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Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
Jurnal yang memuat hasil - hasil penelitian terkait ilmu alam dan lingkungan termasuk review meliputi lingkungan, kelautan, konservasi, mikrobiologi, bioaktif, dan yang relevan.
Articles
27
Articles
ANALISIS POPULASI BAKTERI PADA AIR ASAM TAMBANG DENGAN PERLAKUAN SEDIMEN MANGROVE

Fahruddin, Fahruddin

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Limbah air asam tambang merupakan sumber pencemar pada lingkungan yang bisa mengganggu kehidupan berbagai organisme, dapat ditanggulangi  secara biologis dengan memanfaatkan mikroba dari sedimen lahan basah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dinamika populasi mikroba pada air asam tambang dengan perlakuan sedimen  mangrove, perhitungan total mikroba dengan metode  standard plate count .Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan  perlakuan sedimen mangrove meningkatkan pertumbuhan populasi mikroba pada hari ke-15 yaitu 3,5 x 106  sel/ml pada perlakuan I dan 1,53 x106  sel/ml pada hari ke-15 pada perlakuan II, sedangkan pada perlakuan III sebagai kontrol jumlah mikroba hanya 0,2 x 106  di awal inkubasi dan terus menurun hingga hari ke 25.Hasil isolasi mikroba dari sedimen mangrove, didapatkan 13 isolat yang berbeda berdasarkan ciri morfologi secara makroskopis meliputi warna, bentuk, tipe dan elevasi koloni.

Analysis of Water Quality In Sebangau River Kereng Bengkiray Port Based On Phytoplanktons Diversity and Composition

Nirmalasari, Ridha

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This research is aimed to know the diversity, composition and structure of phytoplankton community and the contamination status of organic wastes in the Sebangau river bengkiray Palangkaraya port. This research uses purposive sampling that is calculation of dominance index calculation data for phytoplankton using Simpson dominance index formula. With a total composition for all types of 756 species. The results showed that the highest composition was Bacillaria group (79%), while the other group was Chlrophyta (9%) and Cyanophytacomposition (12%). The presence of phytoplankton as an indicator that the water in the waters of the Sebangau river is not polluted, because the phytoplankton is a plant whose respiration system utilizes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen so that the water in the waters of the Sebangau River is of good quality and feasible to consumed.

Extract Mushroom (Volvariella volvaceae) As a Stimulator Increased Hemoglobin Animal Test

Muharram, Andi Fatmawati, Naim, Nurlia, S, A Heri

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the ability of extracts of edible mushroom to increase hemoglobin rabbit. The method used is by using a photometer Cyanmethemoglobin C-206 Biochemyistri. Observations made with three times the measurement of hemoglobin, the measurement of the initial Hb, after induced, and after treatment. Extract of mushroom with a concentration of 2%, 4%, and 6% w/v to increase hemoglobin in test animals rabbits respectively 11.8%, 35.54%, and 79.32%. Extract with a concentration of 6% w/v had no significantly different effect with the provision of suspension ferosi sulfate 0.117% w/v, namely 86.9%. Analysis results obtained by the method ANAVA Fhitung > Ftabel at α = 0.05 and α = 0.01 with the value of each 275.52 > 275.52 3.48 and > 5.99, which means the results obtained that there are significant significant differences in the effects of each treatment.

Characterization of Stomatal Leaf of Herbal Plant Andredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis and Gratophyllum pictum (L.) Griff.

Tambaru, Elis, Ura, Resti, Tuwo, Mustika

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Research on the characterization of stromata leaves of herbal plants Andredera cordifolia and Gratophyllum pictum in Makassar. This study aims to determine the morphological structure of leaves and stomata leaves that are used as herbal plants. Stomata data was used by acetone to get stomata mold, the data were analyzed descriptively. The result of research show that Andredera cordifolia are anisocytic stomata type, 30 stomata/mm2 abaxial stomata, 512 epidermis/mm2 and 368 epidermis/mm2 abaxial, potato stomata spreading in both leaf surface, bigger abaxial stomata size 887,330 μm , longest abaxial stomata greater than 25 μm and 8.0% stomata index. Gratophyllum pictum type stomata diasistik, stomata number 292 stomata/mm2, number of epidermis adaxial 1400 epidermis/mm2 and abaxial 1080 epidermis/mm2, apple stomata spread, staple abaxial smaller size 682,560 μm, and stomata index 21,3%.

