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k@ta
ISSN : 14112639     EISSN : 23026294     DOI : -
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
Articles 25 Documents
“More than kin and less than kind”: Hamlet and His (Linguistic) Problems Mahdipour, Alireza; Abbasi, Pyeaam
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.09 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.1-8

Abstract

T.S. Eliots "Hamlet and His Problems" (1921) seems to be a pretext to add another erudite concept to the lexis of literary criticism. He charged both Hamlet and Hamlet of lacking "objective correlative." Eliots own problem with the play, however, seems to arise from his particular epistemological perspective, his formalism, and even his implicit structuralism, and moreover, from his traditional, classic Cartesian modernity that suffers him to hold the notion of subject-object dichotomy in his literary speculations. Hamlets problem, however, surpasses T. S. Eliots structuralist view and anticipates the poststructuralist linguistic enigma. Hamlet and Hamlets problems are, together with the other characters that are caught in the maze of language, linguistic. Hamlets epistemological/ontological quest for the meaning or the truth are checked, patterned, done and ultimately undone by the language. He cannot find any "objective correlative" for his "particular emotion," for, in the signifying system of the language, all he can think or feel is restrained by "words". He cannot escape from the symbolic order of the language until his death, and "the rest is silence".
Post-Traumatic People in Paul Austers The Book of Illusions from Cathy Caruths and Michelle Balaevs Perspectives Sasani, Samira; Arjmandi, Diba
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.313 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.8-17

Abstract

In his novel The Book of Illusions, Paul Auster displays his knowledge not only as a writer, but also as a talented critic of cinema, painting and world literature. Opening up the question of identity after the loss, Auster presents the reader with the traumatic form of grief over the dead ones. The trauma which is portrayed in The Book of Illusions is the direct experience with death, with those who are left behind and for those who find death as the only solution for being forgiven. Strangely enough, while the main theme is death, Auster portrays the ways of resistance and the power of love to shape the process of post-traumatic identification. Precisely the aim here is to analyze Auster’s novel with the help of new theories that are introduced recently into the realm of literary criticism and trauma studies by Cathy Caruth and Michelle Balaev. By studying different opinions about loss and trauma and applying new perspectives, this research scrutinizes Austerian characters. Therefore there is a survey, a study of trauma from vantage points of traditional model theoreticians like Caruth and also pluralistic model argument represented by Balaev.
Semiotics for Interpreting Quilt’s Cultural Values from the U.S. and Indonesia Dukut, Ekawati Marhaenny
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (674.905 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.18-26

Abstract

Historically, quilt making has been recorded in the United States (U.S.) since the 18th century. Not only is it popular for its function but also for the social expression of its people to their environment. In designing quilts, creators make use of different colors and symbols to express a certain phenomenon. By use of library research and semiotics for an analytical-descriptive discussion, the socio-cultural and historical perspectives of U.S. quilts are found to explain how designs have evolved from the 18th to the 21st century of the U.S. The semiotics method has also shown how through an American Studies transnational process of cross bordering countries, the U.S. quilt has influenced its neighboring countries, like Indonesia.  This article shares how a number of U.S. quilt patterns, colors and cultural values are found in Indonesian quilt. Among the cultural values found are the maintenance of loyalty and obedience. Interestingly, while the U.S. cultural value of individualism is respected, the Indonesian collectivism is preferred more in quilt making.
The Illusory World of a Peculiar Man: A Psychoanalytical Study of Nicholai Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman” Moosavinia, Sayyed Rahim; Bavarsad, Ala
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.98 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.27-35

Abstract

To become clear, the concept of madness, the hows and whys that follow the recognition of it needs a discerning view. Thereupon, this research is going to study the madness of the main character of the short story “Diary of a Madman” written by Nikolai Gogol in which he meticulously illustrates how a madman’s mind operates. A pivotal concept to be dealt with is the power of unconscious, which according to Sigmund Freud has a considerable influence on the psychic system. Freud maintains that if the Ego is not able to keep a balance between its demands and the unconscious desires, Psychosis happens. In madman’s case, it is Schizophrenia. The madman shows abnormalities like hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and disorganized behavior which are all symptoms of schizophrenia. Each symptom will be discussed in detail through the study. Another issue which is worth being elucidated is the madman’s place in Lacanian Orders. Jacques Lacan depicts psyche’s development in three orders or phases: The Real, the Imaginary, and the Symbolic. In this research the focus will be on the imaginary order as the madman shows signs of being stuck in this phase without any positive movement toward the next, the symbolic. According to Lacan, psychosis is the consequence of the incapability in entering the symbolic order. Accordingly, this research will study the madman’s psychosis and his situation in the psychic world.
Packaging Consumption: Stylistic Devices and Persuasive Functions of American and Indonesian Advertising Slogans Utomo, Gabriella Tiara; Suprajitno, Setefanus
k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.052 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.1.36-44

