Background: Self efficacy can optimize the quality of life of clients who undergo the healing process due to chronic diseases. Individuals with higher self-efficacy move their personal and social resources proactively to maintain and improve the quality and length of their lives so that they experience a better quality of life.
Objectives: the purpose of this study was to find the correlation between self efficacy and quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease who undergo hemodialysis at RSUD Semarang Regency.
Metode: This type of research was descriptive correlation with cross sectional approach. The samples in this study more 76 people with total sampling technique. The data collection tool for self efficacy was measured by General Self-Efficacy scale, for quality of life with WHOQoL-BREF. Statistical test used Kolmogorov-smirnov.
Result: The result showed that self efficacy in patients with chronic kidney disease was mostly in moderate category (53,9%), quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease was mostly in good category (68,4%). There was a correlation between self efficacy and quality of life of patients with chronic kidney disease who undergo hemodialysis at RSUD Semarang Regency, the result obtained p-value of 0.000 <α (0,05).
Suggestion: Patients with chronic kidney disease can maintain good quality of life by helping to generate positive self-esteem and high self efficacy.
Sectio caesarea (SC) is surgical action for give birth by opening lower abdomain and uterus.Sectio Caesarea is used as the last choice that caused by various difficulties such as prolonged babybirth, Uteri imminens rupture, placenta previa, big fetus, pre eclamption and bleeding. Sectio Caesarea also have a high risk for mother and also the babies, but in the fact sectio caesarea level is going bigger in many countries including Indonesia.This research is usingRetrospektif data, total sample in this researchis 62 respondent taken by total sampling technique. Data is taken by observation sheet, then this data is tested by using Chisquare statistic test.Based on analysis result using Chisquare statistic test, the result ofgestational age obtainedP Value= 0,027, Mother age obtainedP Value = 0,014, Sectio Caesarea profile obtainedP Value= 0,003, Comorbidities obtainedP Value= 0,004. Partial trials are allowed in women with a history of SC more than once the results are good and the complications are minimal. It is preferable for women with a history of SC to first determine the type of previous section.
Dental and mouth problems, especially caries, frequently happen to 60-90% school children aged between 5-14 years. Caries happens because children tend to like sweet food, which carries the potential of causing dental caries. Children love candies. If children consume too much sweets and rarely brush their teeth, they will get caries. Sweets are considered as a cariogenic compound, because sweets cause caries. This research aims to determine the correlation between age and frequency of consuming cariogenic food and dental caries incidence among children at ‘Al Huda’ Islamic Elementary School, Karangnongko, Maguwoharjo, Depok, Sleman, Yogyakarta. This is a quantitative non experimental research which used an analytic correlative method with a cross sectional design. The samples for this research were first to fifth graders of both A and B classes, there were 72 respondents selected as samples. The samples were selected using a stratified random sampling method. Data for this research were collected by means of questionnaires and observation sheets. The data collected were analyzed using Mann-Whitney u test and chi-square test. The statistical test on the correlation between age and dental caries incidence showed p-value = 0.043 < 0.05. Whereas the statistical test on the correlation between cariogenic food consumption and dental caries incidence showed p-value 0.620 > 0.05. There was a significant correlation between age and dental caries incidence among children at ‘Al Huda’ Islamic Elementary School, Karangnongko, Maguwoharjo, Depok, Sleman, Yogyakarta, and there was no significant correlation between frequency of consuming cariogenic food and dental caries incidence among children at ‘Al Huda’ Islamic Elementary School, Karangnongko, Maguwoharjo, Depok, Sleman, and Yogyakarta. Future researchers are expected to be able to examine other variables that affect dental caries in children such as heredity, race, chemical elements, saliva, oral microorganisms, plaques, and microorganisms as well as research in a wider population.
