, International Development, Internatinal Relations, Global Studies, Global political studies, Global Political Economy, diplomacy, global and local relations and others related topic to International Studies.
Articles
39
Articles
Motif Hubungan Kerjasama Antara KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) Irak Dengan Pemerintah Turki (2013-2016)

Jamilah, Maryam

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze motives behind cooperation between KRG (Kurdish Regional Government) and Turkey government by using neorealism perspective of International relations. On neorealism, state as rational actor will try to maintain their existance or to survive in international system of anarchy. Significhant change of KRG and Turkey government relation, which was in bad term bercause of Turkey rejection of KRG as political entity but then they cooperate after AKP (adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi) or Justice and Development Party won the Turkey election in 2002. That is the main focus of this research, the purpose is to formulize  motives behind coopertion between those two entities.The findings of this research is there are two main motives of cooperation between them: first, good relation between them is in order to achieve their own self interest, second, mutual benefit that they get from cooperation is more bigger.Keywords: motives, cooperation, KRG, Turkey, neorelism, interest

INDONESIAN GOVERNMENT POLICY ON ROHINGYA REFUGEES

Sari, Deasy silvya

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

The wave of migration of Rohingya refugees has come unstoppably in the waters of Aceh since late 2015. The violence that engulfs the Rohingyas in Myanmar, such as homicide and arson, has forced some Rohingyas to flee. They are trying to survive by moving to areas they consider to be providing protection. With less decent boats, the Rohingyas migrated to the coast of Thailand, Malaysia, to Indonesia. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Indonesia have sought to close the refugee entry into the territory of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia in order to safeguard the security of foreign infiltration. Nevertheless, the Indonesian army continues to assist the refugees by providing food and water supplies to the boat. However, the urge of local and international community finally made the Indonesian government open the territory of Indonesia for Rohingya refugees. Why is the Indonesian government willing to accept Rohingya refugees? What is Indonesian policy towards Rohingya refugees? This article will describe the reasons and steps of the Indonesian government to handle the wave of migration of Rohingya refugees by the end of 2015 as a form of Government of Indonesias policy towards Rohingya refugees.

The Consignment of Indonesian Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia and Its Resilience: Examining the Impacts of Indonesia’s Moratorium Policy (2011-2015).

Elvianti, Witri, Sidik, Jihan Djafar

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 7, No 1 (2018): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS)
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Although Indonesian migrant workers in Saudi Arabia, particularly at informal sectors, have exponentially increased in last decades, most of the time,  they have also faced several constraints such as the lack of protection that supposedly addressed by the Government of Indonesia (GoI) through Indonesian embassy, limited numbers of regulations that could protect the Indonesian migrant workers from the Government of Saudi Arabia, due to the absence of Memorandum of Understanding between the two countries. Such complex circumstances made the position of Indonesian migrant workers worsened due to their disability in gaining their rights. In the implementation process, the GoI’s protection has not been maximal in ensuring the safety of their workers abroad. The situation reached the peak when the death penalty for Ruyati binti Satubi was conducted by Government of Saudi Arabia without any initiatives informing Indonesian authority prior to the execution. Consequently the former President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, declared a moratorium policy during the cabinet meeting on June 23, 2011, in order to improve the protection mechanism of Indonesian migrant domestic workers. In milieu of this issue, the researchers attempted at analyzing the impacts of such a policy. The analysis was based on national interest theory. In the context of Indonesian migrant domestic workers, this study came to argue that the moratorium policy could be seen as a manifestation of political commitment from Indonesia’s government perceiving the protection of Indonesian migrant workers is high in the list.

Controversies of the Implementation of Carbon Tax Policy for the Australian Economy: Harmful or Beneficial?

Nugraha, Nur Arif

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Australian government had an experience in carbon tax policy implementation and evidently, it did not work out since it was enacted for the first time in 2012. The background of this policy was the Kyoto Protocol in 2007. In the beginning, Australia and United States considered as resistant countries. However, the government finally implemented carbon tax policy in 2012. There were many debates around this issue, especially two major parties, Labour and Liberal. After some considerations, the Australian government decided to repeal this policy in 2014. This study will focus on controversies around the implementation of carbon tax policy. The first part will describe the background of carbon tax policy. The next part will expose on positive impacts of the policy implementation on the Australian economy, while the following part will focus on negative impacts on household expenditures. The final part will conclude which actions the government should decide either continues or terminates carbon tax policy.  Keywords: implementation, carbon tax policy, environment, household, economy

Pasar Kecantikan dan Penindasan Wanita Di Cina

Permata, Inda Mustika, Nanda, Bima Jon

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This study examines about China beauty market associated with beauty perception in their society. The beautiful perception in China differs from time to time, most contradictory to the Mao era; beautiful women are women who did not do self-beautification, while post-Mao era, in line with the opening of the economy, beautiful women associated with white skin, young, and tall. To meet these criteria, women do beauty treatments and buy cosmetics so the demand for cosmetics becomes high. This behavior encourages the rise of cosmetic trading activities in China, so China has become one of the largest beauty market on global scale continues to grow. The rapid growth of the market in China cannot be separated from the Chinese beauty perception of women. Such perception ultimately oppresses women through demands to fulfill the beauty perception that exists in society. Later, beauty perception actually provides a great benefit for beauty companies in China.  Keywords: Beauty, Market, Women, China, Oppression

