ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities
Published by Universitas Hasanuddin
ISSN : 26210843     EISSN : 26210835
ELS-JISH is, a journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities: Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture, a scholarly peer-reviewed international scientific journal published quartely by the Faculty of Cultural Sciences Hasanuddin University Publication, focusing on theories, methods, and materials in Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture (study and research). It provides a high profile, leading edge forum for academics, professionals, educators, consultants, practitioners and postgraduate students in the field of English Language Studies (ELS) to contribute and disseminate innovative new work on the disciplines. JISH was started in 2017 and first published in 2018. It invites original, previously unpublished, research and survey articles, plus research-in-progress reports and short research notes, on both practical and theoretical aspects of Linguistics, Literature, Language Teaching, Translation, and Culture.
Articles
57
Articles
The Struggle for Freedom as Illustrated in Mark Twain’s The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn in Relation to Social Welfare

Magfirah, Mutmainnah

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

This study aims to describe the struggles experienced by the two main characters in the novel in getting their freedom and also to elaborate the important of freedom for the main characters as human rights. The research method used was a qualitative descriptive method with the sociology of literature approach. The primary data were collected from descriptions and utterances of the main characters and narrators in the novel. The supporting data were obtained from the library, internet, journals, and articles. The results of this research indicate that there is struggle of the main characters in obtaining their freedom as a human in this novel. Huckleberry Finn as the main character fought for his freedom from a drunk and abusive father, while Jim, as the second main character fought for his freedom from slavery. The two figures then met and made an adventure together to get their own freedom.

Dramatizing Local History “Topekkong Agreement”: Its Effects on Stimulating the Students’ English Performance

Syukri, Muhammad

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The teaching of a foreign language, particularly English, is mandatory at the curriculum in Indonesia. This language has an important contribution to the development  of science and technology. So, it needs to strategy and development to answer the challenges in there. The current study is how improving the students’ English performance through learning approach by using local history. The research was conducted in the second academic year, particularly 2nd semester with 20 students who enrolled in English speaking ii at Muhammadiyah institution in bone. The mixed method is used to find out the improvement of speaking achievement shows that dramatize with a particular approach such as local history effective to improve the students’ English performance. Furthermore,  this research can be expected to recognize one of a  pride local culture and encourage strong motivation for learning English as a medium in learning process. Using media drama is expected to draw interest in the learners because it will improve the ability and the achievement in their learning of English.

Social Injustice as Reflected in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist

Aminah, Sitti

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

Social injustice is a phenomenon which occurred since long time ago and it still becomes a social problem nowadays, it is also depicted in many literary works, especially in the 19th century literary tradition in England. This research aims to find out the kinds of social injustice depicted along the plot story in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist and to know how the main characters react and solve such social injustice they encounter in their daily communal life. The research is categorized as a descriptive qualitative research, using the sociological approach. The data are collected from primary data and secondary data. The primary data are taken from Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist through the description of events and characterizations, while the secondary data are from various books, journals, articles and some sources from internet. The research reveals that among many kinds of social injustice, poverty, social stratification and child labor are the most common issues depicted in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist. The researcher also finds that most of characters that experience social injustice are those who come from the lower class. They suffer poverty and cannot do anything to change the condition. In order to stay alive, most of the characters who experience such kind of social injustice prefer to conduct criminal. In relation to the application of sociology of literature theory, it is found that social injustice like poverty, social stratification and child labor depicted in the novel are the representation of the real condition at the time the novel was written.

The Effect of Planning on Complexity, and Accuracy in Second Language Production: A Case Study in Learner’s Writing

Suhendar, Komara

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

This case study investigates the effect of planning on complexity, and accuracy in second language (L2) learners’ writing. The subject of the research is a twenty-four-year-old-Indonesian student named Della. She is selected due to her most current IELTS score, and her first-time residence in English speaking country. The participant is asked to write two writing tasks which was taken from IELTS topics. While the duration of time is set for the first task, the second task is not limited by time. After that, the results are compared and analyzed by means of T-unit as in Hunt (1965). The result of the research shows that planning may lead to slight improvement in learner’s writing. In terms of accuracy, there is 69.23% of error-free T-unit in task 1, and 72.22% in task 2. Similarly, in connection with complexity, the average length of T-unit and clauses in task 1 and task 2 is 12.92 and 15 respectively.

Translation Technique Analysis of Mandarin Compound Sentence in Novel Huózhe 《活着》

Wardhana, Henry Sani, Nababan, M R, Wibowo, Agus Hari

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to describe the translation technique from novel Huózhe 《活着》 written by Yúhuá (余华) and novel to Live (Hidup) by Agustinus Wibowo.  The collected data were Mandarin compound sentences taken from novel Huózhe 《活着》 and the translation sentences from novel to Live (Hidup). Here, this research used qualitative descriptive method and provided by field work method. The techniques included content analysis, focus group discussion, and questioner. The researchers also provided the triangulation method, and used Spradley’s theory to analyze the data. This research used Molina & Albir’s  theory to study translation technique. The study showed the result of any kind translation techniques which used by the translator in the translation novel. This research only analyzed Mandarin compound sentence and its translation result in the target text. Based on this result, there are sixteen translation techniques that found, i.e established equivalence 831 (71,39%) data, variation 93 (7,99%) data, transposition 61 (5,24%) data, modulation 52 (4,47%) data, natural borrowing 46 (3,95%) data, explicitation 26 (2,23%) data, implicitation 20 (1,72%) data, discursive creation 9 (0,77%) data, addition 7 (0,60%) data, paraphrase 5 (0,43%) data, reduction 4 (0,34%) data, annotation 3 (0,26%) data, literal 3 (0,26%) data, generalization 2 (0,17%) data, adaptation 1 (0,09%) data, and particularization 1 (0,09%) data. Established equivalence is the dominant translation technique used to translate Mandarin compound sentence in novel Huózhe 《活着》.It is used because the translator can keep the messages of the various term in Mandarin compound sentence. The techniques that are applied to translate Mandarin compound sentence in novel Huózhe 《活着》can be used as a consideration to translate Mandarin compound sentence into Indonesia.

