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Lire Journal
ISSN : 25812130     EISSN : 25981803     DOI : -
Lire Journal stands for Linguistics and Literature Journal. This journal is published by Elite Laboratory English Department of Bangka Belitung University twice a year. This is an open-accessed and blind-peer review journal that provides articles both critical theory and field research in linguistics, literature and cultural studies including all their interfaces with E-ISSN 2598-1803 (online) and P-ISSN 2581-2130 (printed)
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Articles 32 Documents
American Transcendentalist’s Conceptions of Self: Comparison Among Emerson, Thoreau And Whitman Sutanto, Dian Natalia
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): lire March 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

American Transcendentalism was a unique movement in the country’s history as it had a vitalizing effect on the development of American identity and fostered the development of American democracy, liberalism, art and literature. Its basic tenet is the belief on the dignity of human as the manifestation of the divine. Emerson, Thoreau and Whitman, the three main exponents, share this basic tenet. They believe that iindividual virtue and happiness depend on self-realization which is achieved through self reliance on one’s intuition and imagination, rather than on social conventions and religious dogma. However, these three figures disagree on what specific course of actions to actualize individual virtue and happiness. Thoreau believes that to achieve the highest virtue, one must detach oneself from one’s dependency on materiality and practice simple, solitary life in nature. Different from Thoreau, Whitman views that flesh was also necessary for self-actualization, and thus must not be neglected. Emerson’s position, on the other hand, is somewhat caught between the two. Different from Thoreau who emphasizes the primacy of one’s duty to oneself to attain highest virtue through solitary life in nature, Emerson concept’s of self realization is balanced by the duty to others through voluntary participation in social reform. Unlike Whitman who celebrates carnality as the source of human virtue, Emerson’s view is more austere. 
The Maximum Effectiveness of Finding the Lexical Definition through Obscurity and Circularity wijayanti, nurvita
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): lire March 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

This paper shows the two problems namely circularity and obscurity relating to dictionary definition and its solutions. The two problems are mostly attached in the definition from both online and written dictionary of Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. The topic is chosen since it contains the daily problem encountered when consulting the dictionary. The data are collected by showing the words that have circularity and obscurity each of them are twenty words. Next, the data is analyzed through the high frequency of words that contains both problems. The solutions are also offered for both the word-seekers and the lexicographers to get the better definition in the future. Facing the problem of circularity, it is better to the word-seekers to collect the information from the words and combine them into good information. The obscurity can be solved into two ways namely controlled defining vocabulary and full-sentence definition. Lastly, the writer suggest to the next researchers to gain more data and solution to get the better revision.
Justification of The Asian Literary Canon Ndandara, Alfriani
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): lire March 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

The term "canon" is a term in question over time because it is considered incapable of answering acertainty about the criteria used in classifying literary works. The question arose from reasons such theneglect of some literary works which containing unacceptable topics politically or have no commercialvalues in the time of its publication. Furthermore, there is a work of literature that is not recognizedbecause the author is not derived from the origin state or origin culture raised in his work. Seeing this,this research has sought to reveal the acceptable criteria in classifying literary works into a canon. Theconcept of canon used are based on Smyth, Kolbas, Lise, and Benton. Their thoughts are different butcomplete each other. The objects of this research are notable literary works from three different authorsand countries. They are Arundhati Roy, Pramoedya A. Toer, and George Orwell. Each them containdifferent issues which represented the most common issues appear in Asian countries. Throughout thethree works, the face of Asian is seen and the acceptable criteria are found. There are four criteriasuggested in this research.They are: first, the work may contain cultural and moral values of Asian ;second, the work may inform ideologies and social of the Asian; Third, it may inform the historicalvalue of Asian countries; and the last, it is already criticized and reviewed by others, in this case,researcher or readers.
Refugee, Shelter and Threat: Nature Represented in f. Sionil Jose’s Dusk Indriyanto, Kristiawan
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): lire March 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

This paper seeks to explore the role and representation of nature in F.Sionil Jose’s Dusk. He explores the journey of a Philippines’ clan who migrates from Northern Luzon into Central Plains to escape the Spanish oppression. Through the presentation of an omniscient narrator who narrates the journey of Istak Samson and his clan, F.Sionil Jose depicts the lushness of Philippines’ wilderness. To explore his representation of nature, this paper applies narratology and ecocriticism. Several narratological concepts used are mainly related with the issue of space, concerning the presentation and the spatial standpoint of the depiction of nature. These concepts analyze how the omniscient narrator of Dusk portrays the wilderness of Philippines interior. Nature is primarily depicted in two aspects. Firstly, nature can provide shelter, nourishment, and also comfort for the humanity. Secondly, nature is also an untamed and even hostile force who can claim the life of people who pass through it.
Identify the Message of Ursula Le Guin’s The Ones Who Walk From Omelas though Its Thematic Structure Rezkiyana, Putri Ayu
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): lire March 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

The Ones Who Walk from Omelas is a science fiction short story written by Ursula Le Guin. The story is about the socio-cultural condition in a city named Omelas. It describes not only the beauty of the city when they are holding a festival, but also the unseen picture that portrays contradiction rather than the festive event people celebrate in. By doing a thematic analysis, the writer in this study is going to convey the message brought by the story writer. This study is under the Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) focusing on the textual metafunction. There are two research questions suggested in the analysis. The first is what types of theme and mood contained in the story, and the second one is what messages by which the author wants to deliver. The theme, at the very first place, is divided into two categories based on the subject default, which are unmarked and marked theme. Besides, theme is classified into three types of meaning; experiential, textual, and interpersonal theme. For the mood analysis, there are three kinds of mood which are declarative, imperative, and interrogative. In the findings, it is found that the writer ends to use declarative mood in the story to describes the condition, while the imperative mood is used to invite the readers to follow the speaker’s ideas and the interrogative mood is to criticize the society. Besides, the author also tends to apply unmarked theme and preposed theme construction in the story.
Mr. Keating’s Role as English Teacher as Seen in The Main Character of Dead Poet Society the Movie Afifulloh, M.
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Lire June 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

