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Plant and Animal Research Journal
Published by GALAXY SCIENCE
Plant and Animal Research Journal (PAR) is a quarterly (January, April, August, and December) published online journal. It is open access journal that aims to publish articles covering all areas of research on Plant and animal biology, production, utilisation, and conservation. The current emphasis of the PAR Journal includes (but is not limited to) the following areas: Plant biology, such as physiology, molecular biology, cell biology, development, genetics, systematics, ecology, evolution, ecophysiology, plant-microbe interactions, mycology, phytopathology and phytoremediation. Animal Biology, such as Breeding, physiology, histology, anatomy, nutrition, production, management, veterinary science, fisheries and zoology, and other field related to Plant and animal research by publishing original research work and review articles.
Articles
9
Articles
The Difference of Macro-Benthic Diversity in Riparian Vegetation and less Vegetation Area

Agustina, Didin Wahyu, Khoirunnisa, Wulida, Anzila, Ivakhul, Retnaningdyah, Catur

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 2
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Bedengan a secondary forest area is located in Selorejo village, Dau subdistrict, Malang. Riparian landscape in Bedengan area occur degradation caused by human activities that make areas in Bedengan as citrus plantation and camping area. This study aimed to compare benthic macroinvertebrate community structures between riparian vegetation and less riparian vegetation on camping area Bedengan Stream. The sampling sites were divided into five types of the stream: less vegetation area (pool and current) and riparian vegetation area (pool, current and riparian). There are 21 taxa founded in Bedengan stream that distribute 10 taxa can be found in less vegetation (9 taxa in current area and 6 taxa in pool area) and 20 taxa can be found pada area vegetation (10 taxa in current area, 14 taxa in pool area, and 17 taxa in riparian area). There are 21 taxa founded in Bedengan stream that distribute 10 taxa can be found in less vegetation (9 taxa in current area and 6 taxa in pool area) and 20 taxa can be found pada area vegetation (10 taxa in current area, 14 taxa in pool area, and 17 taxa in riparian area). The habitat character will determine the abundance of benthic macroinvertebrates in this context the more species in a location the better the quality of the habitat.  

Spatial Diversity of Phytoplankton Community Structure in Three Different Quality Pools In Ngenep Village

Octaviany, Evi, Widyaningrum, Yeni, Retnaningdyah, Catur

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 2
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the community structure and diversity of phytoplankton in three ponds that have topographic differences in Ngenep Village, Karangploso Subdistrict. Phytoplankton and water samples were taken in Ngenep, Nyolo, and Balittas. Each pool was taken three times. Samples were taken using 5 liters of water sampler, then filtered with plankton net and observed with Sedgewick Rafters Counting Chamber at 500 visual fields under a microscope 10 x 25 times enlargement. Data collection for each station includes community structure, diversity and water quality. Then the data was analyzed by ANOVA. The results showed that 14 phytoplankton species were found in Ngenep, Nyolo and Balittas ponds. Phytoplankton (H ) diversity index in three ponds at moderate levels (1 <H <3). The mean value of phytoplankton ranged from 0.67 to 0.85 while the phytoplankton domination index ranged from 0.19 to 0.37. The Spyrogyra genus is more dominating in the Balittas and Nyolo ponds while in Ngenep the Fragillaria genus is more dominant than other genera. Physico-chemical water quality parameters (temperature, turbidity, conductivity, pH, and DO,) in the three Ngenep ponds were not significantly different (P> .0.05), but affected phytoplankton diversity and community structure. Clustering analysis shows the correlation pattern between community structure, phytoplankton diversity with physico chemical water quality parameters.  

Morphology Variations of Hemidactylus frenatus in Java

Ardiantoro, Ari, Rohmah, Nita Shilfiana, Kurniawan, Nia

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 2
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Hemidactylus frenatus is one of the most widely distributed reptile species, almost all over Indonesia, including Java. The distribution is due to the process of merging and separation on some islands, which can lead to new morphological, anatomical and molecular characters that are very different as a result of adaptation. The aim of this study is to determine the distribution or philobiogeography of Hemidactylus frenatus by using morphometric analysis especially in the Java region, the data obtained is entered into Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and followed by cluster analysis. The result of this study was it found Hemidactylus frenatus samples from several regions which are divided into three provinces, namely East Java, Central Java, and West Java. The morphometric analysis of H. frenatus from the three provinces shows the grouping of H. frenatus according to the province of each individual, and can be seen also the similarity and difference character based on the biplot line. In the cluster analysis, there are two large H. frenatus groupings showed the degree of morphometric proximity among H. frenatus individuals from several regions of Java.

