OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
ISSN : 2615675X     EISSN : 2615675X
OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas Special Edition Vol 1 No 02 (2018) is a special edition which is collaborated with PPI Australia. The papers selected are from Indonesia Global Scholars' Forum with the theme "Global Maritime Fulcrum: Assesing Indonesia's Policies, Strategies, and Position" on the 23 - 25 February 2018 in Australia
Articles
12
Articles
INDONESIA’S ROLE IN THE INDIAN OCEAN REGION COOPERATION: POST-IORA CHAIRMANSHIP STRATEGIES

Putri, Briliantina

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 2 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas (Special Edition) 
Publisher : PPI Dunia

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Abstract

The Global Maritime Fulcrum (GMF) vision announced by President Joko Widodo in 2014 marked a new orientation on how Indonesia see its maritime strategic environment. Indonesia has for many years focused on the Asia Pacific because the region is more conducive for trade liberalization and economic integration. The GMF requires Indonesia to look beyond Asia Pacific and give more attention to the Indian Ocean region. Indonesia has been an active member of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), a regional forum that seek to enhance economic cooperation in the Indian Ocean region. This paper explains the importance of IORA cooperation for Indonesia, its relevance to the GMF vision, and Indonesia’s contribution to the IORA during its Chairmanship from 2015 to 2017. It argues that during the Chairmanship, Indonesia has given more weight to IORA’s geopolitical significance in two ways: normative-ideational and institutional initiatives. This paper also recommends three post-chairmanship strategies that Indonesia can continue to pursue: norms building, institutional building and capacity building. These initiatives are important to provide stronger platform for IORA’s development. A successful IORA cooperation will eventually support Indonesia to realize the GMF goals, particularly in its effort to strengthen Indonesia’s position and presence in the Indian Ocean region.

SHOULD INDONESIAN FISHERY POLICIES BE NAVIGATED TOWARDS THE INHERENT WEALTH OF FISHERIES OR SMALL-SCALE FISHERMEN’S WELFARE?

NADIA, Nidha

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 2 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas (Special Edition) 
Publisher : PPI Dunia

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Abstract

The marine fishery policies have been challenged by splitting objectives in the fishery management directed towards the inherent wealth of fisheries or the small-scale fishermen’s welfare. This research thus investigated the marine fishery policies in Indonesia, with a particular observation on the small-scale fishermen’s livelihood on the north coast of Jakarta. The objectives of the study include comprehending and analysing the rationale, potential, challenges, and the impact of the Indonesian fishery policies in terms of the multidimensional global challenges of sustainability, and that of contextual challenges of fishermen’s livelihood. This research primarily utilised a case study on north coast of Jakarta and secondary resource in the form of literatures on Indonesian fishery policies. The data collected are constructed using the approach of fishery management objectives towards wealth or welfare orientation. The result indicates that in spite of the tendency of divided fishery management approach to wealth or welfare, the global fishery policies and Indonesian fishery policies in particular cannot distinctly separate the two objectives, which results in multidimensional fishery policies with interwoven targets. Task delegation from the central government to the regional government for small-scale fishermen’s livelihood affairs is then implemented; meanwhile the central government pursues a bigger ambition towards sustainable, prosperous, and sovereign fishery. Additionally, the research argues that small-scale fishermen’s increasing consciousness towards the importance of the sustainability of fishing has shed some light on the cooperation between the government and the small-scale fishermen in programmes that can both improve small-scale fishermen’s livelihood and generate the inherent wealth of fisheries.

IMPLEMENTATION OF PDRI DURING FRONT-END PLANNING: A STRATEGY TO IMPROVE INDONESIA’S MARITIME INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT PERFORMANCE

Hansen, Seng

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 2 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas (Special Edition) 
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Abstract

In recent years, Indonesia has heavily invested in infrastructure development. With the aspiration to become a Global Maritime Fulcrum, Indonesia needs to provide maritime infrastructure such as national and international ports and their facilities to support the realization of this aspiration. This certainly requires adequate project planning so that resources and investments can be optimally utilized. That is why a good front-end planning is required so that proposed maritime infrastructure projects can be well selected. One important process of front-end planning is project scope definition where a project is clearly defined and prepared for execution. This paper provides examples of failed/cancelled maritime infrastructure projects due to poor front-end planning. It also provides an idea to implement Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI) as a powerful tool to ensure the fulfillment of project scope definition. The author presents the importance of front-end planning, where the final project investment decision is being made, and explains some steps in implementing the PDRI for maritime infrastructure projects. Thus, this paper contributes in introducing the importance of front-end planning and the usage of PDRI in Indonesia especially for maritime projects so that it may enhance the overall maritime infrastructure project performance.