Influenced by nutritional status. The prevalence of nutritional status in Indonesia by 32.6% malnourished and 25.6% excess nutrients. If there is nutritional status disorders will aggravate the menstrual pain. Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the relationship of nutritional status in adolescents whose having dysmenorrhea in SMP Negeri 16 Bandung. Methods: Using a correlational descriptive design with cross sectional approach as well as using non-random sampling techniques, the number of population in this study of 50 female students who experience dysmenorrhea and the number of samples of 39 respondents. Data were analyzed using the Spearman test. Results: Based on the statistical analysis, mostly the respondents have malnutrition about 19 respondents (41.7%) and they have more likely a mild pain during menstrual period at about 22 respondents (56, 4%). The Spearman test results show that the value between the nutritional status with menstrual pain p-value of 0.039 (p<0.05) and the coefficient of contingency -0.332. Conclusion: There is a relationship between the nutritional status with dysmenorrhea. Suggestion: It is expected that it is able to give any appropriate feedback toward nursing process in anticipacing any reproduction health such as a clear information about nutritional status which is contributing a lot to have severe pain during menstrual period among adolescents.
The degree of human health can be influenced by behavior. This behavior factor still becomes a health problem in Indonesia. Unhealthy behavior causes various kinds of infectious diseases and non-infectious diseases. Various efforts to change the behavior of people who do not know, do not want to, and cannot afford it, have been carried out t by the government. However, Clean and Healthy Behavior is still a concern and not optimal yet. Health Belief Model (HBM) is applied as a model in efforts to overcome PHBS. The purpose of this study was to identify the effectiveness of the application of Health Belief Model to PHBS. This research is a quasy experiment with the design of one group pre-post test design. The population in this study was 40 respondents. The method of sampling used was purposive sampling method. The treatment was carried out once per week for 3 weeks. The results showed a difference in the effect of Health Belief Model (HBM) on Clean and Healthy Life Behavior (PHBS). The results of the Wilcoxon test analysis for 3 interventions in 3 weeks showed: the knowledge of PHBS (p ^ 0.00), the attitude of PHBS (0.01) and PHBS Behavior (p ^ 0.00), which means there are differences in the effect of changes in knowledge, attitudes and behavior of PHBS after HBM intervention. Health workers, especially nurses, are expected to make HBM as an effort to promote health and change hygienic and healthy living behavior in families or communities.
Newborn with low birth weight (LBW) in Indonesia is relatively high even up to 16,9 %. The role of the neonatal nurse is highly expected to provide care for newborn babies with LBW by giving supportive environment. Neonatal Developmental Care (NDC) is one of intervention that aims to implement modifications to the nursery environment and care practices to promote growth and development of newborn with LBW. Most of nurses still have no information related NDC and its implementation in neonatal room. This study aimed to explore the influence of NDC information exposure toward nurse’s attitude. A quasi-experimental with before-and-after design was applied. This study recruited 21 nurses to participate as intervention and control group. The Paired T-Test was performed to analyze the data. The results showed there is an influence of NDC information exposure toward nurse’s attitude in caring for newborn with low birth weight by P-value 0,00. This study recommend that NDC can be one of nursing intervention for caring newborn baby with LBW in order to optimize caring for infant along caring for growth and development during their treatment in hospital.
Sexual violence against children is a case that requires serious handling. The increasing number of cases in Magelang Regency illustrates that people's concern for children's lives is still not optimal. Exploration of parental participation will increase the role of parents in supporting children's assertive behavior towards sexual violence that may be experienced. Objective: to determine parental participation in children's assertive behavior towards sexual violence. Descriptive sampling was obtained by descriptive research method with 96 respondents. Instruments in the form of questionnaires using focus group discussions and interviews. Research location in Donorojo Village, Mertoyudan District. Respondents are in productive age, secondary education, and have relatively much time because they do not work or work at home. Participation seen from indicator 1) parental participation in meeting the needs of children in good categories; 2) providing guidance to children including sufficient categories; 3) fulfillment of facilities prepared by parents in anticipation of the emergence of sexual violence in a good category, and 4) giving motivation so that children have assertive behavior included in the sufficient category. Conclusion: There is parental participation in children's assertive behavior in anticipation of sexual violence in school-age children in Donorojo Village, Kec. Mertoyudan Kab. Magelang. Suggestion: Efforts are needed to improve knowledge and perceptions of parents better so that they can participate optimally in anticipating sexual violence in children