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Journal of Applied Studies in Language
Published by Politeknik Negeri Bali
Journal of Applied Studies in Language is focusing on research in languages and language teaching. The journal covers two main areas: Linguistics and Language Teaching. Linguistics, including, but not limited to, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Literature, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics and Psycholinguistics and Language Teaching, such as First Language and Second Language Teaching, and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL).
Articles
24
Articles
Vocabulary variety of Japanese in tourism field

Meidariani, Ni Wayan, Meilantari, Ni Luh Gede

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The growing number of Japanese tourists to Bali has resulted in large numbers of workers in the tourism sector, such as Japanese language tour guide, GRO and hotel staff, Japanese travel agency staff and others. To provide good service to Japanese tourists, the quality of tourism practitioners also need to be improved both from the attitude, hospitality, security and the ability to speak Japanese so that Japanese tourists feel comfortable while on the island of Bali. Efforts to improve the ability of Japanese language, the vocabulary knowledge of tour guide is needed to be able to use the vocabulary in context. Based on the phenomenon, then this paper discusses the variety of Japanese vocabulary that is often used when doing tourism activities in some tourist attractions in Gianyar regency. The problems discussed in this paper is what kind of tourist vocabulary is commonly spoken Japanese tourists when visiting the tourist attraction on the island of Bali. In general, this study aims to support the program of Welcome to Bali in order to become more popular bali tourism that can increase the number of Japanese tourists to come to visit the island of Bali. The specific purpose of this research is to (1) know the Japanese language vocabulary of tourism spoken by Japanese tourists so that the vocabulary can be used as a reference for tourism practitioners in order to increase the knowledge of Japanese language vocabulary of tourism. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach. Research approach by processing the data source that is descriptive by using descriptive method qualitatif. The research was done in tourist object in Ubud area. The data types are primary data with lingual data sources obtained from Japanese tourist communications. The observations show that the vocabulary spoken by Japanese tourists is a vocabulary that is related to cultural and natural activities such as esute, chiketto, raisu terasu, kojin takushi, mise, subarashii. Japanese tourists often use joshi as a complement to a speech to tourism practitioners in communicating. Joshi also sometimes omitted in speech but still acceptable.

About prefix -ba in Minangkabaunese: from which the study should start

Jufrizal, Jufrizal

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The four layers of human language – form, meaning, function, and value – are systematically integrated in order to play the communicative functions of human interaction. It is not an easy job to explore and to explain the nature of human language as the four layers are systematically integrated in complex ways. Thus, the linguistic studies should be held in specific domains and topics by means of appropriate theoretical bases and frameworks. This paper, which is mainly inspired by the grammatical-typological analysis on prefix ba- in Minangkabaunese, particularly discusses how the language features are linguistically analyzed in order to come to logic, valid, reliable findings and conclusion. The discussion presented in this paper aims at proposing logical and reasonable ways of doing linguistic analyses on available data of language. In short, this paper deals with how to begin and to do linguistic analyses toward a group of language data collected. In this paper, the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese is used as the example of case. The discussion presented in this paper respectively answers two main questions; (i) What should be firstly analyzed dealing with the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese?; and (ii) How are the linguistic analyses toward the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese logically continued?

Derivational affixes in Japanese and Indonesian

Darlina, Lien

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Japanese and Indonesian seen from morphological typology is an agglutinative language in which the morphological processes are done by affixation, ie by adding prefixes, suffixes and infixes. While the basic sequence sentence structure has a SOV sequence pattern for Japanese and SVO for Indonesian language. The predicate filled by the verb is capable of binding arguments in constructing the clause structure, so that there are verbs with one, two and three arguments, it depends on the type of verb. This study is a preliminary study of Japanese and Indonesian derivative verbs: the study of linguistic typology. The Theory of Linguistic Typology is used to analyze the formation of Japanese and Indonesian derivative verbs in which the verb serves as the core of the predicate to bind the argument in constructing the clause structure. From the perspective of linguistic typology, the results of the analysis show that (1) the basic form of Japanese derivative verb formers are adjectives (keiyoushi) and noun verbs, whereas Indonesian derivative verbs are derived from adjectives, nouns and pre-categorical. (2) The Japanese derivation affixes joining the adjective (keiyoushi) are -める meru, -まるmaru, -がるgaru’, -むmu and which joins the noun verb is -するsuru.  While the derivational affix of the Indonesian language that joined the nouns are meng-, ber-, ter-, ke-an, ber-an, ber-kan, per-, -i, per-i, per-kan,  the affix that joins the adjective are meng-, ber-, ter-, ke-an, ber-an, ber-kan, per-, -kan, per-i, dan –i and the affixes that join the pre-categorical are meng-, ter-, ber-, ber-an, -i,-kan.

