ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ELS-JISH is, a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University Publication, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.
Articles
42
Articles
The Depiction of Slavery through Animal Treatment in Sewell’s Black Beauty in Relation to Living with Environment

Wahyuni, Sri, Harun, Sudarmin

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (400.658 KB)

Abstract

The purposes of this research were (1) to elaborate the kind of slavery depiction through animal treatment in Sewell’s Black Beauty and (2) to exposure how the human treatment to horses in the novel is considered as a form of slavery in England Victorian age. The data were obtained from Sewell’s Black Beauty through a descriptive qualitative method by applying Sociological Approach. The study concluded that human treatment to horses is considered slavery for violating laws on animal protection. Horses are created to work but also there are rules in using them. There were four animal Anti-Cruelty laws in 1867 existed in the novel. Those laws are penalty for overdriving cruelly treating animal, for impounding animals without giving sufficient food and water, penalty for carrying animals in a cruel manner and penalty for abandoning infirm animals in public place. This study also suggest human being that there is no rights of one creature to judge another creatures.

Code Switching on Students’ Group Presentation in EFL Classroom

Harmilawati, Harmilawati

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (608.952 KB)

Abstract

The study aimed to find out the functions of code switching used by the lecturer and the students during group presentation, and the lecturer and the students’ perception toward the use of code switching in EFL classroom during group presentation. This study is a qualitative research design. The subjects of the study were an English lecturer and three students in second semester of STKIP Muhammadiyah Bone, which were taken through convenience sampling technique. The data of this study were collected by employing classroom observation and interview. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively by using three steps, namely reducing, describing, and classifying. The result of the research showed that the lecturer employed code switching in EFL classroom during the students’ group presentation for some functions, namely to emphasize the important point, to reinforce a request, to ease of expression, to change of attitude relationship, checking for students’ understanding, lapses, self-correction, and speech connective. To emphasize the important point and reinforce a request became most frequently used by the lecturer. There were five functions of code switching used by the students during group presentation, namely to emphasize the important point, to suit the domain knowledge, to reinforce a request, to change of attitude relationship, and to self-correction. To suit the domain knowledge became the most frequently used by the students. The lecturer and the students’ perception towards the use of code switching in EFL classroom during group presentation were mostly positive. The lecturer and the students need code switching in teaching and learning English because it can make them easy to understand and comprehend from the material given. Code switching also effective in enlarging the students’ vocabulary, helped them to learn English, made them be more active in classroom interaction and influenced their fluency in speaking English.

The Power of Woman in Weiner’s Little Earthquakes

Soraya, Andi Inayah

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.172 KB)

Abstract

This research aimed to explain the power of women as a good wife and mother to face many problems in their life. It applies psychological Maslow’s theory, who proposes five steps of Hierarchy of Needs covering Psychological Needs, Safety Needs, Belongingness and Love Needs, Esteem Needs, and Self-Actualization. This research used descriptive qualitative method which used to analysis and explained how the psychological theory was applied in literary work focused on character analysis in this novel. The data in this research were taken from the dialogue and narration of the novel. The finding of analysis indicates that there are four mothers struggling to fulfill their needs in life. They are Becky, Kelly, Ayinde, and Lia. Based on the novel, those of characters have a lot of problems in their life. Not only problems, as human they also have kind of needs. To analyze their needs, the researcher connected with Hierarchy of needs by Maslow and found that they can fulfill all the steps start from Psychological, Safety, Belongingness, Esteem, and the high step is Self-Actualization. In spite of they need struggling which is not easy. But from their intention, support from each other called sisterhood, and love form people around them, they can solve their problem and fulfilled their needs.

