TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal
Published by Universitas Pasundan
TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal is a periodical international relations journal that is published twice a year (December and June). TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal is managed and published by Laboratory of International Relations,Department, of International Relations Univesrsitas Pasundan Bandung. TransBORDERS: Internasional Relations Journal can be a reference and literature source for academician in International Relations area as it consists of articles and research reports on International Relations Issues. Articles and research reports are written by academicians, reserarchers, or students who are expert on its field like Security Studies, International Political Economy, International Regime, International Organization, Gender and International Relations, Diplomacy, Media and International Relations, etc.
Articles
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Articles
Agus Herlambang Mengurai Benang Kusut Konflik di Suriah

Herlambang, Agus

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Sebagai negara yang merdeka dengan ekonomi terpusat, menjadikan Suriah sebagai negara yang patut dicontoh oleh negara di dunia. Terbukti bahwa tanpa neoliberalisme dan dominasi ekonomi Barat, Suriah mampu meningkatkan kondisai hidup dan berkembang secara mandiri. Sistem politik Suriah tentu membutuhkan reformasi dan modernisasi. Namun, konflik internal antara pemerintah dengan kelompok oposisi yang telah berkecamuk selama enam tahun ini, semakin rumit karena kekisruhan bukan hanya terkait revolusi, demokrasi dan modernisasi seperti yang diinginkan oleh rakyat Suriah, tetapi ketidaksukaan negara Barat dan Teluk terhadap rezim Assad. Mereka ingin menggulingkannya telah membawa Suriah ke dalam kehancuran yang sangat parah. Pada setiap konflik yang paling merasakan dampaknya adalah masyarakat sipil, tidak sedikit masyarakat sipil yang telah menjadi korban dari pertempuran.

Dampak Kegiatan Pariwisata Olahraga Internasional Tour de Linggarjati terhadap Kepariwisataan Kabupaten Kuningan

Dzikrirazak, Muhammad Irfan, Taufik, Taufik, Herlambang, Agus

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Currently the visiting various interesting places around the world both in business and travel matters is become a global trend. The Indonesian government is aggressively promoting various superior destinations in Indonesia, including sports tourism. This is because of the domino effect of regional tourism development; is the improvement of the peoples economy, and of course foreign exchange for the country. Some regions also competed to develop Sports Tourism, including Kuningan regency with the implementation of Tour de Linggarjati. This article seeks to highlight the success of Tour de Linggarjati and its significant impact on Kuningan district.

Solusi Upgrading terhadap Rantai Nilai Global dalam Industri Kluster Gerabah di Kasongan, Bantul

Ristiyanti, Fadilah Rahma Nur, Debora, Sonya Teresa

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Artikel ini membahas mengenai salah satu efek globalisasi yang telah mendorong pertukuran barang dan jasa menjadi lebih praktis dan efektif, berupa mengglobalnya produk dari suatu daerah ke pasar internasional. Salah satu komoditas yang pula terdampak adalah kerajinan gerabah di Kasongan, Bantul. Dalam perkembangannya, industri ini mengalami berbagai hambatan yang menjadikan tidak maksimalnya keuntungan yang ia raih, alih-alih, dalam beberapa aspek, ia tergolong dirugikan. Hal tersebut menjadikan fokus pembahasan kepada dua hambatan utama yang dihadapi oleh perajin gerabah di Kasongan, Bantul. Pertama, terdapat relasi kuasa asimetris antara buyer dengan perajin dan pengusaha di Kasongan sendiri. Kedua, terbentukna suatu dependensi bagi para perajin kepada pihak ketiga, yakni pemlik gallery, pengepul, serta pengusaha besar yang bergerak di bidang eksportir untuk melakukan ekspor atas produk yang mereka hasilkan. Untuk mengatasinya, penulis menawarkan solusi dengan menggunakan mekanisme processing upgrading dalam rantai nilai global, melalui sinergi antar stakeholder sebagai basis solusi permasalahan yang dihadapi oleh pihak perajin.

Strategi Global dalam Optimalisasi Destinasi Pariwisata di Jawa Timur

Aushafina, Athaya, Giveraldy, Bastiano

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Pariwisata di Jawa Timur merupakan salah satu sektor sumber devisa yang sangat prospektif. Namun, dalam perkembangannya, industri pariwisata di Jawa Timur menghadapi tantangan-tantanga tersendiri, antara lain dalam mengimbangi daya tarik wisata yang tinggi dengan daya saing yang memadai. Dengan latar belakang berlangsungnya proses semiglobalisasi, diperlukan strategi-strategi khusus untuk menavigasi kontur dan postur pasar global dari proses tersebut. Dalam tulisan ini akan dijelaskan bagaimana strategi global yang terdiri atas strategi adaptasi, agregasi, dan arbitrasi dapat diimplementasikan untuk memanfaatkan kesamaan dan perbedaan untuk mengoptimalisasi sektor pariwisata di Jawa Timur.

Analisis Daya Saing Komoditas Karet Alam Indonesia ke Pasar Global

Harahap, Nurichsan Hidayah Putra, Segoro, Bhima Agung

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

This article aims to describe how to optimize Indonesian products, such as good and service, to a global market. The global market emerges due to globalization in a modern economic era. We can access anything easily, although these needs are not produced domestically. In a global market, everybody can make transactions across national borders. Therefore, Indonesian products must also be able to compete in the global market. Natural rubber is one of the commodities that have potential in Indonesia. Indonesia is one of the largest rubber producing countries in the world, ranks second after Thailand, followed by Malaysia, Vietnam, and India. Land in Indonesia such as Riau, South Sumatera, North Sumatera, and Jambi, is suitable for planting rubber trees. As a potential commodity, Indonesian rubber products are exported to industrial countries that require rubber raw materials. Indonesias rubber export destinations are the United States, the Peoples Republic of China, Japan, Singapore, and Brazil. The competitiveness of Indonesian rubber commodities in the global market is quite good today. If developed better, then Indonesia can be the largest exporter of rubber in the world, so it can increase economic growth. Although the price of rubber in the global market is declining, the export of Indonesian rubber is expected to run well.