Phonological awareness and quick naming of developmental dyslexia in Sekolah Dasar Inklusif Pantara, Jakarta

Sitepu, Yanti Br

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The weak phonological awareness and slow reaction time in word identification is a disorder that dyslexic people have in reading (Wolf and Bowers, 1999). Therefore, this study will investigate the ability of phonological awareness (phonological awareness), rapid naming (Rapid Naming) and reading ability of people with dyslexia. The subjects consisted of 4 children aged 7-8 years of dyslexia in Pantara Inclusive Elementary School, Jakarta. The four dyslexic children were compared to the control group (20 children from Kwitang 8 PSKD Pancoran Mas, Depok, who had the same age and gender as dyslexic children). The research used quantitative method with case study control design. The study was conducted with three experiments, namely: reading test, counting the number of silabel, and fast-track test. The first experiment consisted of 100 words (simple words, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant clusters). The second experiment consisted of 48 words (24 words with illustrations and 24 words with trisilabik). All words are from the 10,000 words that have the highest frequency in the Indonesian linguistic corpus (Indonesianwac). The third test is 50 RAN letters (Pennington et al., 2001). Results showed that persons with dyslexia had a lower ability than the control group on all three tests. Dyslexic children tend to perform sound recovery, eliminate phonemes and swap words with nonwords and slow reaction times. Based on the results obtained, 2 dyslexic children data support double deficit hypothesis Wolf and Bowers (1999) because dyslexic children show phonological deficits and rapid naming deficits.

Self-efficacy effect on basic level learners in speaking activities

Joni, Dewa Ayu Ari Wiryadi, Wirastuti, I Gusti Agung Putri

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This study aims to reveal the effect of self-efficacy on the elementary level students and factors causing the high level of self-efficacy and its influence on students English speaking ability. The population of this study were all students of grade VIII SMPN 3 Gianyar, while the sample of this study was taken by random sampling technique with lottery system. For research and data collection methods, the researcher uses some valid and reliable instruments, namely (1) speaking performance appraisal to know students ability to speak English consisting of 3 criteria ie smoothness, pronunciation and improvisation, (2) self-efficacy questionnaire for knowing the high level of self-efficacy and its influence on students speaking ability consisting of 4 components ie learning experience, field experience, social invitation, and psychological and emotional condition and analyzed with SPSS 16.0, (3) FGD guide (Focus Group Discussion) to know the factors causing the high low self-efficacy consisting of these 8 interview questions. A total of 33 students with details of 12 male and 21 female students were grouped into 3 large groups (high, medium, low) to be interviewed through FGD. The results of this study is self-efficacy gives a significant effect on students speaking ability at the basic level of contribution of 91%. It was also found that the four criteria in self-efficacy have significant influence on students speaking ability, the most dominant is the criteria of students psychic and emotional state when learning to speak English. This study contributes empirically that teachers can update their teaching techniques by observing self-efficacy in students by using creativity in teaching. In addition students can find out what happens to them during English learning so that together can create a comfortable and conducive learning atmosphere.

Translation of phrasal verbs into Indonesian

Santika, I Dewa Ayu Devi Maharani, Putri, I Gusti Vina Widiadnya, Suastini, Ni Wayan

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Phrasal verb is the common word form used in colloquial language, for written and spoken. Although this phrasal is formed from a verb, most of the time the meaning will change after transformed into phrasal verb, but sometimes it does not change its meaning and even gives emphasize on the meaning. This fact is very important to determine the selection of their equivalents in doing the translation. This is a qualitative research which used descriptive analysis in analyzing the data. The data were the translations of an English text into Indonesian language conducted by the primary school teachers in some private schools in Denpasar. Questioner was also applied in order to collect more accurate data for supporting the research analysis. In a short way, the results of this research are (1) there were variant words in choosing the equivalents of the phrasal verbs given. (2) Most of the equivalents of the phrasal verbs were pertinent with their based-meaning in the source language. (3) The common strategy used was Translation by a more neutral/less expressive words; where the chosen equivalents have less expressive words than in their language source, but their meanings are close to the meanings in the source language.  

