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Majid Wajdi
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Kab. badung,
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INDONESIA
Journal of Applied Studies in Language
Published by Politeknik Negeri Bali
ISSN : 25984101     EISSN : 26154706     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
Journal of Applied Studies in Language is focusing on research in languages and language teaching. The journal covers two main areas: Linguistics and Language Teaching. Linguistics, including, but not limited to, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Literature, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics and Psycholinguistics and Language Teaching, such as First Language and Second Language Teaching, and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL).
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 47 Documents
A comparative study of the conceptual metaphors of time in Persian and English Golfam, Arsalan; Ghorbanpour, Amir; Mahdipour, Nader
English Vol 3 No 1 (2019): June 2019
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.778 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v3i1.1342

Abstract

From a cognitive perspective, metaphor is viewed as one of the important aspects and a fundamental part of the everyday use of language. Metaphor is generally defined as a means to talk about a more abstract conceptual domain in terms of another – more concrete – domain. The mapping between the two domains is expressed through some conceptual metaphors. This study is a comparative analysis of the conceptual metaphors of time in Persian and English. In doing so, different expressions of time in the two languages were categorized into the relevant conceptual metaphors, to be compared to find any similarities and differences in this respect. The expressions of the time were analyzed under eight different conceptual metaphors. It is revealed that the two languages show a very similar conceptualization of time-related expressions. Except for a few minor differences, both languages generally appear to use the same metaphoric structures to talk about time. The use of similar collocations with time words in most cases counts as evidence for the similarities between the two languages in their conceptualization of time.
Vocabulary variety of Japanese in tourism field Meidariani, Ni Wayan; Meilantari, Ni Luh Gede
English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (144.975 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v2i1.810

Abstract

The growing number of Japanese tourists to Bali has resulted in large numbers of workers in the tourism sector, such as Japanese language tour guide, GRO and hotel staff, Japanese travel agency staff and others. To provide good service to Japanese tourists, the quality of tourism practitioners also need to be improved both from the attitude, hospitality, security and the ability to speak Japanese so that Japanese tourists feel comfortable while on the island of Bali. Efforts to improve the ability of Japanese language, the vocabulary knowledge of tour guide is needed to be able to use the vocabulary in context. Based on the phenomenon, then this paper discusses the variety of Japanese vocabulary that is often used when doing tourism activities in some tourist attractions in Gianyar regency. The problems discussed in this paper is what kind of tourist vocabulary is commonly spoken Japanese tourists when visiting the tourist attraction on the island of Bali. In general, this study aims to support the program of Welcome to Bali in order to become more popular bali tourism that can increase the number of Japanese tourists to come to visit the island of Bali. The specific purpose of this research is to (1) know the Japanese language vocabulary of tourism spoken by Japanese tourists so that the vocabulary can be used as a reference for tourism practitioners in order to increase the knowledge of Japanese language vocabulary of tourism. The approach used in this study is a qualitative approach. Research approach by processing the data source that is descriptive by using descriptive method qualitatif. The research was done in tourist object in Ubud area. The data types are primary data with lingual data sources obtained from Japanese tourist communications. The observations show that the vocabulary spoken by Japanese tourists is a vocabulary that is related to cultural and natural activities such as esute, chiketto, raisu terasu, kojin takushi, mise, subarashii. Japanese tourists often use joshi as a complement to a speech to tourism practitioners in communicating. Joshi also sometimes omitted in speech but still acceptable.
Phonological variation of Java language in Kebumen district Pujiyatno, Ambar
English Vol 1 No 1 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (174.138 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v1i1.675

Abstract

Geographically, Kebumen regency is a border area of ​​Javanese dialect Banyumas (ngapak) and Yogyakarta dialect (bandek). Language speakers in this region have their own language phenomenon. The purpose of this research is to describe phonological variation of Javanese language in Kebumen district. These variations include vowel sounds and consonant sounds, as well as other sound variations. To obtain the necessary data, the researcher used interview, record, and introspection techniques. Interviews were based on a gloss list provided to speakers of the language. The researchers recorded the interview. In addition, researchers also directly record the process of speaking of the speakers directly. The technique of introspections was done because researchers are speakers of language in Kebumen district. The analysis was done by comparing the Java language in Kebumen district with the standard Java language. The results obtained from this study showed that based on the residence, speakers and the social groups of Javanese speakers in Kebumen District have variations of vowel phoneme / a /, / i /, / u /, / e /, / o /, and consonant / b /, / d /, / k /, / g /, as well as variations of sound [r], [h], [-əw-], and [-ək]. The result of variation obtained is phoneme / a / pronounced [a], [ɔ], [ə], and [ɛ]. The phoneme / i / is pronounced [i], [I], and [ɛ]. The phoneme / u / is pronounced [u], and [U]. The phoneme / e / is pronounced [e] and [ɛ]. The phoneme / o / is pronounced [o] and [ɔ]. For the phoneme / b /, / d /, / g /, and / k / pronounced fixed as [b], [d], [g], and [k] which in standard Java is pronounced [p], [t] , [k], and [?]. The phoneme / r / can be inserted in the word. Phoneme / h / uninstalled. In addition, the sounds [-əw-] and [-ək] respectively as variants of the [-uw-] and [-a?] Sounds.
About prefix -ba in Minangkabaunese: from which the study should start Jufrizal, Jufrizal
English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.111 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v2i1.820

