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Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Published by Universitas Widyagama
ISSN : 26156946     EISSN : 26156075     DOI : -
Journal of Socioeconomics and Development (JSeD) is managed by The Study Program of Socioeconomics (Agribusiness), Agriculture Faculty, Widyagama University of Malang. JSeD is published biannually in April and October, and available in printed and online version.
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Articles 27 Documents
Institutional Development Of Irrigation Management Based On The Local Wisdom In Indonesia Rejekiningrum, Popi; Kartiwa, Budi
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.657 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.535

Abstract

During 1980-1997, the management of water resources was done with a supply-driven approach.  This approach results in the expensive maintenance of water resources and the disregarded resources utilization of environmental sustainability.  Since 1998, The Government of Indonesia began to reform institutional irrigation with the financing supported by the World Bank. However, the institutional reforms of the irrigation have not yet reflected the exact changes as expected. Therefore, it is necessary to study the process of strengthening the institutional management of irrigation based on the local wisdom through the inventory of history series of irrigation management policy and empowerment of capacity building and institutional program of irrigation management. This paper presents an effort to develop the institutional irrigation management by exploring the local wisdom in the community. It can be used as a guide for future sustainable management of irrigation. JEL Classification: B30, Q15, Q25
The Sacred Site: The Conservation Based On The Local People In Tengger Community And Its Potential As Ecotourism Activities Purnomo, Purnomo; Oktaviani, Anggraeni In; Nugroho, Iwan
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (741.063 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.517

Abstract

Tengger is one of the Java sub-tribes that has a belief system in the form of a life view called Kejawen. Kejawen's life is a view that is considered holistic in looking at the environment. The traditional wisdom of the Tengger community in the management of natural resources is one of the living and sustainable local wisdom in Indonesia. One of the local wisdom associated with environmental management is the existence of sacred areas as a part of environmental conservation. This research was conducted in Ngadas Village, Poncokusumo District, Malang Regency. The purpose of this study is to study the types of areas that are sacred by the Tengger community and the factors behind the existence of the area as a part of the conservation-based ecotourism. This research was conducted by interviewing the key person of the traditional leader. The interview materials in questions include the types of sacred places and the reason behind the area is sacred. The research results showed that the form of preservation of certain sacred areas has a unique ecosystem and shows the historical ties. The areas considered by the Ngadas community as sacred sites have indigenous values such as Pedanyangan, Sanggar Agung, Mbah Sedek tombs, Punden Kutungan, the mount of Bromo, the mount of Semeru, Savanna land and Bromo caldera and other sacred sites. The sacred place is highly respected by the Tengger people. Norms and values in Tengger culture incorporate with the respect for the sacred places. The existence of these sacred areas can be used as a part of environmental conservation-based ecotourism.JEL Classification: P32, Q01, Z32
The Empowerment Strategy Of The Traditional Fisherman’s Wives In The Coastal Area Of Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Rahim, Abd.
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (441.079 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.515

Abstract

The policy of the Sarpras assistance program from the local government through the Office of Marine and Fisheries of Barru Regency has been conducted, but the income of traditional fisherman is not sufficient. Therefore, the role of wives is needed to fulfill the needs of the household. Research conducted in the Western Coastal Area of Barru Regency of South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia aims to analyze the empowerment strategy of traditional capture fisherman wives in order to improve the household economy. The type of research is a descriptive method with SWOT (Strength, Weakness Opportunities, and Threats) analysis technique through IFAS (Internal Factors Analysis Summary) and EFAS (External Factors Analysis Summary) and SWOT Matrix. Based on the time dimension using cross-sectional data of 2016 comes from the primary data. The samples of respondents were 34 traditional fishermen wives who worked in business groups in the sample districts by the census. The findings of the fishermen wives empowerment strategy can be done through strengthening coastal community institutions, access to capital, access to infrastructure and facilities, the technology of processing equipment, processed product modification technology, and marketing of processed fish products.JEL Classification: D19, Q22
Establish The Perception Of Agricultural Extension Workers Through Cyber Extension As The Media Information Fangohoi, Latarus; Sugiyanto, Sugiyanto; Sukesi, Keppi; Cahyono, Edi Dwi
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (487.549 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.530