Ethnobotany Of Maja Plants (Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr.) in Trowulan District of Mojokerto Regency

Rohmah, Lila Biar, Resmisari, Ruri Siti, Setyawan, Widi M. Lutsfi D., Ni’mah, Yuni Mahfirohtun

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 2 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 2
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Majapahit name taken from Maja fruits which bitter in tastes are really exist. It proved by easily this plants are finds in the Majapahit kingdom in Trowulan area, Mojokerto. Maja fruit itself contain a few substances one of them are Marmelosin (C13H12O3) which have a benefiting. This study is determined 1). Findings of utilization the Maja plants (Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr.) applied by society of Trowulan district. 2). Findings parts of the plants used 3). Findings the manufacture formulas of the parties are utilizing plants, and 3). Findings the conservation efforts from the society in Trowulan district into Maja Plants. The study is apply in Majapahit area Bejijong village and visiting of history sites in Trowulan District, Mojokerto Regency, East Java, within interviewing method semi structure of  25 respondents with key persone elders area Majapahit in village of Bejijong. The society normally unknown of the benefiting Maja plants (Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr.) is caused bitter in taste it. About 76% only society know the Maja Plants as symbol of Majapahit area. Parties which used from Maja plants are fruit shapes in around 92%. The ways of manufacturing apply is cultivated on specification places as effort of conservation, it’s in the history sites Majapahit, there are about 76% the society who efforts into this conversations. The knowledge of benefiting Maja Plants needs to increasing, because only small society ware known of benefiting the Maja Plants in Trowulan area, Mojokerto.

Morphometric Analysis of Ischnura aurora (Brauer, 1865) in Two Lakes at Semeru Mountain East Java

Nugraha, Fitra Arya Dwi, Maulidi, Andri, Winasis, Swiss, Kurniawan, Nia

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Lake Ranu Pani has been experiencing environmental damage due to human activities, while Lake Ranu Regulo is still in good condition. This difference in environmental conditions allows for differences in the genetic diversity of animals in the area. The aim of this research is to know the genetic diversity of Ischnura aurora needle dragonfly based on morphometric analysis in both locations. A total of 8 morphometric characters (in mm) were measured using a digital caliper. Data were analyzed using T test, biplot and cluster. T test results showed that male I. aurora in both sites was not significantly different, nor did females, but there were differences between male and female aurora at each location ie body color, wing span (WS) and length of hindwing (LH). Biplot analysis showed the uniformity of sample distribution for each character. The dendogram results described most of the samples were clustered into a single group. The result data showed that genetic diversity of I.aurora in Ranu Pani and Ranu Regulo lakes is still low. Keywords: Damselfly, Morphometric, Ranu Pani, Ranu Kumbolo

Comparison of Water Quality of Waterways in Purwodadi Botanical Garden, Pasuruan, East Java based on Diversity and Abundance of Periphyton

Hasanah, Ulfatul, Safitri, Yunita Diyah, Nur’aini, Farida Dewi, Retnaningdyah, Catur

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Water quality can be observed through its abiotic and biotic factors. Abiotic factors comprise of physical and chemical factors, whereas biotic factors comprise of diversity and density of living organism in the water ecosystem, one of which is periphyton. This study aimed to determine water quality in two waterways at Purwodadi Botanical Garden, Pasuruan East Java based on diversity, density, and INP value of periphyton found in waterways. Samples were carried from waterways near pollution source, and the other one far from pollution source. Samples were analyzed using Inverted Microscope Methode Count. Density of periphyton was further measured. Key words: Periphyton, Purwodadi botanical garden, Water quality

Perception Enrichment of Green Open Space Visitor on Arthropods Diversity in Sawojajar Green Open Space

