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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research
ISSN : 26155842     EISSN : 26155842     DOI : -
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research (InJAR) is a peer-reviewed quarterly journal published by TALENTA (Universitas Sumatera Utara's Journals Publisher) and managed by Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara. It is based on DIKTI accreditation standard and covers all aspects of agricultural researches including Animal Science and Fisheries, Agribusiness, Agrotechnology and Agricultural Technology. All manuscripts are double-blind refereed before acceptance. InJAR is published in March, July, and November.
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Articles 34 Documents
Economics of Wheat Production in Mohmand Agency, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan Gul, Hina; Sonia, Sonia; Khan, Munir; Sadozai, Khuram Nawaz
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 3 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (873.997 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/injar.v1i3.491

Abstract

The central theme of this research endeavour was to compute the cost and net returns of wheat crop. This study has also highlighted the significant variables contributing in wheat productivity. The study universe was two focused villages namely Malok-Korona and Peer-Qila of Ekaghund Tehsil, Mohmand Agency. The proportional allocation sampling technique was used to get the required sample size of 70 respondents. However, 26 respondents from Malok-Korona and 44 respondents from Peer-Qila were interviewed through face to face interview technique. The marked findings of this study divulge that vast majority of the farmers (61.43%) were using certified seed and the study area was predominantly dependent upon rainfall as reported by 60 % of the respondents. It is further revealed that the mean cost of production incurred by the sampled growers was estimated as Rs. 30,000 per acre. Income trend observed by 70 per cent of the respondent through wheat crop was found Rs.40000 per acre. The average income of farmers through wheat crop was Rs.35286 per acre. The estimated results of regression analysis corroborate the expected sign of the majority of coefficient of explanatory variables. Among explanatory variables seed, irrigation and labor days were significant while urea and FYM were found insignificant for crop yield. The study recommends that attempts for awareness, supply of loans, inputs like fertilizer, pesticide, apt agriculture approaches, demonstration plots and training programs should be made available to farmers for higher wheat production in Mohmand Agency.
The Growth and Yield of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) with Organic and Inorganic Fertilizer Application by Cellulolytic Microbes in Peat Allamah, Atrisina; Hapsoh, Hapsoh; Wawan, Wawan; Dini, Isna Rahma
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 3 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 3, November 2018
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.58 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/injar.v1i3.472

Abstract

Limitations of productive land causing agricultural extension leads on marginal land. Peatlands are one type of land including the criteria for marginal land. Destruction of peatland ecosystems arising from land management and the selection of one commodity which is not in accordance with the characteristics of peatland. Damage criteria peat in government regulations to function cultivation is more than 0,4 m below the peat surface. One alternative for the agricultural development of peatlands associated with groundwater levels ≤0,4 m to do with the development of food crops, especially rice crops. This is because the root system of the rice crop is only about 40-50 cm categorized shallow roots, thus suitable for development on peatland shallow. This study aims to determine the response growth and yield of rice plants with organic and inorganic fertilizer application by microbial cellulolytic on peat soil. The experimental was conducted from November 2017 to January 2018 in Laboratory of Soil Science and Plant Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture at Universitas of Riau. The research was conducted using a completely randomized design (CRD), which consists of 7 treatments and 4 replicates so on May 28 experimental units. As for the treatment Control, 50% inorganic fertilizer, 100% inorganic fertilizer, 80 grams of composted rice straw, 160 grams of litter rice straw + 160 ml consortium of microbes, 80 grams of composted rice straw + 50% inorganic fertilizer, 160 grams of rice straw litter + 160 ml of microbial consortium selulitik + 50% inorganic fertilizer. The results showed that addition of 160 g of rice straw litter + 160 ml of microbial + 50% inorganic fertilizer consortium was the best treatment by producing tillers reaching 54,87 tillers, the number of grain per panicle reached 130.57 grains with crop grain weight reaching 57.27 grams, with a percentage of empty the lowest is 3.62%.
Analysis of Financial and Non-Financial Performance of Marine Capture Fisheries Using Gillnet in Pulau Baai Port of Bengkulu Province Tambunan, Yohana; Sukiyono, Ketut; Romdhon, Mustopa
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