Abstract

The cyber extension has a significant media in developing an extension program of agricultural information.  The government has built the cyber extension supported by the development of ICT and its utilization in the dissemination of agricultural information. It is expected to provide positive benefits in the improvement of competence of the extension workers.  The purpose of this research is to analyse the characteristics and perception of the extensions workers in the utilization of cyber extension to support their work. This research is correlational descriptive analysis by using survey method. The study was conducted in South Manokwari Regency, West Papua Province. The sample in the research was all extension workers as many as 22 people. The result shows that the characteristics of the extensions workers as follow: the media used is a smartphone (100%), the working period is 5-10 years (77%) and the education level is high school (SMK/SPMA, 73%).  Meanwhile, the perception of the extension workers on the cyber media is high. It reaches 95%. They provide the positive perception on cyber extension concerning variables of benefit, complexity, and convenience.JEL Classification: D80, Q16
The Sustainability Level Of The Rice Farming In The Peatland At The Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan Wardie, Jhon; Sintha, Tri Yuliana Eka
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.139 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.531

Abstract

The research aims to analyse the level of sustainability and the level of household income in the farming of rice on the peatland. The research location was determined by purposive sampling in Terusan Karya Village, Bataguh District, Kapuas Regency. The simple random sampling method was taken on 50 farmer household served as respondent. The data were collected in the form of primary and secondary data. To achieve the first research objective, it was conducted by an analysis of sustainability indicators of farming using Likert Scale system. The index of farming sustainability includes biophysical and socio-economic aspects in the rice farming on peatland. Meanwhile, to achieve the purpose of the second research, it was operated by using a simple tabulation to measure the level of farmer household income. The result of the analysis showed that farming sustainability of rice in the peatland found index by 76.10%, which means that the level of farming sustainability is a good category or highly sustainable. The result of the analysis of farm household income was 16.9 million rupiahs, which means that the farm household income has been categorized as good.  JEL Classification: D10, Q01, Q12
The Influence Of Business Management On Income And The Risk Of Income In The Broiler Chicken Farming Suwarta, Suwarta; Hanafie, Rita
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.376 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.520

Abstract

Broiler meat is an important commodity to support national meat production and increase farmer's income. However, the broiler farmers are generally in a weak position in terms of poultry management. They require best management practices for increasing the business volume and income as well. This study aims to study the achievement of broiler farming business management, and the influence of the business management on income and its income in their broiler farms. This research was conducted in Lamongan regency. It used the primary data from selected the broiler farmers. The analysis method used was descriptive approach and multiple regression. The result shows that the achievement of broiler business management comprises planning 67.6%, organizing 65.68%, directing 84.18%, coordination 75.43%, and control 77.58%. The management of broiler business has a positive effect on income but negatively affects the income risk. In addition, the income of broilers is positively influenced by the cage size, experience, and business volume, and conversely, this is negatively affected by seed prices and feed prices. Meanwhile, the income risk of broiler business is positively influenced by seed price and feed price, and contrarily it is negatively influenced by the size of cage and the business volume.JEL Classification: D19, Q12
The Planning And The Development Of The Ecotourism And Tourism Village In Indonesia: A Policy Review Nugroho, Iwan; Negara, Purnawan Dwikora; Yuniar, Hefifa Rhesa
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.007 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.532

Abstract

Developing tourism village or ecotourism requires a carefully integrated planning. The village shows its role and functions as the source of inspiration for environmental and cultural conservation.  However, it is not easy to carry out. Developing the tourism village is a great work, multi-sector and requires collaboration.  Planning of ecotourism requires the integration of macro, ecosystem and local level. Planning at the macro level gives a legal management basis in the ecosystem and local level. Planning at the ecosystem level devises environmental and cultural vision and coordinates the regional management of a destination. Planning at the local level develops a quality management service, participation, and empowerment of the local people.  The development of ecotourism services in the village includes efforts of (i) developing the local empowerment, (ii) developing of infrastructure to meet environmental conservation, (iii) building governance to gain a positive experience and well-being, (iv)integrating the tourism promotion through the product development and market segmentation, and (v) interpreting and educating to offer the education of cultural and environmental conservation. JEL Classification: Q01, Q20, Z38
The Testing Of Entrepreneurship As The Attempt To Remodel The Factor Of Production In The Rice Farming Darmadji, Darmadji; Suwarta, Suwarta
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (572.275 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i1.519

