Journal of Applied Studies in Language
Published by Politeknik Negeri Bali
Journal of Applied Studies in Language is focusing on research in languages and language teaching. The journal covers two main areas: Linguistics and Language Teaching. Linguistics, including, but not limited to, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, Semantics, Literature, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis, Language Acquisition, Sociolinguistics and Psycholinguistics and Language Teaching, such as First Language and Second Language Teaching, and Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL).
Articles
36
Articles
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Contrastive analysis of English and Indonesian vowel phoneme and its lesson plan in language teaching

Ulfayanti, Nurul, Jelimun, Maria Olga

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The study aims to discover the differences between vocal phoneme in English language and vocal phoneme in the Indonesian language. Contrastive analysis is used to differentiate the vocal phoneme found in English language and Indonesian, and it is used to find out the difficulties encounter by Indonesian speakers who study English. This study is a library research study which the data was collected through books, articles, journals, and previous researches related to this study. In addition, a qualitative descriptive method used to set the differences out for the discussion. The result of the study obtained that there are many differences and similarities of vocal phoneme between English and Indonesian. The similarities can assist students to improve their speaking skill in English, while the differences could sometimes lead to difficulties in pronunciation. Besides, there are also some similar vocabularies in English which have one different letter and different meaning, known as ‚??minimal pair. Error pronunciation in those words often found in Indonesian speakers who learn English. Therefore, the study then describes the difference pronunciation which has different in meaning so that the error can be decreased. After all discussion, the study puts one lesson plan forward in teaching language especially speaking skill. Its lesson plan is going to apply an audio-lingual technique. In addition to those techniques, drilling is also combined in teaching practice. Beside drilling as a traditional method in language teaching, speaking skill could also be enhanced through repetition and excessive practice.

Using self-assessment to assess rural young learners‚?? writing skills in English foreign language classroom

Febriyanti, Gusti Ayu Angga Ari, Dewi, Ni Kadek Suci Laksmi, Dewi, I Gusti Ayu Agung Ida Ratna Candra

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Authentic assessment describes the multiple forms of assessment that reflect student learning, achievement, motivation, and attitudes on instructionally relevant classroom activities. There are four forms of authentic assessment like project assessment, performance assessment, portfolio assessment and self-assessment. In this research, the researcher focus on investigate students in self-assessment. Self-assessment is a process of formative assessment during which students reflect on and evaluate the quality of their work and their learning, judge the degree to which they reflect explicitly stated goals or criteria, identify strengths and weaknesses in their work. It is also to realize the goals of students-centered learning. Self-assessment aims to help students to be independent learners. Self-assessment is considered important to the development of lifelong language learning skills and the development of more comprehensive assessment practices. One of Senior High School students from twelve grade in a rural school in Denpasar participated in this research. The research is based on the theory that metacognitive skills such as self-regulation and self-monitoring are important for the development of autonomous learning skills. Data were collected by observing them during the English class and at the end of the series of observations, and an interview session was conducted with each of them for triangulation. This research is also revealed that using self-assessment to assess young learners‚?? writing skills is beneficial and effective in helping them to write in the English language classroom. The value of this study is to suggest the use of a more authentic classroom assessment, particularly in English language teaching and learning.    

Bird-watching guide‚??s English module for promoting Balinese nature and culture

Koeswiryono, Dika Pranadwipa, Koerniawaty, Francisca Titing

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

There has been a discrepancy between visitors needs of guide service at a bird-watching site in Bali and the guides English competence. This article addresses the language learning needs of the guides and how they are analyzed to construct an English module for the bird-watching guides. The module can hopefully improve the guiding service, enhance the tourists‚?? experience and contribute to the conservation of culture via tourism activities. Observation and interview with 5 officers of the bird village and observations on the village‚??s vicinity revealed their necessities, lack and want in terms of English learning, in relation to their occupation as guides. Beside knowledge about the heron population, the material also covers insight about Balinese‚??s traditional house, their prayer offerings, and their spiritual philosophy. Each chapter of the module encloses conversation and role-play, grammar focus, pronunciation drill, and reading section. The English material was then judged by the experts in language teaching and in Hinduism.