This study is aimed at analyzing the financial and non-financial performance of marine capture fisheries business in Baai Island Port. Stratified random sampling including 60 fishermen using gillnet fishing gear in Baai Island Port was used in this survey. The method used both financial performance including the analysis of income, B/C, Break Even Point (BEP), and non-financial performance including the analysis of the productivity of fishing gear, fishermen and fishing trip. The analysis showed that the income of fishermen in Baii Island was IDR 1,880,545 per trip, the B/C was 0.25, the BEP (unit) was 322 kg, and the productivity of fishing gear was 8 kg per unit, the fishermen productivity was 72 kg per person and the catching productivity was 30 kg per trip
Analysis of Value Added Distribution of Brown Sugar (Saka) Agroindustry in Bukik Batabuah Village Canduang Sub-district Agam Regency Firnalista, Nadia; Nofialdi, Nofialdi; Azriani, Zednita
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

Rural agroindustry can absorb a relatively high labor rate, but the added value of the products is very low, resulting in low labor productivity. This research aims at describing the process of sugarcane into brown sugar and analyzing the added value of brown sugar agroindustry as well as its distribution in Bukik Batabuah Village, Canduang Agam Sub-district. The data were collected from six brown sugar processing home industries. This research found that there were three kinds of brown sugar namely saka kariang, saka gatah kuniang and saka gatah merah, which were only different in the time of cooking, storage process of tengguli, and heating of tengguli on saka gatah processing. These made the three types of brown sugar have different texture, taste, color and price. From their added value, saka kariang and saka gatah kuniang were classified as medium products, while saka gatah merah was classified as a low product. In addition, this research reveals that the smallest added value distribution was received by paid labors. Based on the findings, the following suggestions are recommended: (1) the brown sugar business should focus on developing a business of saka kariang processing; and (2) the added value of brown sugar could be enhanced by the use of effective and efficient production machinery, so that the added value distributed to the brown sugar agroindustry could be improved
Growth Response of Two Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Stem Cuttings on Application of IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) and NAA (Naphthalene Acetic Acid) Wulandari, Rizky; Hasanah, Yaya; Meiriani, Meiriani
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

Using fruit branch for pepper shrub propagation is one of alternatives for an efficient pepper multiplication which usually uses underlayer cuttings. This research is aimed at finding the growth response of two pepper (Piper nigrum L.) cuttings to the administration of IBA (Indole Butyric Acid) and NAA (Naphthalene Acetic Acid). This research was conducted at the greenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sumatera Utara, Medan (± 32 m above sea level), from April to August 2017 using a factorial randomized block design with 2 factors, pepper branch cuttings (primary branch cuttings and secondary branch cuttings) and the administration of IBA and NAA (0+0 ppm, 2500+0 ppm, 0+2500 ppm, 1500+1000 ppm, and 1000+1500 ppm). The results show that the emerging shoot rate in the secondary branch cuttings was significantly faster than in the primary branch cuttings, but the volume of root in the primary branch cuttings is significantly larger than in the secondary branch cuttings. There was no significant difference in the administration of IBA and NAA on all observed variables. The highest interaction of shoot length was found in the  primary branch cuttings with the administration of  IBA 1500 ppm + NAA 1000 ppm and the highest percentage of root and root volume was found in the primary branch cuttings with the administration of IBA 2500 ppm + NAA 0 ppm.
Effect of Azolla Bocachi and Liquid Organic Fertilizer of Goat Manure on the Growth and Production of Chinese Kale (Brassica oleracea L.) Barus, Wan Arfiani; Utami, Sri; Azmi, Erna Pan
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to find out the effect of Azolla Bokashi  and liquid organic fertilizer of goat manure on the growth and production of Chinese kale. This study used a Factorial Randomized Block Design. The factors studied were Azolla Bokashi Fertilizer (B) with 3 levels (B0 = without treatment/control, B1 = 5 tons (1.14 kg/plot), B2 = 10 tons (2.28 kg/plot) and liquid organic fertilizer of goat manure (K) (K0 = without treatment, K1 = 100 ml/liter of water, K2 = 200 ml/liter of water, and K3 = 300 ml/liter of water. The parameters observed were the plant height, number of leaves, amount of chlorophyll, stem diameter, plant’s wet weight, plant’s dry weight and harvest index.
Effect of the Extraction Solvent Polarity and the Ratio of Feed and Solvent on the Phytochemical Content and Antioxidant Activity of Red Betel Leaves (Piper crocatum) Rahardjo, Monika; Mangalik, Gelora; Sihombing, Monang; da Costa, Junet Franzisca
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