Dluha, Nurul, Rahma, Yustika Aulia, Yanuwiadi, Bagyo

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Arthropods have a lot of roles, they have positive and negative role. Arthropods role in the ecosystem are as pollinators, decomposers, predators and others. One of their habitat is green open space. In Malang there are nine green open space, one of them is the Sawojajar green open space. Sawojajar green open space has 2083 vegetation with an area of ​​12,500 m2, it shows that the existing vegetation in the Sawojajar green open space is very high. It can be assumed that there are a lot of Anthropods there. The purpose of this study were to determine the diversity of Arthropods in Sawojajar green open space, and to determine the public perception of the Arthropods diversity in Sawojajar green open space, Malabar green open space and Kunang-kunang green open space, while providing enrichment of knowledge related to the function of Arthropods on the third of green open space. Based on the data and discussion, it can be concluded there are  33 individuals of Arthropods found in Sawojajar green open space, they are included into the eight families Formicidae, Hesperioide, Caliphoridae, Chrysomelidae, Lymantriidae, Cicadidae, Culicidae and Eulophidae. Formicidae and Cullicidae are the highest number of individuals based on important index values, while based on Shannon Wienner diversity index,the diversity of Arthropods in sawojajar green open space include medium category. Public perception of the diversity of Arthropods included into the quite well category. Keywords: Arthropod Diversity, Open Space Green, Perception

Correlation between Vegation Heterogeneity with Noise Reduction in Purwodadi Botanical Garden, Pasuruan, East Java

Fiqa, Abban Putri, Fauziah, Arbaul, Khusnah, Asmaul, Adiyani, Risca, Arisoesilaningsih, Endang

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Purwodadi Botanical Garden is an ex-situ plant conservation institute, as well as an educational and recreation media. One of efforts to enhance the service is to reduce the noise around. The aim of this study was to compare diversity of tree and groundcover in homogenous and heterogeneous vegetation, and to observe effects of vegetation heterogeneity in Purwodadi Botanical Garden on noise mitigation. This study was conducted in four area; mahogany area, teak area, low-density and high density heteregenous area. Parameters included vegetation quality and noise level measured with sound level meter. Results showed highest diversity index of tree were found in low density heteregenous area (2.66), which was slightly differet than that in high density heterogenous one (2.63). Meanwhile, diversity index was low in homogoneus area (<1.5). Diversity index of groundcover in high density heteregenous and mahogany area were moderate (2.92 and 1.70 respectively), whilst the other two were low. High density heterogenous area was considered the best area that shows noice attenuation to 46 dB with effectivity 104.55%. Keywords: Heterogeneity, Noise, Quality, Vegetation

Genetic Diversity of Dospyros cauliflora Blume and Diospyros lolin Bakh. from Purwodadi Botanical Garden Collection Based on Morphometric Analysis

Lestari, Dewi Ayu, Aliviyanti, Dain, Mariantika, Lina, Kurniawan, Nia

Plant and Animal Research Journal Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Volume 1 Issue 1
Publisher : GALAXY SCIENCE

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Abstract

Diospyros cauliflora Blume and Diospyros lolin Bakh are some of endemic plants from Indonesia which included on Ebenaceae family. Their distribution in Maluku Island, especially in Seram and Morotai Island. Morphometric analysis of D. cauliflora and D. lolin is important to know the genetic diversity of them, because reference of Diospyros morphometric analysis evaluation in Purwodadi Botanical Garden are not documented. Plant materials (branch, trunk, leaf and fruit) of D. cauliflora and D. lolin from Purwodadi Botanic Garden, Pasuruan-East Java, are analysis. The results showed that genetic diversity of D. cauliflora and D. lolin are high. High variation within species of D. cauliflora and D. lolin cause high polymorphism. Morphometric character of D. cauliflora that must conserve in the future are plant height (TT), plant height bole (TTBC), diameter of branch (DC), length of petiole (PP) and sum of seed on one fruit (BI). D. lolin morphometric character are length of petiole (PP), length of leaflet (PL), diameter of canopy (DT) and sum of branch (JC). Their character can be used to key character of plant identification of D. cauliflora and D. lolin. Keywords: Diospyros, Genetic diversity, Morphometric, Purwodadi Botanic Garden