A Comparative Study of Euphemism in English and Buginese: Pragmatic Stylistics Contexts

Bachriani, Bachriani, Yassi, Abdul Hakim, Rahman, Fathu

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The research explores the euphemism in English and Buginese. The difference of one language with other languages can be seen from the aspect of using a euphemism. Likewise, what happens to the differences and similarities of the two languages.This research attempts to describe the form and function of euphemism in English and Buginese Descriptive qualitative method is used to reveal the form and function of euphemism by comparative study to find out the similarities and differences of euphemism in English and Buginese. There are 16 forms of euphemism in English based on Allan and Burridge’s theory. While in Buginese there are 18 form of euphemism, According to this theory, there are 3 main points of the function of euphemism in English while the function of euphemism in Buginese consists of 6 main points. This research shown that euphemism form and function of euphemism in Buginese more complex than euphemism form and fuction in English.

Free Will and Counterculture Movement in Anthony Burgess’ A Clockwork Orange

Pusparini, Dewi

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

This research explores the relation between the aspect of free will in the novel A Clockwork Orange to the social and cultural phenomena in the era of counterculture movement. The writer uses descriptive qualitative method to analyze the structural elements of the novel and relate them to the supporting data from external references. The objectives of the research which are presented as follows: 1) to describe the way the importance of free will affect the characters’ behavior in A Clockwork Orange, and 2) to reveal the way the importance of free will in this novel reflect the social condition during the era of counterculture movement. The writer also applies the genetic structuralism approach to focus the analysis on the element of free will and the way it relates to the elements of counterculture. The result of this research shows that there are several structural relations that connect both the aspect of free will in the novel and those in the era of counter-culture movement which consist of youth subculture, resistance against the state, and police brutality. The implication of this research is to promote the improvement of youth’s behavior and social awareness by the implementation of free will and safe environment, not by force or violence.

Students’ Strategies in Reducing Anxiety in Learning English

Sulastri, Sulastri

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The aims of this research is to know the level of anxiety faced by students at ABA-UMI, to know the factors cause anxiety, and to know the students’ strategies in reducing anxiety in learning English. This research used descriptive qualitative method. The writers focused on observing the level of anxiety faced by ABA students. The writers took two classes as the repondents in 2013-2014 academic years. The writers did classroom observation and interviewed nine (9) students who tended to feel anxious in learning English. The observation was conducted three meetings in speaking class and the writers used video recording to record and collect the data needed.The writers found three levels of anxiety faced by ABA students; they were mild anxiety, moderate anxiety and severe anxiety level. The first level can be seen in physical response from the students such as nervous, afraid, sweating, and embarrassed. But, the students could control their anxiety by motivating themselves to learn. The second level of anxiety was moderate level. The student did not participate in class (silent), cold hands and sweating. In this level, the students could control his/her anxiety so that he/she could participate in learning.And the last level of anxiety found was severe anxiety. The writers found that there were two students who felt anxious. The students had different symptoms such as cold hands, sweating, and their head feel heavy. This anxiety appeared when students could not overcome his/her worry. In this level, the students could not control their anxiety so that they could not participate even avoid the learning activity.

The Use of Picture-Kwl Technique in Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension: A Cooperative Learning Approach

Mustafa, Mutakhirani

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The objective of this research was to find out whether the use of Picture-KWL technique in improving students’ reading comprehension: a cooperative learning approach could improve the reading comprehension and the interest of the students in reading. The design of this research is quasi experimental which the experimental group would be employed treatment Picture-KWL in cooperative learning approach while the control group would be employed treatment using conventional techniques by the researcher. The findings indicated that the experimental class scored higher on the reading comprehension in post-test than their peers did in the control class. The researcher concluded that the technique was successful in improving the reading comprehension performance and recommended that the technique should be integrated into the English Syllabus specially in teaching reading comprehension. Moreover, based on the students’ respond on questionnaire, it shows that the students’ interest was categorized as interested. And also observation showed that the students’ progress were excellent in the classroom during learning progress.

Students’ Perceptions toward Speaking Achievement and Critical Thinking on the Use of British Parliamentary Debating System

Lestari, Yunda

ELS Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities Vol 1, No 4 (2018): DECEMBER
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

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Abstract

The aims of this study are to find out (1) what are the students’ perceptions toward speaking achievement on the use of British Parliamentary Debating System; (2) what are the students’ perceptions toward critical thinking on the use of British Parliamentary Debating System. The study conducted as an experimental method. Non-equivalent control group design was applied in this study. The population of this study was all semester students of English Study Program of Baturaja University in the academic year 2017/2018 with the total number of population is 118. Cluster random sampling was used in taking the sample. The total numbers of students as samples are 51 students. Students who belong to the experimental group had been taught by using British Parliamentary Debate. The questionnaire was used as the instrument in identifying the students’ perceptions of BP Debate toward speaking achievement and critical thinking. The questionnaire was distributed after the posttest in the experimental group. The result showed that most of the students thought that British Parliamentary Debating System stimulated critical thinking actively, easier students in giving argument constructively, helped students in giving the relevant argument and to find the way in making or providing good arguments. BP Debate also stimulated creative thinking and most of them thought that British Parliamentary Debating System stimulated critical thinking actively, easier students in giving argument constructively, helped students in giving the relevant argument and to find the way in making or providing good arguments. BP Debate also stimulated creative thinking.