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Jurnal Sylva Lestari
Published by Universitas Lampung
Jurnal Sylva Lestari (Journal of Sustainable Forest) publishes original research articles related to all aspects of forestry and environment sciences which includes, but not limited to the following topics: forest and natural resources management, biodiversity conservation and management, wood science and timber technology, agroforestry and social forestry, forest products and services, socio-economics of natural resources, and other environment related researches. It is primarily a medium for disseminating original theoretical and experimental researches, as well as technical reviews. This journal issues one volume every year including three issues which will be delivered every January, May, and September. JSL is published by University of Lampung in collaboration with Indonesia Network for Agroforestry Education (INAFE) - SEANAFE.
Articles
180
Articles
Interaksi Masyarakat sekitar Hutan terhadap Pemanfaatan Lahan Taman Hutan Raya Wan Abdul Rachman

Kristin, Yuliana, Qurniati, Rommy, Kaskoyo, Hari

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Wan Abdul Rachman Forest Park (Tahura WAR) has experienced the fluctuations in land cover changes in each year. It caused by the interaction of community in utilization of Tahura WAR. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of interaction by the community around Tahura WAR and the influenced factors of it. The product moment correlation analysis was used to see the real relation between the independent variables (the level of interaction) and the dependent variable (land area, income, and the number of family dependents). The result showed that the interaction of the community in the Tahura WAR was moderate. It included the activity of community-related in utilization, preservation and forest protection. The level of interaction was influenced by the land area and the income level of the respondents. Keywords: interaction, Tahura WAR, land area, income.

Strategi Optimalisasi Pelaksanaan Tugas Pokok, Fungsi dan Wewenang Polisi Kehutanan di Taman Nasional Way Kambas

Sukarman, Sukarman

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Increasing disturbances in forest sustainability lead to the notion that the implementation of the main duties, functions, and authorities of the forestry police (polhut) is not optimal. The purpose of this study was to determine the implementation and identify and find alternative strategies for optimizing the implementation of the main duties, functions, and authorities of the forest police in Way Kambas National Park (TNWK). Data retrieval is done by interview, observation, and documentation. The results of the study show that the internal elements of the polhut have the strength is the protection of laws and regulations that are strong enough by the legislation that applies so that the element of weakness is lack of financial support, facilities, and infrastructure. The external element of opportunity is the Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 45 of 2004 concerning Forest Protection and Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning forestry, while the threat factors are poverty and unemployment. The choice of strategies found is maximizing and increasing the ability of the forest police, maximizing the infrastructure facilities and utilizing the opportunity to receive cooperation from partners. Optimization program strategy by maintaining and developing existing programs, developing the participation of local communities and indigenous peoples, and integrating all Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 45 of 2004 concerning Forest protection and Law Number 41 of 1999 concerning Forestry.polhutKeyword: strategy of optimalization, polhut, national park

Partisipasi Masyarakat pada Pengembangan Agroforestri dalam Program Kemitraan di KPH Unit XIV Gedong Wani

Setiawan, Rian, Febryano, Indra Gumay, Bintoro, Afif

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

The establishment of Forest Management Unit (KPH) is a solution which being implemented by the government to overcome forest land conflicts in Indonesia, one of its implementation is by implementing partnership programs in agroforestry. This research purposed to analyze the factors influenced community involvement in the partnership program. The data collection were done by giving questionnaire and interviewing the community, the collected data then were analyzed with discriminant analysis (internal factors) and descriptive analysis (external factors). Based on the results of this research, the internal factor that gives positive impact tocommunity involvement is community knowledge about the partnership program. Then, the external factors that give positive impact to community involvement are socialization and community services provided by KPH and related stakeholders. An evaluation should be done immediately by KPH related tomethods of socialization to farmer groups and KPH also need to improve services in community empowerment activities through other similar programs by involving related stakeholders to collaborate. Keywords: agroforestry, community participation, forest management unit, forest partnership program, tenurial conflict.