UNLOCKING THE POTENTIAL ECONOMIC IN UNDEVELOPED REGENCY THROUGH MARITIME INFRASTRUCTURE

ABDULGANI, Imanuddin

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 2 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas (Special Edition) 
Publisher : PPI Dunia

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Abstract

The North Kayong Regency is one of the new Regency in West Kalimantan Province that is still lack of infrastructure development such as infrastructure and public amenities. The purpose of this research is to contribute in regional development planning policy through determine appropriate method in maritime infrastructure for increasing regional economic growth. Our study shows that the best practice to improve the development planning process is improve better and appropriate policies that might be apply through the new methods on practice oriented, focus on strategies, tools and manage the utilization of planning and resources. By maintain strategies, develop solution that integrates different dimension of regional planning and resources in every conceivable way to solve the problem and to overcome the obstacles.

INTELLIGENTE SALZFABRIK: SELF-INTEGRATED PHARMACEUTICAL RAW MATERIALS INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA

LUSIANA, Rebhika, CRISTIAWAN, Erwin Chandra, HAYATI, Danik Mahfirotul, SETIAWAN, Catur Dian

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 2 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas (Special Edition) 
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Abstract

Currently, Indonesias pharmaceutical industry is still heavily dependent on imported raw materials, almost 95% of the needed medicine raw materials (BBO) still have to be imported from abroad. Based on data from the Directorate General of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Trade Republic of Indonesia, it was showed that the pharmaceutical salt import in 2013 reached 3,152 tons and all of them needed to fulfill domestic needs. This study used literary study method by collecting data or information in accordance with the topic. Geographically Indonesia consists of islands large and small number of approximately 17,504 islands. Three quarters of its territory is the ocean (5.9 million km2), with a 95,161 km long coastline, the second longest in the world after Canada. This makes Indonesia the worlds largest archipelago in the world. This written idea was created as a solution to the problem of dependence on medicine raw materials import  in the pharmaceutical industry of Indonesia. The solutions presented are Intelligente Salzfabrik: The Concept of Self-Integrated Pharmaceutical Raw Materials Industry which is Energy Independence and High Accessibility on Coastal with Sea Toll and Power Flow to Achieve An Imported Medicine Raw Materials Independence in Indonesia. This development will be implemented in close proximity to coastal areas near the the sea so that it can simplify both cost and transportation required for the distribution of salt produced.

THE ROLE OF NADRAN TRADITION AS A MARITIME EDUCATION BASED ON THE LOCAL WISDOM

Utami, Lingga, Ramadhan, Saeful, Munggaran, Rengga Akbar

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 01 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
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Abstract

In order to build Indonesia into the global maritime axis created five pillars of the global maritime axis,first is rebuilding the maritime culture of Indonesia as a form of empowerment through maritime potential aspects of education local wisdom-based. Maritime education based on the local wisdom is believed to be a form of strengthening cultural values as the basic identity of coastal communities in Cirebon is Nadran tradition.Nadran tradition carried on by the fishing communities have social values, culture and religion play a role in order to give thanks for the Earth results obtained.This study used a qualitative approach with descriptive method of analysis through data collection techniques of observation, in-depthinterview and documentation study. Location of the study take one area in Cirebon is Samadikun. Informants consisted of Fishermen, Kebayan (readers of prayer), Pemangku Hajat (indigenous stakeholders), and a part of Keraton Cirebon. The results showed that the tradition of maritime education is a based on the local knowledge to introduce an element of social values, culture and religion of Nadran tradition. Process of Nadran tradition involves not only the fishermen as the main object in the show but the role of a part of Keraton Cirebon as indigenous stakeholders and preservation of culture.Nadran tradition has meaning social values, culture and religion are very thick to be used as a guide in conducting social relations in society. The conclusion that Nadran tradition as a representation of maritime education based on the local wisdom that contains the values ​​of social, cultural and religious that are still run by Samadikun communities and every value internalized to the next generations. It is intended that the meaning of each process of Nadran tradition can be maintained continuously and sustainably.

OPTIMIZED PAPER NIR AND DIGITALIZATION TO ACHIEVE INDONESIA GOLD 2045

Dewi, Annisa Anita, Muldiana, Dani

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 01 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
Publisher : PPI Dunia

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Abstract

A technology-based mindset and pattern of work must be optimized to realize digitalization as a form of paperless optimization. At the current ASEAN level Indonesia is the first rank of paper exporters, ranking third in Asia after China and Japan while in the world of Indonesia is ranked sixth and aspires to be thesecond exporter of paper in the world. Behind it all is very important that the fact Indonesia is deforested from Kompas.com from 2010-2015 the width 684,000 he KTAR natural forest each year and the extinction of various species most in Indonesia. This study focused on paper saving, optimization of digitalization with clear roadmap, as an effort to save the environment and go green . The research method used is case study with qualitative research design, using interview technique, observation, and documentation. From this research, it is found that paper optimization is strongly supported by various circles, optimization of digitalization is an increasingly sprightly effort to technology literacy, becoming a developed society, and protecting the environment from the consequences caused by deforestation such as species extinction, greenhouse effect, and natural disasters . However, the paper still needs to be used and should be used more effectively without neglecting the preservation of nature to achieve Indonesia Gold 2045.