Potential Types of Herbal Plants in Bambapuang, District of Enrekang, South Sulawesi

HR, Evi Anggraeni, Tambaru, Elis, Salam, Muhtadin Asnady, Latunra, Andi Ilham

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Research on Plant Types of Potential Drugs in the village Bambapuang Enrekang was conducted in April-June 2017. This study aims to determine the types of plants that have the potential drug in the village Bambapuang Enrekang. The method used is the method of cruising cruise method. Results of research conducted at the Village Community Bambapuang shows that there are 53 species of plants used as medicine, consisting of two (2) Classis is Dicotyledoneae as much as 27 familia and Monocotyledoneae four (4) familia. Species most widely used of Classis Dicotyledoneae that soursop (40%), cat whiskers (36%) and guava (32%). Species involved are the least used of Classis Monocotyledoneae such as corn, ginger, bananas and dayak onions with a percentage of 4%. Organ of the plant most widely used as medicine are the leaves (75,47%) and the least was a stylus (1,88%), tubers (1,88%), bark (1,88%), and the sap (1,88%). Processing plants as the drug most widely used is by boiling (52,84%) and the least used by way of squeezed (0,81%).

Potention of Giving Earth-Worm Food Lumbricus rubellus Toward Colour Alteration To The Guppy Poecilia reticulata

Hasyim, Zohra, Ambeng, Ambeng, Andriani, Irma, Saputri, Andi Rismayani

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The research entitled “Potention of Giving Earth-Worm Food Lumbricus rubellus Toward Colour Alteration to The Guppy Fish Poecilia reticulata” was aimed to find the influence of earth-worm Lumbricus rubellus extra increment toward colour alteration to the guppy fish Poecilia reticulata. The research was conducted for a month using  three kind treatments of food,   those were W0 (food composed of fish meal without earth-worm, Lumbricus rubellus), W1 (composed of fish meal with earth-worm  Lumbricus rubellus), and W2 (composed of earth-worm Lumbricus rubellus without fish meal). The available aquariums were 3 units with sized 12cm x 20cm x 20 cm. The cultivated test fish (± 3 cm) were acclimated for 2 days.  Three test fish placed into three experiment aquarium each.  Formulation of food intake was 3% based on the weight of the fish and was given  2 times a day. The parameter of water quality measured in this research were temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen (DO). Data analysis using henry and grime formula (1993). The result of the research showed that there was an increasing of caratenoid in guppy fish Poecilia reticulata for each treatment of W0, W1 and W2 treatments. The high carotenoid increasing occured in W2. 

Species and Microhabitat of Crabs in Lantangpeo Mangrove Tanakeke Islands South Sulawesi

Priosambodo, Dody, Erviani, A Evi

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Research about crabs species (brachyura) in Lantangpeo, Tanakeke Islands, South Sulawesi has been conducted. The aim of this research was to know the crabs species on different type of mangrove microhabitat. Crabs collected with purposive sampling method in mangrove forest around the coastline, tidal creek, fish pond and sheltered waters between Lantangpeo island and Tanakeke island. From sampling activities there were found 28 species of crabs from 13 families. The number of crabs species in mangrove forest around the coastline were higher compared to another type of microhabitat. On the contrary, converted mangrove area (fish pond) were only supported least crabs species. It can be concluded that microhabitat in mangrove forest around the coastline supported more crabs species.  