Abstract

This study discusses the significance of style in creating indelible and iconic slogans that endure time. By using qualitative content analysis, we examine the stylistic devices of the ten American and Indonesian food and beverages slogans in order to find out their persuasive functions. In our analysis, we utilize three levels of stylistic analysis, namely, lexical, grammatical, and phonological. Our findings show that stylistic devices such as idioms and proverbs, personification, humor, emotional appeal, and imagery, are used for invoking customers’ buying motives. By invoking customers’ buying motives, those devices try to manipulate the customers’ perception so that they would accept the advertised product as a means of satisfying their thirst and craving.
On the Acquisition of English Voiceless Stop VOT by Indonesian-English Bilinguals: Evidence of Input Frequency Zen, Evynurul Laily
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (676.049 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.45-52

Abstract

The paper attempted to investigate the acquisition of Voice Onset Time (VOT) of voiceless stop consonants of English /p/, /t/, and /k/ by Indonesian-English bilingual children in its close relation to how second language (L2) input shapes the L2 VOT production. It looked at two types of bilingual participants; (1) one 6-year-old participant receiving extensive input of English natives from YouTube in about 8 hours per day since she was two in addition to having an interactive communication in English with her family members (2) four students (aged 7-8 years old) of International Class Program with non-native environment of English. Both groups were residing in Malang, East Java, Indonesia at the time of data collection. The comparative analysis concluded that the VOT valued differ significantly across different inputs. The participants with non native input acquired much shorter VOTs falling within the average of 28 – 36 ms, while the one with native input could achieve native-like VOTs in the average of 69 ms for /p/ and /t/ and even longer for stop consonant /k/. Contributing factors of individual differences might arrive from input frequency levels, types of inputs, and complexities of phonological properties of Indonesian and English.
The Homeland of Stereotypes Keramatfar, Hossein
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (204.157 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.53-59

Abstract

Following the vigorous critique of orientalism, orientalist discourse had employed complex strategies to create ambivalent non-Western stereotypes. The earlier fixed oriental characters were often discarded; they were instead accorded certain amounts of flexibility. However, the fact was that despite such changes and these less negative images, orientalist discourse continued producing the Oriental other to perpetuate Western domination. In fact, it simply drew upon old repertoire of stereotypes, recycled them, and produced new ones; only care was taken that they did not sound as markedly negative as the old ones. The present paper sought to investigate how the American TV series Homeland (2011-) repeated the imperialist claims of the orientalist discourse by presenting a range of oriental character types, from the classic Muslim terrorist to some less negative characters. It employed “Negative formulas” to produce more ambivalent stereotypes to reinforce the alleged essential superiority of America. The series staged the character of the captive mind as the ideal oriental type to be imitated by all Orientals. The paper also demonstrated that how Homeland employed the orientalist theme of nativization, again only to prove the eventual un-contaminability and superiority of the West. Islam and Iran were the particular targets of Homeland’s stereotyping.
Women and Pleasure in Guillaume Apollinaire’s Calligram Collection Poèmes à Lou Agustin, Eva; Udasmoro, Wening
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (380.572 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.60-67

Abstract

This article attempted to examine the connections between poetry and the constructions of women and pleasure emphasized by the author. The works examined were those of Guillaume Apollinaire, a famous French poet whose calligramatic poetry collections specifically positioned women as objects of pleasure. Most interestingly, in Apollinaire's poetry, the depiction of women as objects of pleasure through connotative symbols that could only be given significance by decoding the highly cultural meanings contained in the connotative symbols. The theory of the male gaze was used here to examine how visual pleasure had been operated by the poet. Meanwhile, semiotics had been used to decode the calligrammatic aspects of Apollinaire's poems. This research found that symbols of exoticism, reproduction, and fantastic pleasures were utilized by Apollinaire in his poetry to emphasize his dominance of women by positioning them as objects of pleasure.
Rethinking Developmentally Appropriate Concept in Indonesian Picture Bible Story Book Primasanti, Kartika Bayu; Yoanita, Desi
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (221.698 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.68-75

Abstract

In Christian education, inheriting faith values to children since a young age was a pivotal responsibility for parents, the church, and Christian education institutions. According to a previous study, inheriting these values was applied through the tradition of reading illustrated Bible together with parents. In this study, illustrated Bible was not the Bible. It was illustrated literature that contained Bible stories. Using the perspective of Developmentally-Appropriate, the researchers elaborated how illustrated Bible in the marketplace had or had not used the developmentally appropriate concept for young children. This research would be a reference to design illustrated Bible for young children, in the form of printed book or application, and a reference for parents and educators to choose an illustrated children Bible which was appropriate for a child’s age, and for publishers to give age label for children Bible products.
King Lear: A Negatively Capable Outsider Rizi, Hossein Salimian
k@ta Vol 20 No 2 (2018): DECEMBER 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.854 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/kata.20.2.76-82

Abstract

Negative capability, John Keats’s coined term, defined the ideal poet as the one capable of being in uncertainties and mysteries without any reaching after fact and reason. He insisted poets let the mind be a thoroughfare for all thoughts, by holding on no fixed identity but metamorphic identities. Although, Keats found the ideal quality of a poet in Shakespeare, it did not appear far from logical to investigate it in the characters of his plays, specifically King Lear, since he underwent changes throughout the story. King Lear cut across his egoistic self to enrich his receptivity to the actual vastness of life experience after he became an outsider in his erstwhile kingdom. In this article, I would employ the concept of negative capability to take a step further ahead of its theoretically stipulated implications and investigate it on the character of King Lear.

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