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Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 20864604     EISSN : 25498819     DOI : -
Jurnal yang memuat hasil - hasil penelitian terkait ilmu alam dan lingkungan termasuk review meliputi lingkungan, kelautan, konservasi, mikrobiologi, bioaktif, dan yang relevan.
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Articles 43 Documents
Aktivitas Antimikroba Ekstrak Dietil Eter Rimpang Lempuyang Wangi (Zingiber aromaticum Vahl.) Terhadap Bakteri Patogen Secara Klt-Bioautografi Dwyana, Zaraswati
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.786 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i1.3928

Abstract

Antimicrobial Activity of Dietil Eter extract of Lempuyang Wangi Rimpang (Zingiber aromaticum Vahl.) to pathogen bacterial  through TLC-Bioautography. Research has done by screening test using Streptococcus mutans, Vibrio sp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans by methanol extract, diethyl ether extract and nbuthanol extract which were use 1 mg/ml. Result which obtained exhibit diethyl ether extract inhibit the growth of Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhi, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Vibrio sp. Antimicrobial potential assay of diethyl ether extract of Zingiber aromaticum Vahl. has done by liquid dilution method to get the MIC value in concentration of 0,05 %, 0,1 %, 0,2 %, 0,4%, and 0,8 % which continued by smearing on solidified medium to get the MLC value. The result shown that MKC could not be determined due to turbidity of the test solution mean while the MLC of the extract as much as 0,2 % on Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhi and  0,4 % on Staphylococcus epidermidis and Vibrio sp. TLC-bioautography test has done to get the compound which had antimicrobial activity. The best result was obtained from separation through TLCbioautography by means of eluent n-hexan : ethyl acetate (8 : 2). TLC-bioautography test result shown that the spot in Rf 0,07 has antimicrobial activity on Staphylococcus epidermidis, Rf 0,2 has antimicrobial activity on Vibrio sp., Rf 0,07, 0,45, 0,56 and 0,69 has antimicrobial activity on Bacillus subtilis, and Rf 0,2 has antimicrobial activity on Salmonella typhi. Identification result of the chemical component shown that the active compound which given positif result on spot viewer were in Rf 0,07; 0,2; 0,45; 0,56; and 0,69.
Analysis of Water Quality In Sebangau River Kereng Bengkiray Port Based On Phytoplanktons Diversity and Composition Nirmalasari, Ridha
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Imu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (443.779 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v9i17.4008

Abstract

This research is aimed to know the diversity, composition and structure of phytoplankton community and the contamination status of organic wastes in the Sebangau river bengkiray Palangkaraya port. This research uses purposive sampling that is calculation of dominance index calculation data for phytoplankton using Simpson dominance index formula. With a total composition for all types of 756 species. The results showed that the highest composition was Bacillaria group (79%), while the other group was Chlrophyta (9%) and Cyanophytacomposition (12%). The presence of phytoplankton as an indicator that the water in the waters of the Sebangau river is not polluted, because the phytoplankton is a plant whose respiration system utilizes carbon dioxide and releases oxygen so that the water in the waters of the Sebangau River is of good quality and feasible to consumed.
Potensi Antibakteri Empat Species Lactobacillus dari Susu Fermentasi Terhadap Mikroba Patogen Dwyana, Zaraswati
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.181 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i16.2982

Abstract

Salah satu kelompok bakteri asam laktat yang banyak ditemukan pada susu fermentasiadalah Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus spp danLactobacillus acidophilus. Dalam studi ini ketiga species digabungkan untukmengetahui efektifitasnya sebagai probiotik yang mampu menghasilkan senyawaantibakteri terhadap bakteri patogen. Uji antibakteri dilakuan dengan metode difusiagar pada medium Glukosa Nutrient Agar. Bkateri patogen yang diujikan adalahEscherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus dan Candida albicans. Hasil uji antibakteriterhadap kombinasi kultur diketahui bahwa Lactobacillus bulgaricus denganLactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus bulgaricus dengan Lactobacillus sp, Lactobacillusacidophilus dengan Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus achidophilus denganLactobacillus sp, Lactobacillus achidophilus dengan Lactobacillus bulgaricus,Lactobacillus sp dengan Lactobacillus casei dari dapat menghambat pertumbuhanStaphylococccus aureus, Escherichia coli dan Candida albicans. Diameter zonahambatan yang terbesar adalah variasi Lactobacillus bulgaricus dengan Lactoabacillusspp terhadap Candida albicans sebesar 19,33 mm, variasi Lactobacillus acidophilusdengan Lactobacillus casei terhadap Staphylococcus aureus sebesar 19,83 mm,sedangkan variasi Lactobacillus lactis dengan Lactobacillus casei terhadap Escherichiacoli sebesar 29,49 mm.
Keragaman Jenis Tumbuhan Obat Indigenous Di Sulawesi Selatan Tambaru, Elis
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.234 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i15.3041