Red betel leaf (Piper crocatum) is a plant growing in tropical areas and previously known as an ornamental plant, but then later used as medicinal plant. Previous researches found that red betel leaves contain bioactive compounds such as alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, and many more that have potential to be used as antioxidant. The extractions were carried out using variations of solvent types (ethanol, water, and ethyl acetate) and feed to solvent (F:S) ratios in g/ml (F:S=1:20, F:S=1:25, F:S=1:30). The best conditions from this research were the usage of ethanol as the solvent. In addition to its ability to extract the compounds potential as antioxidant and F:S ratio of 1:30, it could give highest yield of extract. Variation of solvent type and variation of F:S have significant effect on the value of antioxidant activity (IC50) of the red betel leaf sample.
Analysis on Soy-Yamgurt Potential as Antidiabetic in Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide Induced Rats Kwanariesta, Jessica; Rusmarilin, Herla; Suhaidi, Ismed
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the potential of soy-yamgurt probiotics drink from the mixture of yam and soy extract with a ratio of 1: 1 in reducing the fasting blood glucose level of rats induced by streptozotocin-nicotinamide. Based on the analysis of chemical and phytochemical characteristics of soy-yamgurt, it was found that it has water content (80.97%), total solids (18.85%), protein content (11.95%), total lactic acid (1.03%), viscosity (20.56 Pa.s), lactic acid bacteria (10.22 log CFU/g), fiber content (0.98%), IC50 value (44.99 μg/ml), total phenol (711.90 μgGAE/g) and total flavonoids (1345.73 μgQE/g). The in vivo test used thirty 10-16 week old male Wistar rats with an average weight of 160-200 g divided into 5 groups: P1 (control), P2 (streptozotocin-nicotinamide), P3 (glibenclamide of 0.45 mg/kg body weight), P4 (3 ml of soy-yamgurt) and P5 (3.5 ml of soy-yamgurt).The results showed that the soy-yamgurt at the doses of 3 ml/160 g body weight and 3.5 ml/160 g body weight for 4 weeks in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced rats had significantly (P<0.01) lowered blood glucose levels and increased their weight.
Quail Performance at the Starter-Grower Period Fed by Commercial Feed with the addition of Ginger and Turmeric Fauzan, Ikhwan; Sudrajat, Deden; Dihansih, Elis
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

Ginger and turmeric can be used as feed additive in the quail’s rations. An active substance in this Zingiberaceae family has good benefits for animals, especially quails. A research on the Quail Performance at the Starter-Grower Period fed commercial feed with the addition of ginger and turmeric had been conducted over the past five weeks. The purpose of this research was to know the effect of feed additive (ginger and turmeric flour) on the quail’s performance since the starter period up to the grower period. The data were 240 two day old quails. The experimental design used was a Complete Random Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications, i.e. P0: feed controls without any addition, P1: addition of 1% ginger flour; P2: the addition of 1% turmeric flour; P3: the addition of 0.5% ginger flour plus 0.5% turmeric flour. The observed variables were the consumption of rations, body weights, FCR, mortality and depletion. The results showed that each of the treatment was not significantly different or had no effect on the performance of quails at the starter-grower period. It is necessary to do similar research by increasing the percentages administered to each of the treatments, so that the effect of administering the feed additive; i.e. ginger flour and turmeric flour can be obtained.
Legume Plant Growth at Various Levels of Drought Stress Treatment Sinamo, Veronica; Hanafi, Nevy Diana; Wahyuni, Tri Hesty
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 1 No 1 (2018): InJAR, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2018
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Abstract

A strategic alternative step for the development of cultivation of feed crops is to optimize the use of dry land that has the potential for agricultural and livestock business. One of the forage plants that has good adaptation to less good soil condition and is a pioneer plant, Pueraria javanica legume, so it can be considered as a potential alternative forage as animal feed. The research aims at determining the effect of various levels of drought stress treatment on the plant hight, fresh matter production, dry matter production and root biomass of Pueraria javanica legume. The experiment was conducted in the Greenhouse of the Agriculture Faculty of Universitas Sumatera Utara. The experiment was carried out using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 3 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were A1 (25% field capacity (FC)=144 ml/polybag, A2 (50% FC)=288 ml/polybag and A3 (100% FC)=576 ml/polybag. The results show that Pueraria javanica legume can survive and grow up to severe drought stress (25% FC) but the crop production does not increase when compared to the field capacity condition; besides, the legume cannot survive longer in drought condition. The volume of water supplied corresponding to the field capacity makes the plant growth better.

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