Bilingualism: Diglossia and Code-Switching to Indonesian Scholars

Arjulayana, Arjulayana

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.304 KB)

Abstract

Code switching and Diglossia’s population can be found in variety places, both formal and informal places. This paper is aimed to report the data analysis relate with diglossia and code switching which is happen to Indonesian Scholar. For many reasons diglossia and code switching are parts of language varieties, and as the unique Indonesian characteristics, because not all countries are getting diglossia phenomenon. It happened only for country that has high and low languages use in their daily interaction. This belief assumes that diglossia and code switching as the varieties of language can be adapted to foster learner’s ability, creativity, and awareness in practicing their language. The study is uses qualitative approach, with descriptive analysis. The purposive sampling is used to gain the data, with 5 questions in short answer form, and 5 questions with close ended question-answer to 16 higher students of 2nd semester from University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta majoring of religious education department. This research uses triangulation to know the validity of the data. The result of this research shows; firstly, bilingualism is a language varieties and happened in Indonesia with highest code-switching population can advocate Indonesia scholar to conserve one of local wisdom, and language varieties.  Secondly, bilingual is familiar to Indonesian Scholar, because most of Indonesian scholars have their own local language. This also shown from their status in some social medias, way of interact; daily language uses, and etc. Thirdly, practicing bilingual is fun, and it could be good habit for them, because in special condition, sometimes their own language helps them to melt the situation in conversation context

Speech Genre: A Study of Gossip in Australia English Speaking Context

Hamka, Nurhadi

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (415.357 KB)

Abstract

A gossip as a casual conversation usually occurs in diverse context or a wide range of social situations; has distinct and various topics; and involve an irregular set of participants. The scholars scrutinize that conversation has highly structured activity of which people tacitly realize that there are some basic conventions to follow – such as when to speak or to stay silent and to listen. In this study, I specifically discuss one of the speech genre – a gossip, in Australia English speaking context. The gossip data of the study is taken from the research conducted by Thornburry, Scott, and Slade, Diana (2006). In a discussion, I focus the analysis of the generic structure of the gossip and how it establishes the social function (within) the speech members. Several findings conveyed that: 1) there is a leeway of shifting from one genre to another – e.g. narrative to gossip, within the same participants; 2) conversation can be successful if all the participants aware of and follow the basic conventions – when to talk or to listen, support to judgement or reluctant to the focus of conversation; 3) the genre, e.g. narrative or gossip, could motivate people to leave or to join the conversation which then could establish and reinforce the group membership and maintain the values of the social group.

Erotic Narration of Syair Lebai Guntur

Mustari, Mustari

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (403.17 KB)

Abstract

The text of Syair Lebay Guntur contained in the Syair Lebay Guntur text by Raja Ali Haji records the traces of the disgraceful behavior of some Malay people in the past who practiced "Cina Buta" marriages. It is aiming to find muhallil or a proponent to reconcile a couple (wife and husband) who had divorced by triple divorce. Because the problem raised in the poetry is a matter of muhallil, inevitably, its diction appears to be erotic in every verses of the poetry. This study employed the theory of diction and language style with stylistic analysis of Malay to uncover two raised problems they are (1) Can erotic diction contained in SLG be categorized as vulgar pornography? (2) How to interpret the erotic diction? The findings show that the erotic diction in Syair Lebai Guntur poem cannot be categorized as pornography diction, but it rather as a diction adapted to the poems theme of the practice of "Cina Buta" marriage. The diction considered as an allusion that is intended as teaching values which is not need to be copied by anyone to avoid a disgrace.

Self-Assessment: Its Roles for Higher Education Students In Academic Writing Class

Fristiara, Cahyaning

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.412 KB)

Abstract

Self-Assessment is one kind of assessment technique that used by the teacher and conducted by the students in making grade of learning. By using this kind of assessment, students are stimulated to find strength and weakness in learning process, to assess the understanding about material given by the lecturer, and to judge the achievement in Academic writing class. This paper aimed to investigate the roles of self-assessment in Academic Writing Class. Purposive sampling used as sampling technique, where 5 students in Academic Writing Class involved as research sample. Self-assessment questionnaire applied in this research to know the roles of self-assessment in Academic Writing class. Interview also conducted in collecting some additional information regarding the student difficulties in conducting self-assessment. The result of the study showed that the use of self-assessment in Academic Writing class is important to know students strength and weakness in teaching and learning process, to increase the motivation in writing, and to improve the writing performance. This research expected to give contributions in the educational development especially encourages student’s awareness to optimize the use of self-assessment in Academic Writing Class and as consideration for the teachers in conducting assessment process in the teaching and learning activity.