Abstract

The four layers of human language – form, meaning, function, and value – are systematically integrated in order to play the communicative functions of human interaction. It is not an easy job to explore and to explain the nature of human language as the four layers are systematically integrated in complex ways. Thus, the linguistic studies should be held in specific domains and topics by means of appropriate theoretical bases and frameworks. This paper, which is mainly inspired by the grammatical-typological analysis on prefix ba- in Minangkabaunese, particularly discusses how the language features are linguistically analyzed in order to come to logic, valid, reliable findings and conclusion. The discussion presented in this paper aims at proposing logical and reasonable ways of doing linguistic analyses on available data of language. In short, this paper deals with how to begin and to do linguistic analyses toward a group of language data collected. In this paper, the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese is used as the example of case. The discussion presented in this paper respectively answers two main questions; (i) What should be firstly analyzed dealing with the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese?; and (ii) How are the linguistic analyses toward the prefix ba- of Minangkabaunese logically continued?
Syntactical interference of Katigan language to Indonesian language in SMP Negeri 1 at Katingan Tengah regency at Central Kalimantan Cahyani, Irni; Agustina, Lili
English Vol 1 No 1 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.781 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v1i1.683

Abstract

Syntactical interference of Language of Katingan to Indonesian in Katingan Tengah School at Katingan Tengah regency has been a focus of some language research recently. The research was aimed at recognizing and identifying interference in second language acquisition. The term interference refers to two different linguistic phenomena, namely psychological interference and sociolinguistic interference. Psychological interference refers to the influence of old habits as a result of learning something against something being studied[1]. While sociolinguistic interference refers to the interaction of the language, such as loan or word change. Factors that cause interference is the factor of contact language and language skills. Interference is caused by language contact factors in bilingual societies and an unsteady language mastery factor in second language learners or foreign language learners [2]. This is in accordance with the teachers opinion that there are still errors in the language, whether its talking and writing activities. Thats what makes researchers interested in doing this. Based on the above problems, it  can be identified some points, namely the influence of the first language habit of Katingan in using a second language, Indonesian language, language skills that have not been steady in the second language learning and errors in the language, because of the influence of the first language. The result of research on the syntactic interference aspects of Katingan language to Indonesian language was found in two types of syntactic interference which was contained in oral and written language of students of SMPN 1 Katingan Tengah, such as: (1) Interference phrase to Indonesian language and (2) Interference sentence to Indonesian language.
Development of Indonesian language book using glasser model Syamsuyurnita, Syamsuyurnita; Nasution, Dewi Kesuma
English Vol 1 No 1 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (160.985 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v1i1.666

Abstract

This study aims to describe the process of developing teaching materials by using Glasser model in the Indonesian language course in FKIP UMSU. The sample of the research is 34-second semester A morning students in the Study Program of Language and Literature of Indonesia, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Muhammadiyah, Sumatera Utara. The questionnaire instrument was used to determine the students response and activeness to the developed teaching material, the observation sheet used to know the condition of the students in the learning process, and the validation sheet instrument used for the development of teaching materials based on SAP using Glasser model. The result of descriptive research on students response shows that 100% of students were happy about the teaching materials of Bahasa Indonesia (Teaching Materials, Guided Exercises and Lecture Strategies) and 91.66% of students think that the teaching materials are new to them. After using the teaching materials developed by the researcher and following the teaching and learning activities, students (100%) are interested in following the next lesson, the readability of the language of the learning material is easy to understand (91.66%) and the guidance given by the lecturer is clear (100%). While the self-employed activity is fun for students (91.66%). Students activity in learning activities was shown by their involvement in problem solving, his involvement in carrying out learning tasks, assessing his ability, digging and developing his own knowledge. Based on the validation sheet on the test of learning result 1 obtained information that from the 3 learning objectives formulated in SAP I and SAP II there is 1 learning objectives that have not yet completed. Based on the results of descriptive analysis of the test results of learning 2 it was obtained that the 3 learning objectives formulated in SAP III and SAP IV was finished learning objective.
Derivational affixes in Japanese and Indonesian Darlina, Lien
English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.062 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v2i1.813