SUSTRA LOWIS: STRENGTHENING TOURISM INDUSTRY TO REALIZE INDONESIA AS GLOBAL MARITIME AXIS

Azizi, Pipin Nur

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 01 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
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Abstract

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago country and it has coastline stretching from Sabang to Merauke with more than 17.500 islands. As a maritime country, Indonesia has potential on marine tourism which can be a backbone of economy amid the global economic turmoil. However, the performance of Indonesian tourism has not shown satisfactory results if viewed from the data of foreign tourist visits which is left behind with neighboring countries. The implementation of SUSTRA LOWIS (Sustainable Tourism Strategy Based on Local Wisdom) is expected to increase the role of Indonesias marine tourism sector to the economy by improving the quality of tourism management and human resources. Development of tourism must involve the role of society, but government is less concerned about it.The purpose of this paper is to create innovations to enhance the role of marine tourism industry to Indonesian economy, explaining that Indonesia has tremendous maritime potential and can be utilized for the collective interest and provide an overview to the government on programs that can be implemented for the marine tourism industry. This type of research is descriptive analysis. The study aims to analyze and describe the implementation of SUSTRA LOWIS as an effort to realize Indonesia as the world’s  maritime axis. Data were collected through observation and literature studies. The research concluded that SUSTRA LOWIS (Sustainable Tourism Strategy Based on Local Wisdom) has five main sectors for the development of marine tourism those are, Tourism Management Sector (TMS), Tourism Training Sector (TTS), Business Improvement Sector (BIS), Technology Based Tourism Sector (TBTS), and Maritime Education Sector (MES). These five sectors have programs that can support the development of marine tourism thoroughly and sustainably to realize Indonesia as the world’s  maritime axis.

CHARACTERISTICS OF DIELECTRIC BARRIER DISCHARGE (DBD) AS AN OZONE GENERATOR REACTOR

Jaya, Gede Wiratma, Nur, Muhammad, Anggara, Andhika Dwi, Metungku, Nofrita Angelina, Kinandana, Andi Wibowo, Zahar, Intan, Zain, Alfatihatuz Zulfah

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 01 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
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Abstract

Ozone is a gas formed from three oxygen atoms that are highly reactive and unstable compared to oxygen. Ozone can be generated by using a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) generator. To know the ability of DBD reactor in producing ozone performed a characterization. Characterization is done by measuring the electrical current, electrical voltage, observing the plasma discharge, charge mobility, and ozone concentration. In this research using DBD reactor derived from the development of research Teaching Industry of  Diponegoro University. DBD reactor containof pyrex glass material as a dielectric barrier and parabolic wire made of aluminum as inner and outside electrodes in the dielectric barrier. DBD reactor was generated using high AC voltage of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 kV and air flow rate is 10 L/min. The characterization results show that the higher the voltage can results increases of electrical current, for a discharge plasma produces a purplish color as a result of ionization process on the electrode. The calculation of charge mobility is  and the lowest and highest ozone concentration is 80 ppm and 280 ppm, respectively. In the future, application of DBD reactor has been characterized can be usedfor ozone gas production as food preservatives, improvement of the environmental quality of aquaculture and as an industrial and medical waste treatment system.

UTILIZATION OF IJUK’S FIBER AS MATERIAL OF PARTICLE’S BOARD

Hidayah, Annisa Nurul, Sari, Ayu Mustika

Jurnal Indonesia Emas PPI Dunia Vol 1 No 01 (2018): OISAA Journal of Indonesia Emas
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Abstract

The particle board is an artificial board that uses a mixture of organic adhesives.This board is one of alternative ways because use ijuk’s fiber as the material which mixed with plastic waste matrix of glass mineral water. The purpose of this experiment was to compare the particle physics of the particle board, on parameter comparison (Jappanese Standard Associaton (JIS) A 5908-2003 and Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 03-2105-1996.The method used consisted of the process of preparation of tools and materials, weighing matrix and ijuk’s fiber, particle printing using hotpress machine, cooling and testing of board characteristics include density, water absorption and thickness development Based on experimental particle board materials obtained density ranges from 0.50 - 0.90 gram / cm3, water absorption 16.38% - 18.63% for 1: 4 and 7.76% - 13.99% for 1: 5 material comparison and thickness development 0.00% - 8.20% for material comparison 1: 4 and 0.56% - 2.60% for 1: 5 material comparison.