Abstract

Penelitian  keragaman  jenis tumbuhan obat  indigenous berasal dari tumbuhan liar di alam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifkasi keragaman jenis-jenis  tumbuhan indigenous, organ tumbuhan yang digunakan, dan cara pengolahannya untuk  penanggulangan beberapa macam penyakit pada masyarakat di  Sulawesi Selatan. Metode penelitian ini adalah deskriptif yang bersifat eksploratif. Pengumpulan data kualitatif dilakukan dengan metode jelajah Cruise Method. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa tumbuhan indigenous berkhasiat obat ditemukan sebanyak 9 (sembilan) jenis yaitu: bandotan Ageratum conyzoides L.;  kirinyu Eupatorium odoratum L.; insulin Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray.; hiptis Hyptis capitata Mart. & Gal.; patikan kebo Euphorbia hirta L.; tembelekan Lantana camara L.; senggani Melastoma   malabathricum L.; sirih-sirihan Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth,  dan ketepeng cina Cassia  alata L. Organ tumbuhan yang banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku obat yaitu: organ daun dan  proses pengolahan dengan cara direbus.  Kata kunci: keragaman , tumbuhan  obat,  indigenous  
Extract Mushroom (Volvariella volvaceae) As a Stimulator Increased Hemoglobin Animal Test Muharram, Andi Fatmawati; Naim, Nurlia; S, A Heri
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Imu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.424 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v9i17.4003

Abstract

This study aims to determine the ability of extracts of edible mushroom to increase hemoglobin rabbit. The method used is by using a photometer Cyanmethemoglobin C-206 Biochemyistri. Observations made with three times the measurement of hemoglobin, the measurement of the initial Hb, after induced, and after treatment. Extract of mushroom with a concentration of 2%, 4%, and 6% w/v to increase hemoglobin in test animals rabbits respectively 11.8%, 35.54%, and 79.32%. Extract with a concentration of 6% w/v had no significantly different effect with the provision of suspension ferosi sulfate 0.117% w/v, namely 86.9%. Analysis results obtained by the method ANAVA Fhitung > Ftabel at α = 0.05 and α = 0.01 with the value of each 275.52 > 275.52 3.48 and > 5.99, which means the results obtained that there are significant significant differences in the effects of each treatment.
Analisis Vegetasi Tanaman Bawah Berkhasiat Obat Pada Sistem Agrisilvikultur di Lembang Sereale Toraja Utara Ura’, Resti
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (286.237 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i16.2989

Abstract

Analisis vegetasi dilakukan untuk mengetahui seberapa besar sebaran berbagai spesies dalam suatu area melalui pengamatan langsung. Oleh karena itu maka dilakukan penelitian mengenai analisis vegetasi tumbuhan bawah berkhasiat obat pada sistem agrisilvikultur di Lembang Sereale Toraja Utara. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode analisis deskriptif kualitatatif. Hasil penelitian jenis tumbuhan bawah berkhasiat obat pada sistem agrisilvikultur dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat  9  jenis dari 7 familia tanaman bawah berkhasiat obat yang dibudidayakan oleh masyarakat dalam sistem agrisilvikultur. Indeks Nilai Penting (INP)  pada tanaman bawah berkhasiat obat  tertinggi adalah jenis Colocasia esculenta sebanyak 103,05% merupakan tanaman yang  dominan dan terendah pada jenis tanaman Sauropus androgymus dan Orthosiphon aristatus sebanyak 3,82% merupakan jenis yang tidak dominan. Sistem agrisilvikultur di Lembang Sereale memiliki  indeks kekayaan jenis termasuk dalam kategori rendah (R = 1,508), nilai indeks keanekaragaman jenis berada pada kategori rendah (H’ = 0,843), dan nilai indeks kemerataan jenis kategori  rendah (E = 0,383).
Struktur Komunitas Padang Lamun di Perairan Kepulauan Waisai Kabupaten Raja Ampat Papua Barat Ansal, Muh Haidir
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.114 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i15.3926