Improving speaking ability of the students of SMK Kelautan dan Perikanan Negeri 12 Medan Labuhan by implementing role play technique

Iriance, Iriance

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This research aims to describe whether role play technique can improve speaking ability of students of SMK Kelautan dan Perikanan Negeri 12 Medan Labuhan. The object of this research is 30 students of class XI and used as sample. This research was conducted in two cycles collaboratively where the researcher was assisted by English teacher as a collaborator. The implementation procedure of this research consists of four stagesincluding planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data were collected using several research instruments, viz. scoring rubric, observation sheet and field notes. The results show that role play is an effective learning technique in teaching speaking. Students can speak with confidence, use better grammar and pronounciation as well as increased vocabulary. Students become more active and enthusiastic, teaching and learning process becomes more interesting.

English lesson material of reservationist professions in handling personal hotel rooms through telephone

Widhiastuty, Ni Luh Putu Sri, Wardhana, I Made

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Reservationist / reservation officer of Front Office Hotel is in charge of handling hotel room reservations. The duty of the hotels front-line reservationist is to record and complete tasks related to hotel room orders, filing room reservation data, control room inventory well, calculate forecasting, make arrival list guests (arrival list) based on existing bookings, create group information lists, create VIP information lists, create room occupancy statistics, and create daily, monthly, and yearly reports. One ability to apply good selling techniques namely the ability of a reservationist to communicate with foreign guests using the English language. English is the language of international communication, which is needed by employees who work in the world of tourism and hotels in Bali, especially for hotel front reservationist. A hotel front desk reservationist is required to communicate using the correct and standard English when serving guests who make hotel reservations. Reservationists who accept hotel room bookings by phone, usually start the conversation using the standard greeting. As a reservationist, the understanding of hotel products should really be considered, such as the location of the rooms, the types of rooms available, the applicable room rates and other service facilities available at the hotel.                                    

Form of register in the traders word traditional floating market in Banjarmasin city

Aswadi, Dana, Susilawati, Erni

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This paper aims at discussing the form of a word register among traditional traders Floating Market in Banjarmasin. Language has various variations with various linguistic phenomena, especially with respect to the word registers. The phenomenon of language in Floating Market in Banjarmasin city is very interesting. The approach used is qualitative Deskrptif approach. Descriptive approach aims to collect, classify, and analyze the data so as to obtain the form of registers among traders in the Floating Market Banjarmasin City. In the data collection, researchers used several techniques, namely observation techniques, docomentation techniques, recording techniques, and techniques refer to note. The form of a register is a word found, in the form of verbs, nouns, and adjectives.    

How Banyumas people “describe" G30S/PKI in the novel Ronggeng Dhukuh Paruk

Khristianto, Khristianto, Nirmawalati, Widya

English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The novel RDP came out in 1982, when the new order regime was still firmly established. One of the important criticisms in the work was the "incorrect" handling of communism by the government at that time following the eruption of the G30S/PKI history. The author of the novel tries to bring a different view of the issue. This paper tries to present how the original Banyumas personified the political turmoil-how the laypeople interpreted the events that had consumed them as victims, or the sacrificed. Based on the recurrent reading of the Indonesian-language RDP novel and Javanese language Banyumasan, the authors firmly state that the people of Dukuh Paruk are merely victims of the outside world. People of the hamlet have no idea what they are doing, other than that they want to perpetuate the tradition they are proud of, ronggeng. Nor do they blame or think that there are people outside of those who have committed crimes against them. The disaster that befall them is none other due to their mistakes do not run the rituals that must be done before performances ronggeng. Their elders also realized that the pageblug had been signaled by the appearance of the latitude of the cubes (comets), and they had ignored the cue. Thus, pageblug should be accepted. Against the innocence of clean thought, the author asserts that something is wrong with them, systematically practiced by the regime at that time. He agreed that the coup was false; but the way in which the state deals with such problems is also unjustifiable. The state has clearly punished many Indonesians without trial, and killed thousands of innocent people.