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Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal
ISSN : 08531629     EISSN : 08531629     DOI : -
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera : A Scientific Journal merupakan peer reviewed jurnal yang diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Biologi Universitas Jenderal Soedirman. Media ini mewadahi hasil-hasil penelitian di bidang biologi tropika yang terbit tiga kali setahun (Januari, Mei, September).
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 32, No 2 (2015)" : 8 Documents clear
Keragaman Plankton dan Kondisi Perairan Tambak Intensif dan Tradisional di Probolinggo Jawa Timur Utojo, Utojo
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.299

Abstract

This study aims to estimate the wealth and stability of traditional and intensive brackishwater pond waters through biological index calculation (diversity, uniformity and dominance of plankton) in traditional and intensive brackishwater pond waters of Probolinggo Regency, East Java Province. Sampling plankton and water from the site, considered to represent the diversity of plankton and water stability of traditional and intensive brackishwater pond. Plankton was collected using a plankton net no. 25, then preserved using 1% lugol solution. Measurement of water quality variables include temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen and pH, whereas the laboratory analyzes that Total Organic Matter (TOM), NO2, NO3, NH3, PO4, Total Suspended Solids (TSS), and Fe. Plankton identification using microscope and calculation with cell counting method. The results of analysis of plankton in intensive brackishwater pond waters are obtained as much as 23 genera consisting of 16 genera of phytoplankton were included into three classes, namely Bacillariophyceae as much as 5 genera, Cyanophyceae 3 genera, Dinophyceae and Chlorophyceae, each of the four genera, whereas zooplankton consisting of 7 genera are included into two classes, namely Crustaceae 6 genera and Rotatoria 1 genus. In traditional brackishwater pond earned as much as 13 genera consisting of 8 genera of phytoplankton were included into Bacillariophyceae 5 genera, Cyanophyceae 2 genera, and Dinophyceae 3 genera, whereas zooplankton consisting of three genera are included into class Crustaceae 2 genera and Rotatoria 1 genus. Plankton abundance in intensive brackishwater pond ranges 702 - 4269 ind./L, diversity index of 0.26 -2.38, uniformity index of 0.10 - 1.5, and dominance index of 0.02 - 0.68. In traditional brackishwater pond have an abundance of plankton range 134 - 776 ind./L, diversity index of 0.10 - 1.97, uniformity index of 0.08 - 1.0, and dominance index of 0.01 - 0.75. Traditional and intensive brackishwater pond waters condition still within the limits that can be tolerated by the culture organism. Based on the index value of biological, diversity of genus in the intensive brackishwater pond is relatively higher than traditional brackishwater pond and the community stability moderate, whereas traditional brackishwater pond unstable. On average, the uniformity of the genus in both  brackishwater ponds are relatively evenly and genus of plankton to dominate the others genus.
Aktivitas Enzim Peroksidase dan Kadar Klorofil pada Daun Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) sebagai Peneduh Jalan yang terpapar Timbal Ferdhiani, Anjar Astuti; Lestari, Sri; Proklamasiningsih, Elly
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.304

Abstract

One of emissions in the air that’s harmful to human  health is lead ( Pb ). The negative effects caused  by lead  and then required solutions for reducing the metal, its called phytoremediation. The Plant which acts as an agent of phytoremediation is Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus Willd.). Research to find out the lead content in Angsana’s leaf at four locations, knowing the influence of exposure to lead against the activity of an enzyme peroxydases and chlorophyll content in the Angsana’s leaf. The location for collection of samples conducted in four  location at Purwokerto (1) H.R Bunyamin, (2) Ovis Isdiman, (3) Gerilya, and (4) Dr. Soeharso. A method of the sample used purposive sampling.  Sample were analysed  using wet digestion method, then were analysed using Atomic Absorbance Spectrofotometer (AAS). The activity of peroxydases and levels of chlorophyll were analysed using spectrophotometer Uv Vis. Result showed that the lead content in Angsana’s leaf  is  0,1 – 0, 25 mg/L, the activity of peroxidases is  600- 1250 unit/g  and  chlorophyll content  is 9,0- 21,0 mg/L. The conclusion was no relations about chlorophyll content with levels of  lead content and the relations about activity of enzymes peroxydases and lead content is low . Content of  lead on Angsana’s leaf of  research has been done do not reach 1000 mg/L.
Distribusi Phyllanthus emblica L. di Sumatera Utara Bagian Selatan Khoiriyah, Ummi; Pasaribu, Nursahara; Hannum, Saleha
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.300

Abstract

The Indian gooseberry (Phyllanthus emblica L.) distribution has been studied in the southern part of North Sumatera, which is in the South Labuhanbatu district, North Padanglawas, Padanglawas, SouthTapanuli, Padangsidempuan city and Mandailing Natal district. The aims ofthis study was to determine the distribution area of balakka based on rainfall, lands cover and soil type. The data were collectedby observation. Distribution data are presented in the  form of map using ArcView 3.3 Software. The results of the analysis showed that the common balakka was distributed in the rainfall region of 2000 – 2500 mm/year in dryland farming and the humic acrisols soil.
Karakteristik Enzim Digesti, Protease dan Amilase, Ikan Gurami (Osphronemus gouramy Lac.) pada Fase Pertumbuhan Susilo, Untung; Yuwono, Edy; Rachmawati, Farida Nur; Priyanto, Slamet; Hana, Hana
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.305

