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k@ta
k@ta: a biannual publication on the study of language and literature is a refereed journal published twice a year in June and December by the English Department, Faculty of Letters, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia. It presents articles on the study of language, literature and culture.
Articles
5
Articles
“More than kin and less than kind”: Hamlet and His (Linguistic) Problems

Mahdipour, Alireza, Abbasi, Pyeaam

k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

T.S. Eliots "Hamlet and His Problems" (1921) seems to be a pretext to add another erudite concept to the lexis of literary criticism. He charged both Hamlet and Hamlet of lacking "objective correlative." Eliots own problem with the play, however, seems to arise from his particular epistemological perspective, his formalism, and even his implicit structuralism, and moreover, from his traditional, classic Cartesian modernity that suffers him to hold the notion of subject-object dichotomy in his literary speculations. Hamlets problem, however, surpasses T. S. Eliots structuralist view and anticipates the poststructuralist linguistic enigma. Hamlet and Hamlets problems are, together with the other characters that are caught in the maze of language, linguistic. Hamlets epistemological/ontological quest for the meaning or the truth are checked, patterned, done and ultimately undone by the language. He cannot find any "objective correlative" for his "particular emotion," for, in the signifying system of the language, all he can think or feel is restrained by "words". He cannot escape from the symbolic order of the language until his death, and "the rest is silence".

Post-Traumatic People in Paul Austers The Book of Illusions from Cathy Caruths and Michelle Balaevs Perspectives

Sasani, Samira, Arjmandi, Diba

k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

In his novel The Book of Illusions, Paul Auster displays his knowledge not only as a writer, but also as a talented critic of cinema, painting and world literature. Opening up the question of identity after the loss, Auster presents the reader with the traumatic form of grief over the dead ones. The trauma which is portrayed in The Book of Illusions is the direct experience with death, with those who are left behind and for those who find death as the only solution for being forgiven. Strangely enough, while the main theme is death, Auster portrays the ways of resistance and the power of love to shape the process of post-traumatic identification. Precisely the aim here is to analyze Auster’s novel with the help of new theories that are introduced recently into the realm of literary criticism and trauma studies by Cathy Caruth and Michelle Balaev. By studying different opinions about loss and trauma and applying new perspectives, this research scrutinizes Austerian characters. Therefore there is a survey, a study of trauma from vantage points of traditional model theoreticians like Caruth and also pluralistic model argument represented by Balaev.

Semiotics for Interpreting Quilt’s Cultural Values from the U.S. and Indonesia

Dukut, Ekawati Marhaenny

k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

Historically, quilt making has been recorded in the United States (U.S.) since the 18th century. Not only is it popular for its function but also for the social expression of its people to their environment. In designing quilts, creators make use of different colors and symbols to express a certain phenomenon. By use of library research and semiotics for an analytical-descriptive discussion, the socio-cultural and historical perspectives of U.S. quilts are found to explain how designs have evolved from the 18th to the 21st century of the U.S. The semiotics method has also shown how through an American Studies transnational process of cross bordering countries, the U.S. quilt has influenced its neighboring countries, like Indonesia.  This article shares how a number of U.S. quilt patterns, colors and cultural values are found in Indonesian quilt. Among the cultural values found are the maintenance of loyalty and obedience. Interestingly, while the U.S. cultural value of individualism is respected, the Indonesian collectivism is preferred more in quilt making.

The Illusory World of a Peculiar Man: A Psychoanalytical Study of Nicholai Gogol’s “Diary of a Madman”

Moosavinia, Sayyed Rahim, Bavarsad, Ala

k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

To become clear, the concept of madness, the hows and whys that follow the recognition of it needs a discerning view. Thereupon, this research is going to study the madness of the main character of the short story “Diary of a Madman” written by Nikolai Gogol in which he meticulously illustrates how a madman’s mind operates. A pivotal concept to be dealt with is the power of unconscious, which according to Sigmund Freud has a considerable influence on the psychic system. Freud maintains that if the Ego is not able to keep a balance between its demands and the unconscious desires, Psychosis happens. In madman’s case, it is Schizophrenia. The madman shows abnormalities like hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and disorganized behavior which are all symptoms of schizophrenia. Each symptom will be discussed in detail through the study. Another issue which is worth being elucidated is the madman’s place in Lacanian Orders. Jacques Lacan depicts psyche’s development in three orders or phases: The Real, the Imaginary, and the Symbolic. In this research the focus will be on the imaginary order as the madman shows signs of being stuck in this phase without any positive movement toward the next, the symbolic. According to Lacan, psychosis is the consequence of the incapability in entering the symbolic order. Accordingly, this research will study the madman’s psychosis and his situation in the psychic world.

Packaging Consumption: Stylistic Devices and Persuasive Functions of American and Indonesian Advertising Slogans

Utomo, Gabriella Tiara, Suprajitno, Setefanus

k@ta Vol 20 No 1 (2018): JUNE 2018
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

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Abstract

This study discusses the significance of style in creating indelible and iconic slogans that endure time. By using qualitative content analysis, we examine the stylistic devices of the ten American and Indonesian food and beverages slogans in order to find out their persuasive functions. In our analysis, we utilize three levels of stylistic analysis, namely, lexical, grammatical, and phonological. Our findings show that stylistic devices such as idioms and proverbs, personification, humor, emotional appeal, and imagery, are used for invoking customers’ buying motives. By invoking customers’ buying motives, those devices try to manipulate the customers’ perception so that they would accept the advertised product as a means of satisfying their thirst and craving.