Nilai Ekonomi Pemanfaatan Jasa Air Daerah Aliran Sungai Way Betung

Pratama, Hendra, Yuwono, Slamet Budi, Kaskoyo, Hari, Bakri, Samsul

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Way Betung watershed is a source of raw water supply utilized by the Talang Mulya community for various purposes, such as for household needs, irrigation of paddy farming and micro hydro power plant. Water availability is closely related to the existing forest presence in the area, the forest land management should be in balance on be half of maintaing water availability. This study aimed to determine the perception of the community and to analyze the economic value of water for household needs, irrigation of paddy farming and micro hydro power plant. This research also calculated the Willingness to Pay of forest and land rehabilitation costs by community. Primary data collection were conducted by interviewing 106 respondents. The results showed that the community appraisal of water resources in Way Betung watershed were good since 88% of respondents are willing to pay for forest rehabilitation. The total economic value of water utilization in Talang Mulya Village was Rp.2.963.540.390/year and the value of willingness to pay for forest rehabilitation costs was Rp.5.833.608/year with average willingness to pay was Rp.22.948/year. Keywords: watershed , total economic value, the economic value of water, willingness to pay.

Palatabilitas Badak Sumatera (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) di Suaka Rhino Sumatera

Awaliah, Athaya Talitha Siti, Dewi, Bainah Sari, Winarno, Gunardi Djoko

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is a browser animal or shrub and foliage eaters that has wide needs and variety types of feed. The purpose of the research is to identify the feed types and the palatability of sumatran rhinoceros feed. Data was collected using Direct Observation method. The object of research was a female sumatran rhinoceros " aged named “Ratu”. The results shows that there were founded 61 feed species of rhinoceros in Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. Those feeds were clasified in 30 different families. The drop-in feed was dominated by Moraceae and Rubiaceae was dominated the natural feed. Leaves were the most eaten part by sumatran rhinoceros both in drop-in feed (75%) or in natural feed (83%). The amount of feed which Sumatran rhinoceros could consumed in one day was 36-47 kg of the total supply as much as ± 100 kg/day. The most eaten quantites and the most prefered feed of sumatran rhinoceros were jack tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus) and merremia (Merremia peltata).Keywords: Sumatran Rhinoceros, Feed , Palatability, Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary

Perubahan Komposisi Jenis Tanaman dan Pola Tanam pada Pengelolaan Agroforestri Damar

Rajagukguk, Charles Parlindungan, Febryano, Indra Gumay, Herwanti, Susni

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

The changes in the composition of plant species and cropping patterns have occurred in the management of Damar agroforest in Desa Kesugihan, Lampung Selatan. There are some reasons that farmers consider to make decisions in choosing plant species and cropping patterns. This study aimed to identify the reasons of farmers in the decision making of plant species selection and cropping pattern on agroforestry management of damar. Primary data collection was conducted by using an in-depth interview method on seven key informants and participant observation. The collected data is qualitative data and analyzed descriptively based on the real-life choice theory by Gladwin. The results showed that there was a change of plant species composition and cropping pattern on resin agroforestry to become cocoa agroforestry. This is affected by income, production continuity, gestation period, ease of maintenance and harvest, local knowledge and tolerance of the main plant to be planted with another crop. The dominant crop pattern was a combination of cocoa as the main plant with cengkeh, petai, tangkil, and durian. Another crop pattern was a combination between resin as the main plant species with cengkeh, durian, coconut, and petai. Comprehension and contribution from related stakeholders in the development of community forestry are fully needed to support sustainable agroforestry management. Keywords: agroforestry of Damar, decision making, plant composition, plant species selection, cropping pattern

Populasi dan Pola Sebaran Burung Kuntul Besar (Egretta alba) di Lampung Mangrove Center