Abstract

The research about Community structure of seagrass was conducted in the waters of Waisai, South Waigeo District, Raja Ampat, West Papua. The aim of this study was to determine the community structure of seagrass beds found in the waters of the Waisai archipelago, Raja Ampat, West Papua using quadrant transect method. Data of community structure were obtained at 3 stations that were station I  in the countryside of Waisai (Post AL), station II in the Resort Waiwo (Waiwo Dive Center) and Station III in Saporkren village near residential areas. The results of this study discovered seven species of seagrass; Enhalus acoroides, Halophila decipiens, H. ovalis, Thalassia hemprichii, Cymodocea rotundata, Halodule pinifolia, Syringodium isoetifolium in all stations. Cymodocea rotundata had the highest importance value index (IV) which amounted to 79.22%, 161.15% and 134.68% in each station, respectively. While Syringodium isoetifolium had the lowest importance value index, respectively 00,00%, 6.91% and 7.80% in each station. Seagrass of Waisai waters had clumped distribution patterns. The seagrass Cymodocea rotundata is the most dominant seagrass species and influential in the community and the results of environmental parameters, pH, temperature, salinity, substrate, measured in research location are still feasible and great for the growth of seagra
Characterization of Stomatal Leaf of Herbal Plant Andredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis and Gratophyllum pictum (L.) Griff. Tambaru, Elis; Ura', Resti; Tuwo, Mustika
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Imu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (633.292 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v9i17.4007

Abstract

Research on the characterization of stromata leaves of herbal plants Andredera cordifolia and Gratophyllum pictum in Makassar. This study aims to determine the morphological structure of leaves and stomata leaves that are used as herbal plants. Stomata data was used by acetone to get stomata mold, the data were analyzed descriptively. The result of research show that Andredera cordifolia are anisocytic stomata type, 30 stomata/mm2 abaxial stomata, 512 epidermis/mm2 and 368 epidermis/mm2 abaxial, potato stomata spreading in both leaf surface, bigger abaxial stomata size 887,330 μm , longest abaxial stomata greater than 25 μm and 8.0% stomata index. Gratophyllum pictum type stomata diasistik, stomata number 292 stomata/mm2, number of epidermis adaxial 1400 epidermis/mm2 and abaxial 1080 epidermis/mm2, apple stomata spread, staple abaxial smaller size 682,560 μm, and stomata index 21,3%.
Isolasidan Karakterisasi Morfologi Aktinomiset Indigenus Asal Tanah Gambut Astuty, Eka
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.413 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v8i16.2980

Abstract

Aktinomiset merupakan kelompok mikroorganisme yang tersebar luas di lingkungan darat, air tawar dan laut. Aktinomiset memainkan peran penting dalam dekomposisi bahan organik dan dengan demikian mengisi pasokan nutrisi dalam tanah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisolasi dan karakterisasi morfologi aktinomiset indigenus asal tanah gambut. Isolasi aktinomiset dari contoh tanah gambut yang memiliki karakteristik pH 4.7, rasio C/N 38 dan nilai KTK 70.5 asal Tanjung Jabung Barat, Jambi.Isolat yang diperoleh dimurnikan dan diremajakan kembali pada media Yeast Malt Agar (YMA). Isolat aktinomiset yang telah murni ditumbuhkan pada tiga jenis media pertumbuhan yaitu Yeast Malt Agar (YMA), Yeast Starch Agar (YSA), dan Oatmeal Agar (OM) selama ±10 hari pada suhu ruang. Selanjutnya, dilakukan pengelompokan isolat aktinomiset berdasarkan warna koloninya. Terdapat 80 koloni aktinomiset yang berhasil diisolasi dari contoh tanah gambut, yang tumbuh pada media agar-agar HV dan dimurnikan di media YMA.  Hasil seleksi berdasarkan keragaman bentuk koloni dari 80 isolat diperoleh 20 isolat murni yang memiliki beragam morfologi koloni, menghasilkan miselia aerial dan mampu tumbuh baik serta bersporulasi pada umur 7-14 hari. Karakteristik morfologi ini mengindikasikan isolat-isolat tersebut adalah Streptomyces sp.
Potential Types of Herbal Plants in Bambapuang, District of Enrekang, South Sulawesi HR, Evi Anggraeni; Tambaru, Elis; Salam, Muhtadin Asnady; Latunra, Andi Ilham
Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan Vol 9, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Imu Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (67.648 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jal.v9i17.4002

Abstract

Research on Plant Types of Potential Drugs in the village Bambapuang Enrekang was conducted in April-June 2017. This study aims to determine the types of plants that have the potential drug in the village Bambapuang Enrekang. The method used is the method of cruising cruise method. Results of research conducted at the Village Community Bambapuang shows that there are 53 species of plants used as medicine, consisting of two (2) Classis is Dicotyledoneae as much as 27 familia and Monocotyledoneae four (4) familia. Species most widely used of Classis Dicotyledoneae that soursop (40%), cat whiskers (36%) and guava (32%). Species involved are the least used of Classis Monocotyledoneae such as corn, ginger, bananas and dayak onions with a percentage of 4%. Organ of the plant most widely used as medicine are the leaves (75,47%) and the least was a stylus (1,88%), tubers (1,88%), bark (1,88%), and the sap (1,88%). Processing plants as the drug most widely used is by boiling (52,84%) and the least used by way of squeezed (0,81%).