Kerjasama Indonesia dan Korea Selatan dalam Pengembangan Sektor Industri Kreatif di Indonesia

Afriantari, Rini, Putri, Cindy Yosita

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Nowadays global competition and the depletion of natural resources are encouraging most of the countries in the world to find the alternative of economic matters that doesn’t depend on nature, one of the alternatives is by switching the option to the creative economy, which is an economic matter that based on creativity and intellectual abilities. The creative economy is known as a concept which evolves and focuses on creativity as the main asset to generate the economic growth and development. Creative Economy and Creative Industry in Indonesia was discussed and evolved since 2006 Up until now, the creative industry development efforts continue to be made by Indonesian Government. One of the efforts is by doing a cooperation with South Korea. Korea becomes such a phenomenon in the technology development and its culture which evolves rapidly in Asia for the recent decades, and it is able to do the effective development and culture strategy, which is by its creative industry.

Gerakan Politik Negara Islam Irak dan Suriah (ISIS) dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Indonesia

Haryadi, Aswan, Muthia, Nurhasanah

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria are Islamist groups who have radical thoughts and understand that trying to master many areas in Syria and also Iraq. The group is eager to establish a country controlled by a religious and political leader, according to the Islamic law or Sharia. The political movement of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria is committed to the region and will expand its influence throughout the world by way of doing a propaganda to sympathizers. They get the support of the citizens of the Muslim around the world. ISIS itself has spread in Indonesia, an early manifestation of ISIS getting into Indonesia is through the media. The movement has spread its influence and recruit followers in Indonesia marked by the presence of citizens of Indonesia to join ISIS and support radical groups in Indonesia. ISIS has been declared a terrorist group by the Government of Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia declared radical pragmatism rejects and intolerant of political stability that may disrupt security in Indonesia. to prevent society from schools-schools Indonesia Government to make radical deradicalisation policy with the support of community participation and institutional religion in combating radical pragmatism-understand the intolerant.

Peran Indonesia Dalam Kerjasama Selatan Selatan dan Triangular

Abdurachman, Bulbul, Prakoso, Bagus Mi’raz

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) is not a new issue in international development cooperation. South-South Cooperation itself has a long history and has contributed to the international development half a century. Indonesia itself actively involved in SSTC since the Asian-African Conference (AAC), in 1955, this conference became the starting point of a political movement of the joint development of third world countries to carry out international cooperation. Strengthening the role of Indonesia in SSTC significantly more noticeable with the inclusion of Indonesia as a G20 member, and the change of economic status Indonesia become "Middle Income Country", the position of Indonesia today not only as a recipient country but also as a provider. This research was to find out how Indonesias membership in G20 could effect on Indonesias role in South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) itself. Besides this paper aims to identify obstacles and challenges in implementing SSTC in Indonesia, as well as how the prospect of Indonesia after the Single Agency established within the framework of SSTC. Hopefully, this research can be beneficial to all parties, especially for students.

Kontribusi UNICEF terhadap Upaya Menegakkan Perlindungan Anak di Indonesia

Mudji, Dewi Astuti, Caharamayang, Ajeng Laras

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Child protection issues into the main topics on the Convention on the rights of the child (CRC) that are declared by the United Nations (UN) to assert that children have the right to the protection of the various hazards that threaten it. The results of the Convention have been ratified by the Government of Indonesia in 1990 through Presidential Decree RI No. 36 in 1990. As an international organization under the auspices of the UNITED NATIONS dealing with the issue regarding the issue of children in the world, the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) of course address the issue pertaining to the protection of the child. To address the issue of child protection in Indonesia, UNICEF formulated several program with a focus on the key issues of violations, violence and exploitation, as well as the recording of birth. The purpose of this research is to find out how the contribution of UNICEF in child protection, enforcing, find out how child protection in Indonesia and the last know to find out whether the contribution of UNICEF affects the enforcement of child protection in Indonesia.

Kerja Sama FLEGT-VPA (Forest Law Enforcement Government and Trade-Voluntary Partnership Agreement) Indonesia-Uni Eropa dalam Peningkatan Ekspor Produk Hasil Hutan Indonesia ke Uni Eropa

Kunkunrat, Kunkunrat, Hariyadi, Riska Putri

TRANSBORDERS: International Relations Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2017): TransBorders: International Relations Journal
Publisher : Hubungan Internasional, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Universitas Pasundan

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Abstract

Since the rate of forest destruction in the world continues to increase due to illegal logging, many international relations actors, both State and non-state actors encourage the creation of good forest governance. One of those involved in this mechanism is Indonesia and the Europe-Union. Both parties agreed on a voluntary cooperation scheme known as FLEGT-VPA. This study intends to see the correlation of forest management cooperation schemes with increasing export of Indonesian forest products to the EU. This is done because FLEGT-VPA cooperation is a cooperation related to forest governance, but in its implementation is very closely related to export activities. Moreover, Indonesia itself relies on the timber that is included in forest products as its pre-eminent commodities, therefore this research also tries to describe Indonesias participation as a voluntary partner in FLEGT-VPA is inseparable from the motive of national interest in the economy.