Dead Poets Society is a classic movie that explores about English teaching-learning class in Welton Academic. Mr. Keating as the main character is described as unusual English teacher who gives a big influence toward his students’ life. This unusual teaching style absolutely opposites with academic policy. The academic administrator intensively warns Mr. Keating about his teaching style although his student very interested on him. This paper attempts to explore Mr. Keating’s roles as teacher as reflected in Dead Poets Society movie. The paper was qualitative study with American studies approach. American studies is multidisciplinary studies of America. In this multidisciplinary approach, the writer uses sociology, psychology and historical approaches to conduct the result of the research. Sociology and psychology are used to explain the roles of teacher in teaching and historical approach is used to explore all data dealt with American teacher fact in the past. The data was collected by various sources; text book, newspaper, internet and some available printed master. This research reveals that English teachers have roles as facilitator, personal models or demonstrator, and as delegator. As facilitator, teacher controls the class and creates good environments and activities, stimulates new information, provides opportunities for collaborative work, to be problem solving and offers students a multiplicity of authentic learning tasks. As personal models, teachers are free to give an example what student should do in the study as long as deals with the object of the study.  As delegator, teachers are free to rule their class with target to build cooperation between the students. Those freedoms are used only to make teaching and learning process well done, although, sometime breaks the academic administrator policy
Comparative Analysis on the Epic of Gilgamesh and Aphrodite and Hippolytus and the Difference on Death between Eastern and Western View Garini, Sophia Ardya
Lire Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Lire June 2017
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

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Abstract

There are two emphases on this paper. First, this paper compares the Epic of Gilgamesh and Aphrodite and Hippolytus on the basis of content. Secondly, this paper compares the difference of death between Eastern and Western view. This paper concludes that there are some differences and similarities from The Epic of Gilgamesh and Greek mythology, between Ishtar and Aphrodite. Death and suicide by Takeyama, according to Mishima (in Patriotism) is the final of his life achievement; death with heroic sense; death with pride. In Western view, death and suicide by Ophelia (in Hamlet) becomes the escape because of the great loss, depressed, and the unbearable burden.  
ECOLOGICAL READING ON SELECTED AYURZANA AND YONG SHU HOONG’s POEMS Indriyanto, Kristiawan
Lire Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Lire
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.437 KB) | DOI: 10.33019/lire.v2i1.15

Abstract

This paper explores how nature is depicted by two poets of different nationality using ecocriticism. Ecological approach is used as framework to focus more on the connection and relationship between human and their environment and the possible impact on the disruption of human-nature relationship. People living in different environment will have different reception toward their surroundings. The aim of this paper is to explore how both poets describe nature in their selected works. Ayurzana and Yong ShuHoong represent two poets exposed to different environment;hence, this paper seeks to present how different Ayurzana who lives in a rural area portray his surrounding compared with Hoong as an urban dweller. As a native Mongolian, Ayurzana explores the close connection between Mongolian people and nature. On the other hand, Hoong’s poetry elaborates life in cities and people that become detached from the natural environment. By analyzing two poets from different living conditions, this paper acknowledges that ecological issue might differ from one region to another.   Key words: Ecocriticism, eco poetry, space and place            
Asian English Literature’s Midterm Examination Maternal Instinct Depicted in VerenaTay’sBroken Indra Darmawan, Ruly
Lire Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Lire
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (130.63 KB) | DOI: 10.33019/lire.v2i1.16

Abstract

In this essay, I want to analyze how maternal instinct is depicted in one short story which has South East Asia as a setting of place because this maternal instinct has became one of the most debatable issues in feminist study until nowadays. The main data is a short story entitled Broken. This short story was included in anthology of Asian short stories entitled A Rainbow Feast. One thing which becomes uniqueness in Broken that picks my interest is how this novel exploits woman acts and habits in different way than any other novel. VerenaTay through this novel tells a story about one particular woman and how she treats her newborn baby. Different with other novel, Broken pictures the woman who lives in different world than us, a human. It is interesting to see how VrenaTay pictures that woman acts and somehow lives after she was dead, how a woman escapes from subversive condition and move toward dominant one by leap through the limit of life and death.
SYNTACTIC CATEGORY AND ITS FUNCTIONS Constantino Soares, Antonio
Lire Journal Vol 2 No 1 (2018): Lire
Publisher : English Department of Bangka Belitung University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33019/lire.v2i1.17

Abstract

This research described about the“Syntactic Category and its Functions” of English language which only implemented on the “present tense”. This research was more focused on some certain sentences elements and expanded into some type of verbs such as ordinary intransitive, complex-intransitive, semitransitive, ordinary monotransitive,complex-transitive, ditransitive and prepositional partial of ditransitive. This research was intended to increase the English learners and teachers’ abilities to have a better understanding related to the sentence elements of English language in the future time. The theories of syntax proposed by Huddleston and Pullum (2005) and Verhaar (2012) were appliedto determine the syntax category and its functions in this research.The introspective reflexsive method was applied to gain the data in this research, however the qualitative descriptive method was applied to analyse the data in this research.  

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