Biodegradation Capability Analysis of Petroleum Hydrocarbon by Marine Bacteria Isolate From Territorial Water Column of Paotere Port Makassar as In Vitro

Masud, Asrianty

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

The research about the biodegradation capability analysis of petroleum hydrocarbon by marine bacteria isolate from territorial water column of Paotere port Makassar as in vitro was conducted. The aim of this research was to know the biodegradation capability of petroleum hydrocarbon quantitatively by marine bacteria isolate from water column in Paotere port, Makassar. This research consist of two phases of working, those are characteristic of hydrocarbon degraded bacteria and quantitative process of hydrocarbon biodegradable from degraded bacteria. The result shows there are three different isolates ; isolate A in bacilli shape (Gram negative), isolate B in coccus shape (Gram negative), and isolate C in coccus shape (Gram positive) and the capability to degrading hydrocarbon from the highest respectively are isolate B (83,91%), isolate A (80,53%), and isolate C (72,86%).

Diversity of Mangrove In Gedangan Village Purwodadi Subdistrict Purworejo Regency Central Java

Rahayu, Slamet Mardiyanto, Syuhriatin, Syuhriatin, Wiryanto, Wiryanto

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 17 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This research aims to know diversity of mangrove in Gedangan Village, Purwodadi Subdistrict, Purworejo Regency, Central Java. This research conducted on June-September 2016 with purposive sampling methods with three station. Based on the results of the research are nine mangrove species found are: Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia alba, Nypa fruticans, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Ipomoea pescaprae, Acanthus ilicifolius, Gymnanthera paludosa, Wedelia biflora, and Scirpus sp. Diversity of tree mangrove are low (H’ station 2=0,95 and H’ station 3= 0,15). Diversity of sapling mangrove are low with H’ in station 1, 2, and 3 are 0,2; 0,68; dan 0,08. And diversity of mangrove seedling and lower plants are medium with H’ in station 1, 2, and 3 are 1,17; 1,56; and 1,48. Environment condition in all station is relatively good to support live of mangrove plant.That is temperature  28-30°C, pH 7-8, DO 4,0-6,5 mg/l, salinity 6-9 ppt, and sandy mud substrat.

Aktivitas Antimikroba Ekstrak Dietil Eter Rimpang Lempuyang Wangi (Zingiber aromaticum Vahl.) Terhadap Bakteri Patogen Secara Klt-Bioautografi

Dwyana, Zaraswati

Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 15 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

Antimicrobial Activity of Dietil Eter extract of Lempuyang Wangi Rimpang (Zingiber aromaticum Vahl.) to pathogen bacterial  through TLC-Bioautography. Research has done by screening test using Streptococcus mutans, Vibrio sp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans by methanol extract, diethyl ether extract and nbuthanol extract which were use 1 mg/ml. Result which obtained exhibit diethyl ether extract inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Vibrio sp. Antimicrobial potential assay of diethyl ether extract of Zingiber aromaticum Vahl. has done by liquid dilution method to get the MIC value in concentration of 0,05 %, 0,1 %, 0,2 %, 0,4%, and 0,8 % which continued by smearing on solidified medium to get the MLC value. The result shown that MKC could not be determined due to turbidity of the test solution mean while the MLC of the extract as much as 0,2 % on Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhi and  0,4 % on Staphylococcus epidermidis and Vibrio sp. TLC-bioautography test has done to get the compound which had antimicrobial activity. The best result was obtained from separation through TLCbioautography by means of eluent n-hexan : ethyl acetate (8 : 2). TLC-bioautography test result shown that the spot in Rf 0,07 has antimicrobial activity on Staphylococcus epidermidis, Rf 0,2 has antimicrobial activity on Vibrio sp., Rf 0,07, 0,45, 0,56 and 0,69 has antimicrobial activity on Bacillus subtilis, and Rf 0,2 has antimicrobial activity on Salmonella typhi. Identification result of the chemical component shown that the active compound which given positif result on spot viewer were in Rf 0,07; 0,2; 0,45; 0,56; and 0,69.