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Jurnal Pertahanan
Published by Universitas Pertahanan
Jurnal Pertahanan is published quarterly in April, August and December, it aimed to provide research articles in order to have a significant implication to the world of defense strategy. The Journal's primary objective is to bridge the gap between theory and practice in defense studies. Every article contains empirical results, research methods, managerial implication and latest references from primary sources. The Journal is highly relevant to all professionals, directors, managers, entrepreneurs, professors, academic researchers and graduate students in the field of international defense strategy studies. Jurnal Pertahanan published articles on international defense strategy and defense managements. Topics with theoretical or practical appeal or a mixture of both. Jurnal Pertahanan publishes scientific work of military, academics and observers in the common defense strategy and defense management.
Articles
60
Articles
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SINO-MYANMAR DEFENSE COOPERATION AND CHINA‚??S EFFORTS TO BOLSTER ITS SPHERE OF INFLUENCE IN THE INDIAN OCEAN (2013-2017)

Ernasari, Cici ( School of International Relations President University ) , Banyu perwita, Anak Agung Banyu ( School of International Relations President University Jababeka Education Park Jl.Ki Hajar Dewantara, Kota Jababeka, Cikarang Baru, Bekasi 17550-INDONESIA )

Jurnal Pertahanan Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

This paper deals with the implementation of China‚??s Defense Policy in Sino-Myanmar Defense Cooperation to bolster China‚?? sphere of influence in the Indian Ocean from 2013-2017. The rise of China has been viewed as a great phenomenon in the global political, economic and security realm, particularly in this 21st century. This rise has led China became the second biggest economy and also the strongest military in the world. This situation however pushed China to fulfill the increasing demand of energy and to seek for the alternative route. By sharing 2,204 kilometers of its border with China and having direct access to the Indian Ocean, Myanmar becomes a land bridge to get the access to Indian Ocean. Myanmar locates on tri-junction Southeast, South and East Asia and very abundance with natural resources. In the context of ‚??Belt and Road Initiative‚?Ě (BRI), China has implemented its defense policy through the economic and military cooperation with Myanmar. This study therefore explains the implementation of China‚??s defense policy in Sino-Myanmar defense cooperation to strengthening its position in the Indian Ocean in the search for stronger influence in the region. This research is using qualitative method qualitative research. The review of theories, literatures and previous research findings are the basic sources to form a research design and data analysis from both primary and secondary sources. This study¬† found that China utilized its economic and defense cooperation with Myanmar to spread its hegemonic power in the region.

INDONESIA‚??S MARITIME DEFENCE PARADIGM SINE QUA NON GLOBAL MARITIME FULCRUM

Hidayat, Safril ( Subditrenproggar Ditziad dan Dosen Universitas Pertahanan. ) , Sidhha, Arlan ( Ilmu Pemerintahan Fisip UNJANI. )

Jurnal Pertahanan Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Maritime security and maritime safety cannot be separated from the worlds maritime fulcrum policy. Policies relating to maritime security and safety are not only related to the Indonesian Navy but also involve other major components, reserve components and supporting components in the national defense system. Maritime defense requires policies, regulations, measures, and operations that are different from conventional national defense strategy. This research used qualitative design perspective validated through triangulation process. This research finds that the threats stretching from the West to East and from the North to South of Indonesia require synergy and integration of all components of the nation. Therefore, it is necessary to refocus policies, regulations, measures, and operations in the maritime defense system

BRUNEI DARUSSALAMS E-GOVERNMENT STRATEGY IN OVERCOMING CYBER THREATS

Bhirowo, Mahendro ( Fakultas Strategi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia ) , Timur, Fauzia Gustarina Cempaka ( Fakultas Strategi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia ) , Siswoyo, Mardi ( Fakultas Strategi Pertahanan, Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia )

Jurnal Pertahanan Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

E-Government is a government administration system that plays a vital role in the international global communication, and greatly determines the progress of a state. However, the government administration system that utilizes Information and Communication Technology may be exposed to threats, especially threats originating from cyberspace. This research was carried out with the aim to analyze Brunei Darussalams E-Government strategy in overcoming cyber threats. This study uses descriptive qualitative research methods accompanied by data obtained from the presentations and interviews during the overseas field study visits in Brunei Darussalam by the representatives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT), IT Protective Security Services (ITPSS), and the Prime Minister‚??s Office (PMO) of Brunei Darussalam, as part of a research related to Brunei Darussalams e-Government strategy in overcoming cyber threats. The results of this study indicate that the Brunei Darussalam‚??s e-Government strategy in overcoming cyber threats was carried out by focusing on citizen-centric service delivery in stages. It begins with the establishment of a law on computer abuse in 2000, followed by the establishment of Brunei National Computer Emergency Response Team (BruCERT) in 2004, introduction of Internet Ethics and Cyber Security Awareness Program in 2009, and the development of a national cyber security framework in 2014. All are integrated into a common policy coined as Brunei Insight 2035. This can be an input for the implementation of e-Government in Indonesia, in order to improve the equality and openness of access to information and communication in Indonesia, without neglecting the principles of security and comfort in communicating and obtaining information.