Abstract

Suatu penelitian untuk mengetahui karakteristik enzim digesti, protease dan amilase pada ikan gurami, Osphronemus gouramy Lac., telah dilakukan dengan metode survey. Jumlah ikan yang digunakan untuk penelitian sebanyak 25 ekor yang dikelompokan menjadi tiga kelompok ukuran13,29, 35,86 dan 91,86 g/ekor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas protease digesti ikan gurami berbeda secara signifikan pada segmen usus dan pH buffer yang berbeda (P<.05). Aktivitas amilase digesti tidak berbeda secara signifikan diantara segmen usus yang diuji (P>.05), namun berbeda secara signifikan diantara ukuran ikan yang berbeda (P<.05), dan aktivitas amilase tertinggi dijumpai pada ikan dengan ukuran terkecil. Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil adalah bahwa aktivitas protease dan amilase dijumpai sepanjang saluran digestinya baik pada ikan yang berukuran kecil maupun besar. Aktivitas protease umumnya tinggi pada suasana asam dan netral pada usus depan dan tengah. Aktivitas protease ikan yang berukuran besar lebih rendah dari pada ikan yang berukuran lebih kecil. Aktivitas amilase tidak terdapat perbedaan diantara segmen usus yang diuji, namun aktivitas amilase tertinggi dijumpai pada ikan dengan berat rata-rata 13,29 g/ekor
Uji Ketahanan beberapa Varietas Unggul Jagung terhadap Penyakit Gibberella dan Diplodia Soenartiningsih, Soenartiningsih
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.301

Abstract

Gibberella and Diplodia ear rot is a disease that can damage the corn cobs and corn kernels resulting in lower quality and quantity of seed. The objective of the research are to find the varieties of corn which are resistant  the ear  rot disease Gibberella and Diplodia. This study was conducted in Limang Karo regency, North Sumatera, a randomized block design with three replications, each treatment comprised 4 rows and each row contained 25 plants with a spacing of 75 x 20 cm. The results showed 25 Hybrid maize tested against Gibberella ear rot there are 7 Hybrid corn hybrids that are resistant to ear rot  Kenia-2, NK33, Bima 3, Bima 10 Bima 12 Q, NEI-9008 and X8B649 (check resistance) and moderately resistance there are 9 hybrid that Kenia-3, DK979, NK22, P12, Gumarang, Srikandi putih, Lamuru and Sukmaraga  and 9 hybrid to ear rot disease were reacted susceptible and highly susceptible. Whereas from 25 Hybrid maize tested against Diplodia ear rot there are 6 Hybrid corn hybrids resistant to ear rot disease is Kenia - 2, NK33, Bima 3, Bima 12 Q, NEI-9008 and X8B649 (check resistance) while that is moderately resistancet there are 11 hybrid that is Kenia-3, DK979, NK22, P29, Bisi 2, P12, Bima 10, Gumarang, Srikandi putih, Lamuru and Sukmaraga, while 8 hybrid others were reacted susceptible and highly susceptible.
Kajian Kualitas Air Sungai Condong yang terkena Buangan Limbah Cair Industri Batik Trusmi Cirebon Supenah, Pipin; Widiastuti, Endang; Priyono, Rawuh Edy
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.302

Abstract

The aims of this study were to assess the water quality of the River Condong and Condong River Quality Statebased on physical, chemical and biological parameters. Sampling was carried out in seven stations with 3 repetitions at intervals of one month. Water quality were analyzed descriptively by reference raw Water Quality Standard.  Determination of the stateof water quality using methods Storet. Results of laboratory tests showed that the water quality of the River Condong exceed the Water Quality Standard Group II based on Government Regulation No. 82 of 2001 and in particular textile waste quality standard TSS, DO, BOD5, COD, NH3, sulfide, Cr (VI), phenols, oils and fats, Biological parameters using makrobentos diversity index (H ) obtained a low value that is from 0 to 1.7077.  Quality state based Storet method, the value of  > -31. It can be concluded that the condition of physical, chemical and biological parameters, Condong River water showed waters not appropriate the Quality Standard for agricultural irrigation, freshwater fish breeding and infrastructure or water recreation facilities before and after the discharge of liquid waste of batik. Condong River quality state before and after the liquid waste of batik is heavily polluted.
Kandungan Alginat Sargassum polycystum pada Metode Budidaya dan Umur Tanam berbeda Widyartini, Dwi Sunu; Insan, A. Ilalqisny; Sulistyani, Sulistyani
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.303

Abstract

Sargassum polycystum is one of seaweed what be able to produce alginate. Cultivation development intensively use common cultivation  methods and planting age of growth season properly which can be able to produce good growth and highest alginate. This study is used an experimental method. The basic design used for the content of alginate S. polycystum use completely randomized design (CRD) with Split Plot Design which repeated 3 times. The main plot of this study is a method of cultivation are included by floatting method and bottom method and Subplot is age after planting are consist of 7, 14, 21 and 28 days. The cultivation result of S. polycystum by bottom method with 28 days, showed the highest growth rate about 17.38 g.day-1, while the lowest growth were founded on bottom method on age 7 days about 3.42 g.day-1. The Results of analysis of variance showed that the interaction of cultivation method and planting age have significant effect on the subtances of alginate from S. polycystum. The highest alginate are produced by bottom method of planting age on 28 days about 58.33%. The Lowest alginate are produced by floating and bottom methods of planting age on 7 days about 11.67%. Quality of alginate farmed bottom methods of color is more yellowish than the cultivation of the floating method.
Determination of Iron and Zinc Absorption by Local Isolates of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to Produce Iron and Zinc in Organic Form Munawar, Hasim; Kusumaningtyas, Eni; Leeman, Agus; Silitonga, David S.; Darmono, Darmono
Majalah Ilmiah Biologi BIOSFERA: A Scientific Journal Vol 32, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Biologi | Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.mib.2015.32.2.298

Abstract

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