Abstract

The objective of this study was to test whether entrepreneurship can be included as a new production factor in farming business management. This study was intended to make improvement of classic economic factors of production. To achieve the purpose, the research was conducted on the rice farming at Pakis and Karangploso districts of Malang Regency, East Java. Methods analysis used were Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) with PLS smart program. Primary data was collected from the farmers by interviews based on a list of prepared questions. The analysis result showed that entrepreneurship had direct effect to increase on the performance of paddy farming. This result makes more reinforced to incorporate entrepreneurship as new factor of production in farm management. The classic theory of factor of production was important to be updated because there are many empirical facts that conceptually had influence to the farming production. One of empirical facts was internal potential that owned by every farmer which is called as entrepreneurship spirit.JEL Classification: D24, L26, Q12
The Influence of Respondent Characteristics and Different Areas on Small-Scale Fisherman Household Income of Urban Coastal Areas in Pare-Pare City, South Sulawesi Rahim, Abd.; Hastuti, Diah Retno Dwi; Pradipta, Dita; Bustanul, Nurbaya; Azizah, Nur
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Journal of Sosioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (659.113 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i2.733

Abstract

Traditional fishermen are small-scale fisheries with small-scale catches. They are commonly found in coastal areas and become one of the main income source of coastal communities in developing countries. They use simple fishing gear and small boats in fishing, such as outboard motor and non-powered motor. The changing of seasons (arrest and famine) in Makassar Strait Waters Bordered which is directly to the West coastal area of Pare-Pare City of South Sulawesi Province Indonesia result in the change of the catch and income production of the catching business. That affects the change of household income, especially the small-scale fishermen outboard motor. The multiple regression econometrics analysis method with independent variable estimation model qualitative was applied. The census technique was used in this study with the total of 42 respondents. The findings indicate that the age as the characteristics of the fisherman respondents and the difference of residence areas have an effect on the change of household income of small-scale fisherman. Meanwhile the education, family dependent, and the experience of going to sea do not affect the household income. The productive fishermen has a better physical ability to make an optimal capture for the welfare of their family in meeting the needs in their household.JEL Classification: D19, Q18, Q22
The Identification of Research Priority in The Field of Food Security Triyono, Budi; Laksani, Chichi Sinthia; Zulhamdani, Muhammad; Nadhiroh, Irene Muflikh; Ariana, Lutfah
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Journal of Sosioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.678 KB) | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v1i2.729

Abstract

The development of food security in Indonesia still faces various problems. Dealing with those problems, the role of research and development institutions such as the Indonesia Institute of Sciences (LIPI) is needed. LIPI as a government R & D institution is expected not only to produce knowledge, but also to play an active role in solving various problems of the nation including in the field of food security. The results of the evaluation of LIPIs activities show that it has produced significant and strategic research outputs. However, only a few have been successfully implemented to solve food problems. Therefore, a study of Research Priority Setting (RPS) is needed so that the LIPI research activities program in the future will produce more research outputs that play a role in providing solutions in this food sector. The purpose of this RPS study is to provide direction so that LIPI research in the future can contribute more to solving problems in the food sector. This study starts from the activity stage to identify strategic issues that need to be resolved through R & D activities. This identification activity is carried out through a round table discussion involving stakeholders. The next stage is to determine researches that need to be prioritized by LIPI in the next five years using the Delphi method. From the study, it is concluded that in the next five years LIPIs R & D activities should be focused on: (1) the development of biological organic fertilizer, (2) the development of local food materials, (3) the development of Germplasm, (4) the functional food development, and (5) the development of modern agriculture.  JEL Classification: D24, L26, Q12

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