CONVERTING THEORY AND WAR DOCTRINE TO REALISTIC TRAINING FOR ENSURING THE SUCCESS OF MILITARY CAMPAIGN PLANNING

Ahlawat, Alok ( Indian Air Force ) , B. Mohd Bakar, Bahaizil Nazim ( The Royal Malaysian Air Force. ) , Barter, Steven ( The Republic of Singapore Air Force ) , Al Subaie, Fahad B. ( The Royal Saudi Air Force ) , O√ʬĬôHara, Steven ( The Royal Australian Air Force. ) , Slayton, Caleb

Jurnal Pertahanan Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Military campaigns in the 21st Century are extremely complex multi-dimensional undertakings. In today‚??s globalized reality, influence of wars will go beyond the theatre of operations into issues of international economy, human migration, airspace and sea lanes, thus adding new dimensions to campaign planning.¬† Converting theory and doctrine to practice is never easy.¬† Realistic training may be the best bridge to ensure that classroom knowledge is correctly applied to the real battlefield.¬† This paper looks at this challenge through the combined experience of six foreign exchange students who graduated from Indonesia‚??s Air Command and Staff College, 2018.¬† The purpose of this paper is to highlight some of the challenges to campaign planning, especially in light of multinational influences, extract lessons learned from recent military campaigns and then provide feedback for Indonesia‚??s wargaming training methodology as practiced in the air command and staff college.¬† The foundation to Indonesia‚??s wargaming exercises is the 14-step Military Decision Making Process (MDMP).¬† MDMP in its general form is part of the campaign planning processes for the authors‚?? respective countries too, varying only in the sequence and emphasis on steps and tasks within the process and strategies for exercising the process.¬† This paper will conclude that even the most theoretically sound campaign planning process would lead to operational failure, unless critical thinking & planning abilities are developed in upcoming military leaders through a sound understanding of theory, realistic wargaming, and deep analysis. This requires realistic training in an open learning environment, and a willingness to analyse one‚??s own country-specific mistakes and successes.

THE ROLE OF THE TNI NAVY‚??S HYDRO-OCEANOGRAPHIC CENTRE IN MANAGING SUSTAINABLE FISHERIES (A STUDY ON PROVIDING HYDROGRAPHIC DATA FOR MANAGING SUSTAINABLE FISHERY)

Nasution, Anta Maulana ( Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia )

Jurnal Pertahanan Vol 4, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Indonesia is a rich country who has many natural resources, especially marine resource. To achieve  good and sustainable marine resource management will need marine science as a tool such as hydrography. Nowaday, hydrography is often looked only for creating sea map or nautical chart for navigation. Whereas, if we look deeper about hydrography, it has a key role in fisheries resources management especially for fishermen which is hydrography can be a main support for sustainable fisheries and enhancing economic value. This paper explains about the role of hydrography in supporting economic value for fishermen and sustainable fisheries resource in installation fish aggregating devices (FADs), solving fishermen conflicts, and fisheries port. First, key role in installation FADs, effective and efficient of FADs is depend on the where FADs is installed. There are some criterias that must be considered for installing FADs such as sea depth, distance between FADs, seabed contour, free from shipping lanes, and oceanographic parameters. Those criterias needs data from Hidrography survey. Second, role of hydrography in conflict resolution by creating special map with clear coordinate points to show the boundary of fishing area that often occuring the conflict of fishermen. Third, role of hydrography to determine appropriate place for establishing fishing port. By doing hydrography survey to collect the field data in building jetty, cruise lanes, and break water port. 

IMPROVEMENT OF JAPANESE MILITARY CAPABILITIES AND IMPLICATIONS ON INDONESIA‚??S NATIONAL DEFENSE

Marsono, Marsono ( Indonesia Defense University ) , D.A.R., Deni ( Indonesia Defense University ) , Asmoro, Novky ( Indonesia Defense University )

e-ISSN: 2549-945
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Abstract - In the historical record, Japan was among the most prominent country in military aspect. Japanese military force at that time was evidenced by the strength of their personnel and equipment. This article aims to explore and analyze the development of Japanese military capabilities and ascertaining its implication on ASEAN and the defense of Indonesia. This study uses data analysis technique and narrative qualitative methods, each data that has been collected and validated will be analyzed through data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion/verification. From this study, it can be concluded that the improvement of Japanese military capabilities is strongly related to the interest and conflict between several countries such as China, Japan and North Korea. Therefore, Indonesia needs to have preventive measure in anticipating the rise or improvement of Japanese military capabilities even if it has a harmonious cooperation with Japan in many aspects. After all, Indonesia was one of the direct victims of Japanese imperialism and militarism.