Anggriana, Puja, Dewi, Bainah Sari, Winarno, Gunardi Djoko

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Lampung Mangrove Center (LMC) is a location model as a dedication Lampung University in mangrove forest management that can be used for “Tridarma Perguruan Tinggi”, including research on greater egret (Egretta alba). Research conducted by large birds (E. alba) is important to do, as one of the conservation efforts in LMC. The purpose of this study was to determine the population and the distribution pattern of Greater egret (E. Alba). The methods used in the three locations are Line Transect method, GIS method, and Literature method. The research analysis using population prediction, total population and bird distribution pattern with Morisita Index. Results of the study with a total of 1620 minute studies found greater egret (E. Alba) on field locations 64 frequency, at pond location 66 frequency and at mangrove forest 8 frequency, so the total encounter of greater egret (E. Alba) are 138 frequency. The distribution pattern of Greater egret (E. Alba) life in LMC is the random distribution with a Morisita Index value is 0,27 and Hernowo population prediction of large egrets value is 8 individuals/ha and Nurhasanah total population is 12-13 individuals/ha. Keywords: greater egret bird, distribution pattern, population

Partisipasi Kelompok Wanita Cinta Bahari dalam Upaya Konservasi Hutan Mangrove

Desmania, Desy, Harianto, Sugeng Prayitno, Herwanti, Susni

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Most area of Margasari village was mangrove forests. Therefore, Cinta Bahari Women’s Group, make mangrove forests as a source of life and their economic income. Cinta Bahari Women’s Group was a group of women who always be active in the processing and the utilization of non-timber mangrove forest products namely jeruju leaf (Acanthus Ilicifolius) and pedada fruit (Sonneratia Caseolaris) to serve as processed food ingredients. The purpose of this research was to identify the activities which were undertaken by cinta bahari women’s group of mangrove forest conservation. This research was conducted at Lampung Mangrove Center, Margasari Village, Labuhan Maringgai District, East Lampung regency by using purposive sampling method. The number of respondents was 41 people. Based on the result of research, the aspect of protection in the effort of conservation of mangrove forest was categorized good with percentage of 88% which was supported by the activities of plant protection jeruju (Acanthus ilicifolius) and fruit plants pedada (Sonneratia caseolaris) from disturbance of animals and human disturbance; preservation aspect was categorized good with percentage equal to 54% which was supported by the stitching and nursery activities of mangrove plants; utilization aspect was categorized good with percentage equal to 58% which was supported by the utilization of mangrove forests as processed foods, beverages and medicines.Keywords: Margasari village, Mangrove forests, Cinta bahari women’s group, mangrove forest conservation.

Kelembagaan Pertambangan Batubara di Hutan Rakyat

Buli, Willyam, Bakri, Samsul, Febryano, Indra Gumay

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

Unlicensed Mining (PETI) conducted by community groups in private forest area is rife in Muara Enim district which causing environmental degradation. The purpose of this study is to find out the institutional forms associated with illegal coal mining activities. The study used a qualitative approach that illustrated how unlicensed mining (PETI) still able to operate despite violating the law. The result of this study indicates the existing formal institutions did not run so well which lead to the creation of non-formal institutions who permits illegal activities. There are few technical requirements that PETI could not provide if they were legalized to be public mining. Good coordination and teamwork between government and law enforcers along with mining corporation are desirable to control the development of PETI and the impact it brings, especially in private forest.Keywords: private forest, institution, environmental damage, unlicensed mining, coal mining

Peran Wanita Pedesaan Hutan dalam Peningkatan Pendapatan Rumah Tangga

Hanum, Iznita Mulya, Qurniati, Rommy, Herwanti, Susni

Jurnal Sylva Lestari Vol 6, No 3 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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Abstract

The role of women in managing natural resources is needed to help their husband to increase the economy level of the family. Besides a role to manage the household, women also have a task to get income, and it called double-role in the family. The role of women in work productively holds an effect in fulfilling household needs. This research aims to identify the productive women activities and women role against increasing of the family income in Sidodadi Village Teluk Pandan Sub District Pesawaran District in Lampung Province. The samples taken using cluster and purposive sample methods were 73 samples. Data analysis method used in this research was qualitative and quantitative data analysis. The result showed that the Sidodadi productive women activities to increase the family income were the trader, farmer, agricultural laborer and officer. Trade was a productive activity of women who have the highest income contribution. The contribution of women towards the total income of the family was low (30%), so the role of women in economic activities. Keywords: women role, productive activities, income, household