Language phenomena of tourism enterprises in Bali

Parwati, Sang Ayu Putu Eny

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Heterogeneous regions create various linguistic phenomena, such as bilingualism, prioritizing high-achieving languages, decreasing loyalty to a language, and so on. Speakers who are loyal in various ways will maintain their language. The loyal attitude of language speakers depends on the authority of the language so that speakers are required to use the language positively, not least by the tourism service entrepreneurs in Bali. The phenomena of prioritizing the use of foreign languages in the international world of tourism cannot be avoided. However, loyal and positive attitudes toward Indonesian have been shown by most entrepreneurs in Bali, represented by entrepreneurs in Kuta and Ubud regions. The application of the questionnaire method and applying quantitative and qualitative approaches. This study is able to describe language attitudes, from loyalty, pride, to adherence to the language norms of tourism service entrepreneurs in the Province of Bali towards Indonesian. The results showed that the businessmen who were engaged in tourism services stated positively supporting the partitioning of the Indonesian language and prioritizing the use of Indonesian in their business environment. On loyalty to the Indonesian language, both entrepreneurs gave more SS and S statements than TS and STS. Meanwhile, in the statement of pride in the Indonesian language which contained five negative statements most of the respondents stated TS, while for positive statements most stated S. In the statement of adherence to the norms or rules contained in the use of the Indonesian language, most respondents stated TS against negative statements and most also stated S against positive statements. Furthermore, based on the statistical calculation of the data obtained the average values for positive statements were good and good enough for negative statements.    

Russian-speaking tour guide‚??s language mastery: mastering foreign language for quality service assurance

Ginaya, Gede, Jendra, I Wayan, Zuraidah, Ida, Sadia, I Ketut

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

A professional tour guide is regarded as a front-liner of the tourism and the ambassador of his/her country. Therefore, the performance of a tour guide is very important as a quality assurance of services in order to fulfil the tourists‚?? satisfaction. This study aims at investigating the mastery level of the tour guide‚??s Russian language related to the quality assurance of uniform services in meeting the tourists‚?? satisfaction. By applying a descriptive qualitative research, the data was collected through observation, interview, and document review. The theory used to undertake this study is communicative competence (grammar, sociolinguistics, and communicative strategic). The study reveals that the mastery of Russian language for a professional tour guide has been proven to meet the expectation of Russian tourists to get the excellent service as a quality assurance to provide the tourist satisfaction so that products prepared by travel agents and purchased by the tourist are carried out properly. 

Indonesian prefix ter-

Suastini, Ni Wayan, Apriliani, Kadek

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This study deals with finding and describing the meaning and function of Indonesian prefix ter- in the investigation report. This study applied descriptive qualitative research to find out the data. The analysis was conducted by applying a theory proposed by Kridalaksana (2007) about prefix ter-. After investigating the data it was found that the prefix ter- can be used to form verb, adjective, and noun. The most frequent form found in the data is a verb. These words express different meaning, such as state of affair (stative) which does not involve any action, as found in the verb terletak (situated), accidental or uncontrolled action, such as the verb terkunci (locked), superlative adjective which provided superlative meaning on the adjective as found in adjective terakhir (the last) and also legal term such as tersangka (the suspect) which shows that prefix ter- can be used to form the actor who does the specific action which is related to the law.

The use of mind mapping to improve writing skill of the eighth grade students of junior high school

Lastari, Ni Kadek Herna, Saraswati, Putu Ritra Trees Ari Kartika Hadi

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

There were some problems found in the eighth-grade students‚?? writing skill of SMP90-DB. The students, in general, did not know the way how to generate and organize their own ideas into well-formed work of writing. The researchers aimed to improve their writing skill and tried to investigate the effect of mind mapping in improving writing skill of the eighth-grade students of SMP90-DB. The objective of the study was to figure out whether or not writing skill of the eighth-grade students of SMP90-DB in academic year 2016/2017 could be improved through mind mapping. The participants were 35 students from VII-I class which covered 17 males and 18 females. The mean score of pre-test was 60.44 which implied that the writing skill of the participants was still low with none of the students passed the passing minimum score. The research was conducted in two cycles of the application of mind mapping. The data were collected from post-tests which were taken after applying mind mapping.  The result indicates that 21 students passed the minimum score after post-test 1 and 33 students passed the minimum score after post-test 2. It can reveal that there is a significant improvement in the subjects‚?? writing skill after the implementation of mind mapping. Furthermore, the questionnaire results proved that the students‚?? responses to the implementation of mind mapping were positive. It could be concluded that mind mapping is an effective technique in improving writing skill of the eighth-grade students of SMP90-DB in academic year 2016/2017.