Abstract

Japanese and Indonesian seen from morphological typology is an agglutinative language in which the morphological processes are done by affixation, ie by adding prefixes, suffixes and infixes. While the basic sequence sentence structure has a SOV sequence pattern for Japanese and SVO for Indonesian language. The predicate filled by the verb is capable of binding arguments in constructing the clause structure, so that there are verbs with one, two and three arguments, it depends on the type of verb. This study is a preliminary study of Japanese and Indonesian derivative verbs: the study of linguistic typology. The Theory of Linguistic Typology is used to analyze the formation of Japanese and Indonesian derivative verbs in which the verb serves as the core of the predicate to bind the argument in constructing the clause structure. From the perspective of linguistic typology, the results of the analysis show that (1) the basic form of Japanese derivative verb formers are adjectives (keiyoushi) and noun verbs, whereas Indonesian derivative verbs are derived from adjectives, nouns and pre-categorical. (2) The Japanese derivation affixes joining the adjective (keiyoushi) are -める meru, -まるmaru, -がるgaru’, -むmu and which joins the noun verb is -するsuru.  While the derivational affix of the Indonesian language that joined the nouns are meng-, ber-, ter-, ke-an, ber-an, ber-kan, per-, -i, per-i, per-kan,  the affix that joins the adjective are meng-, ber-, ter-, ke-an, ber-an, ber-kan, per-, -kan, per-i, dan –i and the affixes that join the pre-categorical are meng-, ter-, ber-, ber-an, -i,-kan.
Analysis technique of translation and measurement shift (shifts) in text of AXA Life contract Indonesia Simanjuntak, Pantas
English Vol 1 No 1 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.967 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v1i1.676

Abstract

The research was carried out to analyse a legislative text as a product of translation. It is referred to Seiddels qualitative data analysis where the data processing was performed by selecting, identification, and tabulating. (2%), compensation (1%), description (2%) discursive creation (5%) generalization (5%), literal translation (10%), modulation (8%), particularization (5%) reduction (5%) completion (4%), and dilation (14%). Meanwhile, the four categories shift are implemented as the following frequency: Intra-system shifts; 90 (52.02%), followed by Unit Shifts 46 (26.59%), Structural Shifts 24 (13.88%), and then Class Shifts 13 (7.51%). The other finding was inaccurateness. It was found that there were inaccurate translation for 5 phrases, and resulted not equivalence ones in rendering the source language into the target language.
Phonological awareness and quick naming of developmental dyslexia in Sekolah Dasar Inklusif Pantara, Jakarta Sitepu, Yanti Br
English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.315 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v2i1.806

Abstract

The weak phonological awareness and slow reaction time in word identification is a disorder that dyslexic people have in reading (Wolf and Bowers, 1999). Therefore, this study will investigate the ability of phonological awareness (phonological awareness), rapid naming (Rapid Naming) and reading ability of people with dyslexia. The subjects consisted of 4 children aged 7-8 years of dyslexia in Pantara Inclusive Elementary School, Jakarta. The four dyslexic children were compared to the control group (20 children from Kwitang 8 PSKD Pancoran Mas, Depok, who had the same age and gender as dyslexic children). The research used quantitative method with case study control design. The study was conducted with three experiments, namely: reading test, counting the number of silabel, and fast-track test. The first experiment consisted of 100 words (simple words, digraphs, diphthongs, and consonant clusters). The second experiment consisted of 48 words (24 words with illustrations and 24 words with trisilabik). All words are from the 10,000 words that have the highest frequency in the Indonesian linguistic corpus (Indonesianwac). The third test is 50 RAN letters (Pennington et al., 2001). Results showed that persons with dyslexia had a lower ability than the control group on all three tests. Dyslexic children tend to perform sound recovery, eliminate phonemes and swap words with nonwords and slow reaction times. Based on the results obtained, 2 dyslexic children data support double deficit hypothesis Wolf and Bowers (1999) because dyslexic children show phonological deficits and rapid naming deficits.
Self-efficacy effect on basic level learners in speaking activities Joni, Dewa Ayu Ari Wiryadi; Wirastuti, I Gusti Agung Putri
English Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (164.912 KB) | DOI: 10.31940/jasl.v2i1.808

Abstract

This study aims to reveal the effect of self-efficacy on the elementary level students and factors causing the high level of self-efficacy and its influence on students English speaking ability. The population of this study were all students of grade VIII SMPN 3 Gianyar, while the sample of this study was taken by random sampling technique with lottery system. For research and data collection methods, the researcher uses some valid and reliable instruments, namely (1) speaking performance appraisal to know students ability to speak English consisting of 3 criteria ie smoothness, pronunciation and improvisation, (2) self-efficacy questionnaire for knowing the high level of self-efficacy and its influence on students speaking ability consisting of 4 components ie learning experience, field experience, social invitation, and psychological and emotional condition and analyzed with SPSS 16.0, (3) FGD guide (Focus Group Discussion) to know the factors causing the high low self-efficacy consisting of these 8 interview questions. A total of 33 students with details of 12 male and 21 female students were grouped into 3 large groups (high, medium, low) to be interviewed through FGD. The results of this study is self-efficacy gives a significant effect on students speaking ability at the basic level of contribution of 91%. It was also found that the four criteria in self-efficacy have significant influence on students speaking ability, the most dominant is the criteria of students psychic and emotional state when learning to speak English. This study contributes empirically that teachers can update their teaching techniques by observing self-efficacy in students by using creativity in teaching. In addition students can find out what happens to them during English learning so that together can create a comfortable and conducive learning atmosphere.