Dinamika Persenjataan di Asia Tenggara, 2010-2015

Sulistyo, Iwan

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies Vol 6 no 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

States, however, are still the main actors in International Relations. Although the Cold War had formally ended in 1991, as a matter of fact, the military competition still exists, including at the regional level. This article attempts to analyze the arms dynamic in Southeast Asia during the 2010-2015 periods. By using three models – action-reaction model, the domestic structure model, and the technological imperative – simultaneously and analyzing the data published by both the IISS and SIPRI, this study shows that conflict in the South China Sea had been the primary motive of several countries in increasing their military spending and enhancing their military capabilities, both qualities as well as quantities. Several countries accelerating their military strength had been Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines, Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia. However, Singapore had been the leading actor that has significant efforts in strengthening its military power. Relizing the difficulty to identify the actual motives of these several countries enlarging their hard power, the author argues that, within this arms dynamic, there is also a possibility or even the long-term tendency in terms of arms race as long as these major actors that relates directly to the South China Sea territorial conflict are not able carefully to maintain their security dilemma and perceived threats.  Kata Kunci: Arms dynamic, Southeast Asia, military capability

Narrowing the Global Gap: Eco-Social Market Economy as New Perspective to Deal with Global Economic Inequality and Economic Insecurity in 21st Century

Wattimena, Reza A.A, Perwita, Anak Agung Banyu

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies Vol 6 no 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Global economic inequality, namely the economic inequality between various countries and regions, is one of the biggest challenges of 21st century. Thus, it has also become an important issue in economic security. It creates extreme poverty in the face of abundant living in several rich countries and regions. It is also the root of other global problems, such as human trafficking, spreads of slums, diseases, and international network of radicalism, extremism and terrorism. Because of the global scope, the world needs to develop new perspective in combating global economic inequality and its negative consequences. Eco-social market economy, which is developed from the German social theories, can offer such perspective. It balances between two important areas of social life, namely social justice on the one hand, and ecological awareness of the other hand. This paper elaborates the basic notions and implementations of eco-social market economy in global level to overcome the issue of global economic inequality in 21st century as a new perspective in addressing the issue of economic insecurity in our current global economic, political and security interactions.

Implikasi Perjanjian Kemitraan Ekonomi Komprehensif Indonesia-Australia (IA-CEPA) terhadap Perdagangan Luar Negeri Indonesia

Andriani, Yeti

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Andalas Journal of International Studies Vol 6 no 1
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

This research is used to see IA-CEPAs contribution to trade of both countries especially to Indonesian foreign trade. With the research question, what is the economic implication of this economic partnership agreement politics, especially related to Indonesian trade sector? Adam Smiths theory in this research is that the liberal economy is closely related to the world economic development, an idea that requires the liberty of individuals or economic units to achieve their interests and an invisible hand can facilitate economic regulation and achieve high economic efficiency and growth, the government should not interfere and instead let the market run on its own mechanism. Added by David Ricardo that mutual interest is generated is a mutual interest-based benefit of the trade. The method used is qualitative method that is method with purpose to explain topic in detail. The result of this research is the IA-CEPA agreement can facilitate the access of Indonesian market and foreign trade to Australia.Key Words: Liberal Economics, IA-CEPA, Trade

A Comparison of Neorealism, Liberalism, and Constructivism in Analysing Cyber War

Isnarti, Rika

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 5, No 2 (2016): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 5 NO 2 2016
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Cyberwar can be considered as one of phenomena in International Relations. However, recently, there are not many literature about International Relations theory talking about cyber war or cyberspace generally. The phenomena of cyberspace is matter to International Relations as it involved sovereignty, state interactions and other elements in International Relations theory. On the other hand, cyber space blurs many concept in International Relations such as sovereignty is borderless in the realms of cyber space. Therefore, this articles analyses three perspectives in International Relations in analyzing cyber war. It explains what cyber war in context of International Relations, how three theories in International Relations with their elements analyses actors and interaction in cyber space. Finally, it found that Neorealism is the most adequate theory among other two theories in analyzing cyber war.

Strategi Indonesia dalam Merespon Kebangkitan Tiongkokpada Masa Kepemimpinan Presiden SBY (Studi Kasus: Konflik Laut Tiongkok Selatan)

Trisni, Sofia, apriwan, Apriwan, Irawan, Poppy

Andalas Journal of International Studies (AJIS) Vol 5, No 2 (2016): ANDALAS JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (AJIS) VOL 5 NO 2 2016
Publisher : International Relations Department, Andalas University

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Abstract

Dunia Internasional pada abad 21 ditandai dengan fenomena kebangkitan Tiongkok. Kebangkitan Tiongkok ini direspon secara beragam oleh negara-negara yang ada dunia. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menjelaskan strategi yang digunakan oleh Indonesia dalam merespon kebangkitan Tiongkok pada era presiden SBY dengan menggunakan setting Konflik Laut Tiongkok Selatan sebagai arena yang mempertemukan Indonesia dengan Tiongkok dan negara-negara ASEAN lainnya. Tulisan ini menemukan bahwa strategi yang digunakan oleh Indonesia dalam merespon kebangkitan Tiongkok adalah strategi engagement melalui ASEAN dan hedging dengan memperbanyak opsi yang dimiliki oleh Indonesia.