Presupposition contributions in stand-up comedy (discourse analysis of Raditya Dika‚??s stand-up comedy on YouTube)

Puksi, Faisal Fahdian

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This study aims to find out how a comic establishes strategy through presupposition in contributing to building a humour effect in stand-up comedy. A qualitative descriptive method was employed in this research to get full and depth conception. 15 stand-up comedy videos hosted by Raditya Dika on YouTube are used in this research. All data obtained then transcribed which then selected 60 statements that considered representing the entire transcript data. From 60 statements, it can be found 651 presuppositions that contribute to building the effects of humour. Presupposition contribution in constructing the effects of humour lies at the level of cognitive process, semantic mechanism, and contextual speech. At the cognitive process level, the researcher finds that presupposition will contribute in creating humour if in a statement there is a presupposition with different and conflicting perspectives. At the semantic mechanism level, the presuppositions of the latter sentence can produce humour by relying on the reference to the previous sentence. For the contextual speech, presupposition will contribute to the creation of humour if it violates the conversational maxim.

The translation of English tourism news text into Indonesian

Ariyaningsih, Ni Nyoman Deni, Santika, I Dewa Ayu Devi Maharani

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Translating a text could be done by those who have knowledge about the source language and the target language of a text. The fourth-semester students of STIBA Saraswati Denpasar can be also said to able to do a translation. For this research, the text about tourism is given, since they have already taken the English for tourism subject, and it is hoped that they will understand the special terms of tourism well. This research applied descriptive qualitative, using the data source from the translations of tourism text entitled ‚??Strolling Relaxingly on the Shore of Kuta Beach, President Jokowi Assured that Bali is Safe to Visit‚?Ě into Indonesian. The research focuses on finding the translation procedure conducted by the students in translating the text and analyzes the reason for applying those procedures by using the theory of translation procedures from Newmark (1988). The result of this research shows that there are three procedures applied mostly by the students in translating the text. First is naturalization because many words in the text were translated into the same terms in the source language, but they have changes in morphology form in the target language. Second is through translation because the students were likely to translate the text literarily following the structure of the sentences in the source text. Meanwhile, the other procedures applied were cultural equivalent, shift/transposition, and transference. 

Learning and growing: an alternative strategy to teach English

Subiyanto, Paulus, Suciani, Ni Ketut, Aryana, I Nyoman Rajin, Sukerti, Gusti Nyoman Ayu, Sitawati, Anak Agung Raka

English Vol 2 No 2 (2018): December 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

One of the problems faced by ESL learners is not a linguistic one, but they are afraid to express what they know and feel, in English. They are afraid of making mistake and prefer keeping passively attitude to participating actively in learning activities. They have less self-confidence to speak English though they have enough linguistic knowledge and skill. Therefore, it is important to find a strategy to break such ‚??ice‚?Ě in order to overcome psychological impediment faced by the learners. Thus, learning English is simultaneous with a growing personality. This article is based on the classroom experience by experimenting with the method called Learning and Growing (L&G). The basic principle of this method is how to motivate the learners talking about themselves, or things close to them. The method enables them to know who they are, to accept themselves, and to feel their self-confidence. After practicing one topic, e.g. Who Am I, the learners are able to accept themselves and have an awareness that making mistake is normal in the learning process. As the result, they dare to share who they are without being afraid to make mistake linguistically. The other principle is how to make relax atmosphere of learning, ignoring some formal rules. A friendly relationship is built during the learning process both the learner-learner and the teacher-learner. The teacher‚??s task is to choose the topics with double goals: language and psychology. What language skill will be achieved and what personal growth will be focused on are the vital concern of the teacher.  These goals will be realized by making an appropriate lesson plan and preparation. Finally, the evaluation may be conducted, especially for language achievement. The main purpose of this evaluation would rather know if the goal has been achieved than to get grades.