INDONESIA - INDIA DEFENSE DIPLOMACY IN THE INDIAN OCEAN

Sari, Marina Ika ( Universitas Pertahanan Indonesia ) , Hutabarat, Leonard F. ( Kemlu RI ) , Octavian, Amarulla ( SESKOAL )

e-ISSN: 2549-945
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Abstract - This study focuses on defense diplomacy between Indonesia and India in the Indian Ocean. This study used defense diplomacy concept and qualitative method with Soft System Methodology (SSM) and NVivo for the analysis technique. The data was collected through interviews and literature study. The results show that Indian Ocean has become important region in the geopolitic in the 21st century. Indonesia and India view the Indian Ocean as their strategic environment. Diplomatic ties between Indonesia and India have built since 1951 and enhanced with Strategic Partnership open the opportunity for both countries to conduct defense diplomacy in the Indian Ocean. Forms of defense diplomacy between Indonesia and India are through Biennial Defense Minister Forum, Joint Defence Cooperation Committee (JDCC), Navy to Navy Talk, India-Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (Ind-Indo Corpat). The defense diplomacy activities aim to improve the Confidence Building Measures (CBM) and the defense capability.

THE EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLE AND COMPENSATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT OF BABINSA IN JAKARTA

Syahchari, Dicky Hida ( University of Tama Jagakarsa ) , Kurnia, Lifany Husnul

e-ISSN: 2549-945
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

This study investigates the conceptualization of the leadership style and compensation within organizational commitment of Babinsa in Jakarta as  well  as examining  the   leadership style and compensation  on  organizational commitment by  previous  researchers. This study use qualitative method by  reviewing  and  integrates  previous  studies  to  point  to  the  significance  of  the   leadership style and compensation towards organizational commitment of Babinsa specifically in  Jakarta. This  study proposes  a  research  framework  to  investigate  the  relationship  of  leadership style and compensation  on organizational commitment of Babinsa in Jakarta. The study is  particularly  useful for  practitioners  by  identifying  advantages  of  suitable  organizational commitment of Babinsa in Jakarta.  

ANALYSIS OF DEFENSE COOPERATION AGREEMENT BETWEEN INDONESIA AND SINGAPORE IN 2007‚??2017 THROUGH DEFENSE DIPLOMACY GOAL VARIABLE

Milia, Jana ( Indonesia Defense University ) , Kurniawan, Yandry, Poespitohadi, Wibisono

e-ISSN: 2549-945
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

Defense cooperation agreement between Indonesia and Singapore has been signed on April 27th 2007 in Tampak Siring, Bali by both country‚??s defense Minister, signifying a further comprehensive agreement based on the content of the DCA (Defense Cooperation Agreement). This defense agreement, in addition of being a continuation of other previous defense cooperation such as Military Training Area in 1995 until 2003, is also a further initiative of Singapore in order to build a mutually beneficial cooperation. In fact, this agreement has also been packaged with extradition agreement which was the initiative of Indonesia. Although the agreement has been signed and agreed by both countries, this agreement was not ratified by Indonesian House of Representatives. Thus, this research will explain about factors or variables that causes the failure of Singapore defense diplomacy. This research uses liberalism perspective, defense diplomacy and bilateral diplomacy concept. The employed research method is analytical descriptive method. Data is collected through interview with 7 informants including academicians, practioners, and other related expert. The data is also obtained from various literatures. Based on 4 defense diplomacy goals variables such as Diplomacy, National Interest, Defense Instrument Usage, Peacetime and Potential Enemy, this research finds that Defense Cooperation Agreement in 2007-2017 has not been succsesful yet because there was a difference between Indonesia‚??s and Singapore‚??s national interest. The difference came from the division in Indonesia between its government and parliament where the Government prioritized beneficial cooperation while the Parliament prioritized sovereignty principle.

THE ROLE OF ASSISTANT GENERAL TO SUPPORT AND STRENGTHEN BATTLE OPERATIONS OF INFANTRY BRIGADE UNITS

Darmawan, Darmawan ( UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta ) , Sudaryati, Sudaryati ( STIA LAN Bandung )

e-ISSN: 2549-945
Publisher : Indonesia Defence University

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Abstract

ABSTRACT - This conceptual paper proposes a model theory of applying strategic management to the field of personnel resource management. When a country is about to engage in war, one very important thing to understand is the characteristic of the war. In peacetime, the armed forces must prepare for wartime. No two wars are identical, because war is produced by The Paradoxical Trinity. Therefore, the big question is: what is the function and role of Adjutant General corps in this increasingly multidimensional war? The recruitment of adjutant general personnel can no longer rely solely on officers and staff and civil servants on the basis of qualifications as drafted in the Conception of the Adjutant General Transformation in order to support the basic tasks and functions of Army. The Adjutant General corps will also need officers and staff who have experience in the war and staff who have comprehensive analysis skill that includes the three elements of war in The Paradoxical Trinity. This means that Adjutant General should have a specialty in accurately analysing personnel‚??s capabilities. The main advantage of this scheme is allowing higher vigilance to anticipate war. The ability to receive data and then process it will affect the strength of the army as a whole. Upon this conclusion it is recommended to establish a new sub directorate which functions are to collect information on legislation, daily orders; organizing, inspecting, controlling, and mobilizing troops, military punishment, desertions and rotation of troops to then analyse it for the purpose of providing reports and suggestions for personnel/troop deployment, logistics and movements at headquarters and users. The breadth of this function will result in the importance of the improvement of the competence and position of the Directorate of Adjutant General from Brigadier General to Major General.