Error Analysis Found in Students’ Writing Composition of Simple Future Tense

Fitria, Tira Nur

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (391.078 KB)

Abstract

Error analysis is a way to investigate errors in the second or foreign language acquisition. This study of error (error analysis) is part of an investigation of the process of English language learning. This research will find the kind of error analysis found in students’ writing composition in the aspects of grammar, punctuation, and spelling and to find the most dominant kind of error analysis found in students’ writing composition of simple future tense. This research used the qualitative research to collect empirical data from the students’ written. By using this method, the data would be accurately collected. The object of the research is fifteen students’ writing composition which taken from 15 students of S1 Accounting STIE AAS Surakarta. The result of analysis shows that the students’ error in writing composition of simple future tense consists of three aspects of writing. First, in grammar, punctuation and spelling. In grammar aspect, there are errors in some points of class word like in noun (21 data or 36,84 %), determiner/article (2 data or 3,51 %), pronoun (1 data or 1,75 %), preposition (15 data or 26,32 %) and verb (18 data or 31,58 %), then the most dominant error in grammar aspect is noun. Second, in punctuation (16 data or 17,20%). Third, in spelling (20 data or 21,51%). Based on the frequency of each aspect of error writing shows that the most dominant error found in the students’ writing composition is in the aspect of grammar as 57 data or 61,29.

Using Spolsky’ Model in Examining Malaysia’s National Language Policy

Awang Habuan, Dayangku Alina

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (339.038 KB)

Abstract

Malaysia gained its independence on 31 August 1957 after the British Empire have fully relinquished its colonisation on the land. As with any newly independent polity, one of the ways for Malaysia, a multi-ethnic country, tries to establish its national identity is by establishing a language policy. This paper will examine Malaysia’s language policy planning using Bernard Spolsky’s (2004) model proposed in his book ‘Language Policy’ published by Cambridge University Press in 2004. In the book, Spolsky (2004) theorised that there are four major motivations that influences the decision of a country’s language policy planning. These four major motivations are, the sociolinguistic situation of a country, a country’s national identity or ideology, the effects of English as the language of a wider communication, and minority linguistic rights. In the case of Malaysia, each of Spolsky’s (2004) four forces does seem to have an impact on Malaysia’s language policy planning and the forces are very intertwined with each other. Malay as the dominant ethnic group in a sense has influenced the language chosen as the national language. However, being a diverse country, this decision does pose an issue at creating a national identity among its people. At the same time, English being the past colonial language and at present, the language for wider communication has caused Malaysia’s medium of instruction in public education policy to be seen as oscillating back and forth between Malay and English. On the other hand, minority linguistic rights in Malaysia has a long way to go since only certain indigenous languages are taught as elective subjects in schools.

The Comparison Of Mandarin Aspects and Indonesian Aspects

Septevany, Elvira

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 3 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.122 KB)

Abstract

For the foreigner students, Time aspects (usually can be referred as aspects) in Mandarin is a difficult grammar to be grasped. Indonesian student is no exception. There is only a little bit of similarities exist between Mandarin and Indonesian time aspects. For the example from the semantics point of view: Mandarin “le” and Indonesian “sudah” both of them can modify verbs to indicate an action that have been finished. Mandarin “zhe” and Indonesian “sedang” both of them also modify verbs indicating action that still happen. Mandarin “guo” and Indonesian “pernah” both of them also can modify verbs indicating action that had been happened, etc. Except these similarities, Mandarin and Indonesian time aspects have a lot of differences. For the example, in Mandarin time aspects are usually placed after the verbs, while in Indonesian time aspects placed before the verbs. Mandarin time aspects can only modify verb, while Indonesian can modify verb and adjective. For example, in Mandarin the action is already happened, it can’t use the adverb of frequency “chang-chang”. Eg “ta chang-chang shang xue chi dao le”. We can’t write it like this. But In Indonesian “sudah” can use adverb of frequency “sering” in sentences, eg : “dia sudah sering terlambat”. This sentences in Indonesian is correct. So, this paper will be analyzed the grammar of Mandarin aspect “le, zhe, guo” with Indonesian aspect “sudah, sedang, pernah”, compared both of them, and find the differences between both of them.